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Bio:

Born on 10 December 1954, in Balcesti city, Romania, wrote in three languages: Romanian, French, and English.

Poet, playwright, novelist, writer of prose, tales for children, translator from many languages, experimental painter, philosopher, physicist, mathematician.

American citizen.

He graduated from the Department of Mathematics and Computer Science at the University of Craiova in 1979, earned a Ph. D. in Mathematics from the State University Moldova at Chisinau in 1997, and continued postdoctoral studies at various American Universities such as University of Phoenix, University of Texas at Austin, etc. after emigration in America.

In U.S. he worked as a software engineer for Honeywell (1990-1995), adjunct professor for Pima Community College (1995-1997), in 1997 Assistant Professor at the University of New Mexico - Gallup Campus, promoted to Associate Professor of Mathematics in 2003, and to full Professor in 2008..

Since June 2007 he was Chair of the Department of Math & Sciences.


During the Ceausescu's era he got in conflict with authorities.  In 1986 he did the hunger strike for being refused to attend the International Congress of Mathematicians at the University of Berkeley, then published a letter in the Notices of the American Mathematical Society for the freedom of circulating of scientists, and became a dissident.  As a consequence, he remained unemployed for almost two years, living from private tutoring done to students.  The Swedish Royal Academy Foreign Secretary Olof G. Tandberg contacted him by telephone from Bucharest.

Not being allowed to publish, he tried to get his manuscripts out of the country through

the French School of Bucharest and tourists, but for many of them he lost track.

Escaped from Romania in September 1988 and waited almost two years in the political refugee camps of Turkey, where he did unskilled works in construction in order to survive: scavenger, house painter, whetstoner.   Here he kept in touch with the French Cultural Institutes that facilitated him the access to books and rencontres with personalities.

Before leaving the country he buried some of his manuscripts in a metal box in his parents vineyard, near a peach tree, that he retrieved four years later, after the 1989 Revolution,  when he returned for the first time to his native country.   Other manuscripts, that he tried to mail to a translator in France, were confiscated by the secret police and never returned.

In March 1990 he emigrated to the United States.


He wrote hundreds of pages of diary about his life in the Romanian dictatorship (unpublished), as a cooperative teacher in Morocco ("Professor in Africa", 1999), in the Turkish refugee camp ("Escaped... / Diary From the Refugee Camp", Vol. I, II, 1994, 1998), and in the American exile - diary which is still going on.


But he's internationally known as the literary school leader for the "paradoxism" movement  which has many advocates in the world, that he set up in 1980, based on an excessive use of antitheses, antinomies, contradictions, paradoxes in creation paradoxes - both at the small level and the entire level of the work - making an interesting connection between mathematics, philosophy, and literature

[ http://www.geocities.com/charlestle/paradoxism.html ].

He introduced the 'paradoxist distich', 'tautologic distich', and 'dualistic distich', inspired from the mathematical logic [ http://www.gallup.unm.edu/~smarandache/a/literature.htm ].

Literary experiments he realized in his dramas: Country of the Animals, where there is no dialogue!, and An Upside-Down World, where the scenes are permuted to give birth to one billion of billions of distinct dramas!

[ http://www.gallup.unm.edu/~smarandache/a/theatre.htm ]. 

He stated:

"Paradoxism started as an anti-totalitarian protest against a closed society, where the whole culture was manipulated by a small group. Only their ideas and publications counted. We couldn't publish almost anything.

Then, I said: Let's do literature... without doing literature! Let's write... without actually writing anything. How? Simply: literature-object! 'The flight of a bird', for example, represents a "natural poem", that is not necessary to write down, being more palpable and perceptible in any language that some signs laid on the paper, which, in fact, represent an "artificial poem": deformed, resulted from a translation by the observant of the observed, and by translation one falsifies.

Therefore, a mute protest we did!

Later, I based it on contradictions. Why? Because we lived in that society a double life: an official one - propagated by the political system, and another one real. In mass-media it was promulgated that 'our life is wonderful', but in reality 'our life was miserable'. The paradox flourishing! And then we took the creation in derision, in inverse sense, in a syncretism way. Thus the paradoxism was born. The folk jokes, at great fashion in Ceausescu's 'Epoch', as an intellectual breathing, were superb springs.

The "No" and "Anti" from my paradoxist manifestos had a creative character, not at all nihilistic." Paradoxism, following the line of dadaism, lettrism, absurd theatre, is a kind of up-side down writings!

In 1992 he was invited speaker in Brazil (Universidad do Blumenau, etc.).


He did many poetical experiments within his avant-garde and published paradoxist manifestos: "Le Sens du Non-Sens" (1983), "Anti-chambres/Antipoésies/Bizarreries" (1984, 1989), "NonPoems" (1990), changing the French and respectively English linguistics clichés.  While "Paradoxist Distichs" (1998) introduces new species of poetry with fixed form.

Eventually he edited three International Anthologies on Paradoxism (2000-2004) with texts from about 350 writers from around the world in many languages.


"MetaHistory" (1993) is a theatrical trilogy against the totalitarianism again, with dramas that experiment towards a total theatre: "Formation of the New Man", "An Upside - Down World", "The Country of the Animals".  The last drama, that pioneers no dialogue on the stage, was awarded at the International Theatrical Festival of Casablanca (1995). 

He translated them into English as "A Trilogy in pARadOXisM: avant-garde political dramas"; and they were published by ZayuPress (2004).

"Trickster's Famous Deeds" (1994, auto-translated into English 2000), theatrical trilogy for children, mixes the Romanian folk tradition with modern and SF situations. 


His first novel is called "NonNovel" (1993) and satirizes the dictatorship in a gloomy way, by various styles and artifice within one same style.


"Faulty Writings" (1997) is a collection of short stories and prose within paradoxism, bringing hybrid elements from rebus and science into literature.


His experimental albums "Outer-Art" (Vol. I, 2000 & Vol. II: The Worst Possible Art in the World!, 2003) comprises over-paintings, non-paintings, anti-drawings, super-photos, foreseen with a manifesto: "Ultra-Modernism?" and "Anti-manifesto"

[ http://www.gallup.unm.edu/~smarandache/a/oUTER-aRT.htm ].

Art was for Dr. Smarandache a hobby.  He did:

- graphic arts for his published volumes of verse: "Anti-chambres/ Anti-poésies/ Bizarreries" (mechanical drawings), "NonPoems" (paradoxist drawings), "Dark Snow" & "Circles of light" (covers);

- paradoxist collages for the "Anthology of the Paradoxist Literary Movement", by J. -M. Levenard, I. Rotaru, A. Skemer;

- covers and illustrations of books, published by "Dorul" Publ. Hse., Aalborg, Denmark;

- illustrations in the journal: "Dorul" (Aalborg, Denmark).

Many of his art works are held in "The Florentin Smarandache Papers" Special Collections at the Arizona State University, Tempe, and Texas State University, Austin (USA), also in the National Archives of Valcea and Romanian Literary Museum (Romania), and in the Musee de Bergerac (France).


Twelve books were published that analyze his literary creation, among them: "Paradoxism's Aesthetics" by Titu Popescu (1995), and "Paradoxism and Postmodernism" by Ion Soare (2000).

In 1999 he was nominated for the Nobel Prize in Literature.


In mathematics he introduced the degree of negation of an axiom or of a theorem in geometry (see the Smarandache geometries which can be partially Euclidean and partially non-Euclidean, 1969), the multi-structure (see the Smarandache n-structures, where a weak structure contains an island of a stronger structure), and multi-space (a combination of heterogeneous spaces).

He created and studied many sequences and functions in number theory. 

He generalized the fuzzy, intuitive, paraconsistent, multi-valent, dialetheist logics to the 'neutrosophic logic' (also in the Denis Howe's Dictionary of Computing, England) and, similarly, he generalized the fuzzy set to the 'neutrosophic set' (and its derivatives: 'paraconsistent set', 'intuitionistic set', 'dialethist set', 'paradoxist set', 'tautological set').


Also, he proposed an extension of the classical probability and the imprecise probability to the 'neutrosophic probability', that he defined as a tridimensional vector whose components are real subsets of the non-standard interval ]-0, 1+[.

He's organizing the 'First International Conference on Neutrosophics' at the University of New Mexico, 1-3 December 2001

[ http://www.gallup.unm.edu/~smarandache/FirstNeutConf.htm ].


Since 2002, together with Dr. Jean Dezert from Office National de Recherches Aeronautiques in Paris, worked in information fusion and generalized the Dempster-Shafer Theory to a new theory of plausible and paradoxist fusion (Dezert-Smarandache Theory):http://www.gallup.unm.edu/~smarandache/DSmT.htm .

In 2004 he designed an algorithm for the Unification of Fusion Theories and rules (UFT) used in bioinformatics, robotics, military.


In physics he found a series of paradoxes (see the quantum smarandache paradoxes), and 

emitted the hypothesis that there is no speed barrier in the universe, which is very contradictory among scientists.  Also, considered the possibility of a third form of matter, called unmatter, which is combination of matter and antimatter (or quarks and antiquarks):

http://www.geocities.com/m_l_perez/QuantumPhysics.html ].


In philosophy he introduced in 1995 the 'neutrosophy', as a generalization of Hegel's dialectic, which is the basement of his researches in mathematics and economics, such as 'neutrosophic logic', 'neutrosophic set', 'neutrosophic probability', 'neutrosophic statistics'.

Neutrosophy is a new branch of philosophy that studies the origin, nature, and scope of neutralities, as well as their interactions with different ideational spectra. This theory considers every notion or idea together with its opposite or negation and the spectrum of "neutralities" (i.e. notions or ideas located between the two extremes, supporting neither nor ). The and ideas together are referred to as .  According to this theory every idea tends to be neutralized and balanced by and ideas - as a state of equilibrium

[ http://www.gallup.unm.edu/~smarandache/neutrosophy.htm ].


Other small contributions he had in psychology:

[ http://www.gallup.unm.edu/~smarandache/psychology.htm ],

 and in sociology: [ http://www.gallup.unm.edu/~smarandache/sociology.htm ].


Invited to lecture at University of Berkeley (2003), Jadavpur University-India (2004), NASA Langley Research Center-USA (2004), NATO Advance Study Institute-Bulgaria (2005), Institute of Theoretical and Experimental Biophysics-Russia (2005), Bloomsburg University-USA (1995), University Sekolah Tinggi Informatika & Komputer Indonesia-Malang and University Kristen Satya Wacana Salatiga-Indonesia (2006), Minufiya University (Shebin Elkom) – Egypt (2007), etc.

Presented papers at many Sensor or Information Fusion International Conferences (Australia, Sweden, USA, Spain, Italy, Belgium, Canada, Germany).


Very prolific, he is the author, co-author, and editor of over 150 books published by thirty five publishing houses (such as university and college presses, professional scientific and literary presses, such as Springer Verlag (in print), Univ. of Kishinev Press, Pima College Press, ZayuPress, Haiku, etc.) in ten countries and in many languages, over 180 scientific articles and notes, and contributed to over 100 literary and 50 scientific journals from around the world.


He published many articles on international journals, such as: Multiple-Valued Logic - An International Journal (now called Multiple-Valued Logic & Soft Computing), International Journal of Social Economics, International Journal of Applied Mathematics, International Journal of Tomography & Statistics, Far East Journal of Theoretical Statistics, International Journal of Applied Mathematics and Statistics (Editor-in-Chief), Gaceta Matematica (Spain), Humanistic Mathematics Network Journal, Bulletin of Pure and Applied Sciences, Progress in Physics, Infinite Energy (USA), Information & Security: An International Journal, InterStat - Statistics on the Internet (Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University, Blacksburg, USA), American Mathematical Monthly, Mathematics Magazine, Journal of Advances in Information Fusion (JAIF), Zentralblatt Für Mathematik (Germany; reviewer), Nieuw Archief voor Wiskunde (Holland), Advances in Fuzzy Sets and Systems, Intelligencer (Gottingen, Germany), Notices of the American Mathematical Society, etc. and on many International Conference Proceedings.

Some of them can be downloaded from the LANL / Cornell University (http://arXiv.org) and the CERN web sites.


Hundreds of articles, books, and reviews have been written about his activity around the world.  The books can be downloaded from this

Digital Library of Science:

http://www.gallup.unm.edu/~smarandache/eBooks-otherformats.htm

and from the Digital Library of Arts & Letters:

http://www.gallup.unm.edu/~smarandache/eBooksLiterature.htm .


As a Globe Trekker he visited over 35 countries that he wrote about in his memories.


International Conferences:

   First International Conference on Smarandache Type Notions in Number Theory,

August 21-24, 1997, organized by Dr. C. Dumitrescu & Dr. V. Seleacu, University of Craiova, Romania.

   International Conference on Smarandache Geometries, May 3-5 2003, organized by Dr. M. Khoshnevisan, Griffith University, Gold Coast Campus, Queensland, Australia. 

   International Conference on Smarandache Algebraic Structures, December 17-19, 2004, organized by Prof. M. Mary John, Mathematics Department Chair, Loyola College,  Madras, Chennai - 600 034 Tamil Nadu, India.

General Information:
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Research on Number Theory and Smarandache Notions : Proceedings of...

By: Florentin Smarandache; Zhang Wenpeng, Editor

This book contains 23 papers, most of which were written by participants to the fifth International Conference on Number Theory and Smarandache Notions held in Shangluo University, China, in March, 2009. In this Conference, several professors gave a talk on Smarandache Notions and many participants lectured on them both extensively and intensively. All these papers are original and have been refereed. The themes of these papers range from the mean value or hybrid mean va...

3. Remarks Sandor [2] has considered the problem of finding the S-perfect and completely S-perfect numbers, but his proof is not complete. He has proved that the only S-perfect of the form n = p q is n = 6 and there is no S-perfect number of the form n = 2kq where k ¸ 2 is an integer and q is an odd prime. On the other hand, Theorem 2.1 gives all the S-perfect numbers. Again, Sandor only proved that, the only completely S-perfect number of the form n = p2q is n = 28, an...

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Prin Bătrâna Europă : The Old Europe

By: Florentin Smarandache

Florentin Smarandache a lansat un nou gen literar-artistic, adaptat cerinţelor cititorului şi scriitorului contemporan grăbit, numit FOTOJURNAL INSTANTANEU bazat pe abundenţa de imagini corespunzătoare textului, plus scrierea directă, rapidă, la prima mȃnă, pe locul vizitei, cu verbe puţine, şi exprimări scurte, neşlefuite. Smarandache launched a new literary genre, artistic, adapted to the contemporary reader and writer hurriedly called INSTANT FOTOJURNAL appropriate...

08.07.2010 Viaţa în Franţa e mai lejeră. În America e mai stresantă. Am scris pe foaia de lichidare că mi ar plăcea să revin în Fran-ţa ca lucrător (cercetător sau profesor la vreo Universitate). Cei de la HAL (prescurtare de la Hyper Articles en Ligne – Articole în exces online; este o arhivă deschisă gesti-onată de către Centrul pentru Comunicarea Ştiinţifică Directă, din Franţa) pretind că au o arhivă deschisă tuturor savanţilor, dar nu este deloc liberă, cum ...

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Perorari Paradoxiste

By: Florentin Smarandache; Gheorge Niculescu

Folclorul românesc cât şi folclorul altor popoare, ambundă de paradoxisme, pe care le am mai amintit şi-n alte lucrări. Noi ne oprim aici cu exemplele de paradoxişti şi paradoxisme, pentru a vă lăsa timp să vă delectaţi cu paradoxismele create de noi şi oferite dumneavoastră, în prezenta carte. Romanian folklore and folklore of other peoples ambundă paradoxist that we mentioned and in other works. We stop here and Paradoxisme paradoxists examples for you to leave whil...

• A făcut cel mai important pas, lipsit de importanţă. • Timpul probabil, este reprobabil. • A votat împotriva abţinerii. • S-a potrivit intr-un moment nepotrivit. • Au acelaşi stil, diferit. • Doctorul, era erudit în incultura sa. • A făcut tot ce era imposibil de făcut. • Era de o profunzime interioară extremă. • Au fost chemaţi toti nechemaţii. • Sunt în stare sa impoziteze si lipsurile de venituri impozabile. • Materia, este divină iar Divinitatea, este ima...

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Treatise of Parapedagogy : Avante-Garde Paradoxist Educational Sci...

By: Florentin Smarandache

Parapedagogy is the science which studies the techniques of instruction and destruction and the deconfiguration of personality. It is concerned with non goals, discontents, anti principles, methods and disorganization forms of the education. In the misseducation research other disciplines are involved, such as the inhuman anatomy and psychology (especially the mass brain washing), the anti sociology of education which studies the psycho-asocial-anti-cultural medium an...

The parapedagogy definition The parapedagogy is the science which studies the techniques of instruction and destruction and the deconfiguration of personality. It is concerned with non goals, discontents, principles, methods and disorganization forms of the instruction and misseducation. The fundamental research in parapedagogy has the main goal to discover the laws and principles of parapedagogy, to establish an idealistic philosophy of the misseducation guideline in t...

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Parallel Universes : Experimental Digital Art

By: Florentin Smarandache

Composed, found, changed, modified, diversified computer-programmed images of stars, galaxies, cosmic dust, black (and other color) holes, comets, spacecrafts, robots and poetry.

…We simultaneously leave in parallel universes without knowing it… …Our contradictions coexist in a multi-space endowed with a multi-structure…

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悖论主义对句 601 首 (Paradoxist Distiches)

By: Florentin Smarandache

悖论主义对句包括含义相反的两行诗句,但是这两句诗合并(或建 联 系)后给出标题的完整定义。 一般而言,第二行诗句否定第一行诗,因此形成非同寻常或对立 念 的词语搭配及意境。 The PARADOXIST DISTICH consists of two verses, antithetic to each other, but which together amalgamate in a whole defining (or making connection with) the title. Commonly, the second verse negates the first, containing therefore an antinomic/antagonistic notion/collocation or opposite idea.

P E D A N T He thinks When he doesn’t think 学究 他不思索的时候 脑子也不得清闲 M E T R O P O L I S City Of cities 大都会 与其他城市相比 它就成为城中城 W O R T H L E S S His quality Is lack of all qualities 无价值 所谓的品质 就是无品质 V I C E - P R E S I D E N T The main Secondary character 副总裁 重要人物 次要特征

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Paradoxist Distiches

By: Florentin Smarandache

The whole paradoxist distich should be as a geometric unitary parabola, hyperbola, ellipse at the borders between art, philosophy, rebus, and mathematics – which exist in complementariness. The School of Paradoxist Literature, which evolved around 1980s, continues through these bi-verses closed in a new lyric exact formula, but with an opening to essence. For this kind of procedural poems one can elaborate mathematical algorithms and implement them in a computer: but, it...

I M M O D E S T With the shame Shamelessness U N D E C I D E D Fighting Himself J A Z Z ( I ) Melodious Anarchy J A Z Z ( I I ) Anarchic Melody

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Sixth International Anthology on Paradoxism

By: Florentin Smarandache, Editor

This is an amazing little volume and a paradox all of its own. It is published in the United States, in a French translation of a compilation of essays from the original Romanian made jointly by Paul Georgelin and the man it is all about: Smarandache.

POEMATIO LUDENS A1. En bas d’en haut Rien n’est plus beau En haut d’en bas… Quel bla bla bla : Règnent Ne et Pas !

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Fifth International Anthology on Paradoxism

By: Florentin Smarandache

88 writers (in addition of folklore collections) from 23 countries with texts in 17 languages (English, Romanian, Bulgarian, Czech, Arabic, French, German, Hungarian, Tamil, Hindi, Indonesian, Hebrew, Italian, Urdu, Russian, Serbo-Croatian, Spanish) contributed poetry, essays, letters to the editor, arts, science, philosophy, short drama, short story, distichs, epigrams, aphorisms, translations, paradoxes, and folklore or found literature to the “Fifth international Anthology on Paradoxism”.

An Ode to Fuzzy & Neutrosophic Logic and their Creators When everything seems a murky mess And you are forced to second guess The way you are headed when you’re going straight And whether you’re there on time ’cause early may be late! When your eyes start playing tricks – it’s neither night nor day But the magic hour; when you just can’t for sure say The white from the black as mostly all is grey Take a moment to close your eyes and thank Zadeh! For inventing ...

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Paradoxism's Manifestos and International Folklore

By: Florentin Smarandache

The book is structured in two parts as follows: - in the first part, the theory of paradoxism through its first six published worldwide manifestos (1983, 1984, 1990, 1998, 2002, and 2010 respectively); - in the second part, the paradoxism collected from the international (English, French, Spanish/Arabic, and Romanian) folklore in images and paradoxist situations.

A) Folkloric Begining. It was in the years 1980’s when the paradoxist movement started. Together with childhood friends (I use their nicknames, since these are more colorfull: Cost, Geonea, Beca, Bigioc, Piciu, Boros, Covrig ăl mijlociu, Cris, Pilă, Chesa, Grasu, Babanu) in the little parks and restaurants of Bălcești – Vâlcea drinking beer and joking. They did not like to read or write!... They all were non-literators {excepting me and Co(n)st(antin) Dincă}. We built a...

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Paradoxism Si Post-Modernism : În Creatia Lui

By: Ion Soare

'Parcă vrând să fie in ton cu paradotismul, să să l'confirm chiar modul de receptare a scriitorului matematician Florentin Smarandache este paradoxal : atat despre omul de stinta cat si despre smarandachism numele pe care i lai dat miscarii Ion Rotaru si Titu Popescu sau scris deja zeci de carti studii si articole insa paradoxistul numarul I al lumii este putin cunoscut in tara sa de origine. Pe de alta parte, unii cercetatori (Jacques Sarthou, Dan Tarchild, Doru Mot...

La începutul deceniului opt al acestui secol, un cunoscut dramaturg şi om de teatru - francezul JacquesSarthou, de la Theâtre de l'Île de France, primind de la Florentin Smarandache Manifeste non-conformiste pour un nouveau mouvement Iitteraire: le Paradoxisme, s-a simţit atât de entuziasmat la citirea. programului noii mişcări, încât l-a proclamat pe autor "le plusgrand lloete du XX -eme siecle". "Bravo pour votre genie et votre courage!" - îşi încheia francezul scrisoa...

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Paradoxism Si Folcor

By: Florentin Smarandache

ACTUALITATEA PARADOXISMULUI Prefață Polemici privind paradoxismul și diverse interviuri vă prezentăm ȋn prima parte a acestei cărți. Ȋn cea de-a doua parte, veți constata actualitatea paradoxismului ȋn FOLCLORUL contemporan. Și anume: - Devieri derizorii de proverbe, făcȃnd astăzi hazul de necaz al omului de rȃnd: Fie pȃinea cât de rea, tot ți-o fură cineva. Ai carte, ai cu ce să te ştergi la fund. Lasă pe mâine ce poţi face azi, că poate mâine nu mai este nevoie. ...

Desigur, m-aștept acum la noi invective din partea clanului mafiot al său și al acoliților săi (călăii de serviciu). Cu cȃt ȋnjură mai tare, cu atȃt ȋi plȃtesc noii lor stăpȃni mai bine. Dar ȋmi va face o deosebită plăcere să le răspund! Provocȃndu-mă, ei ȋmi mențin verva creatoare. Doar că aceste publicații sunt plătite din bugetul poporului pentru acești șarlatani. Romȃnii ar trebui să se revolte ȋn toată țara contra acestei umilințe naționale la care sunt supuși. ...

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Paradoxism and Postmodernism in Florentin Smarandache's Work

By: Ion Soare

The basic thesis of the paradoxism: Every thing/ phenomenon/ idea has a meaning and a non-meaning in a contradictory harmony. The essence of the paradoxism: a) The NonSense has a Sense: (and reciprocally) b) The Sense has a NonSense. The subsequent development of the paradoxism: To generalize the literature in scientific spaces ( Lobacevski, Riemann, Banach etc.), n-dimensional and infinite-dimensional spaces too. Paradoxism’s delimitation from other avant-gardes...

Intelligent creator, Florentin Smarandache has accumulated in the while enough self conviction in matters of paradoxism and enough (non)life ( literary and publishing inclusive) experience in order to create a coherent volume, where nothing ( or almost) is put/let at random. After Introduction in the empire of error ( a manifesto of the paradoxism too, but covered with another... linguistic packing), the volume continues with a “short resume” about the ... terror/theory’...

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ΠΑΡΑΔΟΞΑ ΔΙΣΤΙΧΑ

By: Florentin Smarandache; Denis Koulentianos, Ph.D., Translator

A collection of short poems in greek with underlying humorous tones.

ΑΥΤΟΠΡΟΣΩΠΟΓΡΑΦΙΑ Δεν φαίνομαι Αυτό που φαίνομαι να είμαι ΔΗΜΑΓΩΓΟΣ Χτυπά το στήθος Χωρίς να ύψώσει ένα του δάχτυλο ΠΑΤΡΟΤΗΤΑ "Αυτό το παιδί στον κήπο σου λουλούδι Ναι, γιατί ’ ναι γιός ενός άλλου" ΑΠΟΦΑΣΙΣΜΕΝΟΣ Έκαψε τη βαλίτσα του καθώς Την έβαλε μέσα σε ζεστό νερό. ΧΑΜΕΝΟΣ Φτωχέ μου μπάσταρδε . . . Εκείνος είναι απόλυτα ευτυχισμένος

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Paradossi Distici

By: Florentin Smarandache

A collection of paradoxist poetry.

DIAGNOSI Un sano ha afferrato Pazienza ASSISTENZA MEDICA Un ferito e morto. . . Dio lo perdona MORTE AVVISI Il vecchio Traska è morto ieri Buon compleanno ,e viva PULITAZIONE Depurazione Con la sporcizia DIAGNOSIS A healthy grabbed forbearance MEDICAL ASSISTANCE A wounded and dead. . . God forgives him DEATH NOTICES The old man died yesterday Traska Happy birthday, and alive PULITAZIONE Treatment With the dirt

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Wandering in the World of Smarandache Numbers

By: A.A.K. Majumdar

In writing this book, the first problem I faced is to choose the contents of the book. Today the Smarandache Notions is so vast and diversified that it is indeed difficult to choose the materials. Then, I fixed on five topics, namely, Some Smarandache Sequences, Smarandache Determinant Sequences, the Smarandache Function and its generalizations, the Pseudo Smarandache Function and its generalizations, and Smarandache Number Related Triangles. Most of the results appea...

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Reservation for Other Backward Classes in Indian Central Governmen...

By: Florentin Smarandache; W. B. Vasantha Kandasamy

This book has four chapters. In chapter one the authors introduce the three types of super FRM models. Chapter two uses these three new super fuzzy models to study the role of media which feverishly argued against 27 percent reservation for OBCs in Central Government-run institutions in India. The experts we consulted were divided into 19 groups depending on their profession. These groups of experts gave their opinion and comments on the news-items that appeared about re...

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Vreme de Saga

By: Florentin Smarandache; Gheorge Niculescu

A collection of short poems with an underlying tone of humor and parody.

CIOARA Croncănind în zbor planat, M-a stropit pe cap o cioară; Zic, nervos, dar resemnat: Bine că vaca nu zboară! POZA ŞI PERETELE Eu, cum te-am văzut în casă, Am rămas tablou, băiete! Zise poza, languroasă, Către un perete.

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Oglinzi Paralele şi Perpendiculare, Florentin Smarandache, Paradox...

By: Florentin Smarandache

Volumul de faţă adună o mână de studii, articole şi consemnări din presa românească despre scriitorul şi omul de ştiinţă Florentin Smarandache, mişcarea lite-rar-artistică pe care a iniţiat-o (Paradoxismul) şi una dintre teoriile pe care le-a dezvoltat (Viteza Supra-luminală); câteva mesaje adresate acestuia şi o addenda ilustrată vin să contureze peisajul ştiinţific, artistic şi uman în care se mişcă unul dintre cei mai prolifici, mai interesanţi şi mai apreciaţi români...

Florentin Smarandache este unul dintre cei mai cunoscuți scriitor români în afara ţării natale. Activităţile sale literare şi ştiinţifice sunt impresionante. Peste 3.000 de pagini de jurnal nepublicate (datorate călătoriei şi traiului în jurul lumii, dornic să ştie şi să întâlnească oameni şi să studieze diferite culturi). La Arizona State University, Hayden Library, în Tempe, Arizona, există o mare colecţie specială numită “The Florentin Smarandache Papers” (care a...

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Vedic Mathematics : 'Vedic' or 'Mathematics' : A Fuzzy & Neutrosop...

By: Florentin Smarandache; W. B. Vasantha Kandasamy

This book has five chapters. In Chapter I, we give a brief description of the sixteen sutras invented by the Swamiji. Chapter II gives the text of select articles about Vedic Mathematics that appeared in the media. Chapter III recalls some basic notions of some Fuzzy and Neutrosophic models used in this book. This chapter also introduces a fuzzy model to study the problem when we have to handle the opinion of multiexperts. Chapter IV analyses the problem using these mode...

We then remove the common factor if any from each and we find x + 1 staring us in the face i.e. x + 1 is the HCF. Two things are to be noted importantly. (1) We see that often the subsutras are not used under the main sutra for which it is the subsutra or the corollary. This is the main deviation from the usual mathematical principles of theorem (sutra) and corollaries (subsutra). (2) It cannot be easily compromised that a single sutra (a Sanskrit word) can be mathemat...

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