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The Spooners of Porthmadog

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The Spooners of Porthmadog

Fairlie locomotive James Spooner 1887

The Spooners of Porthmadog refers to the Spooner family of Porthmadog, North Wales who made important contributions to the development of narrow gauge railways both locally and throughout the world. James Spooner, together with his sons James Swinton and Charles Easton and other members of their family, constructed and managed the Ffestiniog Railway for over fifty years. In North Wales they were involved in the promotion of numerous railway schemes including many quarry lines, the Talyllyn Railway, the Festiniog and Blaenau Railway, the North Wales Narrow Gauge Railways and the Carnarvonshire Railway. Through publications and overseas family commissions they influenced narrow gauge railway construction in Russia, America and throughout the British Empire.

Contents

  • James Spooner 1
    • Family 1.1
    • Ffestiniog Railway survey 1.2
    • Robert Stephenson 1.3
    • Gravity working 1.4
  • Charles Easton Spooner 2
    • Work for Ffestiniog Railway 2.1
    • Capacity problem 2.2
    • Steam power 2.3
    • George England locomotives 2.4
    • Fairlie locomotives 2.5
  • Spooner and Company 3
    • James Swinton Spooner 3.1
    • George Percival Spooner 3.2
    • Charles Edwin Spooner 3.3
  • Postscripts 4
    • Garden railway 4.1
    • Spooner Family Grave 4.2
    • Footnote 4.3
  • References 5
    • Notes 5.1
    • Sources 5.2

James Spooner

Dates 1790-1856[1]

Family

James Spooner was born at Leigh near Worcester in 1790, he trained as a land surveyor and is believed to have worked as a civilian member of an Ordnance Survey team. He married in 1813 and his first three children were Matthew, James Swinton, and Caroline. From 1818 to 1824, they lived at Maentwrog where Charles Easton, Louisa, Thomas and Amelia were born. When the North Wales survey was completed in 1823, Spooner, with his growing family, stayed and worked as a freelance surveyor. In 1825, Spooner took a lease of Wm. Madocks house Tanyrallt Isa at Tremadog where Elizabeth and Harriet were born and Caroline was accidentally shot dead by Matthew. Finally, the family moved to Morfa Lodge in Porthmadog where William was born in 1834.

Ffestiniog Railway survey

Spooner was already well established as a local surveyor and he had surveyed inclines and a tramway (never to be built) from the Moelwyns to Porthmadog via the Croesor valley, when, in 1830, Henry Archer commissioned him to survey a suitable route for the Ffestiniog Railway. James Swinton and Charles Easton both assisted their father in this work. Spooner also had an experienced assistant in Thomas Prichard who had worked for Stephenson.

Robert Stephenson

The survey completed,

  • C.E.Spooner; Narrow Gauge Railways, 1871, revised edn 1879
  • Railways or No Railways – The Battle of the Gauges Renewed. by R.F. Fairlie, London, Effingham Wilson, Royal Exchange, 1872.
  • M.J.T.Lewis; How Ffestiniog got its Railway, 1965.
  •  
  • M.J.T. Lewis, The 1870 Locomotive Trials in the Local Press, in the Heritage Group Journal (FR Society) No. 57. Spring 1999 (pages 21–27).
  • The North Wales Chronicle and the Carnarvon & Denbigh Herald, Feb 1870.
  • The Ffestiniog Railway's website

Sources

  1. ^ "Spooner Family". Festipedia. 2011-08-27. Retrieved 2012-06-15. 
  2. ^ Lewis (1965)
  3. ^ "Charles Easton Spooner". Festipedia. 2011-12-27. Retrieved 2012-06-15. 
  4. ^ Heritage Group Journal (FR Society) No. 57. Spring 1999 (pages 21–27)
  5. ^ "James Spooner (Person)". Festipedia. 2012-04-23. Retrieved 2012-06-15. 
  6. ^ "George Percival Spooner". Festipedia. Retrieved 2012-06-15. 
  7. ^ "Charles Edwin Spooner". Festipedia. 2008-12-23. Retrieved 2012-06-15. 

Notes

References

The reference above to bubonic plague seems improbable. Typhoid is far more likely; it was both endemic and epidemic at the period, killing Prince Albert in 1861, but bubonic plague had a heyday from 1348 to about 1700. Cholera is just possible; there were outbreaks in 1832 in Liverpool and reputedly as late as 1860 in London.

Footnote

In 1998, the Ffestiniog and the Welsh Highland Railway Heritage Groups together undertook the restoration of the Spooner Family Grave in Beddgelert Churchyard. This consists of a large double plot with two carved slate memorial tops surrounded by iron railings, which had been specially made in the Ffestiniog Railway Boston Lodge works. One stone commemorates Charles Easton Spooner and his eldest son John Eryri, the other his wife Mary, with their infant son James and also their daughter Mary who died aged five allegedly of bubonic plague but more probably of typhoid. A separate grave alongside the first is that of the nurse Elizabeth Preece who cared for Mary and who herself died of the same disease two days later. The restoration work, which involved heavy weed clearance, the cleaning of the stones, and the rust proofing and painting the railings, caught the attention of Cadw, resulting in the graves now being listed as grade 2 monuments.

Spooner Family Grave

Charles Easton Spooner was a Victorian ‘family man’ and he established his family at Bron y Garth where in 1869 he built a garden railway for the entertainment of family and friends. Such a feature was an undoubted novelty at that time. The brass trackwork and the engine and rolling stock were all made in the FR works at Boston Lodge (where the surviving track is now stored). ‘Topsy’, the famous 3¼ inch gauge model of an England engine was built at Boston Lodge by W. Williams, Works Engineer and it was thought to have been lost. However it was discovered and brought to Porthmadog Harbour Station in 1963 and it is now on display. This is the earliest known model of the first narrow gauge locomotive in the world.

Garden railway

Postscripts

Charles Edwin, youngest son of Charles Easton, was resident engineer of the North Wales Narrow Gauge Railways during construction. Afterwards he had a distinguished railway career in Malaya.

Dates 1853-1909[7]

Charles Edwin Spooner

George Percival (son of Charles Easton and a graduate of Special Constable at Kings Cross, London during World War I. He died in 1917.

Dates 1850-1917[6]

George Percival Spooner

James Swinton, an elder brother of Charles Easton, was the engineer to the Talyllyn Railway built in 1865.

Dates 1816-1884[5]

James Swinton Spooner

Spooner and Company

It was through George England that Spooner commissioned Robert Francis Fairlie to design and build 'Little Wonder' an articulated locomotive ideally suited to a relatively short, heavily curved and steeply graded narrow gauge line. Spooner and Fairlie brought the world to Porthmadog in February 1870 for a remarkable series of locomotive trials at which Russian observers were very prominent as were observers from the Denver and Rio Grande Railroad. These trials and the writings of Spooner and Fairlie influenced the promotion of narrow gauge railways throughout the world. Concerning C. E. Spooner, on 27 December 1872 "Engineering" wrote "He shows an earnestness and enthusiasm, we may almost say an absolute devotion for the Festiniog Railway".[4]

Fairlie locomotives

Charles Easton Spooner engaged Charles Holland to design the first six small engines built by Cambrian Railways to Minffordd where Spooner had laid out a pattern of exchange sidings that inspired many visitors from abroad to adopt narrow gauge as the inexpensive feeder line to the standard gauge.

George England locomotives

Steam locomotives, never before tried on a narrow gauge line and declared by all the leading designers to be unworkable on so narrow a gauge, were inevitable. But they would not have been possible when the line was built in 1836 and could only be introduced 27 years later when locomotive development had advanced and after the line had been relaid with heavier steel rails.

Steam power

Spooner was faced with the seemingly intractable problem of a railway working to maximum capacity yet unable to cope with the volume of traffic on offer. He was also aware that others were seeking alternative routes for the transport of Blaenau Ffestiniog's growing slate traffic. Spooner investigated the option of conversion to double track but the added capacity could not have paid for the construction costs involved.

Capacity problem

As a boy, with his eldest brother James he had assisted his father in laying out the Ffestiniog Railway and subsequently during construction. He appears to have remained in Porthmadog and been involved with the railway under his father who was Clerk to the company. Charles became Treasurer of the company in 1848 and following his father's death in 1856 was appointed Manager and Clerk. He held the position for thirty years and dominated Ffestiniog Railway management and engineering until his own health began to fail in 1887. Under Charles the blacksmiths' forge at Boston Lodge was developed into comprehensive railway manufacturing and repair workshops.

Work for Ffestiniog Railway

Dates 1818-1889[3]

Charles Easton Spooner

Spooner introduced to the Ffestiniog Railway, from the start, the ‘horse dandy’, that peculiar practice (which may have been first used in Northumberland) whereby the horse, having fought against gravity for twelve long miles hauling empty slate wagons from bottom to top in four or five hours, was rewarded with a bag of oats and a high speed (100 minutes) ride from top to bottom behind eighty loaded slate wagons and propelled by ‘that very same gravity against which he had for so long toiled upwards’ – as a contemporary report put it. The carefully engineered downhill route with a continuous grade of about 1 in 80 for twelve miles was specifically designed for gravity operation and resulted in gravity and horse operation being successful and economical but slow. The line was soon operating to maximum capacity. As built the line was a pioneering model instantly appealing to many (in the mid nineteenth century) seeking to solve the problems of moving heavy loads down hill.

Gravity working

[2]

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