World Library  
Flag as Inappropriate
Email this Article

Wo soll ich fliehen hin, BWV 5

Article Id: WHEBN0002261329
Reproduction Date:

Title: Wo soll ich fliehen hin, BWV 5  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Language: English
Subject: Chorale cantata (Bach), Church cantata (Bach), Did you know nominations/Wo soll ich fliehen hin, BWV 5, Violin Concerto movement, BWV 1045, Vergnügte Ruh, beliebte Seelenlust, BWV 170
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia

Wo soll ich fliehen hin, BWV 5

Wo soll ich fliehen hin (Where shall I flee),[1] BWV 5,[1] is a church cantata by Johann Sebastian Bach. He composed the chorale cantata in Leipzig for the 19th Sunday after Trinity and first performed it on 15 October 1724. It is based on a hymn of the same name by Johann Heermann.


  • History and words 1
  • Scoring and structure 2
  • Music 3
  • Selected recordings 4
  • Notes 5
  • References 6
  • Sources 7

History and words

Bach wrote the cantata in his second year in Leipzig for the 19th Sunday after Trinity and first performed it on 15 October 1724.[2] It is part of his second annual cycle of cantatas, a cycle of chorale cantatas. The prescribed readings for the Sunday were from Paul's Epistle to the Ephesians – "put on the new man, which after God is created" (Ephesians 4:22–28) – and from the Gospel of Matthew, Healing the paralytic at Capernaum (Matthew 9:1–8).

The cantata text is based on the hymn in eleven stanzas "[2]

Bach first performed the cantata on 15 October 1724.[2] The autograph score to the cantata, now in the British Library, was once owned by Joseph Joachim [1].

Scoring and structure

The cantata in seven movements is scored for four vocal soloists (soprano, alto, tenor, and bass), a four-part choir, tromba da tirarsi (slide trumpet), two oboes, two violins, viola and basso continuo.[2]

  1. Chorus: Wo soll ich fliehen hin
  2. Recitative (bass): Der Sünden Wust hat mich nicht nur befleckt
  3. Aria (tenor): Ergieße dich reichlich, du göttliche Quelle
  4. Recitative (alto): Mein treuer Heiland tröstet mich
  5. Aria (bass): Verstumme, Höllenheer
  6. Recitative (soprano): Ich bin ja nur das kleinste Teil der Welt
  7. Chorale: Führ auch mein Herz und Sinn


Bach arranged the movements in symmetry around movement 4 as the turning point in the cantata between desolation and hope, a recitative, which receives added weight by the cantus firmus of the chorale played by the oboe. One line of the chorale stanza is sung unchanged: was ich gesündigt habe (the sins I committed).[1][2]

In the opening chorus Bach gave the tune in unadorned long notes to the soprano, reinforced by the trumpet. The vocal parts are embedded in an independent instrumental concerto. The motifs of the instruments, which also appear in the lower voices, are derived from the tune,[4] following the upward movement of its first line and the downward movement of its second line.[5] Both other recitatives are secco. The first aria is accompanied only by an obbligato viola illustrating the flow of blood, termed by John Eliot Gardiner the "gushing, curative effect of the divine spring" in "tumbling liquid gestures", summarized as "the cleansing motions of some prototype baroque washing machine".[4] The tenor sings the same figuration on the word wäschet (washing). Bach used the solo viola only rarely in his cantatas (twice, according to Boyd); he may have played these solos himself.[6] The second aria is accompanied by the full orchestra with the trumpet as a "ferociously demanding obbligato".[4] In sudden breaks it conveys the silencing of Verstumme, Höllenheer (Be silent, host of hell).[1] Different as the two arias are, the figuration in the second one is similar to the one in the first, interpreting that it is the very flow of blood which silences the "army of hell". The closing chorale is set for four parts.[2]

Selected recordings


  1. ^ "BWV" is Bach-Werke-Verzeichnis, a thematic catalogue of Bach's works.


  1. ^ a b c  
  • ^ a b c d e f  
  • ^ "Wo soll ich fliehen hin / Text and Translation of Chorale". 2005. Retrieved 26 October 2011. 
  • ^ a b c d  
  • ^ "Chorale Melodies used in Bach's Vocal Works / Wo soll ich fliehen hin / Auf meinen lieben Gott". 2008. Retrieved 26 October 2011. 
  • ^ Mincham, Julian (2010). "Chapter 20 BWV 5 Wo soll ich fliehen hin". Retrieved 26 October 2011. 
  • Sources

    • Wo soll ich fliehen hin, BWV 5: Scores at the International Music Score Library Project
    • Wo soll ich fliehen hin BWV 5; BC A 145 / Chorale cantata Leipzig University
    • Cantata BWV 5 Wo soll ich fliehen hin history, scoring, sources for text and music, translations to various languages, discography, discussion, bach-cantatas website
    • Wo soll ich fliehen hin history, scoring, Bach website (German)
    • BWV 5 Wo soll ich fliehen hin English translation, University of Vermont
    • BWV 5 Wo soll ich fliehen hin text, scoring, University of Alberta
    This article was sourced from Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. World Heritage Encyclopedia content is assembled from numerous content providers, Open Access Publishing, and in compliance with The Fair Access to Science and Technology Research Act (FASTR), Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., Public Library of Science, The Encyclopedia of Life, Open Book Publishers (OBP), PubMed, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health (NIH), U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, and, which sources content from all federal, state, local, tribal, and territorial government publication portals (.gov, .mil, .edu). Funding for and content contributors is made possible from the U.S. Congress, E-Government Act of 2002.
    Crowd sourced content that is contributed to World Heritage Encyclopedia is peer reviewed and edited by our editorial staff to ensure quality scholarly research articles.
    By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. World Heritage Encyclopedia™ is a registered trademark of the World Public Library Association, a non-profit organization.

    Copyright © World Library Foundation. All rights reserved. eBooks from Project Gutenberg are sponsored by the World Library Foundation,
    a 501c(4) Member's Support Non-Profit Organization, and is NOT affiliated with any governmental agency or department.