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742d Missile Squadron

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742d Missile Squadron

742d Missile Squadron
LGM-30G Minuteman III test launch at Vandenburg AFB, California
Active 1 June 1943 - 9 September 1945
9 September 1947 - 27 June 1949
25 July 1956 - 1 July 1957
18 July 1962 - Present[1]
Country  United States
Branch  United States Air Force
Type Squadron
Role Intercontinental ballistic missile
Garrison/HQ Minot Air Force Base, North Dakota
Motto Clavis Pacis
The Key to Peace
Engagements
World War II (EAME Theater)
Decorations
Distinguished Unit Citation (2x)

Air Force Outstanding Unit Award (9x)
Insignia
742d Missile Squadron emblem

The 742d Missile Squadron (742 MS) is part of the 91st Missile Wing based at Minot Air Force Base, North Dakota. It operates Minuteman III intercontinental ballistic missiles.

History

World War II

Established as a B-24 Liberator heavy bombardment unit in mid-1943; assigned to II Bomber Command for training. Primarily trained in New Mexico and Utah received deployment orders for the Mediterranean Theater of Operations (MTO) in November 1943. Moved to Virginia where the group flew long-range convoy escort missions over the Mid-Atlantic, October–November 1943 while station in Italy was being constructed.

Deployed to Southern Italy in January 1944; entered combat in January 1944, being assigned to Fifteenth Air Force. Engaged in very long range strategic bombing missions to enemy military, industrial and transportation targets in Italy, France, Germany, Austria, Hungary, Romania, and Yugoslavia, bombing railroad marshalling yards, oil refineries, airdrome installations, heavy industry, and other strategic objectives.

In addition to strategic missions in the Balkans, the group bombed troop concentrations, bridges, marshalling yards, and airdromes during the fall of 1944 to hamper the enemy’s withdrawal from the region. The group also supported ground forces at Anzio and Cassino in March 1944; knocked out gun positions in preparation for the invasion of Southern France in August 1944; and assisted the final Allied drive through Italy in April 1945 by hitting such targets as bridges, gun positions, and troop concentrations.

Remained in Italy after the German Capitulation in May, although unit personnel were demobilized throughout the summer of 1945. Group was inactivated in Italy on 9 September 1945.

Reactivated in the Air Force Reserve in 1947 with B-29 Superfortresses. Trained at Hensley Field, Texas. Inactivated in 1949 due to budget restrictions.

Tactical Air Command

Allocated to Tactical Air Command during the 1950s. Activated at Myrtle Beach AFB, South Carolina in 1956 as part of a second Fighter-Day Group planned for the new installation. Some personnel were assigned but never became operational with aircraft. Inactivated in July 1957 due to budget restrictions; personnel assigned were reassigned to 354th Fighter-Day Group.

Intercontinental Ballistic Missile Squadron

Reactivated on 1 Nov 1962 as an ICBM squadron assigned to the 455th Strategic Missile Wing at Minot AFB, North Dakota. Initially equipped with 50 LGM-30B Minuteman Is in 1963. Reassigned to 91st Strategic Missile Wing in 1968. Upgraded to LGM-30G Minuteman III in 1968/1969, has maintained ICBMs on alert ever since.

Lineage

World War II 742d Bombardment Squadron emblem
  • Constituted 742d Bombardment Squadron (Heavy) on 14 May 1943
Activated on 1 Jun 1943
Inactivated on 9 Sep 1945
  • Re-designated 742d Bombardment Squadron (Very Heavy) on 27 Dec 1946
Activated in the reserve on 10 Jan 1947
Inactivated on 27 Jun 1949
  • Re-designated 742d Fighter-Day Squadron on 7 May 1956.
Activated on 25 Jul 1956
Inactivated on 1 Jul 1957
  • Re-designated 742d Strategic Missile Squadron, and activated, on 28 Jun 1962
Organized on 1 Nov 1962
Re-designated as 742d Missile Squadron on 1 Sep 1991.

Assignments

Stations

Aircraft and missiles

LGM-30 Minuteman Missile Alert and Launch Facilities

742d Missile Squadron Launch Facilities

Missile Alert Facilities (K-O flights, each controlling 10 missiles) are located as follows:
K-1 8.8 mi SxSW of Kenmare ND,
L-1 1.5 mi SW of Bowbells ND,
M-1 9.1 mi E of Kenmare ND,
N-1 3.7 mi W of Mohall ND,
O-1 9.5 mi NW of Maxbass ND,

See also

References

 This article incorporates public domain material from websites or documents of the Air Force Historical Research Agency.

  1. ^ AFHRA 742 MS Page

External links

  • USAF 742d Missile Squadron History
  • 742d Missile Squadron web page
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