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Julie Nixon Eisenhower

Julie Nixon Eisenhower
Nixon Eisenhower in 1973
Born Julie Nixon
(1948-07-05) July 5, 1948
Washington, D.C., U.S.
Occupation Author
Spouse(s) David Eisenhower (1968–present)
Children Jennie Elizabeth Eisenhower
Alexander Richard Eisenhower
Melanie Catherine Eisenhower
Parent(s) Richard and Pat Nixon
Relatives Tricia Nixon Cox
Christopher Nixon Cox
Arthur Nixon
Donald Nixon
Edward Nixon
Francis A. Nixon
Hannah Milhous Nixon
John Eisenhower
Dwight D. Eisenhower
Mamie Eisenhower

Julie Nixon Eisenhower (born July 5, 1948) is the daughter of Richard M. Nixon, 37th President of the United States, and Pat Nixon, former First Lady of the United States. She is the younger sister to Patricia Nixon Cox.

While her father served as President of the United States, she wrote several books and worked as Assistant Managing Editor of The Saturday Evening Post. Since her father left the White House in 1974, she has written additional books and works to support her parents' legacy.

In 1968, she married David Eisenhower, grandson of former President Dwight D. Eisenhower. She is the mother of two daughters, Jennie Eisenhower and Melanie Catherine Eisenhower, and a son, Alexander Richard Eisenhower.

Contents

  • Early life 1
  • Marriage 2
  • First daughter 3
    • Watergate 3.1
  • Life after the White House 4
  • Footnotes 5
  • References 6
  • External links 7

Early life

Julie Nixon was born while her father, Richard Nixon, was a Congressman. Much of her childhood coincided with her father's service as Dwight Eisenhower's Vice-President (1953–61). She recalled her father as being romantic, while her mother was "practical and down to earth".[1] Her mother tried to "seal" her and her sister from much of her father's political career.[2] Julie began to cry during a celebration for her father's and President Eisenhower's second inauguration, as a result of believing it was not fair that the grandchildren of the President could play in the White House while she and her sister could not. After expressing these feelings to Mamie Eisenhower, the First Lady invited the two Nixon daughters to play with her grandchildren.[3] Also while watching the second inauguration, President Eisenhower suggested to her as their photograph was being taken to hide a black eye by turning her head. Julie had acquired it in a sledding accident, and turned her head towards David, which made it appear that he had been staring directly at her.[4] Her grandmother Hannah Nixon would come to watch her and her sister whenever her parents traveled.[5] As a child, one of her favorite pets was a small dog named Checkers, who figured prominently in her father's most famous vice-presidential speech.

As a teenager, she attended the private Sidwell Friends School in Washington along with her sister, Tricia. After her father lost the Presidential Election of 1960 to John F. Kennedy, Julie felt "battered" by the results and felt that the votes had "been stolen".[1]

Julie left school in 1961, after her father lost his presidential bid in 1960, and the family returned to California where her father ran unsuccessfully for governor in 1962. At the time of what her father called to reporters his "[9]

Marriage

She began dating David Eisenhower in 1966, and became engaged to him a year later.[10] David once came to pick her up for a date at Brown University, and was initially stopped by security.[11] Both Julie and David have admitted to Mamie Eisenhower having played a major part in their relationship.[12][13] In 1966 during the funeral for Raymond Pitcairn, a friend of the Nixons, Julie mentioned to Mamie that she would be attending Brown University. Mamie told her of David's plans to go to Amherst College, and soon started trying to get David to talk to her.[14] On Julie's nineteenth birthday, David flew to Key Biscayne, Florida, the home of her father during his stay in office, to be with her and her family. David did not tell his grandfather, former president Eisenhower, about the trip nor when Julie visited him in Chicago, Illinois while he was working as a trainee at Sears.[15]

On December 22, 1968, after her father was elected president but before he took office, Julie married David Eisenhower, grandson of former President Dwight D. Eisenhower. The week prior the wedding, for Julie, was mostly spent checking for last-minute details and writing thank-you notes for those who had sent the couple gifts.[16] The couple had known each other since meeting at the 1956 Republican National Convention.

The Reverend Norman Vincent Peale officiated in the non-denominational rite at the Marble Collegiate Church in New York City. The couple left from Massachusetts in 1970 and their classes there were canceled after the Kent State shootings. After her father resigned from office, the two lived in California near Julie's parents and later in the suburb of Philadelphia.[17] The Eisenhowers have three children: Jennie Elizabeth (b. San Clemente, Orange County, California, August 15, 1978), an actress,[18] Alex Richard (b. 1980) and Melanie Catherine (b. 1984).

First daughter

Tricia Nixon and Julie and David Eisenhower with the Prince of Wales and Princess Anne at the White House in June 1970

During the United States presidential election of 1968, which her father was the Republican nominee in, Julie began to feel that she was not active enough in her father's campaign and became stressed over what she believed was Hubert Humphrey's popularity at Smith College, which she was attending at the time.[19] She took an active role in his campaign, and shook hands for hours while greeting people. Despite not liking the publicity and hating to answer "personal questions," she did anything she could to help her father.[20]

While her father served as President (1969-1974), Julie became active at the White House as a spokesperson for children's issues, the environment, and the elderly. She gave tours to disabled children, filled in for her mother at events, and took an active interest in foreign policy.

While David was assigned to the Mayport, FL based USS Albany (CA-123), they moved to the Jacksonville beach community of Atlantic Beach, Florida in 1971. She had been hired to teach third grade at Atlantic Beach Elementary School beginning that fall, but had to quit when she broke her toe while moving a large book cart days before classes were to start. The Eisenhowers continued to live in Atlantic Beach until 1973, even hosting the President and First Lady at their beachfront garage apartment on Beach Avenue. [21]

From 1973-75, she served as Assistant Managing Editor of the Saturday Evening Post and helped establish a book division for Curtis Publishing Co., its parent corporation. It was during this time that Julie wrote the book Eye On Nixon, full of photographs of her father. At the time of graduation from Brown University, President Nixon opted not to attend it given the possibility of antiwar demonstrations and violence.[22]

Once she appeared on The Mike Douglas Show in 1970, and Mike asked her what she thought about the new fad called "streaking," where someone runs naked in public. She responded, "I don't know how they can come off like that!", a double entendre that left the whole studio laughing. She and her sister were placed in charge of Caroline Kennedy and her brother John F. Kennedy, Jr. when they visited the White House in 1971. The two took them on a tour of their former residence, which included going to their old bedrooms and to the Oval Office.[23]

Watergate

After the news of the Watergate break-in and suspicions that it might reach as high as the oval office began to mount, Julie took on the press at home and abroad. Her defense of her father caused people to wonder why her mother wasn't saying anything about the scandal. Journalist Nora Ephron wrote, "In the months since the Watergate hearings began, she [Julie] has become her father's ... First Lady in practice if not in fact."[24]

Taking on the "role of trying to explain her father to the world",[25] Julie's public defense of her father began at [26] On July 4, 1973, she told two reporters that her father had considered resigning over Watergate, but that the family had talked him out of it.[24] On February 14, 1974, Julie underwent a 44-minute surgery to stop internal bleeding from an ovarian cyst. After the surgery, her husband and mother came to see her.[27] Four days later, on February 18, 1974, her father arrived in Indianapolis to pick her and her family up.[28] On May 7, 1974, Julie and David met with the press in the East Garden of the White House. She announced that the President planned "...to take this constitutionally down to the wire."[24] Just before noon on August 9, 1974, Julie stood behind her father while he gave his goodbye speech to the White House staff. She would later say it was the hardest moment for him.[24]

Life after the White House

Julie Nixon Eisenhower presents the Nixon Center's Distinguished Service Award to Defense Secretary Robert M. Gates, February 2010

Julie and David settled in Berwyn, Pennsylvania, where she completed several books, including Pat Nixon: The Untold Story, a biography of her mother. She has an extensive record of community service in the Philadelphia area and is active with the Richard Nixon Foundation, sitting on its board, as well as that of the Center for the National Interest (formerly known as the Nixon Center).

She, along with her sister and father, was with her mother when she died of lung cancer on June 22, 1993.[29] Four days later, on June 26, 1993, she attended her mother's funeral service on the grounds of the Richard Nixon Library in Yorba Linda. Ten months later, she was by her father's bedside with her sister Patricia when he died.[30] Julie attended the funeral on April 27, 1994.[31] Her father's death left her and her sister with his diary entries, binders and tapes among other things while they were secluded from the public.[32]

She has expressed distaste in a few adaptations of presidencies, and labeled them as giving young viewers a "twisted sense of history".[33] This extended to Oliver Stone's Nixon, an adaptation of her father's presidency that received positive reviews for its depiction of his life.[34][35] Walt Disney's daughter, Diane Disney Miller, wrote a letter to Julie and her sister saying that Stone had "committed a grave disservice to your family, to the Presidency, and to American history".[36]

The Justice Department moved on April 14, 1999 to prevent her from making an appearance to testify during a legal battle over whether the government would pay her father's estate millions as compensation for papers and tapes seized when he resigned.[37]

In 2001, she expressed interest in exhuming the body of Checkers, a dog attributed to her father's career when he campaigned for vice president that died in 1964. Her desire was to move the remains to the Nixon Presidential Library and Museum.[38]

She and her sister got into a legal battle over an estimated "as-high-as" $19 million, left by Bebe Rebozo for the Richard Nixon Library and Birthplace Foundation. As opposed to Tricia's wish for the money to be controlled by a group affiliated with their family, Julie wanted it to be controlled by the library's board.[39] On the relationship strain the two were experiencing during the dispute, Julie said "I think it is very sad"[40] and stated, "It's very heartbreaking because I love my sister very much".[41] On August 6, 2002, Julie met with her sister for a court-ordered meeting. Despite the two being together for the vast majority of the day, they failed to make an agreement.[42] She believed that a continued support of donations for the library was not what needed to be done, given that all of the other Presidential Libraries and Museums at the time were funded by the Presidential System.

"It's not right, struggling for the money. My father should be in the system. As long as he's on the outside, historians will continue to look at him, I feel, in a more negative light. There is always going to be negativity, but he has to be part of the continuum of presidents."[43]

Following her sister-in-law Susan Eisenhower crossing party lines to endorse Barack Obama for president, Julie donated $2,300 to the 2008 Obama presidential campaign despite her and her family's history as Republicans[44][45] (including her sister Tricia Nixon Cox's $4,600 contribution in 2007 to Republican Senator John McCain, who ultimately ran against then Senator Obama for the presidency in 2008).[46] In 2012 she reportedly contributed to the presidential campaign of President Obama's opponent, Republican Mitt Romney,[47] in dissension with Susan Eisenhower's re-endorsement of Obama.

In 2010, she and her husband David co-authored Going Home to Glory: A Memoir of Life with Dwight D. Eisenhower, 1961–1969, a biography of President Dwight D. Eisenhower's final years after he left the White House. On March 16, 2012, she and her sister arrived in Yorba Linda to celebrate what would have been their mother's 100th birthday.[48] On November 23, 2013, Eisenhower and her husband opened a holiday exhibit for the Nixon Library, which remained there until January 5, 2014.[49]

Footnotes

  1. ^ a b
  2. ^ Pat Nixon A&E Biography
  3. ^ Aronson, p. 30.
  4. ^ Frank, pp. 286-287.
  5. ^ Frank, p. 76.
  6. ^ Marton, p. 184.
  7. ^ [1]
  8. ^ Wead, p. 261.
  9. ^ Gibbs, p. 253.
  10. ^
  11. ^
  12. ^
  13. ^
  14. ^ Eisenhower, p. 210.
  15. ^ Eisenhower, pp. 212-213.
  16. ^
  17. ^ Frank, p 344.
  18. ^ Julie Nixon Eisenhower at the Internet Movie Database
  19. ^
  20. ^
  21. ^
  22. ^ Reeves, p. 197.
  23. ^
  24. ^ a b c d e David, Lester and Thomas Y. Crowell. The Lonely Lady of San Clemente. New York, 1978. p. 172-174.
  25. ^ Marton, p. 193.
  26. ^ Anthony Summers: The Arrogance of Power. The Secret World of Richard Nixon. Penguin, New York 2002 ISBN 0-14-026078-1 p. 463
  27. ^
  28. ^
  29. ^
  30. ^
  31. ^ Warshaw, p. 242.
  32. ^
  33. ^
  34. ^
  35. ^ http://www.rottentomatoes.com/m/nixon/
  36. ^
  37. ^
  38. ^
  39. ^
  40. ^
  41. ^
  42. ^
  43. ^
  44. ^ "Nixon’s Daughter Talks Watergate, Electing Woman To White House During Pittsburgh Visit", CBS Pittsburgh, September 13, 2014.
  45. ^ AP. "Nixon's daughter gives to Obama", ABC News, April 22, 2008. Accessed April 22, 2008.
  46. ^
  47. ^ [2], OpenSecrets.org
  48. ^
  49. ^

References

  • Penn State University biography.
  • Meeting Mao Zedong on January 1, 1976

External links

  • A Few Good Women... Julie Nixon Eisenhower
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