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Pedro Vélez

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Title: Pedro Vélez  
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Subject: Supreme Court of Justice of the Nation justices, Francisco Javier Echeverría, José Ignacio Pavón, Mariano Arista, Pelagio Antonio de Labastida y Dávalos
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Pedro Vélez

Pedro Vélez
Portrait of Pedro Vélez

Member of Governing Board of Mexico
In office
23 December 1829 – 31 December 1829
Serving with Lucas Alamán and Luis Quintanar
Preceded by José María Bocanegra
Succeeded by Anastasio Bustamante
Personal details
Born 28 July 1787
Zacatecas, Zacatecas
Died 5 August 1848 (aged 61)
Mexico City
Nationality Mexican

José Pedro Antonio Vélez de Zúñiga (28 July 1787 – 5 August 1848) was a Mexican politician and lawyer. He was also head of the Governing Board of Mexico (also known as Executive Triumvirate) in 1829.

Vélez was born into a well-to-do family. He studied in Zacatecas and Mexico City, becoming a lawyer.

He occupied the post of justice minister and minister of religious affairs. He also became head of the Supreme Court (in succession to Miguel Domínguez) during the presidency of Vicente Guerrero. Guerrero temporarily left the presidency to José María Bocanegra in 1829 to combat a rebellion in Jalapa, Veracruz, but Bocanegra was overthrown within a week . The Council of Government named a Supreme Executive Authority to occupy the presidency temporarily. As president of the Supreme Court, Vélez was named to lead this triumvirate, which also included General Luis de Quintanar and historian Lucas Alamán, leaders of the rebellion against Bocanegra. Quintanar was a strong supporter of Anastasio Bustamante, leader of the Plan de Jalapa against Guerrero and Guerrero's former vice-president.

Vélez was president between 23 and 31 December 1829, after which Bustamante assumed the presidency.

Thereafter Vélez retired to private life and the exercise of the legal profession. He again presided in the Supreme Court of Justice in 1844 and in January to April 1846. He died in Mexico City on 5 August 1848.

There is a city called Pedro Vélez in the Mexican state of Durango.


  • (Spanish) "Vélez, Pedro," Enciclopedia de México, v. 14. Mexico City, 1996, ISBN 1-56409-016-7.
  • (Spanish) Cosío Villegas, Daniel. Historia General de México, El Colegio de México, México, 1976, ISBN 968-12-0969-9 [1]
  • (Spanish) García Puron, Manuel, México y sus gobernantes, v. 2. Mexico City: Joaquín Porrúa, 1984.
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