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Jingdian Shiwen

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Title: Jingdian Shiwen  
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Jingdian Shiwen

Jingdian Shiwen scrolls in the Chinese Dictionary Museum, Jincheng, Shanxi

Jingdian Shiwen (simplified Chinese: 经典释文; traditional Chinese: 經典釋文; pinyin: Jīngdiăn shìwén; Wade–Giles: Ching-tien shih-wen; literally: "Textual explanations of classics and canons"), often abbreviated as Shiwen in Chinese philological literature, was a circa 582–589 CE exegetical dictionary or glossary, edited by the Tang dynasty classical scholar Lu Deming. This Chinese dictionary contains invaluable fanqie annotations for pronunciations of characters in the Chinese classic texts, the Taoist ones (Lao Zi and Zhuang Zi) as well as the Confucian ones. It also cites some ancient books that are no longer extant, and are only known through Jingdian Shiwen.

Bernhard Karlgren considered Jingdian Shiwen and the 601 Qieyun rime dictionary as the two primary sources for reconstructing Middle Chinese. Many studies in Chinese historical linguistics (for instance, see References) utilize the important Jingdian Shiwen data.

References

  • Kishima Fumio, " 舜典Shundian copies of the Shiwen 經典釋文 – As seen in the Patterns of Usage of the Jingdian ShiwenChanges of the ", The Toho Gakuho: Journal of Oriental Studies 73, 2001. (in Japanese)
  • Lee Tat-leung 杜其容, " 毛詩釋文異乎常讀之音切研究Ching Tien Shih Wen, A Part of Lu Teh Ming's Mao Shih Yin IA Study of Pronunciations Different from the Usual in ", United College Journal (聯合書院學報) 4:1–56, 1965. (in Chinese)
  • Wang Kuan-to, " (A Summary)Jingdian ShiwenA Critical Analysis of the Pronunciation and the Meaning of the Word 樂 in the ", The Journal of the Institute of Chinese Studies of The Chinese University of Hong Kong 8.

External links

  • Jingdian Shiwen, Internet archive
  • Various editions of the Jingdian Shiwen – Chinese Text Project
  • 経典釈文 (断簡), circa 749-756 Japanese Jingdian shiwen fragment, Kōfukuji Temple (興福寺)
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