Sir John Child, 1st Baronet

Arms of Child Baronets (of the City of London): Vert, two bars engrailed between three lion's faces or[1]

Sir John Child, 1st Baronet (died 1690) was a governor of Bombay, and de facto (although not officially) the first governor-general of the British settlements in India.

Born in London, Child was sent as a young boy to his uncle, the chief of the factory at Rajapur. In 1682, he was appointed chief of the East India Company's affairs at Surat and Bombay, while at the same time his namesake, stated to be unrelated by the Oxford Dictionary of National Biography, Sir Josiah Child, was governor of the company at home.

The two men guided the affairs of the company through the period of struggle between the Mughals and Marathas. They have been credited by history with the change from unarmed to armed trade on the part of the company; however, both were actually loath to quarrel with the Mughal Empire. War broke out with Aurangzeb in 1689, but in the following year Child had to sue for peace, one of the conditions being that he should be expelled from India. He escaped this expulsion by his death.

Armorials

Burke's Armorials 1884 gives his arms as follows: (Child of Surat, East Indies and Dervill, Essex, bart. created 1684, extinct 1753): Vert, two bars engrailed between three leopard's faces or. Crest: A leopard's face or between 2 laurel branches proper. Motto: Spes Alit (Hope Nourishes). These arms are in no way similar to those of Sir Josiah Child or Sir Francis Child, of Child & Co bankers, which seems to confirm the lack of any family relationship to the other Child baronetcies.

References

  1. ^ Betham, The Baronetage of England, Vol. III, 1803, p.71
  •  
  • Leigh Rayment's list of baronets
  • www.thepeerage.com
Baronetage of England
Preceded by
new creation
Baronet
(of the City of London)
1685–1690
Succeeded by
Caesar Child


This article was sourced from Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. World Heritage Encyclopedia content is assembled from numerous content providers, Open Access Publishing, and in compliance with The Fair Access to Science and Technology Research Act (FASTR), Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., Public Library of Science, The Encyclopedia of Life, Open Book Publishers (OBP), PubMed, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health (NIH), U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, and USA.gov, which sources content from all federal, state, local, tribal, and territorial government publication portals (.gov, .mil, .edu). Funding for USA.gov and content contributors is made possible from the U.S. Congress, E-Government Act of 2002.
 
Crowd sourced content that is contributed to World Heritage Encyclopedia is peer reviewed and edited by our editorial staff to ensure quality scholarly research articles.
 
By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. World Heritage Encyclopedia™ is a registered trademark of the World Public Library Association, a non-profit organization.