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1958 In Spaceflight

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1958 In Spaceflight

1958in spaceflight
A Juno I launches the first American satellite, Explorer 1
Orbital launches
First 1 February
Last 18 December
Total 28
Successes 6
Failures 23
Catalogued 8
National firsts
Spaceflight }|23x15px|border |alt=|link=]] }}]] Canada
Satellite }|23x15px|border |alt=|link=]] }}]] United States
Orbital launch }|23x15px|border |alt=|link=]] }}]] United States
Rockets
Maiden flights Juno I
Sputnik 8A91
Pilot
Thor-Able
Luna
Juno II
Atlas B
Retirements Sputnik 8A91
Pilot
Juno I

Launches

Explorer 1, Decay:31 March 1970" 6.5in Satellite 2[1], Decay:NA" Explorer 2, Decay:5 March" Vanguard 1(6.5in Satellite 3)[1], Decay:NA" Explorer 3, Decay:27 June" Hi Ball 1, Decay:7 April" Beacon Test 1, Decay:24 April" ISZ-D1 No.1, Decay:NA" 20in X-ray 1[1], Decay:29 April" Sputnik 3(ISZ-D1 No.2), Decay:6 April 1960" Hi Ball 2, Decay:22 May" Beacon Test 2, Decay:25 May" 20in Lyman-Alpha 1[1], Decay:28 May" 20in Lyman-Alpha 2[1], Decay:26 June" Winder 1, Decay:NA" Winder 4, Decay:NA" Pilot-1(D1), Decay:25 July
(presumed)" Explorer 4, Decay:23 October 1959" Winder 2, Decay:NA" Winder 3, Decay:NA" Pilot-2(D2), Decay:NA" Pioneer(Pioneer 0), Decay:NA" Pilot-3(D3), Decay:22 August
(presumed)" Explorer 5, Decay:24 August" Pilot-4(R1), Decay:NA" Pilot-5(R2), Decay:26 August" Argus I, Decay:NA" Pilot-6(R3), Decay:28 August" Argus II, Decay:NA" Argus III, Decay:NA" Beacon Test 3, Decay:11 September" Luna E-1 #1, Decay:NA" 20in Cloud Cover 1[1], Decay:26 September" Hi Ball 3, Decay:7 October" Pioneer 1, Decay:13 October" Luna E-1 #2, Decay:NA" Beacon 1, Decay:NA" Pioneer 2, Decay:8 November" Luna E-1 #3, Decay:NA" Pioneer 3, Decay:7 December" Bioflight 1, Decay:NA" SCORE, Decay:12 January 1959"
Date and time (UTC) Rocket Launch site LSP
Payload Operator Orbit Function Decay (UTC) Outcome
Remarks

January

8 January Nike-Asp White Sands US Air Force
US Air Force Suborbital 8 January Successful
Apogee: 145 kilometres (90 mi)
10 January
15:48
SM-65A Atlas Cape Canaveral LC-12 US Air Force
US Air Force Suborbital Missile test 10 January Successful
Apogee: 120 kilometres (75 mi)
11 January UGM-27 Polaris TV Point Mugu US Navy
US Navy Suborbital Missile test 11 January Successful
Maiden flight of Polaris, apogee: 500 kilometres (310 mi)
17 January UGM-27 Polaris TV Cape Canaveral LC-3 US Navy
US Navy Suborbital Missile test 17 January Successful
Apogee: 500 kilometres (310 mi)
25 January
19:12
Nike-Cajun Fort Churchill US Air Force
US Air Force Suborbital Aeronomy 25 January Successful
Apogee: 157 kilometres (98 mi)
26 January
04:18:56
Aerobee-150 (Hi) Fort Churchill US Navy
NRL Suborbital Auroral 26 January Successful
Apogee: 180 kilometres (110 mi)
27 January
06:04
Nike-Cajun Fort Churchill US Air Force
US Air Force Suborbital Aeronomy 27 January Successful
Apogee: 129 kilometres (80 mi)
27 January
18:49
Aerobee Fort Churchill US Army
US Army Suborbital Aeronomy 27 January Successful
Apogee: 143 kilometres (89 mi)
28 January
20:16
PGM-17 Thor DM-18 Cape Canaveral LC-17A US Air Force
US Air Force Suborbital Missile test 28 January Launch failure
29 January
19:06
Nike-Cajun Fort Churchill US Air Force
US Air Force Suborbital Aeronomy 29 January Successful
Apogee: 170 kilometres (110 mi)
29 January
22:15
R-7 Semyorka Baikonur Site 1/5 MVS
MVS Suborbital Missile test 29 January Successful
Apogee: 1,350 kilometres (840 mi)

February

1 February
03:48:56
Juno I Cape Canaveral LC-26A ABMA
Explorer 1 ARPA Initial: Medium Earth
Decayed to: Low Earth
Magnetospheric 31 March 1970 Successful
First successful American satellite launch, discovered Van Allen belts
3 February
18:02
Aerobee-150 (Hi) Fort Churchill US Navy
NRL Suborbital Ionospheric 3 February Successful
Apogee: 138 kilometres (86 mi)
4 February
06:17
Aerobee-150 (Hi) Fort Churchill US Navy
NRL Suborbital Ionospheric 4 February Successful
Apogee: 234 kilometres (145 mi)
5 February
07:33
Vanguard Cape Canaveral LC-18A US Navy
6.5in Satellite 2[1] NRL Intended: Medium Earth Geodesy 5 February Launch failure
Loss of control 57 seconds after launch
7 February
19:37
SM-65A Atlas Cape Canaveral LC-14 US Air Force
US Air Force Suborbital Missile test 7 February Launch failure
Apogee: 120 kilometres (75 mi)
13 February
06:37
Nike-Cajun Fort Churchill US Air Force
US Air Force Suborbital Auroral 13 February Successful
Apogee: 129 kilometres (80 mi)
16 February
06:17
Nike-Cajun Fort Churchill US Air Force
US Air Force Suborbital Auroral 16 February Successful
Apogee: 121 kilometres (75 mi)
20 February
17:46
SM-65A Atlas Cape Canaveral LC-12 US Air Force
US Air Force Suborbital Missile test 20 February Launch failure
Apogee: 90 kilometres (56 mi)
21 February
07:40
R-5A Pobeda Kapustin Yar AN
AN Suborbital 21 February Successful
Apogee: 470 kilometres (290 mi)
21 February
08:42
R-5A Pobeda Kapustin Yar AN
AN Suborbital 21 February Successful
Apogee: 400 kilometres (250 mi)
21 February
09:40
A-1 Kapustin Yar MVS
MVS Suborbital Ionospheric
Solar
21 February Successful
Apogee: 206 kilometres (128 mi)
21 February
15:20
R-5A Pobeda Kapustin Yar AN
AN Suborbital 21 February Successful
Apogee: 473 kilometres (294 mi)
22 February
02:02
Aerobee-150 (Hi) Fort Churchill US Navy
NRL Suborbital Ionospheric
Auroral
22 February Successful
Apogee: 225 kilometres (140 mi)
22 February
05:35
Nike-Cajun Fort Churchill US Air Force
US Air Force Suborbital Auroral 22 January Successful
Apogee: 129 kilometres (80 mi)
24 February
07:00
Aerobee-150 (Hi) Fort Churchill US Navy
NRL Suborbital Aeronomy 24 February Successful
Apogee: 207 kilometres (129 mi)
24 February
07:35
Nike-Cajun Fort Churchill US Air Force
US Air Force Suborbital Aeronomy 24 February Successful
Apogee: 145 kilometres (90 mi)
26 February
02:35
A-1 Krenkel Polar Station MVS
MVS Suborbital Ionospheric
Aeronomy
26 February Successful
Apogee: 100 kilometres (62 mi)
26 February
05:49
Nike-Cajun Fort Churchill US Air Force
US Air Force Suborbital Auroral 26 February Successful
Apogee: 129 kilometres (80 mi)
26 February
22:18
Nike-Cajun Fort Churchill US Army
BRL Suborbital Technology 26 February Launch failure
Apogee: 37 kilometres (23 mi), tested longer nosecone
28 February
13:08
PGM-17 Thor DM-18 Cape Canaveral LC-17B US Air Force
US Air Force Suborbital Missile test 28 February Launch failure

March

4 March
06:02
Nike-Cajun Fort Churchill US Air Force
US Air Force Suborbital Aeronomy 4 March Successful
Apogee: 100 kilometres (62 mi)
4 March
19:30
Nike-Cajun Fort Churchill US Air Force
US Air Force Suborbital Aeronomy 4 March Successful
Apogee: 181 kilometres (112 mi)
5 March
18:27:57
Juno I Cape Canaveral LC-26A ABMA
Explorer 2 ARPA Intended: Medium Earth Magnetospheric 5 March Launch failure
Fourth stage failed to ignite
16 March
04:54
Aerobee-150 (Hi) Fort Churchill US Navy
NRL Suborbital Auroral 16 March Successful
Apogee: 144 kilometres (89 mi)
17 March
12:15:41
Vanguard Cape Canaveral LC-18A US Navy
Vanguard 1 (6.5in Satellite 3)[1] NRL Medium Earth Geodesy In orbit Successful
Oldest spacecraft still in orbit
18 March Nike Apache White Sands US Air Force
US Air Force Suborbital 18 March Successful
Apogee: 107 kilometres (66 mi)
19 March
01:12
Aerobee Holloman LC-A US Air Force
US Air Force Suborbital Aeronomy 19 March Successful
Apogee: 100 kilometres (62 mi)
21 March Aerobee Holloman LC-A US Air Force
US Air Force Suborbital Ionospheric 21 March Successful
Apogee: 100 kilometres (62 mi)
22 March
06:41
Aerobee-150 (Hi) Fort Churchill US Navy
NRL Suborbital Auroral 22 March Successful
Apogee: 168 kilometres (104 mi)
23 March
18:07
Aerobee-150 (Hi) Fort Churchill US Navy
NRL Suborbital Auroral
Aeronomy
23 March Successful
Apogee: 202 kilometres (126 mi)
23 March UGM-27 Polaris TV San Clemente US Navy
US Navy Suborbital Missile test 23 March Successful
Apogee: 500 kilometres (310 mi)
24 March
18:30
Nike-Cajun Fort Churchill US Air Force
US Air Force Suborbital Aeronomy
Imaging
24 March Successful
Apogee: 119 kilometres (74 mi)
24 March
22:00
Nike-Cajun Fort Churchill US Air Force
US Air Force Suborbital Aeronomy 24 March Successful
Apogee: 137 kilometres (85 mi)
26 March
17:38:03
Juno I Cape Canaveral LC-5 ABMA
Explorer 3 ARPA Initial: Medium Earth
Decayed to: Low Earth
Magnetospheric 27 June Successful
29 March
14:40
R-7 Semyorka Baikonur Site 1/5 MVS
MVS Suborbital Missile test 29 March Successful
Apogee: 1,350 kilometres (840 mi)
31 March R-11FM Zemlya B-67, Beloye More OKB-1
OKB-1 Suborbital Missile test 31 March Successful
Apogee: 200 kilometres (120 mi)

April

4 April
15:30
R-7 Semyorka Baikonur Site 1/5 MVS
MVS Suborbital Missile test 4 April Successful
Apogee: 1,350 kilometres (840 mi)
5 April
17:01
SM-65A Atlas Cape Canaveral LC-14 US Air Force
US Air Force Suborbital Missile test 5 April Launch failure
Apogee: 100 kilometres (62 mi)
7 April Nike-Cajun Wallops Island ARPA
Hi Ball 1 ARPA Suborbital Technology 7 April Successful
Apogee: 244 kilometres (152 mi)
11 April UGM-27 Polaris TV San Clemente US Navy
US Navy Suborbital Missile test 11 April Successful
Apogee: 500 kilometres (310 mi)
17 April
10:57
Skylark-1 Woomera LA-2 RAE
RAE Suborbital Test flight
Aeronomy
17 April Successful
Apogee: 152 kilometres (94 mi)
18 April UGM-27 Polaris TV Cape Canaveral LC-25A US Navy
US Navy Suborbital Missile test 18 April Successful
Apogee: 500 kilometres (310 mi)
19 April
13:30
PGM-17 Thor DM-18 Cape Canaveral LC-17B US Air Force
US Air Force Suborbital Missile test 19 April Launch failure
24 April
00:10
Thor DM-18 Able Cape Canaveral LC-17A US Air Force
US Air Force Suborbital REV test +150 seconds Launch failure
Maiden flight of Thor-Able, turbopump gearbox failed. REV carried Mia, a mouse
24 April Nike-Cajun Wallops Island ARPA
Beacon Test 1 ARPA Suborbital Technology 24 April Successful
Apogee: 122 kilometres (76 mi)
27 April
09:01
Sputnik 8A91 Baikonur Site 1/5 MVS
ISZ-D1 No.1 MVS Intended: Low Earth Magnetospheric +88 seconds Launch failure
Rocket disintegrated during ascent
29 April
02:53:00
Vanguard Cape Canaveral LC-18A US Navy
20in X-ray 1[1] NRL Intended: Medium Earth Solar 29 April Launch failure
Third stage failed to ignite

May

1 May Nike-Cajun Holloman US Air Force
US Air Force Suborbital Meteorite research 1 May Successful
Apogee: 100 kilometres (62 mi)
5 May
14:15
Aerobee White Sands LC-35 US Navy
NRL Suborbital Solar 5 May Successful
Apogee: 214 kilometres (133 mi)
8 May UGM-27 Polaris TV Cape Canaveral LC-25A US Navy
US Navy Suborbital Missile test 8 May Successful
Apogee: 500 kilometres (310 mi)
15 May
07:00
Sputnik 8A91 Baikonur Site 1/5 MVS
Sputnik 3 (ISZ-D1 No.2) MVS Low Earth Magnetospheric 6 April 1960 Partial spacecraft failure
Faulty data recorder limited return of experimental results
18 May
05:05
PGM-19 Jupiter Cape Canaveral LC-26B ABMA
US Air Force Suborbital REV test 05:21 Successful
Apogee: 500 kilometres (310 mi), carried a Gaslight re-entry vehicle which was recovered
20 May
04:26
Skylark-2 Woomera LA-2 RAE
RAE Suborbital Test flight
Aeronomy
20 May Successful
Apogee: 150 kilometres (93 mi)
20 May
09:34:35
Nike-Cajun Holloman US Air Force
US Air Force Suborbital Aeronomy 20 May Successful
Apogee: 101 kilometres (63 mi), released caesium and sodium
21 May
11:31:59
Nike-Cajun Holloman US Air Force
US Air Force Suborbital Aeronomy 21 May Successful
Apogee: 128 kilometres (80 mi), released caesium and sodium
22 May
00:57
Nike-Cajun Wallops Island ARPA
Hi Ball 2 ARPA Suborbital Technology 22 May Successful
Apogee: 240 kilometres (150 mi)
22 May
11:29:59
Nike-Cajun Holloman US Air Force
US Air Force Suborbital Aeronomy 22 May Successful
Apogee: 116 kilometres (72 mi), released sodium
24 May
10:30
R-7 Semyorka Baikonur Site 1/5 MVS
MVS Suborbital Missile test 24 May Launch failure
Apogee: 1,350 kilometres (840 mi)
25 May Nike-Cajun Wallops Island ARPA
Beacon Test 2 ARPA Suborbital Technology 25 May Successful
Apogee: 122 kilometres (76 mi)
25 May R-11FM Zemlya B-67, Beloye More OKB-1
OKB-1 Suborbital Missile test 25 May Successful
Apogee: 200 kilometres (120 mi)
26 May R-11FM Zemlya B-67, Beloye More OKB-1
OKB-1 Suborbital Missile test 26 May Successful
Apogee: 200 kilometres (120 mi)
28 May
03:46:20
Vanguard Cape Canaveral LC-18A US Navy
20in Lyman-Alpha 1[1] NRL Intended: Medium Earth Solar 28 May Launch failure
Loss of control before or during third stage burn
May R-12 Dvina Kapustin Yar MVS
MVS Suborbital Missile test   Successful
Apogee: 402 kilometres (250 mi)

June

3 June
21:28
SM-65A Atlas Cape Canaveral LC-12 US Air Force
US Air Force Suborbital Missile test 3 June Successful
Apogee: 120 kilometres (75 mi), final flight of Atlas A
4 June
15:15
Aerobee-150 (Hi) Holloman LC-A US Air Force
US Air Force Suborbital Solar 4 June Successful
Apogee: 200 kilometres (120 mi)
4 June
21:17
PGM-17 Thor DM-18 Cape Canaveral LC-18B US Air Force
US Air Force Suborbital Missile test 4 June Successful
Apogee: 520 kilometres (320 mi)
5 June
11:30
Skylark-1 Woomera LA-2 RAE
RAE Suborbital Test flight 5 June Successful
Apogee: 153 kilometres (95 mi)
6 June X-17 Cape Canaveral LC-25A US Navy
US Navy Suborbital REV test 6 June Successful
Apogee: 100 kilometres (62 mi)
13 June
15:06
PGM-17 Thor DM-18 Cape Canaveral LC-17B US Air Force
US Air Force Suborbital Missile test 13 June Successful
Apogee: 520 kilometres (320 mi)
18 June
10:35
Skylark-1 Woomera LA-2 RAE
RAE Suborbital Aeronomy 18 June Launch failure
Apogee: 3 kilometres (1.9 mi)
18 June
15:15
Skylark-2 Woomera LA-2 RAE
RAE Suborbital Aeronomy 18 June Successful
Apogee: 144 kilometres (89 mi)
19 June
17:36
SM-65B Atlas Cape Canaveral LC-11 US Air Force
US Air Force Suborbital Missile test 19 June Launch failure
Apogee: 10 kilometres (6.2 mi), maiden flight of Atlas B
19 June
21:15
Skylark-2 Woomera LA-2 RAE
RAE Suborbital Test flight
Aeronomy
19 June Successful
Apogee: 154 kilometres (96 mi)
24 June X-17 Cape Canaveral LC-25A US Navy
US Navy Suborbital REV test 24 June Successful
Apogee: 100 kilometres (62 mi)
26 June
05:00:52
Vanguard Cape Canaveral LC-18A US Navy
20in Lyman-Alpha 2[1] NRL Intended: Medium Earth Solar 26 June Launch failure
Premature cutoff of second stage
26 June Exos Wallops Island NACA/AFCRL
NACA/AFCRL Suborbital Test flight 26 June Successful
Apogee: 370 kilometres (230 mi), maiden flight of Exos
27 June WS-199B Bold Orion I B-47, Cape Canaveral US Air Force
US Air Force Suborbital Missile test 27 June Launch failure
Apogee: 10 kilometres (6.2 mi)
June R-12 Dvina Kapustin Yar MVS
MVS Suborbital Missile test   Successful
Apogee: 402 kilometres (250 mi)
June R-12 Dvina Kapustin Yar MVS
MVS Suborbital Missile test   Successful
Apogee: 402 kilometres (250 mi)
June R-12 Dvina Kapustin Yar MVS
MVS Suborbital Missile test   Successful
Apogee: 402 kilometres (250 mi)

July

2 July
05:00
R-2A Kapustin Yar AN
AN Suborbital 2 July Successful
Apogee: 210 kilometres (130 mi)
2 July X-17 USS Norton Sound, San Clemente US Navy
Winder 1 US Navy Suborbital Missile test 2 July Successful
Apogee: 560 kilometres (350 mi), delivery test ahead of Operation Argus
3 July
18:52
Aerobee Fort Churchill US Air Force
US Air Force Suborbital Ionospheric 3 July Successful
Apogee: 262 kilometres (163 mi)
6 July
12:02
Aerobee Fort Churchill US Air Force
US Air Force Suborbital Ionospheric 6 July Successful
Apogee: 250 kilometres (160 mi)
7 July
18:50
Nike-Cajun Fort Churchill US Air Force
US Air Force Suborbital Aeronomy
Imaging
7 July Successful
Apogee: 121 kilometres (75 mi)
7 July
23:18
Nike-Asp Point Mugu US Navy
US Navy Suborbital 7 July Successful
Apogee: 200 kilometres (120 mi)
8 July
23:15
Nike-Asp Point Mugu US Navy
US Navy Suborbital 8 July Successful
Apogee: 225 kilometres (140 mi)
10 July
02:30
Thor DM-18 Able Cape Canaveral LC-17A US Air Force
US Air Force Suborbital REV test 10 July Successful
Apogee: 1,600 kilometres (990 mi), REV carried Mia II, a mouse
10 July
07:42
R-7 Semyorka Baikonur Site 1/5 MVS
MVS Suborbital Missile test 10 July Launch failure
11 July
18:30
Aerobee Fort Churchill US Air Force
US Air Force Suborbital Ionospheric 11 July Successful
Apogee: 243 kilometres (151 mi)
11 July Jason (Argo-E5) Wallops Island US Air Force
US Air Force Suborbital Test flight 11 July Launch failure
Apogee: 20 kilometres (12 mi), maiden flight of Jason
12 July
20:30
Nike-Cajun Fort Churchill US Air Force
US Air Force Suborbital Aeronomy
Imaging
12 July Successful
Apogee: 114 kilometres (71 mi)
13 July
06:36
PGM-17 Thor DM-18 Cape Canaveral LC-17B US Air Force
US Air Force Suborbital Missile test 13 July Successful
Apogee: 520 kilometres (320 mi)
15 July
20:07
Nike-Cajun Fort Churchill US Air Force
US Air Force Suborbital Aeronomy 15 July Successful
Apogee: 126 kilometres (78 mi)
16 July
22:40
Nike-Cajun Fort Churchill US Air Force
US Air Force Suborbital 16 July Successful
Apogee: 142 kilometres (88 mi)
16 July Arcon Wallops Island US Navy
NRL Suborbital Test flight 16 July Launch failure
Apogee: 1 kilometre (0.62 mi)
17 July
07:21
Nike-Cajun Fort Churchill US Air Force
US Air Force Suborbital Aeronomy 17 July Successful
Apogee: 169 kilometres (105 mi)
17 July
09:04
PGM-19 Jupiter Cape Canaveral LC-26B ABMA
US Air Force Suborbital REV test 17 July Successful
Apogee: 500 kilometres (310 mi), carried a Gaslight re-entry vehicle which was recovered
17 July
17:48
Nike-Asp Point Mugu US Navy
US Navy Suborbital 17 July Successful
Apogee: 225 kilometres (140 mi)
17 July Jason (Argo-E5) Wallops Island US Air Force
US Air Force Suborbital Test flight 17 July Launch failure
Apogee: 20 kilometres (12 mi)
18 July WS-199B Bold Orion I B-47, Cape Canaveral US Air Force
US Air Force Suborbital Missile test 18 July Successful
Apogee: 100 kilometres (62 mi)
21 July Arcon Wallops Island US Army
SRDL Suborbital Test flight 21 July Launch failure
Apogee: 1 kilometre (0.62 mi)
22 July Arcon Wallops Island US Navy
NRL Suborbital Test flight 22 July Launch failure
Apogee: 20 kilometres (12 mi)
23 July
22:13
Thor DM-18 Able Cape Canaveral LC-17A US Air Force
US Air Force Suborbital REV test 23 July Successful
Apogee: 1,600 kilometres (990 mi), REV carried Wickie, a mouse
24 July X-17 USS Norton Sound, San Clemente US Navy
Winder 4 US Navy Suborbital Missile test 24 July Successful
Apogee: 560 kilometres (350 mi), delivery test ahead of Operation Argus
25 July
05:01
Nike-Asp Point Mugu US Navy
US Navy Suborbital 25 July Successful
Apogee: 200 kilometres (120 mi)
25 July NOTS-EV-1 Pilot II F4D, Point Mugu US Navy
Pilot-1 (D1) US Navy Intended: Medium Earth
Achieved: Unknown
Technology 25 July
(presumed)
Launch failure
Maiden flight of Pilot II. Unexpected loss of signal during ascent. Unclear if spacecraft reached orbit, but no confirmed contact was made with it, and no objects from the launch were catalogued.
26 July
06:40
PGM-17 Thor DM-18 Cape Canaveral LC-17B US Air Force
US Air Force Suborbital Missile test 26 July Successful
26 July
15:00:57
Juno I Cape Canaveral LC-5 ABMA
Explorer 4 ARPA Initial: Medium Earth
Decayed to: Low Earth
Magnetospheric 23 October 1959 Successful
29 July
05:03
Nike-Asp Point Mugu US Navy
US Navy Suborbital 29 July Successful
Apogee: 200 kilometres (120 mi)
31 July R-2A Kapustin Yar SP-2 OKB-1
OKB-1 Suborbital Target 31 July Successful
Apogee: 100 kilometres (62 mi)
July X-17 USS Norton Sound, San Clemente US Navy
Winder 2 US Navy Suborbital Missile test   Launch failure
Apogee: 10 kilometres (6.2 mi), delivery test ahead of Operation Argus
July X-17 USS Norton Sound, San Clemente US Navy
Winder 3 US Navy Suborbital Missile test   Launch failure
Delivery test ahead of Operation Argus

August

1 August Jason (Argo-E5) Wallops Island US Air Force
US Air Force Suborbital Test flight 1 August Successful
Apogee: 750 kilometres (470 mi)
1 August ASCAMP Johnston US Navy
NRDL Suborbital 1 August Successful
Apogee: 100 kilometres (62 mi), observed Hardtack Teak nuclear explosion or its effects
1 August ASCAMP Johnston US Navy
NRDL Suborbital 1 August Successful
Apogee: 100 kilometres (62 mi), observed Hardtack Teak nuclear explosion or its effects
1 August ASCAMP Johnston US Navy
NRDL Suborbital 1 August Successful
Apogee: 100 kilometres (62 mi), observed Hardtack Teak nuclear explosion or its effects
1 August ASCAMP Johnston US Navy
NRDL Suborbital 1 August Successful
Apogee: 100 kilometres (62 mi), observed Hardtack Teak nuclear explosion or its effects
1 August ASCAMP Johnston US Navy
NRDL Suborbital 1 August Successful
Apogee: 100 kilometres (62 mi), observed Hardtack Teak nuclear explosion or its effects
1 August ASCAMP Johnston US Navy
NRDL Suborbital 1 August Successful
Apogee: 100 kilometres (62 mi), observed Hardtack Teak nuclear explosion or its effects
1 August ASCAMP Johnston US Navy
NRDL Suborbital 1 August Successful
Apogee: 100 kilometres (62 mi), observed Hardtack Teak nuclear explosion or its effects
1 August ASCAMP Johnston US Navy
NRDL Suborbital 1 August Successful
Apogee: 100 kilometres (62 mi), observed Hardtack Teak nuclear explosion or its effects
1 August ASCAMP Johnston US Navy
NRDL Suborbital 1 August Successful
Apogee: 100 kilometres (62 mi), observed Hardtack Teak nuclear explosion or its effects
1 August ASCAMP Johnston US Navy
NRDL Suborbital 1 August Successful
Apogee: 100 kilometres (62 mi), observed Hardtack Teak nuclear explosion or its effects
1 August ASCAMP Johnston US Navy
NRDL Suborbital 1 August Successful
Apogee: 100 kilometres (62 mi), observed Hardtack Teak nuclear explosion or its effects
1 August ASCAMP Johnston US Navy
NRDL Suborbital 1 August Successful
Apogee: 100 kilometres (62 mi), observed Hardtack Teak nuclear explosion or its effects
1 August ASCAMP Johnston US Navy
NRDL Suborbital 1 August Successful
Apogee: 100 kilometres (62 mi), observed Hardtack Teak nuclear explosion or its effects
2 August
05:47
R-2A Kapustin Yar MVS
MVS Suborbital 2 August Successful
Apogee: 211 kilometres (131 mi)
2 August
22:16
SM-65B Atlas Cape Canaveral LC-13 US Air Force
US Air Force Suborbital Missile test 2 August Successful
Apogee: 900 kilometres (560 mi)
6 August PGM-17 Thor DM-18 Cape Canaveral LC-18B US Air Force
US Air Force Suborbital Missile test 6 August Successful
Apogee: 520 kilometres (320 mi)
7 August R-2A Kapustin Yar SP-2 OKB-1
OKB-1 Suborbital Target 7 August Successful
Apogee: 100 kilometres (62 mi)
12 August ASCAMP Johnston US Navy
NRDL Suborbital 12 August Successful
Apogee: 100 kilometres (62 mi), observed Hardtack Orange nuclear explosion or its effects
12 August ASCAMP Johnston US Navy
NRDL Suborbital 12 August Successful
Apogee: 100 kilometres (62 mi), observed Hardtack Orange nuclear explosion or its effects
12 August ASCAMP Johnston US Navy
NRDL Suborbital 12 August Successful
Apogee: 100 kilometres (62 mi), observed Hardtack Orange nuclear explosion or its effects
12 August ASCAMP Johnston US Navy
NRDL Suborbital 12 August Successful
Apogee: 100 kilometres (62 mi), observed Hardtack Orange nuclear explosion or its effects
12 August ASCAMP Johnston US Navy
NRDL Suborbital 12 August Successful
Apogee: 100 kilometres (62 mi), observed Hardtack Orange nuclear explosion or its effects
12 August ASCAMP Johnston US Navy
NRDL Suborbital 12 August Successful
Apogee: 100 kilometres (62 mi), observed Hardtack Orange nuclear explosion or its effects
12 August ASCAMP Johnston US Navy
NRDL Suborbital 12 August Successful
Apogee: 100 kilometres (62 mi), observed Hardtack Orange nuclear explosion or its effects
12 August ASCAMP Johnston US Navy
NRDL Suborbital 12 August Successful
Apogee: 100 kilometres (62 mi), observed Hardtack Orange nuclear explosion or its effects
12 August ASCAMP Johnston US Navy
NRDL Suborbital 12 August Successful
Apogee: 100 kilometres (62 mi), observed Hardtack Orange nuclear explosion or its effects
12 August ASCAMP Johnston US Navy
NRDL Suborbital 12 August Successful
Apogee: 100 kilometres (62 mi), observed Hardtack Orange nuclear explosion or its effects
12 August ASCAMP Johnston US Navy
NRDL Suborbital 12 August Successful
Apogee: 100 kilometres (62 mi), observed Hardtack Orange nuclear explosion or its effects
12 August ASCAMP Johnston US Navy
NRDL Suborbital 12 August Successful
Apogee: 100 kilometres (62 mi), observed Hardtack Orange nuclear explosion or its effects
12 August ASCAMP Johnston US Navy
NRDL Suborbital 12 August Successful
Apogee: 100 kilometres (62 mi), observed Hardtack Orange nuclear explosion or its effects
12 August ASCAMP Johnston US Navy
NRDL Suborbital 12 August Launch failure
Apogee: 100 kilometres (62 mi), intended to observe Hardtack Orange nuclear explosion or its effects
12 August NOTS-EV-1 Pilot II F4D, Point Mugu US Navy
Pilot-2 (D2) US Navy Intended: Medium Earth Technology +0 seconds Launch failure
Exploded during first stage ignition
13 August
02:00
R-2A Kapustin Yar AN
AN Suborbital 13 August Successful
Apogee: 212 kilometres (132 mi)
13 August Aerobee Holloman LC-A US Air Force
US Air Force Suborbital Ionospheric 13 August Successful
Apogee: 100 kilometres (62 mi)
14 August
00:40
A-1 Krenkel Polar Station MVS
MVS Suborbital Ionospheric
Aeronomy
14 August Successful
Apogee: 100 kilometres (62 mi)
14 August
13:28
Nike-Cajun White Sands US Air Force
US Air Force Suborbital 14 August Successful
Apogee: 132 kilometres (82 mi)
15 August
04:16
Jason (Argo-E5) Cape Canaveral LC-10 US Air Force
US Air Force Suborbital Radiation 15 August Successful
Apogee: 693 kilometres (431 mi), part of Operation Argus
15 August
15:45
Aerobee Holloman LC-A US Air Force
US Air Force Suborbital Ionospheric 15 August Successful
Apogee: 200 kilometres (120 mi)
17 August
12:18
Thor DM-18 Able-I Cape Canaveral LC-17A US Air Force
Pioneer (Pioneer 0) US Air Force Intended: Selenocentric Lunar probe +77 seconds Launch failure
Maiden flight of Thor-Able I, exploded at an altitude of 16 kilometres (9.9 mi)
17 August R-2A Kapustin Yar SP-2 OKB-1
OKB-1 Suborbital Target 17 August Successful
Apogee: 100 kilometres (62 mi)
20 August
11:27
Jason (Argo-E5) Ramey US Air Force
US Air Force Suborbital Radiation 20 August Successful
Apogee: 800 kilometres (500 mi), part of Operation Argus
22 August NOTS-EV-1 Pilot II F4D, Point Mugu US Navy
Pilot-3 (D3) US Navy Intended: Medium Earth
Achieved: Unknown
Technology 22 August
(presumed)
Launch failure
Unexpected loss of signal during ascent. Unclear if spacecraft reached orbit, but no confirmed contact was made with it, and no objects from the launch were catalogued.
24 August
06:17:22
Juno I Cape Canaveral LC-5 ABMA
Explorer 5 ARPA Intended: Medium Earth Magnetospheric 24 August Launch failure
Loss of control after recontact between first and second stages
25 August
18:17
Jason (Argo-E5) Wallops Island US Air Force
US Air Force Suborbital Radiation 25 August Successful
Apogee: 800 kilometres (500 mi), part of Operation Argus
25 August NOTS-EV-1 Pilot II F4D, Point Mugu US Navy
Pilot-4 (R1) US Navy Intended: Medium Earth Radiation +0 seconds Launch failure
Exploded during first stage ignition
26 August NOTS-EV-1 Pilot II F4D, Point Mugu US Navy
Pilot-5 (R2) US Navy Intended: Medium Earth Radiation 26 August Launch failure
Failed to ignite
27 August
02:20
X-17 USS Norton Sound, AO-7 US Navy
Argus I US Navy Suborbital Nuclear test 02:28 Successful
Apogee: 160 kilometres (99 mi)
27 August
03:33
Jason (Argo-E5) Cape Canaveral LC-10 US Air Force
US Air Force Suborbital Radiation 27 August Successful
Apogee: 937 kilometres (582 mi), part of Operation Argus, observed Argus I test or its effects
27 August
04:06
R-2A Kapustin Yar MVS
MVS Suborbital 27 August Successful
Apogee: 209 kilometres (130 mi)
27 August
04:24
Jason (Argo-E5) Ramey US Air Force
US Air Force Suborbital Radiation 27 August Successful
Apogee: 800 kilometres (500 mi), part of Operation Argus, observed Argus I test or its effects
27 August
06:05
R-5A Pobeda Kapustin Yar AN
AN Suborbital 27 August Successful
Apogee: 450 kilometres (280 mi)
27 August
06:42
Jason (Argo-E5) Ramey US Air Force
US Air Force Suborbital Radiation 27 August Successful
Apogee: 817 kilometres (508 mi), part of Operation Argus, observed Argus I test or its effects
27 August
07:29
Jason (Argo-E5) Wallops Island US Air Force
US Air Force Suborbital Radiation 27 August Successful
Apogee: 800 kilometres (500 mi), part of Operation Argus, observed Argus I test or its effects
27 August
12:40
R-5A Pobeda Kapustin Yar AN
AN Suborbital 27 August Successful
Apogee: 450 kilometres (280 mi)
27 August
23:15
PGM-19 Jupiter Cape Canaveral LC-26A ABMA
US Air Force Suborbital REV test 27 August Successful
Apogee: 500 kilometres (310 mi)
27 August R-2A Kapustin Yar SP-2 OKB-1
OKB-1 Suborbital Target 27 August Successful
Apogee: 100 kilometres (62 mi)
28 August NOTS-EV-1 Pilot II F4D, Point Mugu US Navy
Pilot-6 (R3) US Navy Intended: Medium Earth Radiation 28 August Launch failure
One second stage engine failed to ignite, final flight of Pilot
29 August
04:30
SM-65B Atlas Cape Canaveral LC-11 US Air Force
US Air Force Suborbital Missile test 29 August Successful
Apogee: 900 kilometres (560 mi)
30 August
03:10
X-17 USS Norton Sound, AO-8 US Navy
Argus II US Navy Suborbital Nuclear test 03:18 Successful
Apogee: 293 kilometres (182 mi)
30 August
03:48
Jason (Argo-E5) Wallops Island US Air Force
US Air Force Suborbital Radiation 30 August Successful
Apogee: 817 kilometres (508 mi), part of Operation Argus, observed Argus II test or its effects
30 August
04:31
Jason (Argo-E5) Cape Canaveral LC-10 US Air Force
US Air Force Suborbital Radiation 30 August Successful
Apogee: 878 kilometres (546 mi), part of Operation Argus, observed Argus II test or its effects
30 August
05:18
Jason (Argo-E5) Wallops Island US Air Force
US Air Force Suborbital Radiation 30 August Successful
Apogee: 830 kilometres (520 mi), part of Operation Argus, observed Argus II test or its effects
30 August
05:52
Jason (Argo-E5) Ramey US Air Force
US Air Force Suborbital Radiation 30 August Successful
Apogee: 825 kilometres (513 mi), part of Operation Argus, observed Argus II test or its effects
30 August
06:36
Jason (Argo-E5) Cape Canaveral LC-10 US Air Force
US Air Force Suborbital Radiation 30 August Successful
Apogee: 699 kilometres (434 mi), part of Operation Argus, observed Argus II test or its effects
30 August
07:21
Jason (Argo-E5) Wallops Island US Air Force
US Air Force Suborbital Radiation 30 August Successful
Apogee: 815 kilometres (506 mi), part of Operation Argus, observed Argus II test or its effects
30 August
22:02
Jason (Argo-E5) Wallops Island US Air Force
US Air Force Suborbital Radiation 30 August Successful
Apogee: 745 kilometres (463 mi), part of Operation Argus, observed Argus II test or its effects
30 August
23:03
Jason (Argo-E5) Ramey US Air Force
US Air Force Suborbital Radiation 30 August Successful
Apogee: 800 kilometres (500 mi), part of Operation Argus, observed Argus II test or its effects
31 August
00:07
Jason (Argo-E5) Cape Canaveral LC-10 US Air Force
US Air Force Suborbital Radiation 31 August Successful
Apogee: 800 kilometres (500 mi), part of Operation Argus, observed Argus II test or its effects
August R-12 Dvina Kapustin Yar MVS
MVS Suborbital Missile test   Successful
Apogee: 402 kilometres (250 mi)
August R-12 Dvina Kapustin Yar MVS
MVS Suborbital Missile test   Successful
Apogee: 402 kilometres (250 mi)

September

2 September
19:03
Jason (Argo-E5) Ramey US Air Force
US Air Force Suborbital Radiation 2 September Successful
Apogee: 800 kilometres (500 mi), part of Operation Argus
2 September
20:03
Jason (Argo-E5) Wallops Island US Air Force
US Air Force Suborbital Radiation 2 September Successful
Apogee: 7,897 kilometres (4,907 mi), part of Operation Argus
2 September
22:15
Jason (Argo-E5) Cape Canaveral LC-10 US Air Force
US Air Force Suborbital Radiation 2 September Successful
Apogee: 89 kilometres (55 mi), part of Operation Argus
6 September
22:05
X-17 USS Norton Sound, AO-9 US Navy
Argus III US Navy Suborbital Nuclear test 22:13 Successful
Apogee: 750 kilometres (470 mi), final flight of X-17
6 September R-11FM Zemlya B-62, Beloye More OKB-1
OKB-1 Suborbital Missile test 6 September Successful
Apogee: 200 kilometres (120 mi)
7 September
10:33
Black Knight Woomera LA-5A RAE
RAE Suborbital Test flight 7 September Successful
Apogee: 255 kilometres (158 mi), maiden flight of Black Knight
11 September Nike-Cajun Wallops Island ARPA
Beacon Test 3 ARPA Suborbital Technology 11 September Successful
Apogee: 122 kilometres (76 mi)
14 September
05:24
SM-65B Atlas Cape Canaveral LC-14 US Air Force
US Air Force Suborbital Missile test 14 September Successful
Apogee: 900 kilometres (560 mi)
18 September
21:27
SM-65B Atlas Cape Canaveral LC-13 US Air Force
US Air Force Suborbital Missile test 18 September Launch failure
Apogee: 100 kilometres (62 mi)
19 September
00:48
R-5A Pobeda Kapustin Yar AN
AN Suborbital 19 September Successful
Apogee: 430 kilometres (270 mi)
23 September Luna 8K72 Baikonur Site 1/5 MVS
Luna E-1 #1 MVS Planned: Heliocentric Lunar probe +92 seconds Launch failure
Maiden flight of Luna 8K72, rocket disintegrated
24 September
17:15
UGM-27 Polaris AX Cape Canaveral LC-25A US Navy
US Navy Suborbital Missile test 24 September Launch failure
Apogee: 12 kilometres (7.5 mi)
25 September WS-199B Bold Orion I B-47, Cape Canaveral US Air Force
US Air Force Suborbital Missile test 25 September Successful
Apogee: 100 kilometres (62 mi)
25 September Exos Wallops Island NACA/AFCRL
NACA/AFCRL Suborbital Test flight 25 September Successful
Apogee: 460 kilometres (290 mi), maiden flight of Exos
26 September
15:38
Vanguard Cape Canaveral LC-18A US Navy
20in Cloud Cover 1[1] NRL Intended: Medium Earth Atmospheric 26 September Launch failure
Second stage underperformed
28 September
19:42
Nike-Asp USS Point Defiance, PO-13 US Navy
US Navy Suborbital Solar 28 September Successful
Apogee: 225 kilometres (140 mi)
September R-12 Dvina Kapustin Yar MVS
MVS Suborbital Missile test   Successful
Apogee: 402 kilometres (250 mi)
September R-12 Dvina Kapustin Yar MVS
MVS Suborbital Missile test   Successful
Apogee: 402 kilometres (250 mi)

October

4 October
14:00
A-1 Kapustin Yar MVS
MVS Suborbital Ionospheric
Solar
4 October Successful
Apogee: 110 kilometres (68 mi)
4 October
15:08
R-11A Zemlya Kapustin Yar AN
AN Suborbital Aeronomy 4 October Successful
Apogee: 103 kilometres (64 mi)
7 October Nike-Cajun Wallops Island ARPA
Hi Ball 3 ARPA Suborbital Technology 7 October Successful
Apogee: 244 kilometres (152 mi)
10 October
03:49
PGM-19 Jupiter Cape Canaveral LC-26B ABMA
US Air Force Suborbital REV test +49 seconds Launch failure
Fire burned through fuel and oxidiser transducer lines resulting in loss of control, destroyed by range safety
10 October
13:50
A-1 Kapustin Yar MVS
MVS Suborbital Ionospheric
Solar
10 October Successful
Apogee: 110 kilometres (68 mi)
10 October WS-199B Bold Orion I B-47, Cape Canaveral US Air Force
US Air Force Suborbital Missile test 10 October Successful
Apogee: 100 kilometres (62 mi)
10 October R-11A Zemlya Kapustin Yar AN
AN Suborbital Aeronomy 10 October Successful
Apogee: 103 kilometres (64 mi)
11 October
08:42:13
Thor DM-18 Able-I Cape Canaveral LC-17A NASA
Pioneer 1 NASA Intended: Selenocentric Lunar probe 13 October
03:46
Launch failure
Third stage underperformed, failed to reach the Moon, catalogued despite being on a suborbital trajectory. Returned data on radiation between the Earth and Moon.
11 October Luna 8K72 Baikonur Site 1/5 MVS
Luna E-1 #2 MVS Intended: Heliocentric Lunar probe +104 seconds Launch failure
Rocket disintegrated
12 October
08:32:06
Nike-Asp USS Point Defiance, PO-13 US Navy
US Navy Suborbital Solar 12 October Successful
Apogee: 222 kilometres (138 mi)
12 October
08:42:03
Nike-Asp USS Point Defiance, PO-13 US Navy
US Navy Suborbital Solar 12 October Successful
Apogee: 236 kilometres (147 mi)
12 October
08:43:18
Nike-Asp USS Point Defiance, PO-13 US Navy
US Navy Suborbital Solar 12 October Successful
Apogee: 242 kilometres (150 mi)
12 October
08:52:49
Nike-Asp USS Point Defiance, PO-13 US Navy
US Navy Suborbital Solar 12 October Successful
Apogee: 240 kilometres (150 mi)
13 October
19:40
Nike-Asp USS Point Defiance, PO-13 US Navy
US Navy Suborbital 13 October Successful
Apogee: 225 kilometres (140 mi)
14 October
12:00
Nike-Cajun Fort Churchill US Air Force
US Air Force Suborbital Meteorite research 14 October Successful
Apogee: 137 kilometres (85 mi)
15 October
01:04
Aerobee-150 (Hi) Fort Churchill US Air Force
US Air Force Suborbital Test flight 15 October Successful
Apogee: 156 kilometres (97 mi)
15 October
04:00
Nike-Cajun Fort Churchill US Air Force
US Air Force Suborbital Meteorite research 15 October Successful
Apogee: 151 kilometres (94 mi)
15 October UGM-27 Polaris AX Cape Canaveral LC-25A US Navy
US Navy Suborbital Missile test 15 October Launch failure
Apogee: 1 kilometre (0.62 mi)
15 October R-2A Kapustin Yar SP-2 OKB-1
OKB-1 Suborbital Target 15 October Successful
Apogee: 100 kilometres (62 mi)
18 October
03:25
Nike-Cajun Fort Churchill US Air Force
US Air Force Suborbital Meteorite research 18 October Successful
Apogee: 143 kilometres (89 mi)
20 October
22:01
Nike-Cajun Fort Churchill US Air Force
US Air Force Suborbital Ionospheric 20 October Successful
Apogee: 130 kilometres (81 mi)
22 October
03:45
Nike-Cajun Fort Churchill US Air Force
US Air Force Suborbital Meteorite research 22 October Successful
Apogee: 158 kilometres (98 mi)
22 October
14:22
Nike-Asp White Sands US Air Force
US Air Force Suborbital 22 October Successful
Apogee: 200 kilometres (120 mi)
22 October
16:47
Aerobee-300 Fort Churchill US Air Force
US Air Force Suborbital Meteorite research 22 October Successful
Apogee: 177 kilometres (110 mi)
23 October
03:21:04
Juno I Cape Canaveral LC-5 ABMA
Beacon 1 US Army Intended: Low Earth Atmospheric +149 seconds Launch failure
Structural failure, final flight of Juno I
25 October
19:27
Aerobee-300 Fort Churchill US Air Force
US Air Force Suborbital Meteorite research 25 October Successful
Apogee: 418 kilometres (260 mi)
31 October
11:54
R-5A Pobeda Kapustin Yar AN
AN Suborbital 31 October Successful
Apogee: 410 kilometres (250 mi)
31 October
19:59
Aerobee-150 (Hi) Fort Churchill US Navy
NRL Suborbital Aeronomy 31 October Successful
Apogee: 188 kilometres (117 mi)
31 October
20:46
Nike-Cajun Fort Churchill US Air Force
US Air Force Suborbital Weather
Imaging
31 October Successful
Apogee: 119 kilometres (74 mi)
31 October R-11A Zemlya Ostrov Kheysa AN
AN Suborbital Aeronomy 31 October Successful
Apogee: 103 kilometres (64 mi)
October R-12 Dvina Kapustin Yar MVS
MVS Suborbital Missile test   Successful
Apogee: 402 kilometres (250 mi)
October R-12 Dvina Kapustin Yar MVS
MVS Suborbital Missile test   Successful
Apogee: 402 kilometres (250 mi)

November

1 November R-5M Pobeda Kapustin Yar RVSN
RVSN Suborbital Nuclear test 1 November Successful
Apogee: 500 kilometres (310 mi)
3 November
06:20
Aerobee-150 (Hi) Fort Churchill US Navy
NRL Suborbital Aeronomy
Ionospheric
3 November Successful
Apogee: 211 kilometres (131 mi)
3 November R-5M Pobeda Kapustin Yar RVSN
RVSN Suborbital Nuclear test 3 November Successful
Apogee: 500 kilometres (310 mi)
3 November R-5A Pobeda Chelkar RVSN
RVSN Suborbital Target 3 November Successful
Apogee: 500 kilometres (310 mi)
4 November
16:50
Nike-Cajun Fort Churchill US Air Force
US Air Force Suborbital Weather
Imaging
4 November Successful
Apogee: 122 kilometres (76 mi)
4 November R-5A Pobeda Chelkar RVSN
RVSN Suborbital Target 4 November Successful
Apogee: 500 kilometres (310 mi)
5 November
08:53
PGM-17 Thor DM-18A Cape Canaveral LC-17B US Air Force
US Air Force Suborbital Missile test 5 November Successful
Apogee: 520 kilometres (320 mi)
5 November R-5A Pobeda Chelkar RVSN
RVSN Suborbital Target 5 November Successful
Apogee: 500 kilometres (310 mi)
6 November R-11A Zemlya Ostrov Kheysa AN
AN Suborbital Aeronomy 6 November Successful
Apogee: 103 kilometres (64 mi)
8 November
01:53
Nike-Cajun Fort Churchill CARDE
CARDE Suborbital Aeronomy 8 October Successful
Apogee: 139 kilometres (86 mi), first Canadian spaceflight
8 November
07:30:21
Thor DM-18 Able-I Cape Canaveral LC-17A NASA
Pioneer 2 NASA Intended: Selenocentric Lunar probe 8 November Launch failure
Third stage failed to ignite
13 November
08:59
Nike-Cajun Fort Churchill CARDE
CARDE Suborbital Aeronomy 13 November Successful
Apogee: 142 kilometres (88 mi)
13 November
17:34
Nike-Cajun Fort Churchill US Air Force
US Air Force Suborbital Weather
Imaging
13 November Successful
Apogee: 119 kilometres (74 mi)
16 November
06:56
Aerobee-150 (Hi) Fort Churchill US Navy
NRL Suborbital Auroral 16 November Successful
Apogee: 163 kilometres (101 mi)
17 November WS-199B Bold Orion I B-47, Cape Canaveral US Air Force
US Air Force Suborbital Missile test 17 November Successful
Apogee: 100 kilometres (62 mi)
18 November
04:00
SM-65B Atlas Cape Canaveral LC-11 US Air Force
US Air Force Suborbital Missile test 18 November Successful
Apogee: 800 kilometres (500 mi)
18 November
16:47
Nike-Cajun Fort Churchill US Air Force
US Air Force Suborbital Weather
Imaging
18 November Successful
Apogee: 116 kilometres (72 mi)
19 November
21:51
Nike-Cajun Fort Churchill US Air Force
US Air Force Suborbital 19 November Successful
Apogee: 140 kilometres (87 mi)
19 November R-11A Zemlya Ostrov Kheysa AN
AN Suborbital Aeronomy 19 November Successful
Apogee: 103 kilometres (64 mi)
21 November
06:08
R-5A Pobeda Kapustin Yar AN
AN Suborbital 27 August Successful
Apogee: 460 kilometres (290 mi)
23 November
22:02
Nike-Cajun Fort Churchill US Air Force
US Air Force Suborbital Aeronomy 23 November Successful
Apogee: 131 kilometres (81 mi)
24 November
06:25:00
Aerobee-150 (Hi) Fort Churchill US Navy
NRL Suborbital Auroral 24 November Successful
Apogee: 207 kilometres (129 mi)
24 November
08:00
Nike-Cajun Fort Churchill US Air Force
US Air Force Suborbital Aeronomy 24 November Launch failure
Apogee: 13 kilometres (8.1 mi)
26 November
09:09
PGM-17 Thor DM-18A Cape Canaveral LC-17B US Air Force
US Air Force Suborbital Missile test 26 November Successful
Apogee: 520 kilometres (320 mi)
29 November
02:27
SM-65B Atlas Cape Canaveral LC-14 US Air Force
US Air Force Suborbital Missile test 29 November Successful
Apogee: 900 kilometres (560 mi)
29 November
16:30
Aerobee-150 (Hi) Fort Churchill US Navy
NRL Suborbital Aeronomy
Ionospheric
29 November Successful
Apogee: 202 kilometres (126 mi)
30 November
18:36:36
Aerobee-300 Fort Churchill US Air Force
US Air Force Suborbital Ionospheric 30 November Successful
Apogee: 304 kilometres (189 mi)
30 November
22:27
Nike-Cajun Fort Churchill US Air Force
US Air Force Suborbital 30 November Successful
Apogee: 152 kilometres (94 mi)
November R-12 Dvina Kapustin Yar MVS
MVS Suborbital Missile test   Successful
Apogee: 402 kilometres (250 mi)

December

1 December
19:35
Aerobee-300 Fort Churchill US Navy
NRL Suborbital Ionospheric 1 December Launch failure
Apogee: 97 kilometres (60 mi)
3 December
10:13
Skylark-1 Woomera LA-2 RAE
RAE Suborbital Aeronomy 3 December Successful
Apogee: 126 kilometres (78 mi)
3 December
18:39
Aerobee-300 Fort Churchill US Navy
NRL Suborbital Ionospheric 3 December Successful
Apogee: 225 kilometres (140 mi)
4 December Luna 8K72 Baikonur Site 1/5 MVS
Luna E-1 #3 MVS Intended: Heliocentric Lunar probe +245 seconds Launch failure
Hydrogen peroxide pump failed due to loss of lubrication, shutting down core stage engine
6 December
00:41
PGM-17 Thor DM-18A Cape Canaveral LC-18B US Air Force
US Air Force Suborbital Missile test 6 December Successful
Apogee: 520 kilometres (320 mi)
6 December
05:44:52
Juno II Cape Canaveral LC-5 ABMA
Pioneer 3 NASA Intended: Heliocentric Lunar flyby 7 December
19:51
Launch failure
Maiden flight of Juno II, premature first stage cutoff and erroneous angle during orbital insertion resulted in failure to reach orbit. Catalogued despite being on a suborbital trajectory. Returned data on radiation between the Earth and Moon.
8 December WS-199B Bold Orion II B-47, Cape Canaveral US Air Force
US Air Force Suborbital Missile test 8 December Successful
Apogee: 200 kilometres (120 mi)
9 December Nike-Cajun Wallops Island NACA
NACA Suborbital Aeronomy
Weather
Imaging
9 December Successful
Apogee: 100 kilometres (62 mi)
9 December Nike-Cajun Wallops Island NACA
NACA Suborbital Aeronomy
Weather
Imaging
9 December Successful
Apogee: 100 kilometres (62 mi)
11 December R-5A Pobeda Chelkar RVSN
RVSN Suborbital Target 11 December Successful
Apogee: 500 kilometres (310 mi)
12 December R-12 Dvina Kapustin Yar MVS
MVS Suborbital Missile test 12 December Successful
Apogee: 402 kilometres (250 mi)
13 December
08:53:44
PGM-19 Jupiter Cape Canaveral LC-26B ABMA
Bioflight 1 US Air Force Suborbital Biological 13 December Successful
Apogee: 500 kilometres (310 mi), carried a monkey, Gordo. Mission completed but recovery failed
14 December R-5A Pobeda Chelkar RVSN
RVSN Suborbital Target 14 December Successful
Apogee: 500 kilometres (310 mi)
16 December
23:44:45
PGM-17 Thor DM-18A Vandenberg LC-75-1-1 US Air Force
US Air Force Suborbital Missile test 6 December Successful
Apogee: 520 kilometres (320 mi)
16 December WS-199B Bold Orion II B-47, Cape Canaveral US Air Force
US Air Force Suborbital Missile test 16 December Successful
Apogee: 200 kilometres (120 mi)
17 December
04:00
PGM-17 Thor DM-18A Cape Canaveral LC-17B US Air Force
US Air Force Suborbital Missile test 17 December Successful
Apogee: 520 kilometres (320 mi)
18 December
23:02
Atlas B Cape Canaveral LC-11 US Air Force
SCORE ARPA Low Earth Communication 12 January 1959 Successful
First communications satellite, only orbital launch of Atlas B
23 December
13:00
A-1 Kapustin Yar MVS
MVS Suborbital Ionospheric
Aeronomy
23 December Successful
Apogee: 110 kilometres (68 mi)
23 December R-11A Zemlya Ostrov Kheysa AN
AN Suborbital Aeronomy 23 December Successful
Apogee: 100 kilometres (62 mi)
24 December
04:45
SM-65C Atlas Cape Canaveral LC-12 US Air Force
US Air Force Suborbital Missile test 24 December Successful
Apogee: 900 kilometres (560 mi), maiden flight of Atlas C
24 December
16:00
R-7 Semyorka Baikonur Site 1/5 MVS
MVS Suborbital Missile test 24 December Launch failure
Apogee: 70 kilometres (43 mi)
24 December R-12 Dvina Kapustin Yar MVS
MVS Suborbital Missile test 24 December Successful
Apogee: 402 kilometres (250 mi)
25 December
13:10
A-1 Kapustin Yar MVS
MVS Suborbital Ionospheric
Aeronomy
25 December Successful
Apogee: 110 kilometres (68 mi)
25 December R-11A Zemlya Ostrov Kheysa AN
AN Suborbital Aeronomy 25 December Successful
Apogee: 102 kilometres (63 mi)
25 December R-12 Dvina Kapustin Yar MVS
MVS Suborbital Missile test 25 December Successful
Apogee: 402 kilometres (250 mi)
30 December
15:28
UGM-27 Polaris AX Cape Canaveral LC-25A US Navy
US Navy Suborbital Missile test 24 September Launch failure
Apogee: 200 kilometres (120 mi)
30 December R-12 Dvina Kapustin Yar MVS
MVS Suborbital Missile test 30 December Successful
Apogee: 402 kilometres (250 mi)
31 December
02:00
PGM-17 Thor DM-18A Cape Canaveral LC-18B US Air Force
US Air Force Suborbital Missile test 31 December Launch failure
December R-12 Dvina Kapustin Yar MVS
MVS Suborbital Missile test   Successful
Apogee: 402 kilometres (250 mi)
December R-12 Dvina Kapustin Yar MVS
MVS Suborbital Missile test   Successful
Apogee: 402 kilometres (250 mi)
Unknown Long Tom Woomera LA-2 WRE
WRE Suborbital Test flight   Successful
Apogee: 100 kilometres (62 mi)
Unknown Long Tom Woomera LA-2 WRE
WRE Suborbital Test flight   Successful
Apogee: 100 kilometres (62 mi)
Unknown Long Tom Woomera LA-2 WRE
WRE Suborbital Test flight   Successful
Apogee: 100 kilometres (62 mi)
Unknown Long Tom Woomera LA-2 WRE
WRE Suborbital Test flight   Successful
Apogee: 100 kilometres (62 mi)
Unknown Long Tom Woomera LA-2 WRE
WRE Suborbital Test flight   Successful
Apogee: 100 kilometres (62 mi)

Orbital launch summary

By country

  Soviet Union
  United States
Orbital launch attempts by country in 1958
Country Launches Successes Failures Partial failures Remarks
}]] Soviet Union 5 1 4 0
}]] United States 23 5 18 0 First successful orbital launch

By rocket

By family

Family Country Launches Successes Failures Partial failures Remarks
Atlas }]] United States 1 1 0 0 First orbital launch
Redstone }]] United States 6 3 3 0 First orbital launch
Jupiter }]] United States 1 0 1 0 Maiden flight
NOTS-EV }]] United States 6 0 6 0 Only orbital launches
R07R-7 }]] Soviet Union 5 1 4 0
Thor }]] United States 3 0 3 0 Maiden flight
Viking }]] United States 6 1 5 0

By type and configuration

Rocket Country Type Family Launches Successes Failures Partial failures Remarks
Atlas B }]] United States SM-65 Atlas Atlas 1 1 0 0 Maiden flight, only orbital launch
Juno I }]] United States Jupiter-C Redstone 6 3 3 0 Maiden flight
Juno II }]] United States Juno Jupiter 1 0 1 0 Maiden flight
Luna }]] Soviet Union Vostok R-7 3 0 3 0 Maiden flight
Pilot II }]] United States Pilot NOTS-EV 6 0 6 0 Only flights
Sputnik 8A91 }]] Soviet Union Sputnik R-7 2 1 1 0 Only flights
Thor DM-18 Able-I }]] United States Thor-Able Thor 3 0 3 0 Maiden flight
Vanguard }]] United States Vanguard Viking 6 1 5 0

By launch site

Site Country Launches Successes Failures Partial failures Remarks
Baikonur }]] Soviet Union 5 1 4 0
Cape Canaveral }]] United States 17 5 12 0
Point Mugu }]] United States 6 0 6 0

By orbit

Orbital regime Launches Successes Failures Accidentally
Achieved
Remarks
Catalogued Suborbital 0 N/A 0 N/A 0 N/A 2
Low Earth 4 2 2 0
Medium Earth 17 4 13 0
Heliocentric 7 0 7 0

References

Generic references:

Footnotes

  1. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l
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