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Leningradsky, Chukotka Autonomous Okrug

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Leningradsky, Chukotka Autonomous Okrug

Leningradsky (English)
Ленинградский (Russian)
-  Urban-type settlement[1]  -

Abandoned apartment block and piano in Leningradsky

Location of Chukotka Autonomous Okrug in Russia
Location of Leningradsky in Chukotka Autonomous Okrug
Administrative status (as of June 2011)
Country Russia
Federal subject Chukotka Autonomous Okrug[1]
Administrative district Iultinsky District
Municipal status (as of October 2009)
Municipal district Iultinsky District
Population (2002 Census) 764 inhabitants[1]
Time zone PETT (UTC+12:00)[2]
Abolished 1998[3]
Postal code(s)[4] 689365

Leningradsky (Russian: Ленингра́дский) is an urban locality (an urban-type settlement) in Iultinsky District of Chukotka Autonomous Okrug, Russia, about 80 kilometers (50 mi) west of Mys Shmidta. Population: 764 (2002 Census);[1] 3,606 (1989 Census).[5]


The settlement was founded in order to provide accommodation for the workers and administrators of the nearby gold mines. When it was decided that the mines were no longer economically viable, the settlement was slated to be officially liquidated in 1998,[6] a few years after it was decided to liquidate the neighbouring settlement of Polyarny,[7] another settlement established purely to exploit the mineral wealth of the area.

Once the mines were declared unprofitable and that there was no possibility of developing any other form of economy in 1999 and the settlement was closed along with a number of others in Chukotka.[3] The Russian government guaranteed funds to transport non-working pensioners and the unemployed in liquidated settlements including Leningradsky from Chukotka to other parts of Russia.[3] The Ministry of railways was obliged to lease containers for the transportation of the migrants' goods to the Chukotkan administration and ensure that they were delivered to the various settlements.[3] The population table below shows the impact on the settlement as a result of the closure of the mines.

Demographic Evolution
1979 1989 2002
2665[8] 3606[9] 764[10]

The population was moved to other regions within the country however, due to a lack of suitable housing in many of these regions there was still a small population living in the settlement in 2000, hoping to become eligible for housing subsidy.[6]

In 2005, there was a rebellion by a group of soldiers in the region. Drunk and bored with their duties in the far north, they took weapons and vodka and went to Leningradsky, seized the local store there and began to have a party, drinking and firing shots into the air. The police and FSB were notified and a seven hour battle took place with fatalities on both sides before the rebellion was quashed.[11]


The population's occupations are primarily fishing in the nearby Chukchi Sea and gold mining, with the regions three main prospecting teams in the region: Polyarnaya,[6] Arktika and Shakhtar being based in Leningradsky.[12] Mys Shmidta Airport is located to the east of the town on the outskirts of Mys Shmidta and along with the port is the prime means of supply for the settlement. Leningradsky is currently in the process of being liquidated.[13] The prospecting team Shakhtar has been employing about 50 men for the last two decades,[14] mostly from Ukraine[14] who spend six months a year working in Chukotka and then six back at home on the "mainland".[14] the gold is mined alluvially, with a ton of rock having to be washed to produce a gram of gold.[14]


Leningradsky is not connected by road to anywhere in the outside world however, a small system of roads exists within the settlement including:[15]

  • улица Ладного (Ulitsa Ladnogo)
  • улица Молодежная (Ulitsa Molodezhnaya, lit. Youth Street)
  • улица Октябрьская (Ulitsa Oktyabrskaya, lit October Street)
  • улица Первооткрывателей (Ulitsa Pervoyotkrivateley, lit. Explorers Street)
  • улица Прибрежная (Ulitsa Pribrezhnaya, lit. Coastal Street)
  • улица Транспортная (Ulitsa Transportnaya, lit. Transport Street)
  • улица Шахтерская (Ulitsa Shakhtyorskaya, lit. Miners Street)


Leningradsky has a Tundra climate (ET)[16] because the warmest month has an average temperature between 0 °C (32 °F) and 10 °C (50 °F).

Climate data for Leningradsky, Chukotka Autonomous Okrug
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) −7.8
Average high °C (°F) −15.4
Average low °C (°F) −17.6
Record low °C (°F) −39
Avg. snowy days 14 11 7 10 13 5 1 3 11 13 16 17 121
Source: [17]

See also



  1. ^ a b c d  
  2. ^ Правительство Российской Федерации. Федеральный закон №107-ФЗ от 3 июня 2011 г. «Об исчислении времени», в ред. Федерального закона №248-ФЗ от 21 июля 2014 г. «О внесении изменений в Федеральный закон "Об исчислении времени"». Вступил в силу по истечении шестидесяти дней после дня официального опубликования (6 августа 2011 г.). Опубликован: "Российская газета", №120, 6 июня 2011 г. (Government of the Russian Federation. Federal Law #107-FZ of June 31, 2011 On Calculating Time, as amended by the Federal Law #248-FZ of July 21, 2014 On Amending Federal Law "On Calculating Time". Effective as of after sixty days following the day of the official publication.).
  3. ^ a b c d О мерах социальной защиты населения ликвидируемых поселков золотодобытчиков в Чукотском автономном округeПостановление Правительства РФ от 2 февраля 1998 г. N 128 (Russian Federation Government resolution dated February 2, 1998 No. 128 on measures of social protection of the population of liquidating estates gold miners in the Chukotka Autonomous Okrug "Russian Federation Government resolution dated February 2, 1998 No. 128 on measures of social protection of the population of liquidating estates gold miners in the Chukotka Autonomous Okrug).
  4. ^ Почта России. Информационно-вычислительный центр ОАСУ РПО. (Russian Post). Поиск объектов почтовой связи (Postal Objects Search) (Russian)
  5. ^ Demoscope Weekly (1989). "Всесоюзная перепись населения 1989 г. Численность наличного населения союзных и автономных республик, автономных областей и округов, краёв, областей, районов, городских поселений и сёл-райцентров" [All Union Population Census of 1989: Present Population of Union and Autonomous Republics, Autonomous Oblasts and Okrugs, Krais, Oblasts, Districts, Urban Settlements, and Villages Serving as District Administrative Centers]. Всесоюзная перепись населения 1989 года[All-Union Population Census of 1989] (in Russian). Институт демографии Национального исследовательского университета: Высшая школа экономики [Institute of Demography at the National Research University: Higher School of Economics]. Retrieved August 9, 2014. 
  6. ^ a b c Leningradsky - (Russian)
  7. ^ Постановление Правительства РФ от 24 мая 1995 г. N 518 О мерах социальной защиты населения поселка Полярный Шмидтовского района Чукотского автономного округа, связанной с ликвидацией поселка и переходом Полярнинского горно-обогатительного комбината на новую технологию добычи золота. (On measures for the social protection of the population of Polyarny, Shmidtovsky District of Chukotka Autonomous Okrug, associated with the elimination of the village, the Polyarninskogo ore-dressing and processing enterprise and on new technology of extracting gold).
  8. ^ Перепись населения СССР 1979 года 1979 census of the Soviet Union
  9. ^ Всесоюзная перепись населения 1989 г. Численность городского населения РСФСР, ее территориальных единиц, городских поселений и городских районов по полу All-Union census, the constituent entities of the Russian Federation, in the federal districts, towns, rural settlements and regional centres with a population of more than 3,000.
  10. ^ Численность населения России, субъектов Российской Федерации в составе федеральных округов, районов, городских поселений, сельских населённых пунктов – районных центров и сельских населённых пунктов с населением 3 тысячи и более человек 2002 Russian Census
  11. ^ Newspaper report on soldiers' rebellion (Russian)
  12. ^ Strogoff, p.34
  13. ^ Law #33, Article 14.2
  14. ^ a b c d Dmitry Likhanov, Russia's Gold Coast Photo-journalism article from Russia: Beyond the Headlines, Rossiyskaya Gazeta
  15. ^ Leningradsky, Chukotka Autonomous Okrug Pochtovik Mail Delivery Service (Russian)
  16. ^ McKnight and Hess, pp.235-7
  17. ^ "Weather Averages for Leningradsky, Chukotka Autonomous Okrug from". Retrieved October 4, 2012. 


  • Дума Чукотского автономного округа. Закон №33-ОЗ от 30 июня 1998 г. «Об административно-территориальном устройстве Чукотского автономного округа», в ред. Закона №55-ОЗ от 9 июня 2012 г. «О внесении изменений в Закон Чукотского автономного округа "Об административно-территориальном устройстве Чукотского автономного округа"». Вступил в силу по истечении десяти дней со дня его официального опубликования. Опубликован: "Ведомости", №7 (28), 14 мая 1999 г. (Duma of Chukotka Autonomous Okrug. Law #33-OZ of June 30, 1998 On the Administrative-Territorial Structure of Chukotka Autonomous Okrug, as amended by the Law #55-OZ of June 9, 2012 On Amending the Law of Chukotka Autonomous Okrug "On the Administrative-Territorial Structure of Chukotka Autonomous Okrug". Effective as of after ten days from the day of the official publication.).
  • McKnight, Tom L; Hess, Darrel (2000). "Climate Zones and Types". Physical Geography: A Landscape Appreciation. Upper Saddle River, NJ: Prentice Hall.  
  • M. Strogoff, P-C Brochet, and D. Auzias Petit Futé: Chukotka (2006). "Avant-Garde" Publishing House.

External links

  • Adventures in the Leningradsky area
  • Gold deposits
  • Leningradsky photo gallery
  • Film about life in Leningradsky and Polyarny:
  • Part 1
  • Part 2
  • Part 3
  • Part 4
  • Part 5
  • Part 6
  • Part 7
  • More photos of Leningradsky
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