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Republic of China legislative election, 1969

The first supplementary elections took place for the National Assembly and the Legislative Yuan in the Republic of China on 20 December 1969.[1] Voter turnout was 54.7% and 55.0% respectively.


  • Background 1
  • Results 2
    • Legislative Yuan 2.1
    • National Assembly 2.2
  • References 3
  • Further reading 4


Between 1949 and 1969 both bodies were composed almost exclusively of delegates elected in 1947 and 1948, when the Government was on the Mainland. After moving to Taiwan the elected position of the representatives of provinces on the mainland in both the National Assembly and the Legislative Yuan was retained under the Temporary Provisions Effective During the Period of Communist Rebellion. However the number of delegates began to decline because of old age and attrition. In March 1966 the National Assembly approved regulations to make possible the replacement of retired members by elected members rather than leave the seats vacant or appoint members who had run in the 1948 election unsuccessfully. On 1 July 1969 the President announced a direct election was to be held for 15 new members to the National Assembly and 11 to the Legislative Yuan, all representing Taiwan Province and the special municipality of Taipei.


All 15 newly elected members of the National Assembly belonged to the Kuomintang. Of the 11 newly elected members of the Legislative Yuan eight belonged to the Kuomintang and three were independent. All elected were born Taiwanese.

The newly elected delegates comprised only about one percent and three percent of the National Assembly and the Legislative Yuan respectively. Still, on the assumption the island was part of China, the election gave Taiwan a greater representation in these legislative organs than was constitutionally justified by its population.

Legislative Yuan

Party Votes % Seats
Kuomintang 8
Independents 3
Invalid/blank votes 161,575 - -
Total 3,682,357 100 11
Source: Nohlen et al.

National Assembly

Party Votes % Seats
Kuomintang 15
Invalid/blank votes 92,757 - -
Total 1,819,402 100 15
Source: Nohlen et al.


  1. ^ Nohlen, D, Grotz, F & Hartmann, C (2001) Elections in Asia: A data handbook, Volume II, p535 ISBN 0-19-924959-8

Further reading

Copper, John F. and George P. Chen (1984), Taiwan’s Elections. Political Development and Democratization in the Republic of China, Occasional Papers/Reprints Series in Contemporary Asian Studies, no. 5-1984 (64), ISBN 0-942182-66-9

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