World Library  
Flag as Inappropriate
Email this Article

Dallas County, Texas

Dallas County, Texas
The former Dallas County Courthouse in March 2009
Flag of Dallas County, Texas
Map of Texas highlighting Dallas County
Location in the state of Texas
Map of the United States highlighting Texas
Texas's location in the U.S.
Founded March 30, 1846
Named for George Mifflin Dallas
Seat Dallas
Largest city Dallas
 • Total 909 sq mi (2,354 km2)
 • Land 873 sq mi (2,261 km2)
 • Water 36 sq mi (93 km2), 4.0%
 • (2010) 2,368,139
 • Density 2,692/sq mi (1,039.57/km²)
Congressional districts 5th, 24th, 30th, 32nd, 33rd
Time zone Central: UTC-6/-5
Website .org.dallascountywww

Dallas County is a Vice President of the United States under U.S. President James K. Polk.

Dallas County is included in the Dallas–Fort Worth–Arlington, TX Metropolitan Statistical Area (colloquially referred to as the Dallas/Fort Worth Metroplex).


  • Geography 1
    • Adjacent counties 1.1
  • Demographics 2
  • Government 3
  • Politics 4
  • Education 5
  • Transportation 6
    • Major highways 6.1
    • Airports 6.2
  • Communities 7
    • Cities 7.1
    • Towns 7.2
    • Unincorporated community 7.3
    • Historical communities 7.4
  • See also 8
  • References 9
  • External links 10


According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 909 square miles (2,350 km2), of which 873 square miles (2,260 km2) is land and 36 square miles (93 km2) (4.0%) is water.[3]

Adjacent counties


As of the census[6] of 2010, there were 2,368,139 people, 807,621 households, and 533,837 families residing in the county. The population density was 2,523 people per square mile (974/km²). There were 854,119 housing units at an average density of 971/sq mi (375/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 53.54 White (33.12% Non-Hispanic White), 22.30% Black or African American, 0.10% Native American, 5.15% Asian, 0.06% Pacific Islander, 14.04% from other races, and 2.70% from two or more races. 38.30% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.

There were 807,621 households out of which 35.10% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 46.90% were married couples living together, 14.10% had a female householder with no husband present, and 33.90% were non-families. 27.30% of all households were made up of individuals and 5.90% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.71 and the average family size was 3.34. As of the 2010 census, there were about 8.8 same-sex couples per 1,000 households in the county.[7]

In the wider county, the population was spread out with 27.90% under the age of 18, 10.70% from 18 to 24, 34.40% from 25 to 44, 18.90% from 45 to 64, and 8.10% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 31 years. For every 100 females there were 99.80 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 98.00 males.

The median income for a household in the county was US$43,324, and the median income for a family was $49,062. Males had a median income of $34,988 versus $29,539 for females. The per capita income for the county was $22,603. About 10.60% of families and 13.40% of the population were below the poverty line, including 18.00% of those under age 18 and 10.50% of those age 65 or over.


Dallas County, like all counties in Texas, is governed by a Commissioners Court. This court consists of the county judge (the chairperson of the Court) who is elected County-wide and four Commissioners who are elected by the voters in each of four districts.

The Commissioners Court is the policy-making body for the County; in addition, the County Judge is the senior executive and administrative position in the County. While the cities in the County handle many tasks in local government, the County holds responsibility for the following:

The Commissioners Court sets the County tax rate, adopts the budget, appoints boards and commissions, approves grants and personnel actions, and oversees the administration of county government. Each commissioner also supervises a Road and Bridge District. The Commissioners Court also approves the budget and sets the tax rate for the hospital district, which is charged with the responsibility for providing acute medical care for citizens who otherwise would not receive adequate medical services.[8]

The total 2010 fiscal year budget is approximately $871 million USD.[9]

Currently (November 2014), the major elected officials are[10]

Position Name Party
  County Judge Clay Jenkins Democratic
  Commissioner, Precinct 1 Theresa Daniel Democratic
  Commissioner, Precinct 2 Mike Cantrell Republican
  Commissioner, Precinct 3 John Wiley Price Democratic
  Commissioner, Precinct 4 Elba Garcia Democratic
  District Attorney Susan Hawk Republican
  District Clerk Felicia Pitre Democratic
  County Clerk John Warren Democratic
  Sheriff Lupe Valdez Democratic
  Tax Assessor-Collector John Ames Democratic
  Treasurer Pauline Medrano Democratic

There are 7 congressional districts either entirely or partly within Dallas County. There are 5 Republicans and 2 Democratic.

Representative Party Home Town/City District
  Sam Johnson R Plano 3
  Jeb Hensarling R Dallas 5
  Kenny Marchant R Coppell 24
  Michael C. Burgess R Lewisville 26
  Eddie Bernice Johnson D Dallas 30
  Pete Sessions R Dallas 32
  Marc Veasey D Fort Worth 33

There are 5 Texas Senate districts either entirely or partly within Dallas County. There are 4 Republicans and 1 Democratic.

Senator Party Home Town/City District
  Bob Hall R Greenville 2
  Van Taylor R Plano 8
  Kelly Hancock R Arlington 9
  Don Huffines R Dallas 16
  Royce West D Dallas 23

There are 15 members of the Texas House of Representatives who are based in Dallas County. There are 9 Republicans and 6 Democrats.

Representative Party Home Town/City District ↑
  Eric Johnson D Dallas 100
  Linda Koop R Dallas 102
  Rafael Anchia D Dallas 103
  Roberto R. Alonzo D Dallas 104
  Rodney Anderson R Grand Prairie 105
  Pat Fallon R Frisco 106
  Kenneth Sheets R Dallas 107
  Morgan Meyer R University Park 108
  Helen Giddings D De Soto 109
  Toni Rose D Dallas 110
  Yvonne Davis D Dallas 111
  Angie Chen Button R Richardson 112
  Cindy Burkett R Mesquite 113
  Jason Villalba R Preston Hollow 114
  Matt Rinaldi R Irving 115

There are ten Judges of the Justice of the Peace Courts in Dallas County, four Republican and six Democrat.

Justice of the Peace Party Home Town/City Precinct ↑
  Judge Thomas G. Jones D Dallas County JP 1-1
  Judge Valencia Nash D Dallas County JP 1-2
  Judge Gerry Cooper R Dallas County JP 2-1
  Judge Bill Metzger R Dallas County JP 2-2
  Judge Al Cerone R Dallas County JP 3-1
  Judge Steve Seider R Dallas County JP 3-2
  Judge Norris “Stretch” Rideaux D Dallas County JP 4-1
  Judge Katy Hubener D Dallas County JP 4-2
  Judge Sara Martinez D Dallas County JP 5-1
  Judge Juan Jasso D Dallas County JP 5-2

There are five constables of the in Dallas County, two Republicans and three Democrats.

Constable Party Home Town/City Precinct ↑
  Constable J.L. Garrett D Dallas County 1
  Constable Ray Nichols R Dallas County 2
  Constable Ben Adamcik R Dallas County 3
  Constable Roy Williams D Dallas County 4
  Constable Beth Villarreal D Dallas County 5

The Parkland Health & Hospital System (Dallas County Hospital District) operates the Parkland Memorial Hospital and various health centers.

The Commissioners Court meets every Tuesday morning at the Commissioners Courtroom located in the Dallas County Administration Building at 411 Elm St., corner of Elm and Houston streets. The building was the headquarters of the Texas School Book Depository Company until 1970. Assassin Lee Harvey Oswald shot President John F. Kennedy from a window located on the sixth floor which today houses the Sixth Floor Museum dedicated to the late president's memory.

Acts of the commissioners court are known as 'court orders'. These orders include setting county policies and procedures, issuing contracts, authorizing expenditures, and managing county resources and departments. Most importantly, the commissioners court sets the annual tax rate and the budget for Dallas County government and the courts. The commissioners also set the tax rate and budget for the Dallas County Hospital District which operates Parkland Hospital.

The commissioners court has direct control over all county offices and departments not otherwise administered by a county elected official. Those departments include Dallas County Elections, Health and Human Services, Facilities Management, Parks and Open Space Program, I.T. Services, Homeland Security and Emergency Services, among others. Through their budget making powers, the commissioners exercise indirect control over the District Attorney's office, Sheriff, District Clerk, County Clerk and County Treasurer. The commissioners also set the budget for each of the District, County, and Justice courts.

Dallas County employs a commissioners court administrator who is responsible for the day-to-day management of the commissioners court and implementing the Dallas County Master Plan and the directives of the commissioners court. The current commissioners court administrator is Darryl Martin who was hired by the commissioners in 2008.

Dallas County Jail, 111 West Commerce Street

Dallas County operates several jail facilities. They include:[11]

  • 111 Riverfront Blvd (Dallas)
    • North Tower Jail
    • South Tower Jail - also known as the "Suzanne Kays Tower"
    • West Tower Jail
  • Government Center Jail - 600 Commerce Street (Dallas)
  • Decker Detention Center - 899 North Stemmons Freeway (Dallas)
  • (formerly) Suzanne Kays Jail - 521 North Industrial Boulevard (Dallas) - population integrated into the South Tower; demolished to clear way for the Trinity River Project[12]

Texas Department of Criminal Justice operates the Hutchins Unit state jail for men in an unincorporated area adjacent to Hutchins.[13] Corrections Corporation of America operates the Dawson Unit, a co-gender state jail in Downtown Dallas, under contract.[14]

Federal Correctional Institution, Seagoville is located in Seagoville.


Presidential Election Results 1960-2012
Year Democratic Republican
2012 57.0% 405,571 41.6% 295,813
2008 57.2% 422,989 41.9% 310,000
2004 49.0% 336,641 50.4% 346,246
2000 44.9% 275,308 52.6% 322,345
1996 46.0% 255,766 46.8% 260,058
1992 35.0% 231,412 38.7% 256,007
1988 40.9% 243,198 58.4% 347,094
1984 33.4% 203,592 66.4% 405,444
1980 36.8% 190,459 59.2% 306,682
1976 42.3% 196,303 56.7% 263,081
1972 29.6% 129,662 69.5% 305,112
1968 34.1% 123,809 50.7% 184,193
1964 54.7% 166,472 45.1% 137,065
1960 37.0% 88,876 62.2% 149,369

Dallas County voted for the Republican presidential candidate in every election from 1952 to 2004, except when Texas native Lyndon B. Johnson successfully ran for a full term as President on the Democratic ticket in 1964. In the 2004 election, Democrats won their first countywide administrative office since 1986 by electing Lupe Valdez to the office of Dallas County Sheriff. The last Democratic countywide administrator was D. Connally elected County Surveyor prior to the office's abolition. Democrats also won three district court benches in 2004. Two years later in 2006, Democrats swept every contested countywide race including County Judge, District Clerk, County Clerk, District Attorney and County Treasurer as well as every contested judicial seat.

The Republican margin in presidential elections narrowed from 1992 onward, culminating in 2008 when

  • Dallas County Government official site
  • Dallas County from the Handbook of Texas Online
  • History of Dallas County, Texas: from 1837 to 1887 by John Henry Brown, published 1887, hosted by the Portal to Texas History.
  • Memorial and biographical history of Dallas County, Texas published 1892, hosted by the Portal to Texas History.
  • Official directory, taxpayers of Dallas County, Texas published 1896, hosted by the Portal to Texas History.
  • Dallas County Code (ordinances / regulations) from Municode

External links

  1. ^ a b "State & County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved December 10, 2013. 
  2. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved 2011-06-07. 
  3. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990".  
  4. ^ "Annual Estimates of the Resident Population for Incorporated Places: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2014". Retrieved June 4, 2015. 
  5. ^ "U.S. Decennial Census". Retrieved December 10, 2013. 
  6. ^ "American FactFinder".  
  7. ^ Where Same-Sex Couples Live, June 26, 2015, retrieved July 6, 2015 
  8. ^
  9. ^
  10. ^ Elected Officials
  11. ^ "Jail Information." Dallas County Sheriff's Office. Accessed September 14, 2008.
  12. ^ Krause, Kevin. Suzanne Kays jail to close in Dallas this week." The Dallas Morning News. April 14, 2009. Retrieved on June 3, 2013.
  13. ^ "HUTCHINS (HJ)." Texas Department of Criminal Justice. Accessed September 14, 2008.
  14. ^ "DAWSON (JD)." Texas Department of Criminal Justice. Retrieved on June 3, 2013.
  15. ^ Wallsten, Peter (2004-06-28). "Bush Sees 'Fertile Soil' in Exurbia". The Los Angeles Times. Retrieved 2012-06-25. 
  16. ^ Tavernise, Sabrina (April 4, 2012). "Census Data Offers Look at Effects of Recession". New York Times. Retrieved 2012-06-25. 
  17. ^ Kim, Theodore (February 4, 2012). "North Texas Growth Sprang from Pro-Growth Policies". Dallas Morning News. Retrieved 2012-06-25. 
  18. ^  
  19. ^ Rose-Mary Rumbley, "LETOT, CLEMENT" Handbook of Texas Online, accessed December 26, 2010.
  20. ^ Trinity Mills, Texas from the Handbook of Texas Online. By Matthew Hayes Nall. Retrieved on 31 March 2007.


See also

Historical communities

Unincorporated community


*Denotes a city whose physical boundaries extend beyond Dallas County



Dallas/Fort Worth International Airport is partially located in the city of Irving in Dallas County, and Grapevine and Euless in Tarrant County.

Love Field, located in Dallas and in Dallas County, serves many domestic passengers.


NOTE: US 67 and US 77 are not signed fully along their routes in Dallas County.

Major highways

The Trinity Railway Express provides commuter rail service to Tarrant County, including downtown Fort Worth.

Dallas Area Rapid Transit provides bus and rail service to many cities in Dallas County, with Dallas being the largest.


The following school districts serve Dallas County:


Although Dallas County has become much friendlier to Democrats in presidential and Senate elections since 1992, it remains a mostly Republican county in the U.S. House of Representatives and the Texas Legislature. This is because the congressional and state legislative districts all include large blocks of heavily Republican suburban territory.

[18] elected District Clerk in 2006.Gary Fitzsimmons elected Sheriff in 2004 and a candidate for reelection in 2012; Jim Foster, elected county judge in 2006 serving one term then defeated in the Democratic primary in 2010; and Lupe Valdez county elected officials. LGBT Dallas County has three openly [17]

This article was sourced from Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. World Heritage Encyclopedia content is assembled from numerous content providers, Open Access Publishing, and in compliance with The Fair Access to Science and Technology Research Act (FASTR), Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., Public Library of Science, The Encyclopedia of Life, Open Book Publishers (OBP), PubMed, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health (NIH), U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, and, which sources content from all federal, state, local, tribal, and territorial government publication portals (.gov, .mil, .edu). Funding for and content contributors is made possible from the U.S. Congress, E-Government Act of 2002.
Crowd sourced content that is contributed to World Heritage Encyclopedia is peer reviewed and edited by our editorial staff to ensure quality scholarly research articles.
By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. World Heritage Encyclopedia™ is a registered trademark of the World Public Library Association, a non-profit organization.

Copyright © World Library Foundation. All rights reserved. eBooks from Project Gutenberg are sponsored by the World Library Foundation,
a 501c(4) Member's Support Non-Profit Organization, and is NOT affiliated with any governmental agency or department.