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New Jersey's at-large congressional district

Beginning from its inception into statehood, New Jersey elected its representatives At-large instead of from individual districts. This continued for most years until 1843, with the exception of the years 1799-1801, and 1813-1815 when they were elected in districts. After 1843, New Jersey returned to district representation. 4 at-large representatives were elected in 1789 until 1793 when a 5th representative was added. 6 seats were allocated beginning in 1803, continuing until At-large representation ceased in 1843.

List of representatives

Cong
ress
Years Seat A Seat B Seat C Seat D Seat E Seat F
Rep. Party Electoral history Rep. Party Electoral history Rep. Party Electoral history Rep. Party Electoral history Rep. Party Electoral history Rep. Party Electoral history
1 March 4, 1789 –
March 4, 1791

Elias Boudinot
Pro-
Admin.
First elected in 1789.
Re-elected in 1790.
Re-elected in 1792.
Retired

Lambert Cadwalader
Pro-
Admin.
Elected in 1789.


James Schureman
Pro-
Admin.
Elected in 1789.

Retired when elected U.S. Senator
Thomas Sinnickson Pro-
Admin.
Elected in 1789.

Seat created in 1793 Seat created in 1803
2 March 4, 1791 –
March 4, 1793

Abraham Clark
Pro-
Admin.
Died
Jonathan Dayton
Pro-
Admin.
Aaron Kitchell Pro-
Admin.
3 March 4, 1793 –
September 15, 1794

Lambert Cadwalader
Pro-
Admin.
John Beatty Pro-
Admin.
September 15, 1794 –
January 29, 1795
Vacant
January 29, 1795 –
March 4, 1795
Aaron Kitchell Pro-
Admin.
4 March 4, 1795 –
March 4, 1797
Thomas Henderson Fed. Fed. Fed. Isaac Smith Fed. Mark Thomson Fed.
5 March 4, 1797 –
March 4, 1799

James Schureman
Fed. James H. Imlay Fed. Redistricted to the 4th district Thomas Sinnickson Fed.
6 March 4, 1799–
March 4, 1801
District representation only District representation only District representation only District representation only District representation only
7 March 4, 1801 –
March 4, 1803

John Condit
Dem.-
Rep.
Redistricted from the 1st district Ebenezer Elmer Dem.-
Rep.
William Helms Dem.-
Rep.
James Mott Dem.-
Rep.
Henry Southard Dem.-
Rep.
8 March 4, 1803 –
March 4, 1805
Adam Boyd Dem.-
Rep.
James Sloan Dem.-
Rep.
9 March 4, 1805 –
March 4, 1807
Ezra Darby Dem.-
Rep.
Died
John Lambert
Dem.-
Rep.
10 March 4, 1807 –
January 27, 1808
Thomas Newbold Dem.-
Rep.
January 27, 1808 –
March 8, 1808
Vacant
March 8, 1808 –
March 4, 1809
Adam Boyd Dem.-
Rep.
11 March 4, 1809 –
September 12, 1810
James Cox Dem.-
Rep.
Died Jacob Hufty Dem.-
Rep.
September 12, 1810 –
October 31, 1810
Vacant
October 31, 1810 –
March 4, 1811
John A. Scudder Dem.-
Rep.
12 March 4, 1811 –
March 4, 1813
Lewis Condict Dem.-
Rep.
Redistricted to the 1st district George C. Maxwell Dem.-
Rep.
James Morgan Dem.-
Rep.
13 March 4, 1813–
March 4, 1815
District representation only District representation only District representation only District representation only District representation only District representation only
14 March 4, 1815 –
March 4, 1817
Ezra Baker Dem.-
Rep.

Ephraim Bateman
Dem.-
Rep.
Lewis Condict Dem.-
Rep.
Redistricted from the 1st district Benjamin Bennet Dem.-
Rep.
Henry Southard Dem.-
Rep.
Thomas Ward Dem.-
Rep.
Redistricted from the 1st district
15 March 4, 1817 –
March 4, 1819

Joseph Bloomfield
Dem.-
Rep.
Charles Kinsey Dem.-
Rep.
John Linn Dem.-
Rep.
16 March 4, 1819 –
November 4, 1819

John Condit
Dem.-
Rep.
Resigned Bernard Smith Dem.-
Rep.
November 4, 1819 –
February 2, 1820
Vacant
February 2, 1820 –
January 5, 1821
Charles Kinsey Dem.-
Rep.
January 5, 1821 –
March 4, 1821
Vacant
17 March 4, 1821 –
March 4, 1823
George Cassedy Dem.-
Rep.
Lewis Condict Dem.-
Rep.
George Holcombe Jack.
Rep.
Died James Matlack Dem.-
Rep.
Samuel Swan Dem.-
Rep.
18 March 4, 1823 –
March 4, 1825
Jack.
Rep.
Daniel Garrison Jack.
Rep.
Jack.
Rep.
Jack. Adams-Clay
Republican
Jack.
Rep.
19 March 4, 1825 –
March 4, 1827
Jack. Jack. Anti-
Jack.
Ebenezer Tucker Anti-
Jack.
Retired Anti-
Jack.
20 March 4, 1827 –
January 14, 1828
Isaac Pierson Adams Hedge Thompson Adams Died Adams Adams Adams
January 14, 1828 –
July 23, 1828
Vacant
July 23, 1828 –
December 1, 1828
Vacant
December 1, 1828 –
March 4, 1829
Thomas Sinnickson Adams James F. Randolph Adams
21 March 4, 1829 –
March 4, 1831
Anti-
Jack.
Richard M. Cooper Anti-
Jack.
Anti-
Jack.
Anti-
Jack.
Thomas H. Hughes Anti-
Jack.
Anti-
Jack.
22 March 4, 1831 –
March 4, 1833
Silas Condit Anti-
Jack.
Isaac Southard Anti-
Jack.
23 March 4, 1833 –
March 4, 1835
Philemon Dickerson Jack. First elected in 1832.
Re-elected in 1834.
Resigned to become Governor of New Jersey

Samuel Fowler
Jack. Thomas Lee Jack. James Parker Jack. Ferdinand S. Schenck Jack. William N. Shinn Jack.
24 March 4, 1835 –
November 3, 1836
November 3, 1836 –
December 5, 1836
Vacant
December 5, 1836 –
March 4, 1837
William Chetwood Jack.
25 March 4, 1837 –
March 4, 1839
John B. Aycrigg Whig Elected in 1836.
Re-elected, but not permitted to qualify[1]
William Halstead Whig Elected in 1836.
Re-elected, but the House declined to seat him[1]
John P.B. Maxwell Whig Elected in 1836.
Re-elected, but the House declined to seat him[1]
Joseph F. Randolph Whig Elected in 1836.
Re-elected in 1838.
Re-elected in 1840
Retired

Charles C. Stratton
Whig Elected in 1836.
Re-elected, but the House declined to seat him[1]
Thomas J. Yorke Whig Elected in 1836.
Re-elected, but the House declined to seat him[1]
26 March 4, 1839 –
March 4, 1841
Philemon Dickerson Dem. Elected in 1838.
Lost re-election
William R. Cooper Dem. Elected in 1838.
Joseph Kille Dem. Elected in 1838.
Daniel B. Ryall Dem. Elected in 1838.

Peter D. Vroom
Dem. Elected in 1838.
27 March 4, 1841 –
March 4, 1843
John B. Aycrigg Whig Elected in 1840.
Retired
William Halstead Whig Elected in 1840.
John P.B. Maxwell Whig Elected in 1840.

Charles C. Stratton
Whig Elected in 1840.
Retired
Thomas J. Yorke Whig

References

  1. ^ a b c d e See Broad Seal War
  • Martis, Kenneth C. (1989). The Historical Atlas of Political Parties in the United States Congress. New York: Macmillan Publishing Company. 
  • Martis, Kenneth C. (1982). The Historical Atlas of United States Congressional Districts. New York: Macmillan Publishing Company. 
  • Congressional Biographical Directory of the United States 1774–present
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