World Library  
Flag as Inappropriate
Email this Article

Rebecca Vigil-Giron

Rebecca Vigil-Giron
Rebecca Vigil-Giron and Martin Heinrich
19th New Mexico Secretary of State
In office
January 1, 1987 – December 31, 1990
Preceded by Clara Padilla Jones
Succeeded by Stephanie Gonzales
In office
January 1, 1999 – December 31, 2006
Preceded by Stephanie Gonzales
Succeeded by Mary Herrera
Personal details
Born (1954-09-04) September 4, 1954
Taos, New Mexico
Political party Democratic
Alma mater New Mexico Highlands University

Rebecca Vigil-Giron (born September 4, 1954) is an American politician, who served as a Democratic Secretary of State in New Mexico from 1987 to 1990, and from 1999 to 2006. She is the longest serving Secretary of State in New Mexico history.


  • Early life 1
  • Career 2
    • First term as Secretary of State 2.1
    • Between terms 2.2
    • Second and third terms 2.3
  • Criminal indictment, dismissal and appeal 3
  • References 4
    • Inline citations 4.1
    • General references 4.2

Early life

Rebecca Vigil was born and raised in Taos, New Mexico, Vigil-Giron is an 11th generation New Mexican. She earned a bachelor's degree in French and Social Science from New Mexico Highlands University and is a graduate of the Senior Executives in State and Local Government Program at Harvard University.


Vigil-Giron was first elected New Mexico Secretary of State in 1986 at age 31, becoming the highest ranking Hispanic woman statewide elected official in the country. Vigil-Giron ran unsuccessfully against Republican Congressman Steve Schiff for a seat in the United States House of Representatives in 1990. She was re-elected New Mexico Secretary of State in 1998 and served through 2006 when she was term-limited.

In 2004, Vigil-Giron became the first Hispanic President in the 100-year history of the National Association of Secretaries of State. She has served as a member of the United States Election Assistance Commission’s (EAC) Standards Board and Board of Advisors.

Vigil-Giron once said she became interested in politics after running a successful campaign for homecoming queen at New Mexico Highlands University in 1975. In a 1998 interview she claims to have run a full-fledged campaign for the spot going, "door to dormitory door," with the help of the campus Young Democrats who sponsored her effort.[1]

First term as Secretary of State

After being elected in 1986, she was successful in changing some of New Mexico's restrictive voter registration requirements. New Mexico had the second-most restrictive voter registration requirements in the United States at that time. Voters were required to register 46 days prior to election day to be eligible to vote (only Arizona had more restrictive laws with a 50-day registration requirement). Vigil-Giron campaigned for the law to be amended to a 14-day minimum registration period, but was forced to compromise with New Mexico legislators and the registration requirement was changed to 28 days prior to election day, which is the current law.

Between terms

Vigil-Giron left office in 1990, limited to one term by New Mexico law. New Mexico would later change that law allowing her to serve two additional terms. Vigil-Giron ran unsuccessfully for Congress against Republican Steve Schiff in 1990, and worked as a consultant for the International Foundation for Electoral Systems (IFES) in Nicaragua, Equatorial Guinea, and the Dominican Republic. She also served as a Member State Delegate with the United Nations in Angola, Africa’s presidential elections, and as Executive Director of the New Mexico Commission on the Status of Women.

Second and third terms

Vigil-Giron made New Mexico history in 2003, by becoming the first Secretary of State in New Mexico elected to three terms. She was elected President of the National Association of Secretaries of State from 2004–2005, the first Latino to serve in that capacity. She served on the Standards Board of the US Election Assistance Commission until 2006. Vigil-Giron aided Governor Bill Richardson in the passage of a paper-ballot requirement in New Mexico in 2006.

Vigil-Giron implemented paper ballots statewide in New Mexico for the 2006 General Election. She was criticised by Republicans in the New Mexico State Legislature for mismanagement of funds for that election. As a result, a full audit of her old office was ordered by NM Governor Bill Richardson. Richardson withdrew his appointment of her as director of the NM Film Museum until she had been cleared of all wrongdoing.[2]

In response Vigil Giron was quoted as saying "It's OK to validate or exonerate the fact that I did everything I was supposed to do.... I did not do anything I was not supposed to do."[3]

Criminal indictment, dismissal and appeal

Vigil-Giron and three others — consultant Armando Gutierrez and husband-and-wife lobbyists Joseph and Elizabeth “Daisy” Kupfer — were indicted by a state grand jury in August 2009 on charges related to the alleged embezzlement of federal money meant for voter education. There have been numerous disputes about the political motivations[4] behind these indictments. New Mexico Attorney General Gary King has come under serious scrutiny by the local media[5] for lack of evidence connecting Vigil-Giron to wrongdoing. On March 16, 2011, New Mexico District Judge Albert S. "Pat" Murdoch barred Attorney General Gary King from prosecuting Vigil-Giron's case,[6] citing "perceptions of a conflict of interest".

In November, 2012, New Mexico District Judge Reed Sheppard dropped the charges against Vigil-Giron, ruling that the 39-month delay in bringing the charges to trial weighed heavily against the prosecution.[7] The special prosecutor has appealed Judge Sheppard's ruling to the New Mexico Court of Appeals.[8]


Inline citations

  1. ^
  2. ^ Cole, Thomas J. "Vigil-Giron Is Subject of Query" "Albuquerque Journal" Saturday, January 10, 2009 accessed March 28, 2010
  3. ^ Nash, Kate. "Governor puts Vigil-Giron's new job on hold", Albuquerque Tribune, February 9, 2007, accessed October 31, 2010.
  4. ^ Monahan, Joe "Defending Rebecca: Does Gary Have The Goods?", New Mexico Politics with Joe Monahan, Tuesday, August 25, 2009, accessed March 28, 2011.
  5. ^ By Gallagher, Mike And Heild, Colleen. "Money Trail Murky in Vigil-Giron Case", Albuquerque Journal, Sunday, August 23, 2009, accessed March 28, 2011
  6. ^ Haussamen, Heath. "Judge says AG can’t prosecute Vigil-Giron case", NM, March 18, 2009, accessed March 28, 2011.
  7. ^ Haussamen, Heath. "Vigil-Giron ruling", NM, March 18, 2009, accessed March 28, 2011.
  8. ^ Cole, Thomas (January 12, 2013). "Judge Erred in Vigil-Giron Case, Prosecutor Says". Albuquerque Journal

General references

Political offices
Preceded by
Clara Padilla Jones
New Mexico Secretary of State
1987 – 1991
Succeeded by
Stephanie Gonzales
Preceded by
Stephanie Gonzales
New Mexico Secretary of State
1999 – 2007
Succeeded by
Mary Herrera
This article was sourced from Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. World Heritage Encyclopedia content is assembled from numerous content providers, Open Access Publishing, and in compliance with The Fair Access to Science and Technology Research Act (FASTR), Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., Public Library of Science, The Encyclopedia of Life, Open Book Publishers (OBP), PubMed, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health (NIH), U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, and, which sources content from all federal, state, local, tribal, and territorial government publication portals (.gov, .mil, .edu). Funding for and content contributors is made possible from the U.S. Congress, E-Government Act of 2002.
Crowd sourced content that is contributed to World Heritage Encyclopedia is peer reviewed and edited by our editorial staff to ensure quality scholarly research articles.
By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. World Heritage Encyclopedia™ is a registered trademark of the World Public Library Association, a non-profit organization.

Copyright © World Library Foundation. All rights reserved. eBooks from Project Gutenberg are sponsored by the World Library Foundation,
a 501c(4) Member's Support Non-Profit Organization, and is NOT affiliated with any governmental agency or department.