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Economic migrant

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Economic migrant

An economic migrant is someone who emigrates from one region to another to seek an improvement in living standards because the living conditions or job opportunities in the migrant's own region are not good.[1][2] The United Nations uses the term migrant worker.[3] The term economic migrant is often confused with the term refugee, however, economic migrants migrate due to economic turmoil, not due to fear of persecution on the basis of race, religion, or ethnicity.

Contents

  • Legality 1
  • Labor Market 2
  • See also 3
  • References 4

Legality

People who intend to work in another country can obtain authorization to do so, or enter giving an untrue reason, such as tourism, or cross the border illegally (illegal immigrant). People who work legally in another country are often described as immigrants or expatriates.

Many countries have restrictions that prohibit people from entering the country to work unless they have been granted a visa which permits this. Persons who are believed to be trying to enter a country to obtain employment may be refused entry. Illegal immigrants and people who seek paid employment after entering the country without authorization to work may be subject to deportation.[4]

The World Bank estimates that remittances totaled US$420 billion in 2009, of which $317 billion went to developing countries.[5]

Labor Market

Over the past ten years, migrants accounted for 47% of the increase in the work force in the United States and for over 70% of the increase in Europe, as reported by the OECD in 2012. Migrants fill important niches in the labor market, and contribute significantly to labor market flexibility, especially in Europe. [6]

See also

References

  1. ^ "economic migrant - definition and synonyms". Macmillan Dictionary. Retrieved 9 June 2015. 
  2. ^ "Oxford Advanced Learner's Dictionary". Oxford Dictionaries. p. economic migrant. 
  3. ^ "United Nations Convention on the Protection of the Rights of All Migrant Workers and Members of Their Families".  
  4. ^ Types of migration: Economic Migration, BBC
  5. ^ Remittance Prices Worldwide
  6. ^ [2]


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