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Milton, Ontario

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Milton, Ontario

Town (lower-tier)
Town of Milton
Milton from escarpment
Milton from escarpment
Official logo of Milton
Milton is located in Southern Ontario
Country  Canada
Province  Ontario
Region Halton
Established May 17, 1818
Incorporated May 27, 1857 (town)
 • Town Mayor Gord Krantz[1]
 • MPs Lisa Raitt
 • MPPs Indira Naidoo-Harris
 • Land 363.22 km2 (140.24 sq mi)
Elevation 195 m (640 ft)
Population (2011)[2]
 • Total 84,362
 • Density 230.11/km2 (596.0/sq mi)
Time zone Eastern (EST) (UTC−5)
Postal code L9T
Area code(s) 905, 289 and 365
Main St. Downtown Milton

Milton (2011 census population 84,362) is a town in Southern Ontario, Canada, and part of the Halton Region in the Greater Toronto Area. The town received a significant amount of attention after the 2006 and 2011 censuses indicated that Milton was the fastest growing municipality in the Greater Golden Horseshoe, with a 71.4% increase in population between 2001 and 2006, and a 56.4% increase in population between 2006 and 2011.[3] In early 2014, Milton's population is estimated to be 102,000 with an estimated growth to 228,000 by 2031. [4]

Milton is located 40 km (25 mi) west of Downtown Toronto on Highway 401, and is the western terminus for the Milton line commuter train and bus corridor operated by GO Transit. Milton is on the edge of the Niagara Escarpment, a UNESCO world biosphere reserve and the Bruce Trail.


  • History 1
  • Demographics 2
  • Education 3
    • Halton District School Board 3.1
    • Halton Catholic District School Board 3.2
    • Private schools 3.3
    • Public library system 3.4
  • Government 4
    • Municipal 4.1
    • Former Milton Mayors 4.2
    • Halton Regional Council 4.3
    • Provincial 4.4
    • Federal 4.5
  • Service Clubs 5
  • Transportation 6
    • Roads 6.1
    • Bridges 6.2
    • Public transportation 6.3
    • Railways 6.4
    • Air 6.5
  • Recreation 7
  • Media 8
  • Local events 9
  • Development 10
  • Notable People 11
  • Sister cities 12
  • References 13
  • External links 14


The town took root out of a settlement by Jasper Martin along the Sixteen Mile Creek; Martin immigrated from Newcastle, England with his wife Sarah and two sons on May 17, 1818. Martin was granted 100 acres (40 ha) of land, from the Crown in 1820, designated Lot 14, Concession 2, Township of Trafalgar, Halton County, in the District of Gore. Martin later built a grist mill along the creek and created a pond, known as Mill Pond, to power his mill. The mill became the centre of settlement for others as they settled in the region. In 1837 the area had a population of approximately 100 people and was named Milton after the English poet John Milton.[5] The town, as it is today, soon after became known as Milton. The two principal property owners of the young town were the Martins and the Fosters. The current site of Milton's town hall was donated from Mr. Hugh Foster (and thus, Hugh Foster Hall).[6]

Milton was incorporated into a town in 1857, after being chosen as county seat for Halton. In 1974, the present municipal structure was created when the Regional Municipality of Halton replaced Halton County. The new town of Milton added parts of the former township of Esquesing (most of this township comprises Halton Hills), all of Nassagaweya Township including the village of Campbellville, and the northern sections of Trafalgar and Nelson from (a 1962 annexation of the former townships) Oakville and Burlington respectively.

With the addition of the Niagara Escarpment lands, tourism, recreation, and heritage conservation have increased in importance. The Halton Region Museum which has a large number of historic agricultural buildings and the Halton County Radial Railway museum are located in Milton, as is Country Heritage Park (formerly the Ontario Agricultural Museum). Five large parks operated by Conservation Halton reside in the town and Mohawk Raceway is located near Campbellville. It is also home to Maplehurst Correctional Complex, the Vanier Centre for Women and one of two criminal courthouses serving Halton Region.[7]


According to the Canada 2011 Census there were 84,362 people living in Milton, and its population in 2006 was 53,939, representing an increase of 56.5%. The 2011 Census counted 28,049 housing units and 27,561 being occupied.

  • The average population density per square kilometre was 85.9 persons.
  • Age distribution indicated 26.4% of the population was 19 and younger, 63.1% of the population ages 20–64 and 10.5% 65 and older.
  • The average household income for a family with two earners was $91,384.
  • With one earner in a family, $56,043.
  • Males had an average income of $40,069 versus $35,897 for females.
  • 27.1% of the population had completed high school. 11.4% a Trades certificate or diploma. 24.9% College. 23.0% University.
  • 15.7% of the population had not completed high school.
  • As of the 2006 census, 17% of residents were a visible minority.

According to the 2011 Census,[8] English is the mother tongue for 69.5% of the population, down from 77.6% in the 2006 Census.[9] However, the absolute number of native English speakers actually increased (58,140 in 2011, from 41,430 in 2006), but the increase in the absolute number of non-English native speakers was even higher, thus explaining the decrease in its relative proportion of English as mother tongue in the population. French is the mother tongue for 1.5% of the population. Immigrant languages with the most notable proportions of native speakers are Urdu (4.3%), Polish (2.2%), Spanish (2.1%), and Panjabi (Punjabi) (1.6%). At 9% of the population, the town contains the highest percentage of Pakistani Canadians of any Canadian municipality.

Milton is a fairly diverse place. The racial make up of Milton is:

Most of Milton is either a Christian (64.6%), or affiliates with no religion (19.5%), but has large Muslim (9.7%), Hindu (3.0%), and Sikh (1.9%) communities. The remaining 1.3% affiliate with another religion.
Canada 2011 Census Population % of Total Population
Visible minority group
South Asian 11,685 14%
Filipino 2,755 3.3%
Black 2,740 3.3%
Chinese 1,710 2%
Latin American 1,665 2%
Arab 1500 1.8%
Southeast Asian 580 0.7%
West Asian 310 0.4%
Korean 265 0.3%
Japanese 145 0.2%
Other visible minority 710 0.8%
Mixed visible minority 915 1.1%
Total visible minority population 24,990 29.9%
Aboriginal group
First Nations 355 0.4%
Métis 165 0.2%
Inuit 0 0%
Total Aboriginal population 545 0.7%
White 58,045 69.4%
Total population 83,580 100%


Milton, seen from the International Space Station, in late winter. This photograph was taken by astronaut Chris Hadfield, who grew up in Milton and is the namesake of Chris Hadfield Public School.

Milton's public elementary and secondary schools are part of the Halton District School Board. Milton's Catholic elementary and secondary schools are part of the Halton Catholic District School Board. There are also several private schools in Milton.

Halton District School Board

  • Brookville Public School (JK-8)
  • Bruce Trail Public School (JK-8)
  • Chris Hadfield Public School (JK-8)
  • Craig Kielburger Secondary School (9-12)
  • E.C. Drury School for the Deaf (JK-12)
  • Escarpment View Public School (JK-8)
  • E.W. Foster Public School (JK-5)
  • Hawthorne Village Public School (JK-8)
  • Irma Coulson Public School(JK-8)
  • J.M. Denyes Public School (JK-5)
  • Martin Street Public School (JK-5)
  • Milton District High School (9-12)
  • P.L. Robertson Public School (JK-8)
  • Robert Baldwin Public School (JK-5)
  • Sam Sherratt Public School (JK-8)
  • W.I. Dick Middle School (6-8)
  • Tiger Jeet Singh Public School (JK-8)

Halton Catholic District School Board

  • Bishop Reding Catholic Secondary School (9-12)
  • École Élémentaire St. Nicolas (École Francaise) {JK-6}
  • Guardian Angels Catholic School (JK-8)
  • Holy Rosary Catholic School (JK-8)
  • Lumen Christi Catholic School (JK-8)
  • Our Lady of Fatima Elementary School (JK-8)
  • Our Lady of Victory School (JK-8)
  • St. Anthony of Padua Catholic School (JK-8)
  • St. Peter Catholic School (JK-8)
  • Jean Vanier Catholic Secondary School (9-12)
  • Queen of Heaven Catholic Elementary School (JK - 8)
  • St. Benedict's Catholic Elementary School (JK - 8)

Private schools

  • The Montessori Country School (Casa)
  • Milton Christian School (JK-8)[11]
  • Keswick Sutherland School & Equestrian Center (JK-8)
  • Halton Waldorf School (JK-8)
  • Hitherfield School (PK-8)

Public library system

Milton is served by two library locations, a recently constructed Main Library located on Main Street and Beaty Branch which opened on November 17, 2009.

In 2005, the Milton Public Library celebrated its sesquicentennial year.


The historic Milton town hall in Victoria Park.


Milton has a local town council headed by a mayor, and representation on the Halton Region council. The town is divided into eight wards, each of which elect a council representative.[12] Milton is represented by the mayor and two regional councilors on the Halton Region council.[13]

Town Council 2014-2018

  • Mayor: Gordon Krantz
  • Local Councilor Ward 1: Robert Duvall
  • Local Councilor Ward 2: Mike Boughton
  • Local Councilor Ward 3: Cindy Lunau
  • Local Councilor Ward 4: Rick Malboeuf
  • Local Councilor Ward 5: Arnold Huffman
  • Local Councilor Ward 6: John Pollard
  • Local Councilor Ward 7: Rick Di Lorenzo
  • Local Councilor Ward 8: Zeeshan Hamid

Krantz has been mayor since 1980 making him the current longest serving mayor in Ontario.[14]

Former Milton Mayors

  • Dr. Clarkson Freeman 1870-72[15]
  • John D. Matheson 1881[16]
  • Dr. Robert K. Anderson 1904, 1907, 1909[17]
  • Dr. Cecil Hartley Heslop 1948-51, 1954-55[18]
  • Mike Ledwith 1957[19]
  • Brian Best 1967-1973

Halton Regional Council

  • Local and Regional Councilor Wards 1, 6, 7, & 8: Mike Cluett
  • Local and Regional Councilor Wards 2, 3, 4, & 5: Colin Best


At the provincial level of government, Milton is contained within the Halton provincial riding.


At the federal level of government, Milton is contained within the Halton federal riding.

Service Clubs

The Rotary Club of Milton is a local service club and was chartered on January 22, 1947. The club has been active in helping the community for over 65 years, especially youth. One of its charter members was former Milton mayor Mike Ledwith. It meets Mondays at 6:30 pm at Community Living North Halton's board room. Guests are welcome.



There are three main arterial east-west regional roads that run through urban Milton: #6 Britannia Road in the south, #7 Derry Road in central Milton, and #8 Steeles Avenue in the north. Three north-south regional roads bisect the town: Tremaine Road in the west, Highway 25 as Ontario Street through the middle of town linking Milton to Shelburne in the north and Burlington in the south, and James Snow Parkway in the east. A number of improvements have been undertaken since 2009 to increase capacity and alleviate delays due to congestion and train traffic on these numbered regional roads.

Highway 401 bisects the Town and effectively separates the mainly rural and industrial areas to the north from the primarily residential and commercial developments in the southern part of town.


A number of overpass and underpass projects have been constructed in recent years for the grade separation of railway crossings, including on Britannia Road, Derry Road, Main Street, and James Snow Parkway.[20][21]

Public transportation

Milton Transit is the municipal provider of bus services for the town. Milton Transit provides conventional and Milton access+ (paratransit) service, operating on weekdays and Saturdays, with connections to routes and GO Transit services at the Milton GO Station.

Milton Transit has delivered service since the early 1980s in various forms. With recommendations from the North Halton Transit Strategy, Council approved the delivery of a contracted, fixed-route transit system in 2004. Milton Transit officially launched conventional service in August later that year and began purchasing its own branded buses in 2008.[22]

Milton Transit currently contracts its services to a private service provider, PWTransit Canada, who employ bus operators and maintain Milton Transit fleet.

Intercity service is served by Go Transit via buses and trains. Commuter service to and from Toronto is the key routing, with some buses connecting to Oakville. On October 31, 2009, Go Transit started service with a line from Square One Shopping Centre in Mississauga to the University of Waterloo, therefore allowing a trip to Kitchener and Cambridge.


Freight trains on the main Montreal-Toronto-Chicago CP line and a secondary CN line are a common sight in Milton. The town at present has very little passenger rail service in comparison to other GTA communities with only one-way, weekday peak-service inbound to Toronto in the morning, and outbound from Toronto in the evening. The nearest Via Rail station in the Toronto-New York City corridor is Oakville station.

The most easily accessible GO Transit railway station is Milton station.


The nearest airport to Milton is the Burlington Airpark in neighboring Burlington, Ontario. It is a thriving general-aviation field, but the airport does not have any regular commercial passenger flight service.

Pearson International Airport, Canada's largest passenger-volume airport, is located only 37 kilometres to the east.


Milton has many conservation parks, campgrounds and recreational areas. The conservation parks in the Milton area are owned by Conservation Halton, a conservation authority.

View from the Niagara Escarpment near Rattlesnake Point


Milton is covered by local newspapers, magazines and websites through the following services:

  • Milton Canadian Champion
  • Milton Villager
  • SNAP Milton
  • The Milton Blog
  • The Cliffhanger

Local events

Every Labour Day weekend the Milton Steam-Era takes place. Steam-Era is the annual show produced by the "Ontario Steam & Antique Preservers Association," currently held on 88 acres at County Heritage Park, after decades at the Milton Fairgrounds. Steam engines from the 19th century puff their way around the grounds. Hundreds of tractors and stationary engines, along with antique cars, models and agricultural displays recreate life in the country 100 years ago.

The Milton Fall Fair is held every year on the last weekend of September. The Fall Fair has been a tradition in the town for over 160 years. Events include: Agricultural show, midway, livestock, entertainment, the Demolition Derby and other traditional county fair events. The event takes place at the Milton Fairgrounds located in the historic downtown area of Milton.

A farmers' market operates on Main Street in downtown Milton on Saturdays 8am-Noon, from May through October. The section of Main Street that hosts the market is closed off to vehicles during the event.

In July 2015, a new annual chicken wing festival was held in Rotary Park downtown Milton, featuring live bands, a kids zone, a retail marketplace of arts and crafts vendors, a beer tent and eight different chicken wing vendors. All net proceeds of the charity events go to support local, mainly youth-centred projects.[23]


New developments near Derry Road

The town has very easy access throughout the Toronto Pearson International Airport along Highway 401 (under 40 km from 401/Halton 25 exit).

Milton Transit was developed in 1972 to provide public transportation service throughout the urban centre, as well as a feeder route for GO Transit trains and buses.

While most of the development is suburban in nature, larger industrial lots are being developed closer to the Escarpment. The major industries in Milton are automotive, advanced manufacturing, distribution and food production.

Residential growth has increased substantially over the past several years due to completion of "The Big Pipe" project; designed to deliver water to the town from Lake Ontario. Since this time, Milton has developed 7 new subdivisions, including Hawthorne Village, and several new ones are under development by Mattamy Homes and various other builders. Several new grade schools have been built as well as the Crossroads Centre shopping plaza that includes various major retail stores and restaurants. An eight screen movie theatre is operated by Cineplex Entertainment under their Galaxy Cinemas brand and opened on June 30, 2006.

In July 2014, Milton council approved 11 applications that will see an additional 6,000 homes built, increasing the population by roughly 25,000 new residents. In 2013-14, Milton approved construction of a track-cycling veldrome venue for the 2015 Pan American Games called the Mattamy National Cycling Centre. The facility sits at the heart of a 150-acre plot of land that is designated for a proposed future Wilfred Laurier University campus.[24]

Notable People

Sister cities

These are Milton's sister cities with strong relationship and partnership.


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External links

  • Town of Milton
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