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Title: RefSeq  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Language: English
Subject: GENCODE, The RNAi Consortium, Sequence database, MicrobesOnline, European Nucleotide Archive
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia


Description curated non-redundant sequence database of genomes.
Research center National Center for Biotechnology Information
Primary citation Pruitt KD & al. (2005)[1]
The Reference Sequence (RefSeq) database[1] is an open access, annotated and curated collection of publicly available nucleotide sequences (DNA, RNA) and their protein products. This database is built by National Center for Biotechnology Information (NCBI), and, unlike GenBank, provides only a single record for each natural biological molecule (i.e. DNA, RNA or protein) for major organisms ranging from viruses to bacteria to eukaryotes.

For each [2] while GenBank includes sequences for any organism submitted (approximately 250,000 different named organisms).

RefSeq categories

Category Description
NC Complete genomic molecules
NG Incomplete genomic region
NP Protein
XM predicted mRNA model
XR predicted ncRNA model
XP predicted Protein model

For more details and more categories, see Table 1 in The Reference Sequence (RefSeq) DatabaseChapter 18 of the book .


  1. ^ a b
  2. ^

See also

External links

  • get a RefSeq list for your genes of interest (mRNA and protein).
  • RefSeq
  • GenBank, RefSeq, TPA and UniProt: What’s in a Name?


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