World Library  
Flag as Inappropriate
Email this Article

First Battle of Höchstädt

Article Id: WHEBN0000157405
Reproduction Date:

Title: First Battle of Höchstädt  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Language: English
Subject: Battles of the War of the Spanish Succession, Battle of Denain, War of the Spanish Succession, Battle of Cabrita Point, Battle of Cremona
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia

First Battle of Höchstädt

Battle of Höchstädt
Part of the War of the Spanish Succession
Date 30 September 1703[1]
Location Höchstädt in Bavaria
Result French victory
 Austria  Kingdom of France
Electorate of Bavaria
Commanders and leaders
Limburg Styrum
Leopold I, Prince of Anhalt-Dessau
Claude de Villars
Maximilian II Emanuel
20,000[2] 35,000[2]
Casualties and losses
11,000 dead, wounded and prisoners[2][3] 1,000 dead and wounded[2][3]

The First Battle of Höchstädt was fought on 20 September 1703,[1] near Höchstädt in Bavaria, and resulted in a French-Bavarian victory under Marshal Villars against the Austrians under General Hermann Otto of Limburg Styrum. The battle was part of the War of the Spanish Succession (1701–1714) over who had the right to succeed Charles II as king of Spain.


  • Prelude 1
  • The battle 2
  • References 3
  • External links 4


On 15 September, the main force of the Imperial Army under Louis William, Margrave of Baden-Baden had taken the free city of Augsburg, threatening Bavaria from the west. A force of men under Count Styrum, which Baden had left north of the Danube river, moved east and reached Höchstädt on 19 September. Villars and Maximilian II Emanuel, Elector of Bavaria, moved their army to intercept this force, ordering another French force of 7,000 men under d'Usson near Dillingen to attack from the rear.

The battle

Battle Plan.

The French plan almost failed as d'Usson attacked too soon, and his army, inferior in numbers, was pushed back by Limburg Styrum.

However, Villars and Maximilian Emanuel arrived just in time, falling upon the Imperial army before it could adjust its positions. It was only thanks to the tremendous resistance of the rearguard under Leopold I, Prince of Anhalt-Dessau that Limburg Styrum managed to save his army and reach Nordlingen.

The Austrians lost 11,000 men, many of them taken prisoner, 37 cannons, and the entire supply train. The French and Bavarians lost 1,000 men.[2]

A year later, the Second Battle of Höchstädt was fought, usually known in English as the Battle of Blenheim. (This should not be confused with the 1800 Battle of Höchstädt during the French Revolutionary Wars, which is also known as the Second Battle of Höchstädt.)[3]


  1. ^ a b All dates in the article use the Gregorian calendar. The Julian calendar as used in England in 1703 differed by eleven days; thus the battle of Höchstädt was fought on 19 September in the Julian calendar. (See Old Style and New Style dates for a more detailed explanation.)
  2. ^ a b c d e Perrett B. (1992) The Battle Book: Crucial Conflicts in History from 1469 BC to the Present, Arms and Armour Press; ISBN 978-1-85409-328-8
  3. ^ a b c Eggenberger D. (1985) An Encyclopedia of Battles: Accounts of Over 1,560 Battles from 1479 B.C. to the Present, Dover Publications Inc; ISBN 0-486-24913-1

External links

  • Maps of the battle (German)
This article was sourced from Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. World Heritage Encyclopedia content is assembled from numerous content providers, Open Access Publishing, and in compliance with The Fair Access to Science and Technology Research Act (FASTR), Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., Public Library of Science, The Encyclopedia of Life, Open Book Publishers (OBP), PubMed, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health (NIH), U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, and, which sources content from all federal, state, local, tribal, and territorial government publication portals (.gov, .mil, .edu). Funding for and content contributors is made possible from the U.S. Congress, E-Government Act of 2002.
Crowd sourced content that is contributed to World Heritage Encyclopedia is peer reviewed and edited by our editorial staff to ensure quality scholarly research articles.
By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. World Heritage Encyclopedia™ is a registered trademark of the World Public Library Association, a non-profit organization.

Copyright © World Library Foundation. All rights reserved. eBooks from Project Gutenberg are sponsored by the World Library Foundation,
a 501c(4) Member's Support Non-Profit Organization, and is NOT affiliated with any governmental agency or department.