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Sokrates Verteidigung, Des

By: Plato

...Platon (427 v. Chr.–348 v. Chr.) läßt Sokrates sein Leben darstellen und beurteilen sowie seine Einstellung zum Tod. Übersetzung durch Friedrich Daniel Ernst Schleiermacher (1768-1834) von 1805. (Summary by redaer) This readi...

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Euthyphro

By: Plato

...e matters, converses with Euthyphro, but as usual, the man who professes to know nothing fares better than the man who claims to be an expert. One of Plato’s well-known Socratic Dialogues, Euthyphro probes the nature of piety, and notably poses the so-called Euthyphro Dilemma: Do the gods love a thing because it is holy, or is a thing holy because it is loved by the gods? ...

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Ion

By: Plato

...In Plato's ION, Socrates questions Ion, whether he should really claim laud and glory for his 'rhapsodic' recitals of Homer's poetry. —Description by Simon-Peter Zak...

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Apology of Socrates (Greek), The

By: Plato

...The Apology is Plato's version of the speech delivered by Socrates before the Athenian people in his defence agaist charges of impiety and of misleading others, which ended in his condemnation and death in 399 BC. It is the earliest and mos...

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Phaedrus

By: Plato

...quivalent of a lunchtime stroll in the park, exchange views on love and on the power of words, spoken and written. Phaedrus is the most enchanting of Plato’s Erotic dialogues (capitalised in honour of the god). The barefoot philosopher urges an eager young acquaintance – who has allowed his lover’s oratorical skills to impress him overmuch – to re-examine the text of Lysia...

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Apology

By: Plato

...The Apology of Socrates is Plato's version of the speech given by Socrates as he unsuccessfully defended himself in 399 BC against the charges of corrupting the young, and by not believing in the gods in whom the city believes, but in other daimonia th...

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Meno

By: Plato

...Meno (Ancient Greek: Μένων) is a Socratic dialogue written by Plato. Written in the Socratic dialectic style, it attempts to determine the definition of virtue, or arete, meaning in this case virtue in general, rather than particular virtues, such as justice or temperance. The goal is a...

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Parmenides

By: Plato

...ent or for the file as an electronic transmission, in any way. Parmenides by Plato, Trans. Benjamin Jowett , the Pennsylvania State University, Elect... ...AL INTRODUCTION AND ANAL YSIS. YSIS. YSIS. YSIS. YSIS. THE AW E WITH which Plato regarded the character of ‘the great’ Parmenides has extended to th... ...extended to the dialogue which he calls by his name. None of the writings of Plato have been more copiously illus trated, both in ancient and modern ... ...pressly stated. The date is uncertain; the relation to the other writings of Plato is also uncertain; the connexion between the two parts is at first ... ...ely obscure; and in the latter of the two we are left in doubt as to whether Plato is speaking his own senti ments by the lips of Parmenides, and ove... ...n exuber ance of the metaphysical imagination which en 4 Parmenides abled Plato to go beyond himself. To the latter part of the dialogue we may cer... ...ood them or not.’ The Parmenides in point of style is one of the best of the Platonic writings; the first portion of the dialogue is in no way defecti... ...e was not unwilling to enter. The character of Antiphon, the half brother of Plato, who had once been inclined to philosophy , but has now shown the h... ... en ter , he has been giving orders to a bridle maker; by this slight touch Plato verifies the previous description of him. After a little persuasion...

Excerpt: Parmenides by Plato, translated by Benjamin Jowett.

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St Statesman

By: Plato

...ment or for the file as an electronic transmission, in any way. Statesman by Plato, trans. Benjamin Jowett, the Pennsylvania State University, Electro... ...ity The Pennsylvania State University is an equal opportunity university. 3 Plato ST ST ST ST STA A A A ATESMAN TESMAN TESMAN TESMAN TESMAN by by by ... ...ato ST ST ST ST STA A A A ATESMAN TESMAN TESMAN TESMAN TESMAN by by by by by Plato Plato Plato Plato Plato T T T T Translated by Benjamin Jowett ransl... ...he Philebus, the Parmenides, and the Sophist, we may observe the tendency of Plato to combine two or more subjects or different aspects of the same su... ...ates is with- drawn from view; and new foes begin to appear under old names. Plato is now chiefly concerned, not with the original Sophist, but with t... ...e sadly conscious of the realities of human life. Yet the ideal glory of the Platonic philosophy is not 4 Statesman extinguished. He is still looking... ... which fails to produce any impression of a whole on the mind of the reader. Plato apologizes for his tediousness, and acknowledges that the improve- ... ...- priety is not always a sufficient reason for doubting the genuineness of a Platonic writing. The search after the Statesman, which is carried on, li... ... of the jests are man- nered and laboured: for example, the turn of words 5 Plato with which the dialogue opens; or the clumsy joke about man being a...

Excerpt: Statesman by Plato, translated by Benjamin Jowett.

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Philebus

By: Plato

...in Jowett A Penn State Electronic Classics Series Publication Philebus by Plato, trans. Benjamin Jowett is a publication of the Pennsylvania State Un... ...ent or for the file as an electronic transmission, in any way. Philebus by Plato, trans. Benjamin Jowett, the Pennsylvania State University, Electroni... ...y The Pennsylvania State University is an equal opportunity university. 3 Plato Philebus by Plato Translated by Benjamin Jowett INTRODUCTION AND ANAL... ...ION AND ANALYSIS. THE P HILEBUS appears to be one of the later writings of Plato, in which the style has begun to alter, and the dramatic and poetical... ...n, are a further source of perplexity. Our ignorance of the opinions which Plato is attacking is also an element of obscurity. Many things in a contro... ...ey were intended to refer. But no conjecture will enable us to supply what Plato has not told us; or to explain, from our fragmentary knowledge of the... ...stippus or Antisthenes respecting pleasure. Nor are we able to say how far Plato in the Philebus conceives the finite and infinite (which occur both i... ...he Charmides, Lysis, or Protagoras. Other signs of relation to external 5 Plato life in the dialogue, or references to contemporary things and person... ... a previous state of existence, is a note of progress in the philosophy of Plato. The transcendental theory of pre-existent ideas, which is chiefly di...

Excerpt: Philebus by Plato, translated by Benjamin Jowett.

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Sophist

By: Plato

...cument or for the file as an electronic transmission, in any way. Sophist by Plato, trans. by Benjamin Jowett , the Pennsylvania State University, El... ...nnsylvania State University is an equal opportunity university. 3 Sophist – Plato SOPHIST by Plato Translated by Benjamin Jowett INTRODUCTION AND ANA... ...in Jowett INTRODUCTION AND ANALYSIS THE DRAMATIC POWER of the dialogues of Plato ap pears to diminish as the metaphysical interest of them increase... ...e meta physics will greatly prefer the earlier dialogues to the later ones. Plato is conscious of the change, and in the Statesman expressly accuses ... ...ed spirit of Hegel seemed to find in the Sophist the crown and summit of the Platonic philosophy—here is the place at which Plato most nearly approach... ...as, was making truth and falsehood equally impossible. It has been said that Plato would have written differently, if he had been acquainted with the ... ...But could the Or ganon of Aristotle ever have been written un 4 Sophist – Plato less the Sophist and Statesman had preceded? The swarm of fallacies... ...e Socratic philosophies, was not dispelled by Aristotle, but by Socrates and Plato. The summa genera of thought, the nature of the proposition, of def... ...esses of induction and deduction are constantly employed in the dialogues of Plato. The ‘slip pery’ nature of comparison, the danger of put ting wor...

Excerpt: Sophist by Plato, translated by by Benjamin Jowett.

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Timaeus

By: Plato

...tudy, should speak first, beginning with the generation of the world and going down to the creation of man... 'Timaeus' is usually regarded as one of Plato's later dialogues, and provides an account of the creation of the universe, with physical, metaphysical and ethical dimensions, which had great influence over philosophers for centuries following. It attributes the orde...

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The Republic

By: Plato

...y s Electronic Classics Series, Jim Manis, Faculty Editor The Republic by Plato is a publication of the Pennsylvania State University. This Portable... ...or for the file as an electronic transmission, in any way. The Republic by Plato , the Pennsylvania State University, Electronic Classics Series, Ji... ...998 The Pennsylvania State University Cover design by Jim Manis, Statue of Plato. The Pennsylvania State University is an equal opportunity university... ...ania State University is an equal opportunity university. THE REPUBLIC by Plato (360 B.C.) translated by Benjamin Jowett THE INTRODUCTION The Republi... ... (360 B.C.) translated by Benjamin Jowett THE INTRODUCTION The Republic of Plato is the longest of his works with the exception of the Laws, and is ce... ...sium and the Protagoras are of higher excellence. But no other Dialogue of Plato has the same largeness of view and the same perfection of style; no o... ...ich are new as well as old, and not of one age only but of all. Nowhere in Plato is there a deeper irony or a greater wealth of humor or imagery, or m... ...losophy reaches the highest point to which ancient thinkers ever attained. Plato among the Greeks, like Bacon among the moderns, was the first who con... ...ents of thought to after ages, are based upon the analyses of Socrates and Plato. The principles of definition, the law of contradiction, the fallacy ...

Excerpt: The Republic by Plato.

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Phaedrus

By: Plato

...ument or for the file as an electronic transmission, in any way. Phaedrus by Plato, trans. Benjamin Jowett , the Pennsylvania State University, Elect... ...State University is an equal opportunity university. 3 Phaedrus PHAEDRUS by Plato Translated by Benjamin Jowett INTRODUCTION. THE PHAEDRUS IS close... ...r following it. The two Dialogues to gether contain the whole philosophy of Plato on the nature of love, which in the Republic and in the later writi... ...to on the nature of love, which in the Republic and in the later writings of Plato is only introduced play fully or as a figure of speech. But in the... ...ing about in his mind, or more probably in a book hidden under his cloak, 4 Plato and is intending to study as he walks. The impu tation is not deni... ...ch has been laid down, he pro ceeds to show how many advantages the non 6 Plato lover has over the lover . The one encourages soft ness and effemi... ...has not been properly trained, keeps them down and sinks them towards the 8 Plato earth. Of the world which is beyond the heav ens, who can tell? Th... ...ompare Symp.) Father and mother, and goods and laws and proprieties are 10 Plato nothing to him; his beloved is his physician, who can alone cure hi... ...peaking is to know and speak the truth; as a Spartan proverb says, ‘true 12 Plato art is truth’; whereas rhetoric is an art of en chantment, which m...

Excerpt: Phaedrus by Plato, translated by Benjamin Jowett.

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Symposium, The

By: Plato

...The Symposium (Ancient Greek: Συμπόσιον) is a philosophical book written by Plato sometime after 385 BCE. On one level the book deals with the genealogy, nature and purpose of love, on another level the book deals with the topic of knowledge, specifically how does one know what one knows. The topic o...

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Phaedo

By: Plato

...Plato's Phaedo is one of the great dialogues of his middle period, along with the Republic and the Symposium. The Phaedo, which depicts the death of Socrates, is also Plato's seventh and last dialogue to detail the philosophe...

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Apology of Socrates, The

By: Plato

...Plato's account of Socrates' defense at his trial for corrupting the youth is a classic summation of his teacher's life and mission, centered in Socrates' most famous line, The unexamined life is not worth living. - Written b...

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Symposium

By: Plato

...ment or for the file as an electronic transmission, in any way. Symposium by Plato, trans. Benjamin Jowett , the Pennsylvania State University, Elect... ...ity The Pennsylvania State University is an equal opportunity university. 3 Plato s Symposium SYMPOSIUM by Plato Translated by Benjamin Jowett INTROD... ...d not have been expressed by him if he had been interrogated about them. Yet Plato was not a mystic, nor in any degree affected by the Eastern influen... ...her of Egypt or of Asia to be found in his writings. And more than any other Platonic work the Sympo sium is Greek both in style and subject, having ... ... a sort of Gothic irregularity. More too than in any other of his Dialogues, Plato is emancipated from former philosophies. The genius of Greek art se... ...t of Agathon is desirous of having an authentic account of them, which he 4 Plato s Symposium thinks that he can obtain from Apollodorus, the same ex... ...atest of these is the sense of honour and dishonour. The lover is ashamed 5 Plato s Symposium to be seen by the beloved doing or suffering any coward... ...e Ionians, and most of the barbarians, disapprove of them; partly because 6 Plato s Symposium they are aware of the political dangers which ensue fro... ...physician shall cure him or speak in his turn. Eryximachus is ready to do 7 Plato s Symposium both, and after prescribing for the hiccough, speaks as...

Excerpt: Symposium by Plato, translated by Benjamin Jowett.

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Protagoras

By: Plato

...thin the document or for the file as an electronic transmission, in any way. Plato’s “Protagoras,”translated by Benjamin Jowett, the Pennsylvania Sta... ...ylvania State University is an equal opportunity university . PROTAGORAS by Plato Translated by Benjamin Jowett INTRODUCTION THE P ROTAGORAS, like se... ...njamin Jowett INTRODUCTION THE P ROTAGORAS, like several of the Dialogues of Plato, is put into the mouth of Socrates, who de scribes a conversation ... ... Protagoras had not assured him of the fact, for two reasons: “Protagoras” — Plato 3 (1) Because the Athenian people, who recognize in their assembli... ...Socrates lies in supposing that there are no teachers of vir “Protagoras” — Plato 4 tue, whereas all men are teachers in a degree. Some, like Protag... ...e liberty which he takes himself of speaking as he likes. But “Protagoras” — Plato 5 Alcibiades answers that the two cases are not paral lel. For So... ...ealous of the fame of this saying, wrote a poem which was de “Protagoras” — Plato 6 signed to controvert it. No, says he, Pittacus; not ‘hard to be ... ...mmon opin ion that knowledge is overcome by passion? or does “Protagoras” — Plato 7 he hold that knowledge is power? Protagoras agrees that knowledg... ...ifficulty. Socrates concludes by professing his disinterested “Protagoras” — Plato 8 love of the truth, and remarks on the singular man ner in which...

Excerpt: Plato?s ?Protagoras,?translated by Benjamin Jowett.

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Phaedo

By: Plato

...ocument or for the file as an electronic transmission, in any way. Phaedo by Plato, Trans. Benjamin Jowett , the Pennsylvania State University, Elect... ...ity The Pennsylvania State University is an equal opportunity university. 3 Plato Phaedo by Plato Translated by Benjamin Jowett INTRODUCTION AFTER A... ...cratic circle, all of whom are silent auditors. Aristippus, Cleombrotus, and Plato are noted as absent. Almost as soon as the friends of Socrates ente... ...tance to make the natural remark that ‘pleasure follows pain.’ (Observe that Plato is preparing the way for his doctrine of the alternation of opposit... ...he nature of that death which he desires? Death is the separation of soul 5 Plato and body—and the philosopher desires such a separation. He would li... ...t complete unless the living come from the dead as well as pass to them. The Platonic doctrine of reminiscence is then adduced as a confirmation of th... ...ereas the body is liable to speedy dissolution, the soul is almost if not 7 Plato quite indissoluble. (Compare Tim.) Yet even the body may be preser... ...y is an effect, whereas the soul is not an effect, but a cause; a harmony 9 Plato follows, but the soul leads; a harmony admits of degrees, and the s... ...se. The nar rative is continued; Socrates is desirous of explaining how 11 Plato opposite ideas may appear to co exist but do not really co exist i...

Excerpt: Phaedo by Plato, translated by Benjamin Jowett.

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Apology

By: Plato

...thin the document or for the file as an electronic transmission, in any way. Plato’s “Apology,” the Pennsylvania State University, Electronic Classi... ...ennsylvania State University is an equal opportunity university. Apology By Plato Translated by Benjamin Jowett Socrates’ Defense How you have felt, ... ... who had a brother Theages; and Adeimantus the son of Ariston, whose brother Plato is present; and Aeantodorus, who is the brother of Apollodorus, who... ..., I think that I could afford a minae, and therefore I propose that penalty; Plato, Crito, Critobulus, and Apollodorus, my friends here, bid me say th... ...Which is better God only knows. Apology 25 If you would like to read more of Plato s Dialogues, go to http://www2.hn.psu.edu/faculty/jmanis/plato.htm....

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Laws

By: Plato

...Laws (Greek: Νόμοι) is Plato's last and longest dialogue. It is generally agreed that Plato wrote this dialogue as an older man, having failed in his effort in Syracuse on the island of Sicily to guide a tyrant's rule, instead having been thrown in...

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Charmides, Or Temperance

By: Plato

...thin the document or for the file as an electronic transmission, in any way. Plato’s “Charmides, or T emperance,”translated by Benjamin Jowett, the P... ... University is an equal opportunity university. CHARMIDES, OR TEMPERANCE by Plato Translated by Benjamin Jowett PERSONS OF THE DIALOGUE : Socrates, w... ...ries. Then, when there had been enough of this, I, in my turn, “Charmides” – Plato 3 began to make enquiries about matters at home—about the present ... ... was such a paragon, if he has only one other slight addition. “Charmides” – Plato 4 What is that? said Critias. If he has a noble soul; and being of... ... stood the nature of love, when, in speaking of a fair youth, “Charmides” – Plato 5 he warns some one ‘not to bring the fawn in the sight of the lio... ...ch I learned when serving with the army from one of the physi “Charmides” – Plato 6 cians of the Thracian king Zamolxis, who are said to be so skilf... ...ch is given by the charm; and this, as you say, is temperance? “Charmides” – Plato 7 Yes, I said. Then let me tell you that he is the most temperate ... ...at I am temperate: but, on the other hand, if I say that I am, “Charmides” – Plato 8 I shall have to praise myself, which would be ill manners; and t... ...in. And in playing the lyre, or wrestling, quickness or sharp “Charmides” – Plato 9 ness are far better than quietness and slowness? Yes. And the sa...

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Republic, The

By: Plato

...The Republic is a Socratic dialogue by Plato, written in approximately 380 BC. It is one of the most influential works of philosophy and political theory, and arguably Plato's best known work. In it, Socrates and various other Athenians and foreigners discuss the ...

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Gorgias

By: Plato (Platon)

...he famous sophist Gorgias and his followers. It is a work likely completed around the time of Republic and illuminates many of the spiritual ideas of Plato. The spirituality, as Jowett points out in his wonderful introduction, has many ideas akin to Christianity, but is more generous as it reserves damnation only for the tyrants of the world. Some of the truths of Socrates...

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