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Archduchess Elisabeth Amalie of Austria

Elisabeth Amalie of Austria
Princess Aloys of Liechtenstein

Spouse Prince Aloys of Liechtenstein
Franz Joseph II, Prince of Liechtenstein
Princess Maria Theresia
Prince Karl Alfred
Prince Georg Hartmann
Prince Ulrich Dietmar
Princess Marie Henriette
Prince Aloys Heinrich
Prince Heinrich Hartneid
Full name
Elisabeth Amalie Eugenia Maria Theresia Karoline Luise Josepha
House House of Habsburg-Lorraine
House of Liechtenstein
Father Archduke Karl Ludwig of Austria
Mother Infanta Maria Theresa of Portugal
Born (1878-07-07)7 July 1878
Reichenau, Austria-Hungary
Died 13 March 1960(1960-03-13) (aged 81)
Vaduz, Liechtenstein
Burial St. Florian Cathedral,
Vaduz, Liechtenstein

Archduchess Elisabeth Amalie of Austria (7 July 1878 - 13 March 1960) was a daughter of Archduke Karl Ludwig of Austria and his third wife Infanta Maria Theresa of Portugal.[1] She was the mother of Franz Joseph II, Prince of Liechtenstein, and the paternal grandmother of Hans-Adam II, Prince of Liechtenstein, the current reigning Prince of Liechtenstein.

Family and early life

Elisabeth was born in Reichenau on 7 July 1878. She was born the youngest of a large family, as her father Archduke Karl Ludwig of Austria married three times and had children with two of his wives. With his first wife Princess Margaretha of Saxony, he had no children. With his second wife Princess Maria Annunciata of Bourbon-Two Sicilies, Karl Ludwig fathered Archduke Franz Ferdinand of Austria, who became heir to the throne of Austria-Hungary, as well as three other siblings. Elisabeth and her older sister Archduchess Maria Annunziata of Austria (later Abbess of the Theresia Convent in the Hradschin, Prague) were the product of his third marriage to Infanta Maria Theresa of Portugal, a daughter of deposed King Miguel I of Portugal.

In addition, her father was a younger brother of Franz Joseph I of Austria, the reigning Emperor at the time of her birth. He also was a sibling of Maximilian I of Mexico, who became Emperor of Mexico for a short period of time.

In 1896, her father died.


On 20 April 1903, in Vienna, Archduchess Elisabeth Amalie married Prince Aloys of Liechtenstein. There had been some debate as to whether this was an equal union. Emperor Franz Joseph I attended the wedding with the intention of making it clear he regarded Liechtenstein as a legitimate ruling dynasty.[2] As the House of Liechtenstein had become regnant, the couple were ruled equal in birth, and the Emperor was happy to see a member of his family making a dynastic marriage, after the morganatic marriage of her brother Archduke Franz Ferdinand of Austria.[1] Later, the Emperor also became the godfather of the couple's eldest son, Franz Joseph, who was named for him.[3]

Sometime after their marriage, Princess Catherine Radziwill commented that Elisabeth "is very pretty and resembles her mother more than the Habsburgs, whose lower lip she has not inherited by some kind of miracle, for which, I suppose, she feels immeasurably grateful".[4] Elisabeth and Aloys lived in various castles within Austria, including Gross-Ullersdorf Castle.[3] Their eldest son was born in Frauenthal Castle.[3]

The couple had eight children together:

Name Birth Death Notes
Franz Joseph II, Prince of Liechtenstein 1906 1989 married Countess Georgina von Wilczek, had issue
Princess Maria Theresia 1908 1973 (aged 64–65) married Count Arthur Strachwitz von Gross-Zauche und Camminetz, had issue
Prince Karl Alfred 1910 1985 (aged 74–75) married Archduchess Agnes Christina of Austria, had issue
Prince Georg Hartmann 1911 1998 (aged 86–87) married Duchess Marie Christine of Württemberg, had issue
Prince Ulrich Dietmar 1913 1978 (aged 64–65) unmarried and had no issue
Princess Marie Henriette 1914 2011 married Count Peter von Eltz genannt Faust von Stromberg, had issue
Prince Aloys Heinrich 1917 1967 (aged 49–50) unmarried and had no issue
Prince Heinrich Hartneid 1920 1993 (aged 72–73) married Countess Amalie von Podstatzky-Lichtenstein, had issue
Styles of
Princess Elisabeth Amalie of Liechtenstein
Reference style Her Imperial and Royal Highness
Spoken style Your Imperial and Royal Highness
Alternative style Ma'am

She ownned thirty-one motor cars and was seen as the most enthusiastic motorist of all the imperial women in Europe. She converted the stables at her Hungarian castle Stuhlweissenburg to garages but pursued her hobby rather quietly and studiously, so that the great majority of the public were not even aware of her large collection of motor cars.[5]

Prince Aloys renounced his rights to the succession on 26 February 1923, in favor of their son Franz Joseph II.[6] Elisabeth thus was always known with the style Princess Aloys of Liechtenstein. On 25 July 1938, Franz I, Prince of Liechtenstein died, passing the throne on to their eldest son. Prince Alois died on 17 March 1955 from influenza at Vaduz Castle in Liechtenstein.[7] Due to his renouncement, he never ruled over the tiny principality.[7] Elisabeth died on 13 March 1960.[6]

Titles, styles, honours and arms

Titles and styles

  • 7 July 1878 – 20 April 1903: Her Imperial and Royal Highness Archduchess and Princess Elisabeth Amalie of Austria; Princess Elisabeth Amalie of Hungary, Bohemia, and Tuscany
  • 20 April 1903 – 13 March 1960: Her Imperial and Royal Highness Princess Elisabeth Amalie of Liechtenstein


See also

  • Descendants of Miguel I of Portugal



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