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Christmas Island Airport

 

Christmas Island Airport

Christmas Island Airport
ICAO: YPXM
Summary
Airport type Public
Operator Toll Remote Logistics
Location Christmas Island
Elevation AMSL 916 ft / 279 m
Coordinates
Map
XCH is located in Indian Ocean
XCH
XCH
Location on a map of the Indian Ocean
Runways
Direction Length Surface
m ft
18/36 2,103 6,900 Asphalt
Statistics (2010/11[1])
Passengers 27,286
Aircraft movements 428
Sources: Australian AIP and aerodrome chart[2]
Passenger and aircraft movements from the BITRE[3]

Christmas Island Airport (ICAO: YPXM) is an airport located on Christmas Island,[2] a territory of Australia in the Indian Ocean. The island is located 2,600 km (1,600 mi) northwest of the Western Australian city of Perth, 500 km (310 mi) south of the Indonesian capital, Jakarta, and 975 km (606 mi) east-northeast of the Cocos (Keeling) Islands.

Although located on Australian territory, the airport is classified as a Category 4 international airport for all arrivals, including those from Australia. It is owned by the Department of Infrastructure and Transport, but is operated under contract by Toll Remote Logistics.

Contents

  • History 1
    • Tampa crisis 1.1
    • Satellite launch facility 1.2
  • Facilities 2
  • Airlines and destinations 3
  • Planned Airlines 4
  • Statistics 5
  • See also 6
  • References 7
  • External links 8

History

Map of Christmas Island showing location of airfield

From the late 1940s, when the island was still a British colony administered by Singapore and the Straits Settlements Administration, it was serviced occasionally by Royal Air Force (RAF) Short Sunderland flying boats before the construction of the airport.

Tampa crisis

A brief revival of the "old days" happened in 2001 during the Tampa crisis when the heightened Royal Australian Air Force (RAAF) traffic was complemented by a large number of Department of Immigration and Citizenship (DIAC) and media charters. During this incident, traffic at the airport is said to have been "near-continuous".

Satellite launch facility

After the closure of the casino, the resort was taken over by the Asia Pacific Space Centre, which developed plans for a satellite launch facility on Christmas Island. The company, with solid financial participation from the Australian Government, had planned to start satellite launches in 2004. Technical staff was to include 350-400 Russian rocket scientists and engineers, and componentry was to be flown in on Antonov An-124 and Boeing 747 freighters. To achieve this, the airport would need major extensions, and the Government allocated around A$55m to the task. This included a 600 m (1,969 ft) runway extension, plus additional taxiways, apron space, and other infrastructure, and resulted in a major review of the airport master plan, which is still current today.

Facilities

The airport resides at an elevation of 916 ft (279 m) above sea level. It has one runway designated 18/36 with an asphalt surface measuring 2,103 m × 45 m (6,900 ft × 148 ft).[2]

The airport's location at the top of a hill, with a 2% mid-runway gradient, makes it a challenging landing for pilots.

Airlines and destinations

Airlines Destinations
Virgin Australia Cocos (Keeling) Islands, Perth

Planned Airlines

Traffic to and from the airport varies greatly. The occasional charters from overseas airlines, such as Malaysia Airlines and SilkAir occur from time to time. Tourist attractions such as the migration of the Christmas Island red crab and the island's Christmas Island Resort have caused spikes in traffic levels. The construction of an immigration detention centre on the island resulted in a temporary increase in RAAF and DIMIA arrivals.. Planned Airlines including Lion Air, Garuda Indonesia, Silkair, AirAsia and Malindo Air. Jakarta Airport, Singapore Changi Airport and KLIA Are planned also.

Statistics

Christmas Island Airport is a quiet airport and served 27,286 revenue passengers during financial year 2010-2011.[1][3]
Annual passenger and aircraft statistics for Christmas Airport[3]
Year[1] Revenue passengers Aircraft movements
2001-02
6,515
229
2002-03
8,778
303
2003-04
7,504
249
2004-05
8,125
255
2005-06
8,093
256
2006-07
8,072
262
2007-08
8,594
412
2008-09
6,665
246
2009-10
14,287
395
2010-11
27,286
428

See also

References

  1. ^ a b c Fiscal year 1 July - 30 June
  2. ^ a b c YPXM – Christmas Island (PDF). AIP En Route Supplement from Airservices Australia, effective 29 May 2014, Aeronautical Chart
  3. ^ a b c "Airport Traffic Data 1985-86 to 2010-11".   Refers to "Regular Public Transport (RPT) operations only"

External links

  • "Christmas Island Airport official website". 
  • Christmas Island Airport case study
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