World Library  
Flag as Inappropriate
Email this Article

Terina (ancient city)

Article Id: WHEBN0031489077
Reproduction Date:

Title: Terina (ancient city)  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Language: English
Subject: Magna Graecia, Hybla Heraea, Akrai, Kamarina, Sicily, Akrillai
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia

Terina (ancient city)

The site of Terina in 2013. It has become overgrown with vegetation since it was excavated in 1997, but the traces of the excavations are still evident on satellite photos.
Terina (ancient city) is located in Italy
Terina (ancient city)
Shown within Italy
Location Sant’Eufemia Vetere, Province of Catanzaro, Calabria, Italy
Region Magna Graecia
Type Settlement
Builder Settlers from Croton
Founded 480–470 BC
Periods Classical Greece to Roman Empire
Coin from Terina

Terina (Ancient Greek: Τερίνα) was an ancient city of Magna Graecia on the north shore of the Gulf of Saint Euphemia, near Lamezia Terme in Calabria. The site of the city was found in 1922 by the archaeologist Paolo Orsi near the modern village of Sant’Eufemia Vetere, but a systematic archaeological investigation was only started in 1997. Terina produced significant coinage. Coins, inscriptions and other artefacts retrieved from the site can be seen in the Museo Archeologico Lametino in Lamezia Terme.


In the fifth century BC the Greek cities Croton and Locri, both located on the Ionian Sea, vied for the control of ports on the Tyrrhenian Sea. These ports were important for conducting trade. Locri had founded the cities Medma and Hipponium there and had assumed control of Metauros. Temesa lay north of Hipponium and had close relations with Croton, which may have been its mother city. Temesa was valuable because of its copper mines and its trade with the north. Locri conquered Temesa at some time in the first half of the fifth century BC, probably in the 480s or 470s. Croton was disadvantaged by the loss and founded Terina at this time to compensate.[1] Terina's foundation is dated to 480–470 BC.[2] It started minting its own coins sometime after 480 BC, which indicates that it soon became independent from its mother city.[3]

Terina became a prosperous city and protected the route from the Tyrrhenian Sea to Croton.[4] Later in the second half of the fifth century BC Terina was attacked by [5]

When the Bruttians arose as a new ethnic group in Lucania in 356/5 BC their first target was Terina, which they besieged and plundered.[6] When Alexander of Epirus arrived in Southerrn Italy in approximately 333 BC[7] he took the city from the Bruttians.[8] He did not possess it for long because he was defeated by a combined army of Bruttians and Lucanians at the Battle of Pandosia in 331 BC. At some later point Terina became a Roman possession. It was ultimately destroyed in the [[Second Punic

This article was sourced from Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. World Heritage Encyclopedia content is assembled from numerous content providers, Open Access Publishing, and in compliance with The Fair Access to Science and Technology Research Act (FASTR), Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., Public Library of Science, The Encyclopedia of Life, Open Book Publishers (OBP), PubMed, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health (NIH), U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, and, which sources content from all federal, state, local, tribal, and territorial government publication portals (.gov, .mil, .edu). Funding for and content contributors is made possible from the U.S. Congress, E-Government Act of 2002.
Crowd sourced content that is contributed to World Heritage Encyclopedia is peer reviewed and edited by our editorial staff to ensure quality scholarly research articles.
By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. World Heritage Encyclopedia™ is a registered trademark of the World Public Library Association, a non-profit organization.

Copyright © World Library Foundation. All rights reserved. eBooks from Project Gutenberg are sponsored by the World Library Foundation,
a 501c(4) Member's Support Non-Profit Organization, and is NOT affiliated with any governmental agency or department.