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Livingston County, Illinois

 

Livingston County, Illinois

Livingston County, Illinois
Livingston County Courthouse
Map of Illinois highlighting Livingston County
Location in the state of Illinois
Map of the United States highlighting Illinois
Illinois's location in the U.S.
Founded 1837
Named for Edward Livingston
Seat Pontiac
Largest city Pontiac
Area
 • Total 1,046 sq mi (2,709 km2)
 • Land 1,044 sq mi (2,704 km2)
 • Water 1.6 sq mi (4 km2), 0.2%
Population
 • (2010) 38,950
 • Density 37/sq mi (14/km²)
Congressional district 16th
Time zone Central: UTC-6/-5

Livingston County is a county located in the U.S. state of Illinois. According to the 2010 census, it has a population of 38,950.[1] Its county seat is Pontiac.[2]

Livingston County comprises the Pontiac, IL Micropolitan Statistical Area, which is included in the Bloomington-Pontiac, IL Combined Statistical Area.

Contents

  • History 1
  • Geography 2
    • Climate and weather 2.1
    • Major highways 2.2
    • Adjacent counties 2.3
  • Demographics 3
  • Government and infrastructure 4
  • Communities 5
    • Cities 5.1
    • Town 5.2
    • Villages 5.3
    • Townships 5.4
  • Notable residents 6
  • See also 7
  • Footnotes 8
  • Further reading 9

History

Livingston was established on February 27, 1837. It was formed from parts of McLean, LaSalle, and Iroquois counties, and named after Edward Livingston,[3] a prominent politician who was mayor of New York City and represented New York in the United States House of Representatives and Louisiana in both houses of Congress. He later served as Andrew Jackson's Secretary of State and as Minister to France. Although he had no connections to Illinois, the General Assembly found him accomplished enough to name a county after him.

Geography

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 1,046 square miles (2,710 km2), of which 1,044 square miles (2,700 km2) is land and 1.6 square miles (4.1 km2) (0.2%) is water.[4] It is the fourth-largest county in Illinois by land area.

Climate and weather

Pontiac, Illinois
Climate chart ()
J F M A M J J A S O N D
 
 
1.6
 
 
30
14
 
 
1.4
 
 
36
18
 
 
2.8
 
 
48
29
 
 
3.4
 
 
62
39
 
 
3.8
 
 
73
50
 
 
4.1
 
 
82
60
 
 
4.1
 
 
85
64
 
 
3.6
 
 
83
62
 
 
3
 
 
77
54
 
 
2.7
 
 
65
42
 
 
3
 
 
49
31
 
 
2.5
 
 
35
20
Average max. and min. temperatures in °F
Precipitation totals in inches
Source: The Weather Channel[5]

In recent years, average temperatures in the county seat of Pontiac have ranged from a low of 14 °F (−10 °C) in January to a high of 85 °F (29 °C) in July, although a record low of −24 °F (−31 °C) was recorded in January 1927 and a record high of 108 °F (42 °C) was recorded in July 1936. Average monthly precipitation ranged from 1.44 inches (37 mm) in February to 4.11 inches (104 mm) in June.[5]

Major highways

Adjacent counties

Demographics

As of the 2010 United States Census, there were 38,950 people, 14,613 households, and 9,741 families residing in the county.[11] The population density was 37.3 inhabitants per square mile (14.4/km2). There were 15,895 housing units at an average density of 15.2 per square mile (5.9/km2).[4] The racial makeup of the county was 91.8% white, 4.9% black or African American, 0.5% Asian, 0.2% American Indian, 1.3% from other races, and 1.3% from two or more races. Those of Hispanic or Latino origin made up 3.9% of the population.[11] In terms of ancestry, 36.6% were German, 17.2% were Irish, 11.2% were American, 10.7% were English, and 5.1% were Italian.[12]

Of the 14,613 households, 30.7% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 52.0% were married couples living together, 9.9% had a female householder with no husband present, 33.3% were non-families, and 28.6% of all households were made up of individuals. The average household size was 2.43 and the average family size was 2.98. The median age was 40.8 years.[11]

The median income for a household in the county was $50,500 and the median income for a family was $60,933. Males had a median income of $44,639 versus $32,234 for females. The per capita income for the county was $23,259. About 9.1% of families and 11.0% of the population were below the poverty line, including 15.4% of those under age 18 and 6.9% of those age 65 or over.[13]

Government and infrastructure

The Illinois Department of Corrections operates two prisons in the county.

Pontiac Correctional Center is located in Pontiac.[14] Pontiac houses the male death row. Prior to the January 11, 2003 commutation of death row sentences, male death row inmates were housed in Pontiac, Menard, and Tamms correctional centers.[15] Dwight Correctional Center is within Nevada Township in an unincorporated area in the county.[16][17] Dwight Correctional Center houses the State of Illinois female death row.[15]

Communities

Cities

Town

Villages

Townships

Livingston County is divided into thirty townships:

Notable residents

See also

Footnotes

  1. ^ a b "State & County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved July 6, 2014. 
  2. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved 2011-06-07. 
  3. ^ Gannett, Henry (1905). The Origin of Certain Place Names in the United States. U.S. Government Printing Office. p. 188. 
  4. ^ a b "Population, Housing Units, Area, and Density: 2010 - County".  
  5. ^ a b "Monthly Averages for Pontiac, Illinois". The Weather Channel. Retrieved 2011-01-27. 
  6. ^ "Annual Estimates of the Resident Population for Incorporated Places: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2014". Retrieved June 4, 2015. 
  7. ^ "U.S. Decennial Census". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved July 6, 2014. 
  8. ^ "Historical Census Browser". University of Virginia Library. Retrieved July 6, 2014. 
  9. ^ "Population of Counties by Decennial Census: 1900 to 1990". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved July 6, 2014. 
  10. ^ "Census 2000 PHC-T-4. Ranking Tables for Counties: 1990 and 2000" (PDF). United States Census Bureau. Retrieved July 6, 2014. 
  11. ^ a b c "DP-1 Profile of General Population and Housing Characteristics: 2010 Demographic Profile Data".  
  12. ^ "DP02 SELECTED SOCIAL CHARACTERISTICS IN THE UNITED STATES – 2006-2010 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates".  
  13. ^ "DP03 SELECTED ECONOMIC CHARACTERISTICS – 2006-2010 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates".  
  14. ^ "Pontiac Correctional Center." Illinois Department of Corrections. Retrieved on September 1, 2010.
  15. ^ a b "DOC Report Online." Illinois Department of Corrections. Retrieved on September 1, 2010.
  16. ^ "Dwight village, Illinois." U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved on September 1, 2010.
  17. ^ "Dwight Correctional Center." Illinois Department of Corrections. Retrieved on September 1, 2001.

Further reading

  • The History of Livingston County, Illinois: Containing a History of the County — Its Cities, Counties, Etc.; A Directory of Its Taxpayers; War Record of Its Volunteers in the Late Rebellion; Portraits of Early Settlers and Prominent Men; General and Local Statistics; Map of Livingston County; History of Illinois, Illustrated; History of the Northwest, Illustrated; Constitution of the United States; Miscellaneous Matters; Etc., Etc. Chicago: William LeBaron, Jr. and Co., 1878.

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