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OpenOffice.org

OpenOffice.org
OpenOffice.org 3 logo
The Start Center from OpenOffice.org v3.2.1
Original author(s) StarOffice by StarDivision (1985–1999)
Developer(s) Sun Microsystems (1999–2009)
Oracle Corporation (2010–2011)
Initial release 1 May 2002 (2002-05-01)[1]
Last release 3.3 / 25 January 2011 (2011-01-25)
Preview release 3.4 Beta 1 / 12 April 2011 (2011-04-12)[2]
Development status Discontinued
Written in C++[3] and Java
Operating system Linux, OS X, Microsoft Windows, Solaris[4][2]
Platform IA-32, x86-64, PowerPC, SPARC[4]
Size 143.4 MB (3.3.0 en-US Windows .exe without JRE)[5]
Available in 121 languages[6]
Type Office suite
License [8]
[7]
Website .org.openofficewww
See Archived 28 April 2011 at the Wayback Machine
Standard(s) OpenDocument (ISO/IEC 26300)

OpenOffice.org (OOo), commonly known as OpenOffice, was an open-source office suite. It was an open-sourced version of the earlier StarOffice, which Sun Microsystems acquired in 1999 for internal use. Sun open-sourced the software in July 2000 as a competitor to Microsoft Office,[9][10] releasing version 1.0 on 1 May 2002.[1] In 2011 Oracle Corporation, the then-owner of Sun, announced that it would no longer offer a commercial version of the suite[11] and soon after donated the project to the Apache Foundation.[12][13] Apache renamed the software Apache OpenOffice.[14] Other active successor projects include LibreOffice and NeoOffice.

OpenOffice.org's default ISO/IEC standard, which originated with OpenOffice.org. It could also read a wide variety of other file formats, with particular attention to those from Microsoft Office.

OpenOffice.org contained a word processor (Writer), a spreadsheet (Calc), a presentation application (Impress), a drawing application (Draw), a formula editor (Math), and a database management application (Base).[15]

OpenOffice.org was primarily developed for Linux, Microsoft Windows and Solaris, and later for OS X, with ports to other operating systems. It was distributed under the GNU Lesser General Public License version 3 (LGPL); early versions were also available under the Sun Industry Standards Source License (SISSL).

Contents

  • History 1
    • Governance 1.1
    • Naming 1.2
  • Features 2
    • Components 2.1
    • Supported operating systems 2.2
    • Fonts 2.3
    • Extensions 2.4
    • OpenOffice Basic 2.5
    • Connectivity 2.6
  • File formats 3
  • Development 4
    • Native desktop integration 4.1
    • Use of Java 4.2
    • Security 4.3
    • Version history 4.4
      • OpenOffice.org 1 4.4.1
      • OpenOffice.org 2 4.4.2
      • OpenOffice.org 3 4.4.3
      • OpenOffice.org 3.4 Beta 1 4.4.4
  • Market share 5
    • Notable users 5.1
    • Retail 5.2
  • Forks and derivative software 6
    • Active 6.1
      • Apache OpenOffice 6.1.1
      • LibreOffice 6.1.2
      • NeoOffice 6.1.3
    • Discontinued 6.2
      • Go-oo 6.2.1
      • IBM Lotus Symphony 6.2.2
      • StarOffice 6.2.3
  • References 7
  • Further reading 8
  • External links 9

History

OpenOffice.org originated as StarOffice, a proprietary office suite developed by German company StarDivision from 1985 on. In August 1999, StarDivision was acquired by Sun Microsystems[16][17] for US$59.5 million,[18] as it was supposedly cheaper than licensing Microsoft Office for 42,000 staff.[19]

On 19 July 2000 at Microsoft Office 2007.[152]

The Sun Start Center for versions between 3.0 and 3.2.0

OpenOffice.org 3

On 13 October 2008, version 3.0 was released, featuring the ability to import (though not export) Office Open XML documents, support for ODF 1.2, improved VBA macros, and a native interface port for OS X. It also introduced the new Start Center.[128]

Version 3.2 included support for PostScript-based OpenType fonts. It warned users when ODF 1.2 Extended features had been used. An improvement to the document integrity check determined if an ODF document conformed to the ODF specification and offered a repair if necessary. Calc and Writer both reduced "cold start" time by 46% compared to version 3.0.[153] 3.2.1 was the first Oracle release.[132]

Version 3.3, the last Oracle version, was released in January 2011.[154] New features include an updated print form, a FindBar and interface improvements for Impress.[155][156] The commercial version, Oracle Open Office 3.3 (StarOffice renamed), based on the beta, was released on 15 December 2010, as was the single release of Oracle Cloud Office (a proprietary product from an unrelated codebase).[38][157]

OpenOffice.org 3.4 Beta 1

A beta version of OpenOffice.org 3.4 was released on 12 April 2011, including new SVG import, improved ODF 1.2 support, and spreadsheet functionality.[4][2][158]

Before the final version of OpenOffice.org 3.4 could be released, Oracle cancelled its sponsorship of development[11] and fired the remaining StarDivision development team.[31][55]

Market share

Problems arise in estimating the

External links

Further reading

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References

Sun used OpenOffice.org as a base for its commercial proprietary StarOffice application software, which was OpenOffice.org with some added proprietary components. Oracle bought Sun in January 2010 and quickly renamed StarOffice as Oracle Open Office.[261] Oracle discontinued development in April 2011.[11]

StarOffice

[217] and its code was merged into Apache OpenOffice 4.0.[214] The Workplace Managed Client in

IBM Lotus Symphony

OpenOffice Novell edition was a supported version of Go-oo.[257]

Go-oo also encouraged outside contributions, with rules similar to those later adopted for LibreOffice.[256] When LibreOffice forked, Go-oo was deprecated in favour of that project.

Sun's contributions to OpenOffice.org had been declining for a number of years[228] and some developers were unwilling to assign copyright in their work to Sun,[35] particularly given the deal between Sun and IBM to licence the code outside the LGPL.[31] On 2 October 2007, [243][254][255]

ooo-build. [249] and worked together on,[248] Most Linux distributions used,[247] The ooo-build

Go-oo

Discontinued

[246] with stability fixes from Apache OpenOffice and LibreOffice.[245]

NeoOffice

[241] In March 2015, a development comparison of LibreOffice with Apache OpenOffice concluded that "LibreOffice has won the battle for developer participation".[45] promptly replaced OpenOffice.org with LibreOffice; [54][53][52][51] Most Linux distributions

Oracle was invited to become a member of the Document Foundation and was asked to donate the OpenOffice.org brand.[232][233] Oracle instead demanded that all members of the OpenOffice.org Community Council involved with the Document Foundation step down,[67] leaving the Council composed only of Oracle employees.[68]

Sun had stated in the original OpenOffice.org announcement in 2000[9] that the project would be run by a neutral foundation, and put forward a more detailed proposal in 2001.[227] There were many calls to put this into effect over the ensuing years.[33][228][229][230] On 28 September 2010, in frustration at years of perceived neglect of the codebase and community by Sun and then Oracle,[66] members of the OpenOffice.org community announced a non-profit called The Document Foundation and a fork of OpenOffice.org named LibreOffice. Go-oo improvements were merged, and that project was retired in favour of LibreOffice.[231] The goal was to produce a vendor-independent office suite with ODF support and without any copyright assignment requirements.[232]

LibreOffice

In October 2014, Bruce Byfield, writing for Linux Magazine, said the project had "all but stalled [possibly] due to IBM's withdrawal from the project."[224] As of 2015, the project has no release manager,[225] and itself reports a lack of volunteer involvement and code contributions.[226]

While the project considers itself the unbroken continuation of OpenOffice.org,[218] others regard it as a fork,[20][211][212][219][220][221][222] or at the least a separate project.[223]

The codebase for IBM's Lotus Symphony was donated to the Apache Software Foundation in 2012 and merged for Apache OpenOffice 4.0,[217] and Symphony was deprecated in favour of Apache OpenOffice.[214]

In June 2011, Oracle contributed the OpenOffice.org code and trademarks to the Apache Software Foundation. The developer pool for the Apache project was proposed to be seeded by IBM employees, Linux distribution companies and public sector agencies.[210] IBM employees continue to do the majority of the development,[211][212][213][214][215] including hiring ex-StarDivision developers.[213] The Apache project removed or replaced as much code from OpenOffice.org 3.4 beta 1, including fonts, under licenses unacceptable to Apache[216] as possible, and released 3.4.0 in May 2012.[116]

Apache OpenOffice

Active

Major derivatives include:

A timeline of major derivatives of StarOffice and OpenOffice.org
  OpenOffice.org
  Go-oo
  NeoOffice

The OpenOffice.org website also listed a large variety of complementary products, including groupware systems.[209]

[208]) and 602Office.Kingsoft Office WPS Office Storm (the 2004 edition of [207][206][205][204]/Oracle Open Office, SunShine Office, ThizOffice, UP Office, White Label Office,StarOffice RomanianOffice, [203][127][34] RedOffice,[202] PlusOffice Mac,[201] Pladao Office,[200][199] OxygenOffice Professional,[198] OpenOfficeT7, OpenOffice.ux.pl, OxOffice,[197] [192] A number of open source and proprietary products derive at least some code from OpenOffice.org, including AndrOpen Office,

Forks and derivative software

In July 2007, Wal-Mart, K-mart and Sam's Club outlets in North America.[191]

Retail

[190][188] In

In ESIC, IIT Bombay, National Bank for Agriculture and Rural Development, the Supreme Court of India, ICICI Bank,[171] and the Allahabad High Court,[172] which use Linux, completely relied on OpenOffice.org for their administration.

Large-scale users of OpenOffice.org included French Gendarmerie.[159]

Notable users

The project claimed more than 98 million downloads as of September 2007[166] and 300 million total to the release of version 3.2 in February 2010.[167] The project claimed over one hundred million downloads for the OpenOffice.org 3 series within a year of release.[168]

Although Microsoft Office retained 95% of the general market — as measured by revenue — as of August 2007,[162] OpenOffice.org and StarOffice had secured 15–20% of the business market as of 2004[163][164] and a 2010 University of Colorado at Boulder study reported that OpenOffice.org had reached a point where it had an "irreversible" installed user base and that it would continue to grow.[165]

A market-share analysis conducted by a web analytics service in 2010, based on over 200,000 Internet users, showed a wide range of adoption in different countries:[161] 0.2% in China, 9% in the US and the UK and over 20% in Poland, the Czech Republic, and Germany.

[160] According to

listing known distribution totals, known deployments and conversions and analyst statements and surveys. [159] A [149][148][147][146][145][144][143][142] The OpenOffice.org 2 series attracted considerable press attention.

On 20 October 2005, OpenOffice.org 2.0 was released.[120] 2.0.1 was released eight weeks later, fixing minor bugs and introducing new features. As of the 2.0.3 release, OpenOffice.org changed its release cycle from 18 months to releasing updates every three months.[141]

[7] Versions after 2.0 beta 2 would use only the LGPL.[20] On 2 September 2005, Sun announced that it was retiring the SISSL to reduce

Work on version 2.0 began in early 2003 with the following goals (the "Q Product Concept"): better interoperability with Microsoft Office; improved speed and lower memory usage; greater scripting capabilities; better integration, particularly with GNOME; a more usable database; digital signatures; and improved usability.[138] It would also be the first version to default to OpenDocument. Sun released the first beta version on 4 March 2005.[139]

OpenOffice.org 2

OpenOffice.org was used in 2005 by The Guardian to illustrate what it saw as the limitations of open-source software.[137]

OpenOffice.org 1.1 introduced One-click Export to PDF and Export presentations to Flash (.SWF). It also allowed third-party addons.[99]

The preview, Milestone 638c, was released October 2001.[16] OpenOffice.org 1.0 was released under both the LGPL and the SISSL[20] for Windows, Linux and Solaris[133] on 1 May 2002.[1][134] The version for Mac OS X (with X11 interface) was released on 23 June 2003.[135][136]

OpenOffice.org 1

OpenOffice.org 1.1 logo
OpenOffice.org release history
Version Release date Description
Build 638c 2001-10[16] The first public milestone release.
1.0 2002-05-01[1] First official release.
1.0.3.1 2003-04[16] Last version officially supporting Windows 95.
1.1 2003-09-02[117] Export to PDF, export to Flash, extension mechanism.[99]
1.1.1 2004-03-29[118] Bundled with TheOpenCD.[119]
1.1.4 2004-12-22[117] Last version released under SISSL.
1.1.5 2005-09-09[117] Last release for 1.x product line. Can edit OpenDocument files.
2.0 2005-10-20[120] Milestone, with major enhancements and default saving in the OpenDocument format.
2.1.0 2006-12-12[117] Minor enhancements, bug fixes.[121]
2.2.0 2007-03-29[117] Minor enhancements, bug fixes,[122] security fixes.[123]
2.3.0 2007-09-17[117] Updated charting component, minor enhancements,[124] improved extension manager.[125]
2.4.0 2008-03-27[117] Bug fixes and new features,[86][126] enhancements from RedOffice.[127]
2.4.3 2009-09-04[117] Last version for Windows 98 and Windows ME[81]
3.0.0 2008-10-13[117] Milestone: ODF 1.2, OOXML import, improved VBA, native OS X interface, Start Center.[128]
3.1.0 2009-05-07[117] Overlining and transparent dragging.
3.2 2010-02-11[129] New features,[130] and performance enhancements.[131]
3.2.1 2010-06-04[117] Updated Oracle Start Center and OpenDocument format icons, bug fixes. First Oracle stable release.[132]
3.3 2011-01-26[117] New spreadsheet functions and parameters. Last Oracle stable release.
3.4 Beta 1 2011-04-12[4] Last Oracle code release.

Version history

[116] and Apache OpenOffice in May 2012.[115] As of October 2011,

In 2006, Lt. Col. Eric Filiol of the Laboratoire de Virologie et de Cryptologie de l'ESAT demonstrated security weaknesses, in particular within macros.[110][111][112] In 2006,

Security

On 13 November 2006, Sun committed to releasing Java under the GNU General Public License[109] and had released a free software Java, OpenJDK, by May 2007.

[108] The issue came to the fore in May 2005, when

Although originally written in C++, OpenOffice.org became increasingly reliant on the Java Runtime Environment, even including a bundled free software.[107]

Use of Java

The issue had been particularly pronounced on Mac OS X. Early versions of OpenOffice.org required the installation of X11.app or XDarwin (though the NeoOffice port supplied a native interface). Versions since 3.0 ran natively using Apple's Aqua GUI.[105]

OpenOffice.org 1.0 was criticized for not having the widget toolkit, icons, and font-rendering libraries on GNOME, KDE and Windows.[102][103][104]

Native desktop integration

The OpenOffice.org API was based on a component technology known as Universal Network Objects (UNO). It consisted of a wide range of interfaces defined in a CORBA-like interface description language.

OpenOffice.org converted all external formats to and from an internal XML representation.

Development

OpenOffice.org also claimed support for the following formats:[97][98]

OpenOffice.org 1 used OASIS and OpenDocument was developed from it.[96]

From Version 2.0 onward, OpenOffice.org used ISO/IEC 26300:2006[95] OpenDocument as its native format. Versions 2.0–2.3.0 default to the ODF 1.0 file format; versions 2.3.1–2.4.3 default to ODF 1.1; versions 3.0 onward default to ODF 1.2.

File formats

OpenOffice.org could interact with databases (local or remote) using ODBC (Open Database Connectivity), JDBC (Java Database Connectivity) or SDBC (StarOffice Database Connectivity).[94]

Connectivity

OpenOffice.org included OpenOffice Basic, a programming language similar to Microsoft Visual Basic for Applications (VBA). OpenOffice Basic was available in Writer, Calc and Base.[93] OpenOffice.org also had some Microsoft VBA macro support.

OpenOffice Basic

From version 2.0.4, OpenOffice.org supported third-party extensions.[89] As of April 2011, the OpenOffice Extension Repository listed more than 650 extensions.[90] Another list was maintained by the Free Software Foundation.[91][92]

Extensions

[88][87] is a feature that allows users to create stylized text with special effects differing from ordinary text with the added features of gradient colour fills, shaping, letter height, and character spacing. It is similar to Fontwork

OpenOffice.org included OpenSymbol, DejaVu,[82] the Liberation fonts (from 2.4) and the Gentium fonts (from 3.2).[83][84][85] Versions up to 2.3 included the Bitstream Vera fonts.[82][86] OpenOffice.org also used the default fonts of the running operating system.

Fonts

The latest versions of OpenOffice.org on other operating systems were:[79]

The last version, 3.4 Beta 1, was available for IA-32 versions of Windows 2000 Service Pack 2 or later, Linux (IA-32 and x64), Solaris and OS X 10.4 or later, and the SPARC version of Solaris.[4][78]

Supported operating systems

[76] The suite contained no

Icon Title Description
OOo 3 Writer icon Writer A word processor analogous to Microsoft Word or WordPerfect.
OOo 3 Calc icon Calc A spreadsheet analogous to Microsoft Excel or Lotus 1-2-3.
OOo 3 Impress icon Impress A [75][74]
OOo 3 Draw icon Draw A vector graphics editor comparable in features to the drawing functions in Microsoft Office.
OOo 3 Math icon Math A tool for creating and editing mathematical formulas, analogous to Microsoft Equation Editor. Formulas could be embedded inside other OpenOffice.org documents, such as those created by Writer.
OOo 3 Base icon Base A database management program analogous to Microsoft Access. Base could function as a front-end to a number of different database systems, including Access databases (JET), ODBC data sources, MySQL and PostgreSQL. Base became part of the suite starting with version 2.0. HSQL was the included database engine. From version 2.3, Base offered report generation via Pentaho.

Components

OpenOffice.org 1.0 was launched under the following mission statement:[10]

Features

) [73] Due to a similar trademark issue (a Rio de Janeiro company that owned that trademark in Brazil), the

[71] since the Sun release, but since this term is a OpenOffice The project and software were informally referred to as

Naming

Both Sun and Oracle are claimed to have made decisions without consulting the Council or in contravention to the council's recommendations,[65][66] leading to the majority of outside developers leaving for LibreOffice.[45] Oracle demanded in October 2010 that all Council members involved with the Document Foundation step down,[67] leaving the Community Council composed only of Oracle employees.[68]

During Sun's sponsorship, the OpenOffice.org project was governed by the Community Council, comprising OpenOffice.org community members. The Community Council suggested project goals and coordinated with producers of derivatives on long-term development planning issues.[62][63][64]

Governance

In June 2011, Oracle contributed the trademarks to the Apache Software Foundation.[57] It also contributed Oracle-owned code to Apache for relicensing under the Apache License,[58] at the suggestion of IBM (to whom Oracle had contractual obligations concerning the code),[20][59] as IBM did not want the code put under a copyleft license.[60] This code drop formed the basis for the Apache OpenOffice project.[61]

[31] while others suggest it was a commercial decision.[56] Its reasons for doing so were not disclosed; some speculate that it was due to the loss of mindshare with much of the community moving to LibreOffice[55][31] and fired the remaining StarDivision development team.[11] After

Development of OpenOffice.org was sponsored primarily by Sun Microsystems, which used the code as the basis for subsequent versions of StarOffice. Developers who wished to contribute code were required to sign a Contributor Agreement[29][30] granting joint ownership of any contributions to Sun (and then Oracle), in support of the StarOffice business model.[31] This was controversial for many years.[20][32][33][34][35] An alternative Public Documentation Licence (PDL)[36] was also offered for documentation not intended for inclusion or integration into the project code base.[37]

The adopted OpenDocument, particularly given there was a free implementation of it readily available.

OpenOffice.org became the standard office suite on Linux and spawned many derivative versions. It quickly became noteworthy competition to Microsoft Office,[23][24] achieving 14% penetration in the large enterprise market by 2004.[25]

[1]

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