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Erie County, Ohio

Erie County, Ohio
Seal of Erie County, Ohio
Seal
Map of Ohio highlighting Erie County
Location in the state of Ohio
Map of the United States highlighting Ohio
Ohio's location in the U.S.
Founded March 16, 1838[1]
Named for Erie tribe
Seat Sandusky
Largest city Sandusky
Area
 • Total 626 sq mi (1,621 km2)
 • Land 252 sq mi (653 km2)
 • Water 374 sq mi (969 km2), 60%
Population
 • (2010) 77,079
 • Density 306/sq mi (118/km²)
Congressional districts 4th, 9th
Time zone Eastern: UTC-5/-4
Website .gov.oh.eriecountywww

Erie County is a county located in the U.S. state of Ohio. As of the 2010 census, the population was 77,079.[2] Its county seat is Sandusky.[3] The county is named for the Erie tribe, whose name was their word for "wildcat".[4] It was formed in 1838 from the northern third of Huron County, and a portion of Sandusky County.

Erie County comprises the Sandusky, OH Micropolitan Statistical Area, which is also included in the Cleveland-Akron-Canton, OH Combined Statistical Area.[5]

It is home to the amusement park Cedar Point.

Contents

  • History 1
  • Geography 2
    • Adjacent counties and municipalities 2.1
    • Major highways 2.2
  • Demographics 3
  • Government and politics 4
    • County officials 4.1
  • Education 5
  • Communities 6
    • Cities 6.1
    • Villages 6.2
    • Townships 6.3
    • Census-designated place 6.4
    • Unincorporated communities 6.5
  • Places of interest 7
  • See also 8
  • References 9
  • Further reading 10
  • External links 11

History

After the discovery of the New World, the land that became Erie County was originally part of the French colony of Canada (New France), which was ceded in 1763 to Great Britain and renamed Province of Quebec. In the late 18th century the land became part of the Connecticut Western Reserve in the Northwest Territory, then was purchased by the Connecticut Land Company in 1795.

Geography

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 626 square miles (1,620 km2), of which 252 square miles (650 km2) is land and 374 square miles (970 km2) (60%) is water.[6] It is the second-smallest county in Ohio by land area. The county borders Canada to the north across Lake Erie.

It is drained by Huron and Vermilion rivers. Near Huron River are several ancient mounds and enclosures, and at Sandusky are extensive quarries of valuable limestone. The surface is generally level, the soil alluvial and exceedingly fertile.[7]

Adjacent counties and municipalities

Major highways

Demographics

As of the census[13] of 2000, there were 79,551 people, 31,727 households, and 21,764 families residing in the county. The population density was 312 people per square mile (121/km²). There were 35,909 housing units at an average density of 141 per square mile (54/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 88.64% White, 8.64% Black or African American, 0.21% Native American, 0.37% Asian, 0.01% Pacific Islander, 0.53% from other races, and 1.60% from two or more races. 2.09% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. 35.7% were of German, 9.2% Irish, 8.2% English, 8.1% Italian and 7.8% American ancestry according to Census 2000.

There were 31,727 households out of which 30.40% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 53.70% were married couples living together, 11.20% had a female householder with no husband present, and 31.40% were non-families. 27.00% of all households were made up of individuals and 10.80% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.45 and the average family size was 2.97.

In the county the population was spread out with 24.70% under the age of 18, 7.20% from 18 to 24, 27.00% from 25 to 44, 25.50% from 45 to 64, and 15.60% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 40 years. For every 100 females there were 95.00 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 92.40 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $42,746, and the median income for a family was $51,756. Males had a median income of $39,249 versus $23,697 for females. The per capita income for the county was $21,530. About 6.00% of families and 8.30% of the population were below the poverty line, including 11.60% of those under age 18 and 6.80% of those age 65 or over.

In 2008, the Census Bureau announced that the county's population had declined to an estimated 77,323 by July 1, 2007.[14]

Government and politics

County officials

Office Name Party
Commissioner Bill Monaghan Democrat
Commissioner Thomas M. Ferrell, Jr. Democrat
Commissioner Patrick J. Shenigo Democrat
Prosecutor Kevin J. Baxter Democrat
Sheriff Paul A. Sigsworth Democrat
Clerk of Courts Luvada S. Wilson Democrat
Recorder Barbara A. Sessler Democrat
Treasurer Pamela S. Ferrell Democrat
Engineer John "Jack" D. Farschman Democrat
Coroner Dr. Brian Baxter Republican
Auditor Richard H. Jeffrey Republican
Common Pleas Court Judge Roger E. Binette Republican
Common Pleas Court Judge Beverly K. McGookey
Juvenile Court Judge Robert C. DeLamatre Republican
[15][16][17]

Education

All or part of eleven school districts serve Erie County and its residents:

Communities

Map of Erie County, Ohio With Municipal and Township Labels

Cities

Villages

Townships

Census-designated place

Unincorporated communities

Places of interest

See also

References

  1. ^ "Ohio County Profiles: Erie County" (PDF). Ohio Department of Development. Retrieved 2007-04-28. 
  2. ^ a b "State & County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved February 7, 2015. 
  3. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved 2011-06-07. 
  4. ^ "Erie County data".  
  5. ^ "Revised Delineations of Metropolitan Statistical Areas, Micropolitan Statistical Areas, and Combined Statistical Areas, and Guidance on Uses of the Delineations of These Areas" (PDF). Office Of Management and Budget. February 28, 2013. Retrieved February 8, 2015. 
  6. ^ "2010 Census Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. August 22, 2012. Retrieved February 7, 2015. 
  7. ^  "Erie. III. A N. county of Ohio".  
  8. ^ "Annual Estimates of the Resident Population for Incorporated Places: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2014". Retrieved June 4, 2015. 
  9. ^ "U.S. Decennial Census". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved February 7, 2015. 
  10. ^ "Historical Census Browser". University of Virginia Library. Retrieved February 7, 2015. 
  11. ^ Forstall, Richard L., ed. (March 27, 1995). "Population of Counties by Decennial Census: 1900 to 1990". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved February 7, 2015. 
  12. ^ "Census 2000 PHC-T-4. Ranking Tables for Counties: 1990 and 2000" (PDF). United States Census Bureau. April 2, 2001. Retrieved February 7, 2015. 
  13. ^ "American FactFinder".  
  14. ^ "Annual Estimates of the Population of Metropolitan and Micropolitan Statistical Areas: April 1, 2000 to July 1, 2007 (CBSA-EST2007-01)" ( 
  15. ^ Erie County Departments & Agencies
  16. ^ Erie County Democratic Party elected officials
  17. ^ Erie County Republican Party elected officials

Further reading

  • William W. Williams, History of the Fire Lands, Comprising Huron and Erie Counties, Ohio: With Illustrations and Biographical Sketches of Some of the Prominent Men and Pioneers. Cleveland, OH: Press of Leader Printing Company, 1879.

External links

  • Erie County Government's website

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