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Kulob

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Title: Kulob  
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Kulob

Kulob
Kulob Welcoming Gate
Kulob Welcoming Gate
Kulob is located in Tajikistan
Kulob
Location in Tajikistan
Coordinates:
Country  Tajikistan
Province Khatlon
District Kulob district
Population [1]
 • Total 100,000

Kulob (Tajik: Кӯлоб (also Kulab or Kulyab (Russian: Куляб), is a city in Kulob district, Khatlon Province, Tajikistan. Located 203 km south-east of the capital Dushanbe on the Yakhsu River (a right tributary of Panj), it is one of the largest cities in the country and has an estimated population of 100,000.

Contents

  • History 1
  • Geography 2
    • Climate 2.1
  • Notes 3
  • References 4

History

Marriage Registry Department in Kulob

The historian Muhammad ibn Jarir al-Tabari refers to the city as early as 737AD, although its founding is said to have been much earlier. Throughout its history, Kulob was known by the name Khatlān or Khatlon in modern Tajik, with its modern name only about 250 years old.

Part of the Khanate of Bukhara since the 16th century (the Emirate of Bukhara since the 18th century), the city changed its name from Khatlon to Kulob in 1750.[2] In 1921 Soviet rule was established.[3]

In September 2006 Kulob celebrated its 2700th anniversary.[4][5]

Geography

Climate

The Köppen Climate Classification sub-type for Kulob is "Csa" or a Mediterran Climate. The average annual temperature is 15.8 °C (60.4 °F). The warmest month is July with an average temperature of 28.3 °C (82.9 °F) and the coolest month is January with an average temperature of 2.2 °C (36 °F). The average annual precipitation is 468.4 mm (18.4") and has an average of 72.8 days with precipitation. The wettest month is March with an average of 94.2 mm (3.7") of precipitation and the driest month is August with an average of 0 mm of precipitation.[6]

Climate data for Kulob
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Daily mean °C (°F) 2.2
(36)
4.8
(40.6)
10.4
(50.7)
16.9
(62.4)
21.2
(70.2)
26.0
(78.8)
28.3
(82.9)
26.6
(79.9)
21.8
(71.2)
16.2
(61.2)
10.0
(50)
5.0
(41)
15.8
(60.4)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 53.8
(2.118)
64.6
(2.543)
94.2
(3.709)
82.5
(3.248)
59.0
(2.323)
6.1
(0.24)
3.7
(0.146)
0.5
(0.02)
1.3
(0.051)
24.0
(0.945)
33.9
(1.335)
44.8
(1.764)
468.4
(18.441)
Average precipitation days (≥ 0.1 mm) 7.7 9.2 12.3 11.8 9.6 2.6 1.1 0.0 0.7 4.2 5.7 7.9 72.8
Average relative humidity (%) 75.5 72.2 68.0 63.6 55.0 39.1 34.0 35.1 38.4 49.4 62.4 71.8 55.4
Source: "The Climate of Kulob". Weatherbase. Retrieved 2 August 2014. 

Notes

  1. ^ Population of the Republic of Tajikistan as of 1 January 2008, State Committee of Statistics, Dushanbe, 2008 (Russian)
  2. ^ Name change from Khatlon to Kulob, 1750.
  3. ^ "UNDP Kulob Area Office". About Us. UNDP Tajikistan. Archived from the original on October 22, 2013. Retrieved 22 August 2013. 
  4. ^ "Kulyab 2700 years" celebrations.
  5. ^ Kulyab's 2700th anniversary. Archived November 21, 2006 at the Wayback Machine
  6. ^ "Climate of Kulob". Weatherbase.com. Weatherbase. Retrieved 2 August 2014. 

References

  • Habib Borjian, "Kulab," in Encyclopædia Iranica (available at http://www.iranica.com).
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