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David Kirkwood

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Title: David Kirkwood  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
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Subject: Dumbarton Burghs (UK Parliament constituency), Socialist Labour Party (UK, 1903) members, Red Clydeside, 1951 Prime Minister's Resignation Honours, Scottish Socialist Party (1932)
Collection: 1872 Births, 1955 Deaths, Barons in the Peerage of the United Kingdom, British Trade Unionists, Independent Labour Party Mps, Labour Party (Uk) Mps, Members of the Parliament of the United Kingdom for Scottish Constituencies, Members of the Privy Council of the United Kingdom, Red Clydeside, Socialist Labour Party (Uk, 1903) Members, Uk Mps 1922–23, Uk Mps 1923–24, Uk Mps 1924–29, Uk Mps 1929–31, Uk Mps 1931–35, Uk Mps 1935–45, Uk Mps 1945–50, Uk Mps 1950–51
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia

David Kirkwood

David Kirkwood being detained by police during the 1919 Battle of George Square

David Kirkwood, 1st Baron Kirkwood, PC (1872 – 16 April 1955) was a socialist from the East End of Glasgow, Scotland, viewed as a leading figure of the Red Clydeside era.

Kirkwood was educated at Parkhead Public School and was trained as an engineer. Kirkwood's earliest political involvement was through his trade union, the Associated Society of Engineers, and the Socialist Labour Party, which he left in 1914 to join the Independent Labour Party (ILP). He was recognised as the Scottish engineers' leader for many years.

He served on the Glasgow Trade Council and was a member of the 1922 General Election Kirkwood was elected to the House of Commons as Member of Parliament (MP) Dumbarton Burghs. He had previously served for four years on Glasgow Town Council.

Kirkwood was one of the leading figures of the ILP in Parliament as it came into increasing conflict with the Labour Party. In the 1931 general election he was returned as one of five ILP MPs without Labour Party support. However, when the ILP, with the support of James Maxton, decided to disaffiliate from the Labour Party in 1932 this was a step too far for Kirkwood, and he left the ILP to join the new Scottish Socialist Party and again took the Labour Party whip.[1] Kirkwood published his autobiography, My Life of Revolt in 1935.

Kirkwood became a Privy Counsellor in 1948. When his constituency disappeared at the 1950 general election he was elected for the new constituency of East Dunbartonshire. He left the Commons in 1951.

Kirkwood was created Baron Kirkwood, of Bearsden in the County of Dunbarton on 22 December 1951.[2]

He died on 16 April 1955.


  1. ^ James Jupp, The Radical Left in Britain: 1931-1941, p.47
  2. ^ The London Gazette: no. 39420. p. 6740. 28 December 1951.

External links

  • Hansard 1803–2005: contributions in Parliament by David Kirkwood
Parliament of the United Kingdom
Preceded by
John Taylor
Member of Parliament for Dumbarton Burghs
Constituency abolished
New constituency Member of Parliament for Dunbartonshire East
Succeeded by
Cyril Bence
Peerage of the United Kingdom
Preceded by
New Creation
Baron Kirkwood
Succeeded by
David Kirkwood
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