World Library  
Flag as Inappropriate
Email this Article

2000 In Film

List of years in film (table)
In home video
In television

The year 2000 in film involved some significant events. The top grosser worldwide was Mission: Impossible II. Domestically in North America, Gladiator won the Academy Awards for Best Picture and Best Actor (Russell Crowe).

There were also several popular action films, including X-Men and Shanghai Noon. In the comedy realm, there was Me, Myself & Irene and Meet the Parents.

Dinosaur was the most expensive film of 2000 and a box-office success.


  • Highest-grossing films 1
  • Events 2
    • Award ceremonies 2.1
  • Awards 3
  • 2000 Wide-release films 4
    • January–March 4.1
    • April–June 4.2
    • July–September 4.3
    • October–December 4.4
  • Films released in 2000 5
    • A-D 5.1
    • E-K 5.2
    • L-Q 5.3
    • R-Z 5.4
  • Notable deaths 6
  • Film debuts 7
  • References 8

Highest-grossing films

Highest-grossing films of 2000[1]
Rank Title Studio Worldwide gross
1. Mission: Impossible II Paramount $546,388,105
2. Gladiator DreamWorks / Universal $457,640,427
3. Cast Away Fox / DreamWorks $429,632,142
4. What Women Want Paramount $374,111,707
5. Dinosaur Disney $349,822,765
6. How the Grinch Stole Christmas Universal $345,141,403
7. Meet the Parents Universal / DreamWorks $330,444,045
8. The Perfect Storm Warner Bros. $328,718,434
9. X-Men Fox $296,339,527
10. What Lies Beneath DreamWorks / Fox $291,420,351


Award ceremonies


Category/Organization 58th Golden Globe Awards
January 16, 2001
6th Critics' Choice Awards
January 22, 2001
54th BAFTA Awards
February 19, 2001
7th Screen Actors Guild Awards
March 11, 2001
73rd Academy Awards
March 25, 2001
Drama Musical or Comedy
Best Film Gladiator Almost Famous Gladiator N/A Gladiator
Best Director Ang Lee
Crouching Tiger, Hidden Dragon
Steven Soderbergh
Erin Brockovich
Ang Lee
Crouching Tiger, Hidden Dragon
N/A Steven Soderbergh
Best Actor Tom Hanks
Cast Away
George Clooney
O Brother, Where Art Thou?
Russell Crowe
Jamie Bell
Billy Elliot
Benicio del Toro
Russell Crowe
Best Actress Julia Roberts
Erin Brockovich
Renée Zellweger
Nurse Betty
Julia Roberts
Erin Brockovich
Best Supporting Actor Benicio del Toro
Joaquin Phoenix
Benicio del Toro
Albert Finney
Erin Brockovich
Benicio del Toro
Best Supporting Actress Kate Hudson
Almost Famous
Frances McDormand
Almost Famous
Wonder Boys
Julie Walters
Billy Elliot
Judi Dench
Marcia Gay Harden
Best Screenplay, Adapted Stephen Gaghan
Stephen Gaghan
N/A Stephen Gaghan
Best Screenplay, Original Cameron Crowe
Almost Famous
N/A Cameron Crowe
Almost Famous
Best Original Score Gladiator
Hans Zimmer and Lisa Gerrard
The Road to El Dorado
Hans Zimmer
Crouching Tiger, Hidden Dragon
Tan Dun
N/A Crouching Tiger, Hidden Dragon
Tan Dun
Best Original Song "Things Have Changed"
Wonder Boys
"My Funny Friend and Me"
The Emperor's New Groove
N/A N/A "Things Have Changed"
Wonder Boys
Best Foreign Language Film Crouching Tiger, Hidden Dragon N/A Crouching Tiger, Hidden Dragon

2000 Wide-release films


Opening Title Studio Cast and crew Genre Medium
14 Next Friday New Line Cinema Steve Carr (director); Ice Cube (screenplay); Ice Cube, Mike Epps, Justin Pierce, Tamala Jones, Don "D.C." Curry, John Witherspoon, Tom Lister, Jr. Comedy Live Action
Supernova Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer Walter Hill (director); David C. Wilson (screenplay); James Spader, Angela Bassett, Peter Facinelli, Lou Diamond Phillips, Robin Tunney, Robert Forster, Wilson Cruz Sci-Fi, Horror Live Action
My Dog Skip Warner Bros. Jay Russell (director); Gail Gilchriest (screenplay); Frankie Muniz, Diane Lane, Luke Wilson, Kevin Bacon, Cody Linley, Caitlin Wachs, Bradley Coryell, Daylan Honeycutt Biography Live Action
21 Down to You Miramax Films Kris Isacsson (director/screenplay); Freddie Prinze, Jr., Julia Stiles, Selma Blair, Ashton Kutcher, Rosario Dawson Romance, Comedy Live Action
28 Eye of the Beholder Destination Films Stephan Elliott (director/screenplay); Ewan McGregor, Ashley Judd, Patrick Bergin, Geneviève Bujold, Jason Priestley Thriller Live Action
Isn't She Great Universal Pictures Andrew Bergman (director); Paul Rudnick (screenplay); Bette Midler, Nathan Lane, Stockard Channing, David Hyde Pierce, John Cleese, John Larroquette, Amanda Peet, Christopher McDonald, Debbie Shapiro, Paul Benedict Biography, Comedy Live Action
The Big Tease Warner Bros. Kevin Allen (director); Sacha Gervasi, Craig Ferguson (screenplay); Craig Ferguson, Frances Fisher, Mary McCormack, David Rasche, Sara Gilbert Comedy Live Action
4 Scream 3 Dimension Films Wes Craven (director); Ehren Kruger (screenplay); David Arquette, Neve Campbell, Courteney Cox Arquette, Patrick Dempsey, Jenny McCarthy, Parker Posey, Deon Richmond Thriller Live Action
11 Snow Day Paramount Pictures / Nickelodeon Movies Chris Koch (director); Will McRobb, Chris Viscardi (screenplay); Chevy Chase, Chris Elliott, Mark Webber, Schuyler Fisk, Jean Smart, Emmanuelle Chriqui, Zena Grey Comedy Live Action
The Beach 20th Century Fox Danny Boyle (director); John Hodge (screenplay); Leonardo DiCaprio, Virginie Ledoyen, Guillaume Canet, Robert Carlyle, Tilda Swinton, Paterson Joseph, Peter Youngblood Hills, Zelda Tinska, Victoria Smurfit, Staffan Kihlbom, Jukka Hiltunen, Magnus Lindgren, Lars Arentz-Hansen, Jerry Swindall, Daniel Caltagirone, Peter Gevisser, Lidija Zovkic, Samuel Gough, Luke Parker, Emma Renae Griffiths, Abhijati 'Meuk' Jusakul Drama, Adventure Live Action
The Tigger Movie Walt Disney Pictures Jun Falkenstein (director/screenplay); Jim Cummings, Nikita Hopkins, John Fiedler, Ken Sansom, Peter Cullen, Andre Stojka, Kath Soucie, Tom Attenborough, John Hurt Children Animation
18 Boiler Room New Line Cinema Ben Younger (director/screenplay); Giovanni Ribisi, Vin Diesel, Ben Affleck, Nia Long, Nicky Katt, Ron Rifkin, Tom Everett Scott, Scott Caan Crime, Drama Live Action
Hanging Up Columbia Pictures Diane Keaton (director); Delia Ephron (screenplay); Meg Ryan, Diane Keaton, Lisa Kudrow, Walter Matthau, Adam Arkin, Ann Bortolotti, Cloris Leachman Comedy, Drama Live Action
Pitch Black USA Films David Twohy (director); Jim Wheat, Ken Wheat, David Twohy (screenplay); Vin Diesel, Radha Mitchell, Cole Hauser, Keith David Sci-Fi, Thriller Live Action
The Whole Nine Yards Warner Bros. Jonathan Lynn (director); Mitchell Kapner (screenplay); Bruce Willis, Matthew Perry, Rosanna Arquette, Michael Clarke Duncan, Natasha Henstridge, Amanda Peet, Kevin Pollak Crime, Comedy Live Action
Beautiful People Trimark Pictures Jasmin Dizdar (director/screenplay); Rosalind Ayres, Julian Firth, Charles Kay Comedy Live Action
23 Wonder Boys Paramount Pictures Curtis Hanson (director); Steven Kloves (screenplay); Michael Douglas, Tobey Maguire, Frances McDormand, Katie Holmes, Robert Downey, Jr. Comedy Live Action
25 Reindeer Games Dimension Films John Frankenheimer (director); Ehren Kruger (screenplay); Ben Affleck, Gary Sinise, Charlize Theron, Donal Logue, Danny Trejo, Clarence Williams III, James Frain, Dennis Farina Thriller Live Action
3 3 Strikes Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer George Wallace Comedy Live Action
Drowning Mona Destination Films Nick Gomez (director); Peter Steinfeld (screenplay); Danny DeVito, Neve Campbell, Bette Midler, Jamie Lee Curtis Comedy, Mystery Live Action
The Next Best Thing Paramount Pictures John Schlesinger (director/screenplay); Tom Rosenberg, Leslie Dixon, Gary Lucchesi, Linne Radmin Comedy, Drama Live Action
What Planet Are You From? Columbia Pictures Mike Nichols (director); Garry Shandling, Michael Leeson, Ed Solomon, Peter Tolan (screenplay); Garry Shandling, Annette Bening, Greg Kinnear, Ben Kingsley, Linda Fiorentino, John Goodman Sci-Fi, Comedy Live Action
10 Mission to Mars Touchstone Pictures Brian De Palma (director); Jim Thomas, John Thomas, Graham Yost (screenplay); Gary Sinise, Tim Robbins, Don Cheadle, Connie Nielsen, Jerry O'Connell, Kim Delaney Sci-Fi Live Action
The Ninth Gate Artisan Entertainment Roman Polanski (director/screenplay); John Brownjohn, Enrique Urbizu (screenplay); Johnny Depp, Lena Olin, Frank Langella, James Russo, Jack Taylor, Emmanuelle Seigner Thriller Live Action
17 Erin Brockovich Universal Pictures / Columbia Pictures Steven Soderbergh (director); Susannah Grant (screenplay); Julia Roberts, Albert Finney, Aaron Eckhart, Marg Helgenberger, Conchata Ferrell, Peter Coyote, Cherry Jones, Tracey Walter, Veanne Cox Biography, Drama Live Action
Final Destination New Line Cinema Jeffrey Reddick (screenplay); Devon Sawa, Ali Larter, Kerr Smith, Tony Todd Horror, Action Live Action
22 Romeo Must Die Warner Bros. Andrzej Bartkowiak (director); Eric Bernt, John Jarrell (screenplay); Jet Li, Aaliyah, Isaiah Washington, Russell Wong, DMX Action Live Action
24 Here on Earth 20th Century Fox Mark Piznarski (director); Michael Seitzman (screenplay); Chris Klein, Leelee Sobieski, Josh Hartnett Romance, Drama Live Action
Whatever It Takes Columbia Pictures David Raynr (director); Mark Schwahn (screenplay); Shane West, Marla Sokoloff, James Franco Comedy Live Action
31 High Fidelity Touchstone Pictures Stephen Frears (director); D.V. DeVincentis, Steve Pink, John Cusack, Scott Rosenberg (screenplay); John Cusack, Iben Hjejle, Jack Black, Todd Louiso, Tim Robbins, Joan Cusack, Catherine Zeta-Jones, Lisa Bonet Comedy, Drama Live Action
Price of Glory New Line Cinema Carlos Ávila (director); Phil Berger (screenplay); Jimmy Smits, Maria del Mar, Jon Seda, Clifton Collins, Jr., Ron Perlman, Louis Mandylor, Ernesto Hernandez Sports, Drama Live Action
The Road to El Dorado DreamWorks Pictures / DreamWorks Animation Eric "Bibo" Bergeron, Will Finn (directors); Ted Elliott, Terry Rossio (screenplay); Kevin Kline, Kenneth Branagh, Armand Assante, Edward James Olmos, Rosie Perez, Jim Cummings Adventure, Comedy Animation
The Skulls Universal Pictures Rob Cohen (director); John Pogue (screenplay); Joshua Jackson, Paul Walker, Craig T. Nelson, Hill Harper, Leslie Bibb, Christopher McDonald, Steve Harris, William L. Petersen, David Asman, Scott Gibson, Nigel Bennett Thriller Live Action


Opening Title Studio Cast and crew Genre Medium
7 Black and White Columbia Pictures James Toback (director/screenplay); Robert Downey, Jr., Gaby Hoffmann, Allan Houston, Jared Leto, Method Man, Joe Pantoliano, Bijou Phillips, Oli "Power" Grant, Raekwon, Claudia Schiffer, Brooke Shields, Scott Caan, Mike Tyson, Elijah Wood, Ben Stiller Drama Live Action
Ready to Rumble Warner Bros. Brian Robbins (director); Steven Brill (screenplay); David Arquette, Oliver Platt, Scott Caan, Bill Goldberg, Steve "Sting" Borden, Jill Ritchie, Rose McGowan, Rey Mysterio, Diamond Dallas Page, Joe Pantoliano, Martin Landau Comedy Live Action
Return to Me Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer Bonnie Hunt (director/screenplay); Don Lake (screenplay); David Duchovny, Minnie Driver, Carroll O'Connor, Robert Loggia, David Alan Grier, Bonnie Hunt, James Belushi, Joely Richardson Romance, Comedy Live Action
Rules of Engagement Paramount Pictures William Friedkin (director); Stephen Gaghan (screenplay); Tommy Lee Jones, Samuel L. Jackson, Guy Pearce Drama Live Action
14 28 Days Columbia Pictures Betty Thomas (director); Susannah Grant (screenplay); Sandra Bullock, Viggo Mortensen, Dominic West, Elizabeth Perkins, Diane Ladd, Steve Buscemi Comedy, Drama Live Action
American Psycho Lions Gate Entertainment Mary Harron (director/screenplay); Guinevere Turner (screenplay); Christian Bale, Willem Dafoe, Jared Leto, Josh Lucas, Samantha Mathis, Chloë Sevigny, Cara Seymour, Justin Theroux, Reese Witherspoon Horror, Comedy Live Action
Keeping the Faith Touchstone Pictures Edward Norton (director); Stuart Blumberg (screenplay); Ben Stiller, Jenna Elfman, Edward Norton, Eli Wallach, Anne Bancroft Romance, Comedy Live Action
Kevin & Perry Go Large Vertigo Films Ed Bye (director); David Cummings, Harry Enfield (screenplay); Harry Enfield, Kathy Burke, Rhys Ifans Comedy Live Action
21 Gossip Warner Bros. Davis Guggenheim (director); Gregory Poirier, Theresa Rebeck (screenplay); James Marsden, Lena Headey, Norman Reedus, Kate Hudson, Marisa Coughlan, Joshua Jackson Drama Live Action
Love & Basketball New Line Cinema Alfre Woodard Romance, Drama Live Action
U-571 Universal Pictures Jonathan Mostow (director/screenplay); Sam Montgomery, David Ayer (screenplay); Matthew McConaughey, Bill Paxton, Harvey Keitel, Thomas Kretschmann, Jon Bon Jovi Thriller Live Action
28 The Flintstones in Viva Rock Vegas Universal Pictures Brian Levant (director); Deborah Kaplan, Harry Elfont, Jim Cash, Jack Epps, Jr.. (screenplay); Mark Addy, Stephen Baldwin, Kristen Johnston, Jane Krakowski, Joan Collins, Thomas Gibson, Alan Cumming Comedy Live Action
Frequency New Line Cinema Gregory Hoblit (director); Toby Emmerich (screenplay); Dennis Quaid, Jim Caviezel, Andre Braugher, Elizabeth Mitchell, Noah Emmerich, Shawn Doyle Sci-Fi, Thriller Live Action
Where the Heart Is 20th Century Fox Matt Williams (director); Lowell Ganz, Babaloo Mandel (screenplay); Natalie Portman, Ashley Judd, Stockard Channing, Joan Cusack Drama, Romance Live Action
Timecode Screen Gems Mike Figgis (director/screenplay); Salma Hayek, Stellan Skarsgård, Suzy Nakamura, Kyle MacLachlan Experimental Live Action
5 Gladiator DreamWorks Pictures / Universal Pictures Ridley Scott (director); David Franzoni, John Logan, William Nicholson (screenplay); Russell Crowe, Joaquin Phoenix, Connie Nielsen, Oliver Reed, Derek Jacobi, Djimon Hounsou, Ralf Möller, Richard Harris, Spencer Treat Clark, Omid Djalili, David Schofield, John Shrapnel, Tomas Arana Period, Action, Drama Live Action
I Dreamed of Africa Columbia Pictures Hugh Hudson (director); Paula Milne, Susan Shiliday (screenplay); Kim Basinger, Mary Craig, Eva Marie Saint, Daniel Craig Drama, Adventure Live Action
12 Battlefield Earth Warner Bros. Roger Christian (director); Corey Mandell, J. David Shapiro (screenplay); John Travolta, Barry Pepper, Forest Whitaker, Kim Coates, Sabine Karsenti, Richard Tyson Sci-Fi Live Action
Center Stage Columbia Pictures Nicholas Hytner (director); Carol Heikkinen (screenplay); Amanda Schull, Zoë Saldana, Susan May Pratt, Peter Gallagher, Debra Monk, Ethan Stiefel, Sascha Radetsky Drama Live Action
Held Up Trimark Pictures Steve Rash (director); Jeff Eastin, Erik Fleming (screenplay); Jamie Foxx, Nia Long, Barry Corbin, John Cullum, Roselyn Sánchez, Sarah Paulson, Dalton James, Eduardo Yáñez, Jake Busey Comedy Live Action
Screwed Universal Pictures Scott Alexander, Larry Karaszewski (directors/screenplay); Norm Macdonald, Dave Chappelle, Danny DeVito, Elaine Stritch, Daniel Benzali, Sarah Silverman, Sherman Hemsley Comedy Live Action
19 Dinosaur Walt Disney Pictures Ralph Zondag, Eric Leighton (director); John Harrison, Robert Nelson Jacobs (screenplay); D. B. Sweeney, Ossie Davis, Alfre Woodard, Max Casella, Hayden Panettiere, Samuel E. Wright, Peter Siragusa, Julianna Margulies, Joan Plowright, Della Reese Adventure Animation/
Live Action
Road Trip DreamWorks Pictures Todd Phillips (director/screenplay); Scot Armstrong (screenplay); Breckin Meyer, Seann William Scott, Amy Smart, Paulo Costanzo, DJ Qualls, Rachel Blanchard, Anthony Rapp, Andy Dick, Fred Ward, Tom Green Comedy, Adventure Live Action
Small Time Crooks DreamWorks Pictures Woody Allen (director/screenplay); Woody Allen, Tracey Ullman, Elaine May, Hugh Grant Crime, Comedy Live Action
24 Mission: Impossible II Paramount Pictures John Woo (director); Robert Towne (screenplay); Tom Cruise, Dougray Scott, Thandie Newton, Ving Rhames, Richard Roxburgh, John Polson, Brendan Gleeson, Rade Šerbedžija, Anthony Hopkins Action Live Action
26 Shanghai Noon Touchstone Pictures Tom Dey (director); Alfred Gough, Miles Millar (screenplay); Jackie Chan, Owen Wilson, Lucy Liu, Xander Berkeley, Walton Goggins Action, Comedy Live Action
2 Big Momma's House 20th Century Fox Raja Gosnell (director); Darryl Quarles, Don Rhymer (screenplay); Martin Lawrence, Nia Long, Paul Giamatti, Terrence Howard, Octavia Spencer Comedy Live Action
9 Gone in 60 Seconds Touchstone Pictures Dominic Sena (director); Scott Rosenberg (screenplay); Nicolas Cage, Angelina Jolie, Giovanni Ribisi, Delroy Lindo, Will Patton, Christopher Eccleston, Chi McBride, Robert Duvall Action Live Action
16 Boys and Girls Dimension Films Robert Iscove (director); Andrew Lowery, Andrew Miller (screenplay); Freddie Prinze, Jr., Claire Forlani, Jason Biggs, Amanda Detmer, Heather Donahue Romance, Comedy Live Action
Fantasia 2000 Walt Disney Pictures Steve Martin, Itzhak Perlman, Bette Midler, Penn & Teller, James Earl Jones, Quincy Jones, Angela Lansbury Musical Live Action/Animation
Shaft Paramount Pictures John Singleton (director); John Singleton, Shane Salerno, Richard Price (screenplay); Samuel L. Jackson, Vanessa L. Williams, Jeffrey Wright, Christian Bale, Richard Roundtree Action, Crime Live Action
Titan A.E. 20th Century Fox Don Bluth, Gary Goldman (directors); Ben Edlund, John August, Joss Whedon (screenplay); Matt Damon, Drew Barrymore, Bill Pullman, John Leguizamo, Nathan Lane, Janeane Garofalo, Ron Perlman, Tsai Chin Sci-Fi Animation
23 Chicken Run DreamWorks Pictures / DreamWorks Animation / Aardman Animations Peter Lord, Nick Park (directors); Karey Kirkpatrick (screenplay); Julia Sawalha, Mel Gibson, Timothy Spall, Phil Daniels, Tony Haygarth, Miranda Richardson Comedy Animation
Me, Myself & Irene 20th Century Fox Peter Farrelly, Bobby Farrelly (directors/screenplay); Mike Cerrone (screenplay); Jim Carrey, Renée Zellweger, Chris Cooper, Robert Forster, Richard Jenkins Comedy Live Action
29 The Patriot Columbia Pictures Roland Emmerich (director); Robert Rodat (screenplay); Mel Gibson, Heath Ledger, Jason Isaacs, Joely Richardson, Chris Cooper, Tom Wilkinson Period, Drama Live Action
30 The Adventures of Rocky and Bullwinkle Universal Pictures Des McAnuff (director); Kenneth Lonergan (screenplay); Rene Russo, Jason Alexander, Piper Perabo, Randy Quaid, Robert De Niro, June Foray, Keith Scott Comedy Live Action/Animation
The Perfect Storm Warner Bros. Mark Wahlberg, Diane Lane, John C. Reilly, Mary Elizabeth Mastrantonio, William Fichtner, Bob Gunton, Karen Allen Drama, Thriller Live Action


Opening Title Studio Cast and crew Genre Medium
7 The Kid Walt Disney Pictures Jon Turteltaub (director); Audrey Wells (screenplay); Bruce Willis, Spencer Breslin, Emily Mortimer, Lily Tomlin, Chi McBride Comedy Live Action
Scary Movie Dimension Films Keenen Ivory Wayans (director); Shawn Wayans, Marlon Wayans, Buddy Johnson, Phil Beauman, Jason Friedberg, Aaron Seltzer (screenplay); Anna Faris, Regina Hall, Marlon Wayans, Shawn Wayans, Shannon Elizabeth, Jon Abrahams, Kurt Fuller, Carmen Electra, Lochlyn Munro, Cheri Oteri, Dave Sheridan Spoof Live Action
14 X-Men 20th Century Fox Bryan Singer (director); David Hayter (screenplay); Patrick Stewart, Hugh Jackman, Ian McKellen, Halle Berry, Famke Janssen, James Marsden, Bruce Davison, Rebecca Romijn-Stamos, Ray Park, Anna Paquin Action, Sci-Fi Live Action
21 Loser Columbia Pictures Amy Heckerling (director/screenplay); Jason Biggs, Mena Suvari, Greg Kinnear Romance, Comedy Live Action
Pokémon: The Movie 2000 Warner Bros. Kunihiko Yuyama (director); Takeshi Shudo (screenplay); Veronica Taylor, Ikue Ōtani, Rachael Lillis, Ed Paul, Satomi Kōrogi, Eric Stuart, Maddie Blaustein, Eric Rath, Neil Stewart, Nathan Price Adventure, Fantasy Anime, Animation
The In Crowd Warner Bros. Mary Lambert (director); Mark Gibson, Philip Halprin (screenplay); Susan Ward, Lori Heuring, Matthew Settle, Nathan Bexton Thriller Live Action
What Lies Beneath DreamWorks Pictures / 20th Century Fox Robert Zemeckis (director); Sarah Kernochan, Clark Gregg (screenplay); Harrison Ford, Michelle Pfeiffer, Diana Scarwid, Amber Valletta, Miranda Otto, James Remar, Katharine Towne, Wendy Crewson Horror Live Action
26 Thomas and the Magic Railroad Destination Films / Gullane Pictures Britt Allcroft (director/screenplay); Alec Baldwin, Peter Fonda, Mara Wilson, Eddie Glen, Neil Crone Children Live Action, Animation
28 Nutty Professor II: The Klumps Universal Pictures Peter Segal (director); Barry W. Blaustein, David Sheffield, Paul Weitz, Chris Weitz (screenplay); Eddie Murphy, Janet Jackson, Larry Miller, John Ales Comedy Live Action
4 Coyote Ugly Touchstone Pictures David McNally (director); Gina Wendkos, Kevin Smith (screenplay); Piper Perabo, Adam Garcia, Maria Bello, Melanie Lynskey, Tyra Banks, John Goodman Comedy, Drama Live Action
Hollow Man Columbia Pictures Paul Verhoeven (director); Andrew W. Marlowe (screenplay); Kevin Bacon, Elisabeth Shue, Josh Brolin, Kim Dickens, Greg Grunberg, Joey Slotnick, Mary Randle, William Devane Sci-Fi, Horror Live Action
Saving Grace 20th Century Fox Nigel Cole (director); Mark Crowdy, Craig Ferguson (screenplay); Brenda Blethyn, Craig Ferguson Comedy Live Action
Space Cowboys Warner Bros. Clint Eastwood (director); Ken Kaufman, Howard Klausner (screenplay); Clint Eastwood, Tommy Lee Jones, Donald Sutherland, James Garner, Marcia Gay Harden, William Devane, Loren Dean, Courtney B. Vance, James Cromwell Drama Live Action
11 Autumn in New York Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer Joan Chen (director); Allison Burnett (screenplay); Richard Gere, Winona Ryder, Anthony LaPaglia Romance, Drama Live Action
Bless the Child Paramount Pictures Chuck Russell (director); Tom Rickman, Clifford Green, Ellen Green (screenplay); Kim Basinger, Jimmy Smits, Angela Bettis, Rufus Sewell, Christina Ricci, Holliston Coleman Horror, Thriller Live Action
The Replacements Warner Bros. Howard Deutch (director); Vince McKewin (screenplay); Keanu Reeves, Gene Hackman, Brooke Langton, Jon Favreau, Orlando Jones, Brett Cullen Sports, Comedy Live Action
18 Godzilla 2000 Columbia Pictures Takao Okawara (director); Hiroshi Kashiwabara, Wataru Mimura (screenplay); Takehiro Murata, Hiroshi Abe, Naomi Nishida, Mayu Suzuki, Shirō Sano, Tsutomu Kitagawa, Makoto Ito Sci-Fi Live Action
The Cell New Line Cinema Tarsem Singh (director); Mark Protosevich (screenplay); Jennifer Lopez, Vince Vaughn, Vincent D'Onofrio, Jake Weber, Dylan Baker, Marianne Jean-Baptiste Horror Live Action
The Original Kings of Comedy Paramount Pictures Spike Lee (director); Steve Harvey, D. L. Hughley, Cedric the Entertainer, Bernie Mac Comedy Live Action
25 Bring It On Universal Pictures Peyton Reed, Jim Rowley (director); Jessica Bendinger, Stephen White (screenplay); Kirsten Dunst, Eliza Dushku, Jesse Bradford, Gabrielle Union Comedy Live Action
The Art of War Warner Bros. Christian Duguay (director); Wayne Beach, Simon Barry (screenplay); Wesley Snipes, Anne Archer, Maury Chaykin, Marie Matiko, Cary-Hiroyuki Tagawa, Liliana Komorowska, James Hong, Michael Biehn, Donald Sutherland Action Live Action
The Crew Touchstone Pictures Michael Dinner (director); Barry Fanaro (screenplay); Burt Reynolds, Seymour Cassel, Richard Dreyfuss, Dan Hedaya, Carrie-Anne Moss, Jeremy Piven, Jennifer Tilly Comedy, Crime Live Action
1 Highlander: Endgame Miramax Films Douglas Aarniokoski (director); Joel Soisson (screenplay); Adrian Paul, Christopher Lambert, Bruce Payne, Lisa Barbuscia, Donnie Yen, Peter Wingfield, Jim Byrnes Fantasy Live Action
Whipped Destination Films Peter M. Cohen (director/screenplay); Amanda Peet, Brian Van Holt, Beth Ostrosky Comedy Live Action
8 Nurse Betty USA Films Renée Zellweger, Chris Rock, Greg Kinnear Comedy Live Action
The Watcher Universal Pictures Joe Charbanic (director); Darcy Meyers, David Elliot (screenplay); James Spader, Keanu Reeves, Marisa Tomei Thriller Live Action
The Way of the Gun Artisan Entertainment Christopher McQuarrie (director/screenplay); Benicio del Toro, Ryan Phillippe, James Caan, Juliette Lewis, Taye Diggs, Nicky Katt, Geoffrey Lewis Action, Crime Live Action
Turn It Up New Line Cinema Robert Adetuyi (director); Ray Daniels, Chris Hudson, Kelly Hilaire (screenplay); Ja Rule, Pras, Faith Evans, Jason Statham Drama Live Action
15 Almost Famous DreamWorks Pictures / Columbia Pictures Cameron Crowe (director/screenplay); Patrick Fugit, Billy Crudup, Kate Hudson, Frances McDormand, Jason Lee, Philip Seymour Hoffman, Fairuza Balk, Anna Paquin, Noah Taylor, Zooey Deschanel Comedy, Drama Live Action
Bait Warner Bros. Antoine Fuqua (director); Andrew Scheinman, Adam Scheinman, Tony Gilroy (screenplay); Jamie Foxx, David Morse Comedy, Crime Live Action
22 Billy Elliot Universal Focus Stephen Daldry (director); Lee Hall (screenplay); Jamie Bell, Julie Walters, Gary Lewis, Jamie Draven Drama Live Action
Urban Legends: Final Cut Columbia Pictures John Ottman (director); Paul Harris Boardman, Scott Derrickson (screenplay); Jennifer Morrison, Matthew Davis, Hart Bochner, Eva Mendes, Anthony Anderson, Loretta Devine, Joey Lawrence, Yani Gellman Horror Live Action
Woman on Top Fox Searchlight Pictures Fina Torres (director); Vera Blasi (screenplay); Penélope Cruz, Murilo Benício, Harold Perrineau, Mark Feuerstein Romance, Comedy Live Action
29 Beautiful Destination Films Sally Field (director); Jon Bernstein (screenplay); Minnie Driver, Joey Lauren Adams, Kathleen Turner, Kathleen Robertson Drama Live Action
Remember the Titans Walt Disney Pictures Boaz Yakin (director); Gregory Allen Howard (screenplay); Denzel Washington, Will Patton, Donald Faison, Nicole Ari Parker Sports, Drama Live Action


Opening Title Studio Cast and crew Genre Medium
6 Digimon: The Movie 20th Century Fox Mamoru Hosoda, Shigeyasu Yamauchi (director); Reiko Yoshida (screenplay); Joshua Seth, Lara Jill Miller, Michael Lindsay, Mona Marshall, Doug Erholtz, Bob Glouberman, Paul St. Peter Sci-Fi, Fantasy Animation
Get Carter Warner Bros. Stephen Kay (director); David McKenna (screenplay); Sylvester Stallone, Miranda Richardson, Rachael Leigh Cook, Alan Cumming, Mickey Rourke, John C. McGinley, Michael Caine Crime Live Action
Bamboozled New Line Cinema Spike Lee (director/screenplay); Damon Wayans, Savion Glover, Jada Pinkett Smith, Tommy Davidson, Michael Rapaport Comedy Live Action
Meet the Parents Universal Pictures / DreamWorks Pictures Jay Roach (director); Jim Herzfeld, John Hamburg (screenplay); Robert De Niro, Ben Stiller, Teri Polo, Blythe Danner, Owen Wilson, Jon Abrahams, James Rebhorn Comedy Live Action
13 Dr. T & the Women Artisan Entertainment Robert Altman (director); Anne Rapp (screenplay); Richard Gere, Helen Hunt, Farrah Fawcett, Laura Dern, Shelley Long, Kate Hudson, Liv Tyler, Tara Reid Comedy, Romance Live Action
Lost Souls New Line Cinema Janusz Kamiński (director); Pierce Gardner (screenplay); Winona Ryder, Ben Chaplin, Sarah Wynter, Philip Baker Hall, John Hurt Horror Live Action
The Contender DreamWorks Pictures Rod Lurie (director); Rod Lurie (screenplay); Gary Oldman, Joan Allen, Jeff Bridges, Christian Slater, Sam Elliott, William L. Petersen, Saul Rubinek, Philip Baker Hall, Mike Binder. Robin Thomas, Mariel Hemingway, Kathryn Morris Drama Live Action
The Ladies Man Paramount Pictures Reginald Hudlin (director); Tim Meadows, Dennis McNicholas, Andrew Steele (screenplay); Tim Meadows, Karyn Parsons, Billy Dee Williams, John Witherspoon, Jill Talley, Lee Evans, Will Ferrell, Sofia Milos, Eugene Levy, David Huband Comedy Live Action
20 Bedazzled 20th Century Fox Harold Ramis (director); Larry Gelbart, Harold Ramis, Peter Tolan (screenplay); Brendan Fraser, Elizabeth Hurley, Frances O'Connor Comedy Live Action
Pay It Forward Warner Bros. Mimi Leder (director); Leslie Dixon (screenplay); Kevin Spacey, Helen Hunt, Haley Joel Osment, Jay Mohr, Jim Caviezel, Jon Bon Jovi, Angie Dickinson Drama Live Action
The Legend of Drunken Master Miramax Films Lau Kar-Leung (director); Edward Tang, Tong Man-Ming, Yun Kai-Chi (screenplay); Jackie Chan, Ti Lung, Anita Mui, Ken Lo, Lau Kar-leung, Andy Lau, Felix Wong Martial Arts Live Action
27 Book of Shadows: Blair Witch 2 Artisan Entertainment Joe Berlinger (director); Dick Beebe, Joe Berlinger, Daniel Myrick, Eduardo Sánchez (screenplay); Kim Director, Jeffrey Donovan, Erica Leerhsen, Tristine Skyler, Stephen Barker Turner Horror Live Action
Lucky Numbers Paramount Pictures Nora Ephron (director); Adam Resnick (screenplay); John Travolta, Lisa Kudrow, Tim Roth, Ed O'Neill, Michael Moore Comedy Live Action
The Little Vampire New Line Cinema Uli Edel (director); Karey Kirkpatrick, Larry Wilson (screenplay); Jonathan Lipnicki, Rollo Weeks, Richard E. Grant, Jim Carter, Alice Krige Comedy, Horror Live Action
31 Mercy Streets Signal Hill Production John Gunn (director/screenplay); John Mann (screenplay); Eric Roberts, David A. R. White, Cynthia Watros, Stacy Keach Action, Drama Live Action
3 Charlie's Angels Columbia Pictures McG (director); Ryan Rowe, Ed Solomon, John August (screenplay); Cameron Diaz, Drew Barrymore, Lucy Liu, Bill Murray, Sam Rockwell, Kelly Lynch, Crispin Glover, Tim Curry Action Live Action
The Legend of Bagger Vance DreamWorks Pictures / 20th Century Fox Robert Redford (director); Jeremy Leven (screenplay); Will Smith, Matt Damon, Charlize Theron, Bruce McGill, Jack Lemmon Period, Drama Live Action
10 Little Nicky New Line Cinema Steven Brill (director/screenplay); Adam Sandler, Tim Herlihy (screenplay); Adam Sandler, Patricia Arquette, Harvey Keitel, Rhys Ifans, Tommy "Tiny" Lister Jr., Laura Harring, Rodney Dangerfield, Robert Smigel Comedy Live Action
Men of Honor 20th Century Fox Robert De Niro, Cuba Gooding, Jr., Charlize Theron Drama Live Action
Red Planet Warner Bros. Antony Hoffman (director); Chuck Pfarrer, Jonathan Lemkin (screenplay); Val Kilmer, Carrie-Anne Moss, Tom Sizemore, Benjamin Bratt, Simon Baker, Terence Stamp Sci-Fi Live Action
12 The Miracle Worker Walt Disney Television Nadia Tass (director); William Gibson, Monte Merrick (screenplay); Hallie Kate Eisenberg, Alison Elliott, David Strathairn, Lucas Black Drama Live action
17 Bounce Miramax Films Don Roos (director/screenplay); Ben Affleck, Gwyneth Paltrow, Tony Goldwyn, Natasha Henstridge, Jennifer Grey Romance, Drama Live Action
How the Grinch Stole Christmas Universal Pictures Ron Howard (director); Jeffery Price, Peter S. Seaman (screenplay); Jim Carrey, Taylor Momsen, Jeffrey Tambor, Christine Baranski, Bill Irwin, Molly Shannon, Clint Howard, Anthony Hopkins Fantasy, Comedy Live Action
Rugrats in Paris: The Movie Paramount Pictures / Nickelodeon Movies Stig Bergqvist, Paul Demeyer (director); Jill Gorey, Barbara Herndon, Kate Boutilier, J. David Stem, David N. Weiss (screenplay); Elizabeth Daily, Tara Strong, Cheryl Chase, Christine Cavanaugh, Dionne Quan, Kath Soucie, Michael Bell, Julia Kato, Jack Riley, Melanie Chartoff, Tress MacNeille, Philip Proctor, Susan Sarandon, John Lithgow, Billy West Comedy Animation
The 6th Day Columbia Pictures Roger Spottiswoode (director); Cormac and Marianne Wibberley (screenplay); Arnold Schwarzenegger, Michael Rapaport, Tony Goldwyn, Michael Rooker, Sarah Wynter, Robert Duvall Action, Thriller Live Action
22 102 Dalmatians Walt Disney Pictures Kevin Lima (director); Kristen Buckley, Brian Regan, Bob Tzudiker, Noni White (screenplay); Glenn Close, Ioan Gruffudd, Alice Evans, Tim McInnerny, Gérard Depardieu Comedy Live Action
Unbreakable Touchstone Pictures M. Night Shyamalan (director/screenplay); Bruce Willis, Samuel L. Jackson, Robin Wright Penn, Spencer Treat Clark Thriller Live Action
8 Crouching Tiger, Hidden Dragon Sony Pictures Classics / Good Machine Ang Lee (director); Wang Hui-ling, James Schamus, Tsai Kuo-Jung (screenplay); Chow Yun-fat, Michelle Yeoh, Zhang Ziyi, Chang Chen Martial Arts Live Action
Dungeons & Dragons New Line Cinema Courtney Solomon (director); Carroll Cartwright, Topper Lilien (screenplay); Justin Whalin, Marlon Wayans, Jeremy Irons, Thora Birch, Bruce Payne, Zoe McLellan, Kristen Wilson Fantasy, Comedy Live Action
Proof of Life Warner Bros. Taylor Hackford (director); Tony Gilroy (screenplay); Meg Ryan, Russell Crowe, David Morse, David Caruso, Gottfried John Drama Live Action
Snatch Screen Gems Guy Ritchie (director/screenplay); Benicio del Toro, Dennis Farina, Vinnie Jones, Brad Pitt, Rade Šerbedžija, Jason Statham Comedy, Crime Live Action
Vertical Limit Columbia Pictures Martin Campbell (director); Robert King, Terry Hayes (screenplay); Chris O'Donnell, Bill Paxton, Robin Tunney, Scott Glenn, Izabella Scorupco, Temuera Morrison, Stuart Wilson Action, Thriller Live Action
15 Chocolat Miramax Films Lasse Hallström (director); Robert Nelson Jacobs (screenplay); Juliette Binoche, Judi Dench, Alfred Molina, Lena Olin, Johnny Depp Drama, Romance Live Action
Dude, Where's My Car? 20th Century Fox Danny Leiner (director); Philip Stark (screenplay); Ashton Kutcher, Seann William Scott, Jennifer Garner, Marla Sokoloff, Kristy Swanson, Hal Sparks Comedy Live Action
The Emperor's New Groove Walt Disney Pictures Mark Dindal (director); David Reynolds (screenplay); David Spade, John Goodman, Eartha Kitt, Patrick Warburton, Wendie Malick, John Fiedler Comedy, Adventure Animation
What Women Want Paramount Pictures Nancy Meyers (director); Josh Goldsmith, Cathy Yuspa, Diane Drake (screenplay); Mel Gibson, Helen Hunt, Marisa Tomei, Alan Alda, Lauren Holly, Ashley Johnson, Bette Midler Romance, Comedy Live Action
22 Cast Away 20th Century Fox / DreamWorks Pictures Robert Zemeckis (director); William Broyles, Jr. (screenplay); Tom Hanks, Helen Hunt, Nick Searcy, Chris Noth Drama Live Action
Dracula 2000 Dimension Films Patrick Lussier (director); Joel Soisson, Patrick Lussier (screenplay); Jonny Lee Miller, Justine Waddell, Gerard Butler, Colleen Ann Fitzpatrick, Jennifer Esposito, Danny Masterson, Jeri Ryan, Lochlyn Munro. Sean Patrick Thomas, Omar Epps, Christopher Plummer Action, Horror Live Action
Finding Forrester Columbia Pictures Gus Van Sant (director); Mike Rich (screenplay); Sean Connery, Rob Brown, F. Murray Abraham, Anna Paquin Drama Live Action
Miss Congeniality Warner Bros. Donald Petrie (director); Marc Lawrence, Katie Ford, Caryn Lucas (screenplay); Sandra Bullock, Michael Caine, Benjamin Bratt, William Shatner, Ernie Hudson, Candice Bergen Comedy Live Action
O Brother, Where Art Thou? Touchstone Pictures / Universal Pictures John Turturro, Tim Blake Nelson, Charles Durning, Michael Badalucco, John Goodman, Holly Hunter Comedy Live Action
The Family Man Universal Pictures Brett Ratner (director); David Diamond, David Weissman (screenplay); Nicolas Cage, Téa Leoni, Don Cheadle Drama Live Action
The Gift Paramount Classics Sam Raimi (director); Billy Bob Thornton, Tom Epperson (screenplay); Cate Blanchett, Giovanni Ribisi, Keanu Reeves, Katie Holmes, Greg Kinnear, Hilary Swank Thriller Live Action
Thirteen Days New Line Cinema Roger Donaldson (director); David Self (screenplay); Kevin Costner, Bruce Greenwood, Steven Culp, Dylan Baker, Kevin Conway Drama Live Action
25 All the Pretty Horses Miramax Films / Columbia Pictures Billy Bob Thornton (director); Ted Tally (screenplay); Matt Damon, Penélope Cruz, Henry Thomas, Lucas Black, Bruce Dern Romance, Western Live Action
27 Traffic USA Films Steven Soderbergh (director); Stephen Gaghan (screenplay); Don Cheadle, Benicio del Toro, Michael Douglas, Luis Guzmán, Dennis Quaid, Catherine Zeta-Jones Drama Live Action
29 Shadow of the Vampire Lions Gate Entertainment E. Elias Merhige (director); Steven Katz (screenplay); John Malkovich, Willem Dafoe, Udo Kier, Cary Elwes, Catherine McCormack, Eddie Izzard Horror Live Action

Films released in 2000
























Notable deaths

Month Date Name Age Country Profession Notable films
January 1 George Carl 83 USA Actor, Comedian Funny Bones
5 Vic Schoen 83 USA Music Arranger
7 Klaus Wennemann 59 Germany Actor
10 Arthur Batanides 83 USA Actor
11 Helena Carter 79 USA Actress
12 Marc Davis 86 USA Assistant Animator
13 Eric Dodson 79 UK Actor The Mirror Crack'd
15 Fran Ryan 83 USA Actress
18 Jester Hairston 98 USA Actor
19 Hedy Lamarr 85 Austria Actress
19 Alan North 79 USA Actor
24 Jeffrey Boam 53 USA Screenwriter, Producer
25 Tom Pedigo 53 USA Set Designer
28 Kenneth Waller 72 UK Actor
28 Tony Doyle 58 UK Actor
28 Joy Shelton 77 UK Actress
February 1 James N. Harrell 81 USA Actor
5 Todd Karns 79 USA Actor
10 Jim Varney 50 USA Actor
11 Roger Vadim 72 France Director
12 John London 58 USA Key Grip
16 Lila Kedrova 81 Russia Actress
17 Miles White 85 USA Costume Designer
19 Sheldon Turcott 83 Canada Actor
23 Ofra Haza 42 Israel Singer, Actress
23 Joseph V. Perry 69 USA Actor
March 7 Charles Gray 71 UK Actor
10 Judith Barrett 91 USA Actress
11 Richard Collier 80 USA Actor
13 Rex Everhart 79 USA Actor
15 Wally Rose 88 USA Actor, Stuntman
23 Jeremy Applegate 34 USA Actor
25 Jim Cash 59 USA Screenwriter
25 Helen Martin 90 USA Actress
29 John Baskcomb 84 UK Actor
April ?? Maurice Carter 85 or 86 UK Art Director
8 Claire Trevor 90 USA Actress
10 Peter Jones 79 UK Actor, Writer
10 Arnold Johnson 78 USA Actor
11 Douglas Green 79 USA Second Unit Director
12 Christopher Pettiet 24 USA Actor
12 Carmen Dillon 91 UK Art Director
13 Peter Archer 56 Australia Actor Enter the Dragon
25 David Merrick 88 USA Producer
May 1 Steve Reeves 74 USA Actor
3 Lewis Allen 94 UK Director
7 Douglas Fairbanks, Jr. 90 USA Actor
9 Arthur Davis 94 USA Animator and director
10 Bart the Bear 23 USA Acting Bear
11 David Bretherton 76 USA Film Editor
13 Paul Bartel 61 USA Actor
21 John Gielgud 96 UK Actor
26 William McCaughey 70 USA Sound Re-Recording Mixer
28 Robert Fryer 79 USA Producer
29 Anthony Spinelli 73 USA Director The Party
29 Aubrey Richards 79 UK Actor
30 Doris Hare 95 UK Actress
31 Walter Sparrow 73 UK Actor
June 10 Terry Forrestal 52 UK Stuntman
13 John Bramall 76 UK Sound Re-Recording
18 Nancy Marchand 71 USA Actress
19 Anton Gorchev 60 Bulgaria Actor
24 David Tomlinson 83 UK Actor
27 David Neal 68 UK Actor
28 Michael Ripper 87 UK Actor
29 Vittorio Gassman 77 Italy Actor
29 John Abineri 72 UK Actor
July 1 Walter Matthau 79 USA Actor
10 Justin Pierce 25 USA Actor
18 Roberto Contreras 71 USA Actor
22 Eric Christmas 84 UK Actor
27 Don Weis 78 USA Director
30 Max Showalter 83 USA Actor
August 5 Alec Guinness 86 UK Actor
9 Lewis Wilson 80 USA Actor
11 Eddie Powell 73 UK Stuntman
12 Loretta Young 87 USA Actress
15 Robert Swink 82 USA Film Editor
22 Toru Tanaka 70 USA Actor
24 Patricia Owens 75 Canada Actress
25 Jack Nitzsche 63 USA Composer
29 Rose Hobart 94 USA Actress
September 2 Ishaq Bux 83 India Actor
2 Jean Speegle Howard 73 USA Actress
3 Walt Stanchfield 81 USA Animator, Creative Consultant
12 Juan Ibáñez 83 Mexico Director
12 Gary Olsen 55 Australia Actor, Key Grip
14 Beah Richards 80 USA Actress
19 Ann Doran 89 USA Actress
19 Gloria Talbott 69 USA Actress
26 Richard Mulligan 67 USA Actor
October 2 Richard Liberty 68 USA Actor
6 Richard Farnsworth 80 USA Actor
9 David Dukes 55 USA Actor
10 Emile Kuri 93 USA Set Decorator
11 Sam O'Steen 76 USA Film Editor
13 Jean Peters 73 USA Actress
17 Walter Shenson 81 UK Producer, Director
18 Julie London 74 USA Actress
18 Gwen Verdon 75 USA Actress
22 Anthony Chinn 69 Guyana Actor
24 Pasquale Cajano 79 Italy Actor
28 Anthony Lee 39 USA Actor Liar Liar
30 Steve Allen 78 USA Actor
30 Elizabeth Bradley 83 UK Actress
31 Ring Lardner, Jr. 85 USA Screenwriter
November 1 Allan Surtees 75 UK Actor
16 Joe C. 26 USA Actor Osmosis Jones
22 Christian Marquand 73 France Actor
13 George Wells 91 Spain Screenwriter
27 Anne Barton 76 USA Actress
December 4 Chet Douglas 64 USA Actor
6 Werner Klemperer 80 Germany Actor
10 Marie Windsor 80 USA Actress
12 George Montgomery 84 USA Actor
14 Uldis Pūcītis 63 Latvia Actor, Director
  • Purva bridējs
  • Elpojiet dziļi Gaisma tuneļa galā
20 Richard Hazard 79 USA Orchestrator
21 John Lee 72 Australia Actor North Sea Hijack
22 Stuart Lancaster 80 USA Actor
23 Billy Barty 76 USA Actor
26 Leo Gordon 78 USA Actor, Writer
26 Jason Robards 77 USA Actor
30 Julius J. Epstein 91 USA Screenwriter

Film debuts


  1. ^
This article was sourced from Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. World Heritage Encyclopedia content is assembled from numerous content providers, Open Access Publishing, and in compliance with The Fair Access to Science and Technology Research Act (FASTR), Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., Public Library of Science, The Encyclopedia of Life, Open Book Publishers (OBP), PubMed, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health (NIH), U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, and, which sources content from all federal, state, local, tribal, and territorial government publication portals (.gov, .mil, .edu). Funding for and content contributors is made possible from the U.S. Congress, E-Government Act of 2002.
Crowd sourced content that is contributed to World Heritage Encyclopedia is peer reviewed and edited by our editorial staff to ensure quality scholarly research articles.
By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. World Heritage Encyclopedia™ is a registered trademark of the World Public Library Association, a non-profit organization.

Copyright © World Library Foundation. All rights reserved. eBooks from Project Gutenberg are sponsored by the World Library Foundation,
a 501c(4) Member's Support Non-Profit Organization, and is NOT affiliated with any governmental agency or department.