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Solar eclipse of May 11, 2078

 

Solar eclipse of May 11, 2078

Solar eclipse of May 11, 2078
Map
Type of eclipse
Nature Total
Gamma 0.1838
Magnitude 1.0701
Maximum eclipse
Duration 5m 40s
Coordinates 28.1N 93.7W
Max. width of band 232 km
Times (UTC)
Greatest eclipse 17:56:55
References
Saros 139 (33 of 71)
Catalog # (SE5000) 9683

A total solar eclipse will occur on May 11, 2078. A solar eclipse occurs when the Moon passes between Earth and the Sun, thereby totally or partly obscuring the image of the Sun for a viewer on Earth. A total solar eclipse occurs when the Moon's apparent diameter is larger than the Sun, blocking all direct sunlight, turning day into darkness. Totality occurs in a narrow path across the surface of the Earth, while a partial solar eclipse will be visible over a region thousands of kilometres wide.

Contents

  • Related eclipses 1
    • Solar eclipses 2076-2079 1.1
    • Saros 139 1.2
    • Inex series 1.3
  • Inex series 2
  • Notes 3
  • References 4

Related eclipses

Solar eclipses 2076-2079

Each member in a semester series of solar eclipses repeats approximately every 177 days and 4 hours (a semester) at alternating nodes of the Moon's orbit.
119 June 1, 2076

Partial
124 November 26, 2076

Partial
129 May 22, 2077

Total
134 November 15, 2077

Annular
139 May 11, 2078

Total
144 November 4, 2078

Annular
149 May 1, 2079

Total
154 October 24, 2079

Annular

Saros 139

It is a part of saros series 139, repeating every 18 years, 11 days, containing 71 events. The series started with partial solar eclipse on May 17, 1501. It contains hybrid eclipses on August 11, 1627 through December 9, 1825 and total eclipses from December 21, 1843 through March 26, 2601. The series ends at member 71 as a partial eclipse on July 3, 2763. Members in the same column are one exeligmos apart and thus occur in the same geographic area.

The solar eclipse of June 13, 2132 will be the longest total solar eclipse since July 11, 1991 at 6 minutes, 55 seconds.

The longest duration of totality will be produced by member 39 at 7 minutes, 29 seconds on July 16, 2186.[1] This is the longest solar eclipse computed between 4000BC and 6000AD.[2]

Series members 24-39 occur between 1901 and 2200:
24 25 26

February 3, 1916

February 14, 1934

February 25, 1952
27 28 29

March 7, 1970

March 18, 1988

March 29, 2006
30 31 32

April 8, 2024

April 20, 2042

April 30, 2060
33 34 35

May 11, 2078

May 22, 2096

June 3, 2114
36 37 38

June 13, 2132

June 25, 2150

July 5, 2168
39

July 16, 2186

Inex series

This eclipse is a part of the long period inex cycle, repeating at alternating nodes, every 358 synodic months (≈ 10,571.95 days, or 29 years minus 20 days). Their appearance and longitude are irregular due to a lack of synchronization with the anomalistic month (period of perigee). However, groupings of 3 inex cycles (≈ 87 years minus 2 months) comes close (≈ 1,151.02 anomalistic months), so eclipses are similar in these groupings.

Inex series members between 1901 and 2100:

September 9, 1904
(Saros 133)

August 21, 1933
(Saros 134)

July 31, 1962
(Saros 135)

July 11, 1991
(Saros 136)

June 21, 2020
(Saros 137)

May 31, 2049
(Saros 138)

May 11, 2078
(Saros 139)

Inex series

This eclipse is a part of the long period inex cycle, repeating at alternating nodes, every 358 synodic months (≈ 10,571.95 days, or 29 years minus 20 days). Their appearance and longitude are irregular due to a lack of synchronization with the anomalistic month (period of perigee). However, groupings of 3 inex cycles (≈ 87 years minus 2 months) comes close (≈ 1,151.02 anomalistic months), so eclipses are similar in these groupings.

Inex series members between 1901 and 2100:

September 9, 1904
(Saros 133)

August 21, 1933
(Saros 134)

July 31, 1962
(Saros 135)

July 11, 1991
(Saros 136)

June 21, 2020
(Saros 137)

May 31, 2049
(Saros 138)

May 11, 2078
(Saros 139)

Notes

  1. ^ Saros Series Catalog of Solar Eclipses NASA Eclipse Web Site
  2. ^ Ten Millennium Catalog of Long Solar Eclipses, -3999 to +6000 (4000 BCE to 6000 CE) Fred Espinak

References

  • Earth visibility chart and eclipse statistics Eclipse Predictions by Fred Espenak, NASA/GSFC
    • Google interactive map
    • Besselian elements


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