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Koçi Xoxe

Koçi Xoxe (pronounced ; May 1, 1911 – June 11, 1949) was the Defence and Interior Minister of Albania for some time under Enver Hoxha.


Xoxe was born in 1911 in Negovan, near Florina in Greece, back then part of the Manastir Vilayet of the Ottoman Empire.[1] Negovan had a mixed population of Albanians, Vlachs, Greeks, and Bulgarians where the Albanian element was dominant.[2] According to some sources, Xoxe was an ethnic Macedonian[3][4] or ethnic Bulgarian[5] from Aegean Macedonia and was initially a tinsmith.

Around 1937 he emerged among others, such as Enver Hoxha and Koco Tashko as prominent leaders of Albanian communism. He was a rival of Hoxha, and the Yugoslavs supported him.

He was purged for "pro-Yugoslav activities" after Josip Broz Tito broke relations with Hoxha's ally, Joseph Stalin. After a secret trial in May 1949, Xoxe was executed. He allegedly admitted that he was working for the British intelligence and that he was a conspirator with Tito. Xoxe was executed by a firing squad in June 1949.[6]


  1. ^ United States Congressional serial set. U.S. Government Printing Office. 1948. p. 2. 
  2. ^ Richard von Mach (1907), The Bulgarian Exarchate: Its History and the Extext of Its Authority in Turkey, London: T.F. Unwin, p. 60,  
  3. ^ Balevski, Milčo (1987). Albanija po Enver Hodža (in Macedonian). Skopje, Macedonia: Makedonska kniga. 
  4. ^ Elsie, Robert (2010). Historical Dictionary of Albania. p. 420. 
  5. ^ Мете, Серж. „История на албанците" (Serge Métais, "Histoire des Albanais"), С., Рива, 2007, стр. 286
  6. ^ Berend, Ivan T. Central and easter europe 1944-1993 U.K. page 65.66

External links

  • Miranda Vickers, James Pettifer, Albania: from anarchy to a Balkan identity, C. Hurst & Co. Publishers, 1997.
  • Owen Pearson, Albania in the twentieth century: a history, I. B. Tauris, 2004, volume 3.
  • Karen Dawisha, Bruce Parrott, Politics, power, and the struggle for democracy in South-East Europe, Cambridge University Press, 1997.
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