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Bernburg

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Title: Bernburg  
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Subject: Duchy of Anhalt, Principality of Anhalt, Principality of Reuss-Greiz, Reuss-Ebersdorf, Saxe-Gotha-Altenburg
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Bernburg

Principality (Duchy) of Anhalt-Bernburg
Fürstentum (Herzogtum) Anhalt-Bernburg  (German)
State of the Holy Roman Empire (until 1806)

 

1252–1468

1603–1863

 

19th century flag
of Anhalt duchies
19th century arms
of Anhalt duchies
Anhalt territories in 1853, Anhalt-Bernburg in green
Capital Bernburg
Government Principality
Historical era Middle Ages
 •  Partitioned from Anhalt 1252
 •  Inherited by Anhalt-Dessau 1468
 •  Repartitioned from Anhalt 1603
 •  Anhalt-Zeitz-Hoym partitioned away
1718–1812
 •  Raised to duchy 1803
 •  Anhalt re-united 1863
Today part of Saxony-Anhalt, Germany
Bernburg Castle

Anhalt-Bernburg was a principality of the Holy Roman Empire and a duchy of the German Confederation ruled by the House of Ascania with its residence at Bernburg in present-day Saxony-Anhalt. It emerged as a subdivision from the Principality of Anhalt from 1252 to 1468 and again from 1603 until the re-unification in 1863.

It was created in 1252, when the Principality of Anhalt was partitioned among the sons of Anhalt-Dessau it was inherited by Prince Joachim Ernest of Anhalt-Zerbst in 1561, who unified all Anhalt lands under his rule in 1570.

Re-united Anhalt was again divided in 1603 among Prince Joachim Ernest's sons into the lines of Anhalt-Dessau, Anhalt-Köthen, Anhalt-Plötzkau, Anhalt-Bernburg and Anhalt-Zerbst. His second son Prince Christian I took his residence at Bernburg. Christian's younger son Frederick established the separate Principality of Anhalt-Harzgerode in 1635, which existed until 1709. Prince Victor Amadeus of Anhalt-Bernburg inherited Anhalt-Plötzkau in 1665. Upon his death in 1718 his lands were further divided and the Principality of Anhalt-Zeitz-Hoym was created for his second son Lebrecht, which was reunited with Anhalt-Bernburg in 1812.

In 1803 Prince Alexius Frederick Christian of Anhalt-Bernburg was elevated to the rank of a duke by Emperor Francis II of Habsburg. His son Duke Alexander Karl however died without issue in 1863, whereafter Anhalt-Bernburg was inherited by [[Leopold IV, Duke of Anhalt|Leopold

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