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United States


The category of the United States refers to work which mention its political, economical, geographical, historical or cultural way of life. The United States of America is a federal constitutional republic comprising fifty states and a federal district. The country is situated mostly in central North America, where its forty-eight contiguous states and Washington, D.C., the capital district, lie between the Pacific and Atlantic Oceans, bordered by Canada to the north and Mexico to the south. The state of Alaska is in the northwest of the continent, with Canada to the east and Russia to the west across the Bering Strait. The state of Hawaii is an archipelago in the mid-Pacific. The country also possesses several territories in the Pacific and Caribbean. It has a short history compared to many other countries.

 
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The Role of United States Air Power in Peacekeeping

By: Major Brooks L. Bash, USAF

This study first provides a general discussion of peacekeeping and constructs a comprehensive framework to categorize and analyze the role of air power in peacekeeping. Next, several recommendations are presented concerning command and control, doctrine, and organizational issues. In the end, this study concludes that the role of air power in peacekeeping is primarily auxiliary. Nevertheless, among the potential US contributions to UN peacekeeping, air power may be the b...

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The Twelfth US Air Force : Tactical and Operational Innovations in...

By: Major Matthew G. St. Clair, USMC

This paper analyzes the participation of the US Twelfth Air Force in the Mediterranean theater of operation from 1943 to 1944 and also studies the coalition and joint operations required in the air campaign. Coalition and joint warfare provides numerous command, control, and coordination problems that are not easily de-conflicted. The goal of this paper is to highlight the lessons learned from the selected operations and their applicability to twenty-first-century warfar...

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Green and Blue in the Wild Blue : An Examination of the Evolution ...

By: Major Robert J. Hamilton

During the Lebanon conflict, the IAF employed the most advanced combat aircraft in the world to attack targets in southern Lebanon in an effort to compel the Palestine Liberation Organization (PLO) and Shi’ite forces to reduce the frequency of guerrilla attacks against Israeli ground troops. This thesis evaluates the effectiveness of those air raids in supporting the Israeli coercive strategy. This study contends there were two reasons for this failure. First, the asymme...

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Falcons against the Jihad : Israeli Airpower and Coercive Diplomac...

By: Lieutenant Colonel Kenneth C. Schow, Jr., USAF

During the Lebanon conflict, the Israeli Air Force(IAF) employed the most advanced combat aircraft in the world to attack targets in southern Lebanon in an effort to compel the Palestine Liberation Organization (PLO) and Shi’ite forces to reduce the frequency of guerrilla attacks against Israeli ground troops. This thesis evaluates the effectiveness of those air raids in supporting the Israeli coercive strategy. This study contends there were two reasons for this failure...

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The Transformation Trinity : A Model for Strategic Innovation and ...

By: Major Bruce H. McClintock, USAF

First, this study develops a generalized model for United States military transformations in peacetime. To develop the model the author combines observations made by several historians about recurrent trends in military strategic innovation. The author concludes that, after taking into account inevitable uncertainty, there are three identifiable factors that occur in most cases of military transformation. The three key factors are the need for a coherent, congruent visio...

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Targeting Organizations : Centralized or Decentralized?

By: Major Edward B. Schmidt, USAF

This study analyzes the evolution of targeting organizations to identify their strengths and evaluate their impact on future organizations. While both strategic and tactical targeting are discussed, the primary emphasis is on the former. This study analyzes the evolution of targeting organizations to identify their strengths and evaluate their impact on future organizations. While both strategic and tactical targeting are discussed, the primary emphasis is on the former.

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Wright Flyer Paper : Counterinsurgency Aircraft Procurement Option...

By: Major David L. Peeler, Jr., USAF

A call is being made for an aircraft dedicated to the counterinsurgency (COIN) mission within military academic circles and the special operations community. Support for a COIN aircraft needs hard numbers, given the Air Force’s budget constraints brought on by the dedication to the F- 22A. Building on Arthur Davis’s COIN aircraft advocacy paper, this research doesn’t focus on further advocacy, but on a process and method for COIN aircraft procurement. The acquisition foc...

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Wright Flyer Paper : Center of Gravity Analysis and Operational De...

By: Major Jacob Barfoed, Royal Danish Air Force

The United States has over the last 16 years demonstrated amazing proficiency in winning military campaigns, but failure in securing “a better peace” as Basil Liddell Hart advocated. There is a need for an interagency analysis model, owned by the National Security Council (NSC), that can determine how the different instruments of power (IOP) can contribute to the achievement of the national strategic objectives, including which combination of IOPs is most efficient, but ...

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Wright Flyer Paper : A Game of Simon Says; Latin America's Left Tu...

By: LCDR J. Lee Bennett, USN

This research will determine why leftism is on the rise and whether US national security is being threatened. The causes are a combination of extreme inequality with regards to income per capita, an increased awareness among the populace as to its unequal situation, a poor display of US foreign policy, and an increase in education levels throughout the region. Based on these findings, three policy proposals are recommended. First, the United States needs to pioneer faire...

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Wright Flyer Paper : Transformational Satellite (TSAT) Communicati...

By: Major Maurice M. McKinney, USAF

The thesis of this paper is that the advanced capabilities provided by TSAT are limited and will not be sufficient to serve the ground-based portion of the communications network supporting network-centric warfare (NCW). To validate this proposition, this study will start by identifying space-based systems that will enable NCW, discuss the requirements for ground-based NCW, and finally determine the combination of spaced-based systems sufficient to deliver advanced capab...

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Wright Flyer Paper : Reducing the Intercontinental Ballistic Missi...

By: Major Stephen M. Kravitsky, USAF

The intent of this research is to provide an analysis of the ICBM maintenance team utilization at the current intercontinental ballistic missile (ICBM) alert rate and at lowered alert rates. Quantitative research methodologies are used to model historical ICBM maintenance data from the 341st Maintenance Group (MG) and simulate future maintenance team utilization at both the current and decreased ICBM alert rates. The results of this simulation and modeling show negligib...

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Wright Flyer Paper : The Operational and Tactical NexusSmall Steps...

By: Major M. Shane Riza, USAF

This paper proposes two broad modifications to concepts and cultures to embed Effects Based Operations (EBO) at the critical nexus of the tactical and operational levels of war. Services, as part of the joint community, must narrowly define EBO in a quantifiable, measurable realm. The USAF needs to solve its tactical training/operational campaigning dichotomy by moving toward capabilities-based training. The services should stop clinging to the antiquated concept of sepa...

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Wright Flyer Paper : Microsoft, Al-Jazeera, and the Predator; The ...

By: Major David J. Kumashiro, USAF

A complex and interdependent environment in the global war on terrorism (GWOT) highlights the challenge of translating the theory of effects-based operations (EBO) into practice, particularly with respect to influencing the will of the people and achieving a desired end state. The following paper seeks to illustrate the conditions and challenges surrounding the translation of current effects-based theory into operational practice in the GWOT by using three conceptual con...

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Wright Flyer Paper : Ethnic Conflict and US Central Command Policy...

By: Major William M. Tart, USAF

This paper identifies a possible shortfall in United States (US) military planning, the experience of US Central Command (CENTCOM) planners in dealing with the Central Asian States. The problem is that military planners have little experience with engagement activities in the Newly Independent States (NIS), particularly in the Central Asian States. In this paper, I took a three-step approach to solving this problem. First, I familiarized the reader with ethnic conflict a...

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Wright Flyer Paper : Feasibility of a Joint Engineering and Logist...

By: Major Maria J. Dowling, USAF; Major Vincent J. Feck, USAF

This research paper addresses two of the important questions raised in the General Accounting Office report regarding the use of contractors in support of joint military operations. First, will a joint engineering and logistics service contract provide the combatant and service commanders any benefit over maintaining individual Navy, Army, and Air Force service augmentation contracts? Second, does current joint doctrine adequately address the use of contractor services i...

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CSAT Occasional Paper No. 68 : Discord or “Harmonious Society”?; C...

By: Col John P. Geis II, PhD, USAF

From this basic research and meetings with Chinese experts both in the United States and in China, the team began to explore the various directions China might take in the future. This exploration is not a forecast of a specific future, but rather is designed to help the reader better understand the magnitude and shape of a rapidly rising Asian power. This power may be our friend or foe. Whatever it does become, the nation must be ready to engage it as a fellow member of...

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CSAT Occasional Paper No. 65 : Blue Horizons II; Future Capabiliti...

By: Col John P. Geis II, PhD, USAF

This study, Blue Horizons, was commissioned by the United States Air Force (USAF) chief of staff to provide “a new look at the future.” Specifically, the chief of staff asked the research team to provide “a common understanding of future strategic and technological trends for Air Force leaders to make better decisions.” The chief also sought to “confirm AU as [the Air Force’s] in-house think tank” and to improve the relevance of Air Force education to the decision making processes in Washington.

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AF Symposium Series 2010-2 : Future Operator Symposium Proceedings

By: Col David “Scott” Johnson, USAF; Brian Landry, PhD

Present and future force presentation options include more than just the single air domain, for the presentation of Air Force operations now includes the air, space, and cyberspace domains.

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Air Force Research Institute Papers 2011-1 : General McChrystal’s ...

By: Colonel Matthew Brand, USAF
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AFRI Research Study, Leveraging Affective Learning for Developing ...

By: Col Donald Tharp, USAF, Dr. Anthony Gould, and Col Robert Potter, USAF, Ret.

As leaders at all levels, our Airmen must be able to anticipate and appropriately respond to a complicated and fluid national security environment. Developing such Airmen will require stronger commitments to education and training on the part of the learner to the point where learning never stops. Fostering this highly favorable attitude toward learning is possible only if Air Force education and training programs address learners’ goals, motivations, social interactions...

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