World Library  
Flag as Inappropriate
Email this Article

Mary Sue

Article Id: WHEBN0018935201
Reproduction Date:

Title: Mary Sue  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Language: English
Subject: Fan fiction, Author surrogate, Uberfic, Beautiful Bastard, Gabriel's Inferno
Collection: Author Surrogates, Fan Fiction, Fictional Characters, Fictional Versions of Real People, Stock Characters
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Publication
Date:
 

Mary Sue

In fan fiction, a Mary Sue is an idealized character, often but not necessarily an author insert.[1]

Contents

  • Origin 1
  • Criticism 2
  • Variations 3
  • Allusions 4
  • See also 5
  • References 6

Origin

The term "Mary Sue" comes from the name of a character created by Paula Smith in 1973 for her parody story "A Trekkie's Tale"[2]:15 published in her fanzine Menagerie #2.[3] The story starred Lieutenant Mary Sue ("the youngest Lieutenant in the fleet — only fifteen and a half years old"), and satirized unrealistic Star Trek fan fiction.[4] Such characters were generally original female adolescents who had romantic liaisons with established canonical adult characters, or in some cases were the younger relatives or protégées of those characters. By 1976 Menagerie's editors stated that they disliked such characters, saying:

Mary Sue stories—the adventures of the youngest and smartest ever person to graduate from the academy and ever get a commission at such a tender age. Usually characterized by unprecedented skill in everything from art to zoology, including karate and arm-wrestling. This character can also be found burrowing her way into the good graces/heart/mind of one of the Big Three [Kirk, Spock, and McCoy], if not all three at once. She saves the day by her wit and ability, and, if we are lucky, has the good grace to die at the end, being grieved by the entire ship.[5]

"Mary Sue" today has changed from its original meaning and now carries a generalized, although not universal, connotation of wish-fulfillment and is commonly associated with self-insertion. True self-insertion is a literal and generally undisguised representation of the author; most characters described as "Mary Sues" are not, though they are often called "proxies"[6] for the author. The negative connotation comes from this "wish-fulfillment" implication: the "Mary Sue" is judged as a poorly developed character, too perfect and lacking in realism to be interesting.[7]

Criticism

The "Mary Sue" concept has drawn criticism from amateur and professional writers.

In chapter four of her book Enterprising Women,[8] Camille Bacon-Smith includes a subsection on the "Mary Sue" concept. While not denying that such characters exist (and offering psychological observations as to why "Mary Sues" exist), she observes that fear of creating a "Mary Sue" may be restricting and even silencing some writers.

Smith quotes an issue of the Star Trek fanzine Archives[9] as identifying "Mary Sue" paranoia as one of the sources for the lack of "believable, competent, and identifiable-with female characters." In this article, Cantor interviews her sister Edith, also an amateur editor, who says she receives stories with cover letters apologizing for the tale as "a Mary Sue", even when the author admits she does not know what a "Mary Sue" is. According to Edith Cantor, while Paula Smith's original "Trekkie's Tale" was only ten paragraphs long, "in terms of their impact on those whom they affect, those words [Mary Sue] have got to rank right up there with the Selective Service Act."[10] At Clippercon 1987 (a Star Trek fan convention held yearly in Baltimore, Maryland), Smith interviewed a panel of female authors who say they do not include female characters in their stories at all. She quoted one as saying "Every time I've tried to put a woman in any story I've ever written, everyone immediately says, this is a Mary Sue." Smith also pointed out that "Participants in a panel discussion in January 1990 noted with growing dismay that any female character created within the community is damned with the term Mary Sue."[11]

However, several other writers quoted by Smith have argued that in Star Trek as originally created, James T. Kirk is himself a "Mary Sue," and that the label seems to be used more indiscriminately on female characters who do not behave in accordance with the dominant culture's images and expectations for females as opposed to males.[12] Professional author Ann C. Crispin is quoted as saying: "The term 'Mary Sue' constitutes a put-down, implying that the character so summarily dismissed is not a true character, no matter how well drawn, what sex, species, or degree of individuality."[13]

Author, academic and radio host J.M. Frey, who has written several papers exploring fan behavior, analyzes Mary Sue type characters and their possibilities in Water Logged Mona Lisa: Who Is Mary Sue, and Why Do We Need Her? Frey believes that Mary Sue is a self-gratifying, wish-fulfillment device, but argues that they can be transformed into "Meta Sues" who "investigate the self or marginalized subjects in media texts."[14]

Variations

Marty Stu is a male variant on this trope, which shares the same wish-fulfillment aspect but tends to describe a character with traits identified as stereotypically male.[15] The Star Trek: The Next Generation character Wesley Crusher was called a Marty Stu by the feminist popular culture magazine Bitch.[16] There is speculation amongst fans and academics that Wesley was a self-insertion character for Gene Roddenberry.[17][18] Other variations include Gary Stu, Larry Stu, Mary Joe, or Marty Sam.[19][20][21]

Further variant names have been suggested based on the specific personality of a Mary Sue, such as Einstein Sue (a highly intelligent character), Jerk Sue (a short-tempered character who lashes out), or Sympathetic Sue (an angsty character who wants the reader's sympathy).[19]

Allusions

More than one commentator has analyzed the Buffy the Vampire Slayer episode "Superstar" as being a deliberate satire of Mary Sue/Marty Stu type of stories. [1] [2] In the episode, previously peripheral character Jonathan Levinson is suddenly the smartest, strongest and most well-liked person among all the other characters (even loved worldwide). Ultimately, Buffy and the other characters discover that Jonathan has performed a spell to get everyone to like him better.

See also

References

  1. ^ Segall, Miriam (2008). Career Building Through Fan Fiction Writing: New Work Based on Favorite Fiction. Digital Career Building.  
  2. ^ Verba, Joan Marie (2003). Boldly Writing: A Trekker Fan & Zine History, 1967-1987. Minnetonka MN: FTL Publications.  
  3. ^ "SF Citations for OED: Mary Sue". Retrieved 2006-05-20. 
  4. ^ Walker, Cynthia W. (2011). A Conversation with Paula Smith..  
  5. ^ Byrd, Patricia (Spring 1978). "Star Trek Lives: Trekker Slang".  
  6. ^ Orr, David (2004-10-03). "The Widening Web of Digital Lit". The New York Times. Retrieved 2006-10-02. 
  7. ^ Milhorn (2006). Writing Genre Fiction: A Guide to the Cr. Lightning Source Incorporated. p. 55.  
  8. ^ Bacon-Smith, Camille (1 December 1991). Enterprising Women: Television Fandom and the Creation of Popular Myth.  
  9. ^ Cantor, Joanna (1980). "Mary Sue, a Short Compendium". Archives (Yeoman Press) (5). 
  10. ^ Smith, p. 96.
  11. ^ Smith, p. 110. A footnote states this was reported to her by Judy Chien, who attended the panel at MostEastlyCon 1990 in Newark.
  12. ^ Smith, p. 97.
  13. ^ Smith, p. 98.
  14. ^ Frey, J.M. "Water Logged Mona Lisa: Who Is Mary Sue, and Why Do We Need Her?" (2009 master's degree project). Toronto, Ontario: Ryerson University. 
  15. ^ Kukkonen, Karin; Klimek, Sonja (2011). "Marty Stu". Metalepsis in Popular Culture. p. 96.  
  16. ^ "Bitch: Feminist Response to Pop Culture" 31. 2006. 
  17. ^ Wil Wheaton. "Star Trek: The Next Generation: Code of Honor". TV Squad. Retrieved 2011-08-03. 
  18. ^ "Mary Sue Gives Birth, Baby Undergoes Sex Change". 
  19. ^ a b "The many different types of Mary Sue". OngoingWorlds.com. Retrieved 14 April 2013. 
  20. ^ Kukkonen, Karin; Klimek, Sonja (2011). Metalepsis in Popular Culture. p. 96.  
  21. ^ "Mary-Sue". Urban Dictionary. Retrieved 21 December 2012. 
This article was sourced from Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. World Heritage Encyclopedia content is assembled from numerous content providers, Open Access Publishing, and in compliance with The Fair Access to Science and Technology Research Act (FASTR), Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., Public Library of Science, The Encyclopedia of Life, Open Book Publishers (OBP), PubMed, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health (NIH), U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, and USA.gov, which sources content from all federal, state, local, tribal, and territorial government publication portals (.gov, .mil, .edu). Funding for USA.gov and content contributors is made possible from the U.S. Congress, E-Government Act of 2002.
 
Crowd sourced content that is contributed to World Heritage Encyclopedia is peer reviewed and edited by our editorial staff to ensure quality scholarly research articles.
 
By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. World Heritage Encyclopedia™ is a registered trademark of the World Public Library Association, a non-profit organization.
 


Copyright © World Library Foundation. All rights reserved. eBooks from Project Gutenberg are sponsored by the World Library Foundation,
a 501c(4) Member's Support Non-Profit Organization, and is NOT affiliated with any governmental agency or department.