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Dikarya

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Title: Dikarya  
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Subject: Ascomycota, Basidiomycota, Fungus, Ustilaginomycotina, Saccharomycetes
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Dikarya

Dikarya
Amanita pantherina, from the Basidiomycota
Scientific classification
Domain: Eukaryota
Kingdom: Fungi
Subkingdom: Dikarya
Hibbett, T.Y.James & Vilgalys (2007)[1]
Phyla

Ascomycota
Basidiomycota

Synonyms[1]

Carpomycetaceae Bessey (1907)
Neomycota Caval.-Sm. (1998)

Dikarya is a subkingdom of Fungi that includes the phyla Ascomycota and Basidiomycota, both of which in general produce dikaryons, may be filamentous or unicellular, but are always without flagella. The Dikarya are most of the so-called "higher fungi", but also include many anamorphic species that would have been classified as moulds in historical literature.[1] Phylogenetically the two phyla regularly group together.[2][3] In a 1998 publication, Thomas Cavalier-Smith referred to this group as the Neomycota.[4]

Contents

  • Phylogeny 1
  • See also 2
  • References 3
  • External links 4

Phylogeny

Unikonta  

Amoebozoa

  Opisthokonta  
Holozoa
   Animalia


Choanozoa


  Holomycota

Nucleariids

  Fungi

Microsporidia



Chytridiomycota


Neocallimastigomycota



Blastocladiomycota


Zoopagomycotina


Kickxellomycotina


Entomophthoromycotina


Mucoromycotina


Glomeromycota

  Dikarya  

Ascomycota


Basidiomycota






Phylogeny of the Dikarya and upper-level taxa in Kingdom Fungi.[1]

The 2007 classification of Kingdom Fungi is the result of a large-scale collaborative research effort involving dozens of mycologists and other scientists working on fungal evolutionary distances.

See also

References

  1. ^ a b c d e Hibbett, D.S. et al. (March 2007). "A higher level phylogenetic classification of the Fungi". Mycological Research 111 (5): 509–47.  
  2. ^ Lutzoni, F. et al. (2004). "Assembling the fungal tree of life: progress, classification, and evolution of subcellular traits". American Journal of Botany 91 (10): 1446–80.  
  3. ^ James, T.Y. et al. (2006). "Reconstructing the early evolution of Fungi using a six-gene phylogeny" (PDF). Nature 443 (7113): 818–22.  
  4. ^ Cavalier-Smith, T. (1998). "A revised six-kingdom system of life". Biological Reviews 73 (3): 203–66.  

External links

  • AFTOL classification at Dave Hibbett's site
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