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Davidson motorcycles

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Subject: Harley-Davidson, List of motorcycles in the Smithsonian Institution
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Davidson motorcycles

A list of motorcycles produced under the Harley-Davidson brand.


Model Engine Years Notes
Models 0, 1 (Named retroactively in 1908) 24.74 cu in (405.4 cc) IOE single 1904–1905 Single-downtube bicycle-like frame, direct leather belt drive, rear coaster brake. Construction began in 1903; sold as production models in 1904–1905
Models 2, 3 (Named retroactively in 1908) 26.8 cu in (439 cc) IOE single 1906–1907 Featured a dual-spring front-end suspension.
Model 4 26.8 cu in (439 cc) IOE single 1908 Larger front fork, tires, and fenders.
Models 5, 6 30.16 cu in (494.2 cc) IOE single 1909–1910 Models 5 and 5A had 28-inch (71 cm) wheels, the former with battery ignition and the latter with magneto ignition. 5B and 5C models offered the same choice of ignitions, with 26-inch (66 cm) wheels for shorter riders. Model 6 series added an idler arm.
Model 7D 49 cu in (800 cc) 45° IOE V-twin 1911
Models X8D, X8E 60.32 cu in (988.5 cc) 45° IOE V-twin 1912 "X" model name designated rear-wheel clutch. "D" indicated belt drive; "E" introduced chain drive for the first time. The frame was redesigned to be lower-slung and had a spring suspension in the rear downtube.
Models 9A, 9B 34.47 cu in (564.9 cc) IOE single 1913 Model 9A was belt-drive-equipped; 9B, chain-drive. The updated single-cylinder motor used a mechanical intake valve, like that first introduced on the V-twin model.
Model 10F 49.48 cu in (810.8 cc) 45° IOE V-twin 1914 The two-speed transmission was introduced and showcased on this model, along with a step-starter, enclosed intake valve, a primary chain drive, and optional sidecar.
Model 11F 61 cu in (1,000 cc) 45° IOE V-twin 1915 Three-speed transmission and electric head- and taillights debuted on this model.

Hummer/American Lightweight

Model Engine Years Notes
Model 125 125 cc two-stroke single 1948–1952 Copy of DKW RT 125 given to Harley-Davidson as war reparations. More than ten thousand were sold in the first year of production.
Model 165 165 cc two-stroke single 1953–1959 Replacement for the Model 125, with larger engine.
Hummer 125 cc two-stroke single 1955–1959 Redesigned "B" engine with the old 125 cc capacity. Extremely basic specification: no battery, horn operated by rubber bulb, no turn signals, no brake light. Last 125 cc American Lightweight.
Super 10 165 cc two-stroke single 1960–1961 Replaced Model 165 and Hummer, used 165 cc version of the "B" engine.
Topper 165 cc two-stroke single 1960–1965 Scooter with fiberglass body, pull-start "B" engine, and continuously variable transmission, but no engine fan.
Ranger 165 cc two-stroke single 1962 Off-road motorcycle without lights or front fender. Extremely low gearing. Made one year only.
Pacer 175 cc two-stroke single 1962–1965 175 cc replacement for the Super 10. A new frame with rear suspension was introduced in 1963.
Scat 175 cc two-stroke single 1962–1965 Dual-purpose motorcycle based on the Pacer. The Ranger's low gearing was optional. Was switched to the sprung frame along with the Pacer in 1963.
Bobcat 175 cc two-stroke single 1966 Last American Lightweight, made one year only. Only American Lightweight made with a standard dual seat. One-piece ABS resin bodywork covered the tank and rear tyre and supported the seat.

Aermacchis sold as Harley-Davidsons

Aermacchi motorcycles sold in US with Harley-Davidson badging.
Model Engine Years Notes
Sprint 250 cc OHC single 1961–1968 Sold in "C" and "H" versions.
M-50, M-50 Sport 50 cc two-stroke single 1965–1966 (M-50)
1966 (M-50 Sport)
Urban commuter bikes. M-50 was a single-seat step-through, M-50 Sport had a conventional gas tank and a dual seat.
M-65, M-65 Sport 65 cc two-stroke single 1967–1972 Enlarged versions of M-50s.
Rapido 125 cc two-stroke single 1968–1972
Baja 100 100 cc two-stroke single 1969–1972 Off-road
SX-350 344 cc four-stroke OHC single 1971–1974 Sprint with larger engine. Up to 1972 kickstart, 4 speeds, 6 volts
SS-350 344 cc four-stroke ohc single 1973–1974 Primary and electric start, 5 speeds, 12 volts
SS-350 350 cc two-stroke single 1975–1978 Two-stroke replacement for the four stroke SS350


Model Engine Years Notes
FL Hydra Glide 1,200 cc 1949–1957 Discontinued after nine years in production.
FL Duo Glide 1,200 cc 1958–1964 Discontinued after seven years in production.
FLH Electra Glide 1,200 cc (1965–1980),
1,340 cc (1978–1993)
1965–1993 Fitted with the Panhead engine in the first year of production with an electric start, the Shovelhead engine in the second year of production, and the Evolution engine after 18 years in production.
FLHS Electra Glide Sport 1,340 cc
FLT Tour Glide 1,340 cc 1980–1996 Introduced a new touring frame with rubber-mounted engine, five speed transmission, steering geometry with a low rake angle and the fork mounted behind the headset. The Tour Glide had a frame-mounted fairing.
FLTR/I Road Glide 1,340cc(1998)
1,450cc (1999-2010)
1,550cc (2010-present)
(1,690cc & 1,800cc on CVO only)  
1998–present Introduced an updated frame mounted Tour Glide fairing. 1998 was the only year the Road Glide was offered with the 1340 carburated power plant. 1998-1999 these came standard with the Ultra Electra Glide electrical system allowing plug and play additions and communications. 2000 the factory began using the electrical system off the Electra Glide Classic with exspensive upgrades available and communications upgrades required the radio be returned to the factory. The Road Glide has become the preferred touring model for customizing but started off with slow sales and was never available in every country that offered the Electra Glide series.
FLHT Electra Glide 1,340 cc 1983– An updated version of the Electra Glide with the Tour Glide frame and a "Batwing" fork-mounted fairing.
FLHX Street Glide 1,450cc (2006-2010)
1,550cc (2010-present)
(1,690cc & 1,800cc on CVO only)  
2006–present Introduced in 2006. A 'stripped down' version of the Electra Glide, the Street Glide is mechanically identical to the Electra Glide series machines but comes with a chopped down windscreen, no front fender trim, no Tour Pack, and a lower rear air-adjustable suspension. The Street Glide still retains all of the creature comforts of the Electra Glide bikes such as a Harmon Kardon sound system, cruise control, and optional ABS and security.

Small twins (Model W / 45 / K-series / Sportster)

Model Engine Years Notes
Model W 584 cc flathead flat-twin 1919–1923 First of two H-D flat-twin motorcycle designs put into production, first H-D flathead motorcycle. The fork was a trailing link design.
D-series (45 solo) 739 cc flathead 1929–1932 First H-D 45 cubic inch motorcycle, first H-D flathead V-twin motorcycle.
R-series (45 solo: R, RL, RLD,) 739 cc flathead 1932–1936 Second series of 45 solo
W-series (45 solo: W, WL, WLA, WLC, WLD, WR) 739 cc flathead 1937–1952 Recirculating oil system introduced on all H-D engines in 1936, R became W to denote this. WLA and WLC were military models, WR was a racing model
Servi-Car 739 cc flathead 1932–1936 (R-series engine)

1937–1973 (W-series engine)

Discontinued after 42 years in production. From 1964, the first Harley-Davidson to receive electric starting.[1]
Model K and KK 750 cc flathead 1952–1953 Last 45 street solo, all-new engine, first civilian H-D with rear suspension
Model KR 750 cc flathead 1953–1969 Racing Only
Model KH and KHK 888 cc flathead 1954–1956 KH-series: K series, same bore but longer stroke.
XL, Ironhead 883 cc,
1,000 cc (1972–1985)
1957–1985 The first year of Sportster, a development of the KH with overhead-valve engines and cast iron heads. The engine was updated after 29 years.[2]
XR-750 750 cc 1970–1985 Overhead-valve engines, iron heads (1970–1971), alloy heads (1972–1985)
XLCR 1,000 cc 1977–1978 Discontinued after two years in production, overhead-valve engines, iron heads, solo seats, snake exhaust, also includes reverse shifting pedal, and rear pegs.
XR1000 1,000 cc 1983–1984 Street model using XR racing cylinder head and other XR engine parts.
XL, Evolution 883 cc,
1,100 cc (1986–1987),
1,200 cc (1988–)
1986– The first year of the new Sportster to have the Evolution overhead-valve engine, alloy heads, (known to many as the "Evo")
XL883N, Iron 883 cc 2009– A "baby" version of the popular 1,200 cc Nightster, it comes with more black and cast wheels.


Model Engine Years Notes
Super Glide FX FXE FXD 1,200 cc (1971–1980),
1,340 cc (1979–1998),
1,450 cc (1999–2005),
1,584 cc (2007–)
1971– First custom ever designed by Willie G. Davidson for the Super Glide family series.
Low Rider FXS FXDL 1,200 cc (1977–1980),
1,340 cc (1979–1998),
1,450 cc (1999–2006),
1,584 cc (2007–2009),
1,690 cc (2014.5–)
1977–2009, 2014.5– Second custom designed for the Dyna Glide family series. 2014 mid-year return of the Lowrider after 3 model years hiatus.
Fat Bob FXEF FXDF 1,200 cc (1979–1980),
1,340 cc (1979–1986),
1,584 cc (2008–)
1979–1986, 2008– Discontinued after seven years in production. 2012 sees the introduction of new 103ci engine
Wide Glide FXSB FXDWG 1,340 cc (1980–1986),
1,340 cc (1993–1998),
1,450 cc (1999–2006),
1,584 cc (2007–)
1980–1986, 1993– Featured extended 41mm forks, a 21" front wheel, forward foot controls, and the 1980 model only featured a flame paint job.
Sturgis FXB 1,340 cc 1980–1982, 1991 1st production Harley-Davidson to feature a belt final drive as well as a belt primary drive.
Super Glide II FXR 1,340 cc 1982–1985 Discontinued after three years in production.
Sport Glide FXRS 1,340 cc 1984–1993 Discontinued after nine years in production.
Low Glide 1,340 cc 1984–1985 Discontinued after two years in production.
Street Bob FXDB 1,450 cc (2006),
1,584 cc (2007–2013),
1,690 cc (2014–)
2006– First "Dark Custom" designed for the Dyna Glide family series.
Switchback FLD 103 cu. in.(1,690 cc)
2012– Quick attach/detach saddlebags and windshield (for touring or cruising)


Model Engine Years Notes
Softail 1984–? First model in the Softail series.
Heritage Softail 1986– Second entry in the Softail family.
Springer Softail 1988-2006 The third version of the Softail series sporting the retro Springer frontend.
Fat Boy 1990-
Bad Boy 1995–1997
Softail Standard 1998-
Softail Deuce 1999–2007
Night Train 1999–2009
Softail Deluxe 2005–
Softail Custom 2006–2010
Cross Bones 2008–2011
Rocker and Rocker C 2008–2011
Fat Boy Lo 2010–
Blackline 2011–2013
Softail Slim 103 cu in (1690 cc) 2012– The 2012 Softail Slim FLS blends raw, minimalistic 1940s bobber styling with up-to-date old school minimalism.
Breakout 103 cu in (1690 cc) 2013–


Model Engine Years Notes
WLA 45 cu in (740 cc) 1940–1945,
WLA was the U.S. Army version of civilian WL; WLC was the Canadian Army version
XA 45 cu in (740 cc) flat-twin circa 1942 Tactical motorcycle for desert warfare. Based heavily on BMW and Zündapp designs. Featured a flat-twin engine with a longitudinal crankshaft, a gearshift pedal, shaft drive, and plunger rear suspension. Approximately 1000 produced for testing. Not used in combat nor ordered in volume.
MT350E Rotax 348 cc OHC single 1993–2000 A development of the Armstrong MT500 dual-purpose military motorcycle.


  1. ^ Hornsby, Andy. "A Potted History of Harley-Davidson: Part 2 1955-1978". American V. Crewe, UK: American-V. Timeline. Retrieved 2011-04-10. 1964: KRTT DROPPED, FIRST ELECTRIC START HARLEY: THE SERVICAR 
  2. ^ Backus, Richard (March–April 2010). "1972-1985 Harley-Davidson Sportster 1000". Motorcycle Classics. Retrieved 2009-05-21. 

External links

  • Official website

V-Rod Models

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