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December 2 (Eastern Orthodox liturgics)

 

December 2 (Eastern Orthodox liturgics)

Dec 1 - Eastern Orthodox Church calendar - Dec 3

All fixed commemorations below celebrated on December 15 by Orthodox Churches on the Old Calendar.[note 1]

For December 2nd, Orthodox Churches on the Old Calendar commemorate the Saints listed on November 19.

Contents

  • Saints 1
  • Pre-Schism Western Saints 2
  • Post-Schism Orthodox Saints 3
    • New Martyrs and Confessors 3.1
  • Other commemorations 4
  • Icon Gallery 5
  • Notes 6
  • References 7
  • Sources 8

Saints

  • Prophet Habakkuk (Abbacum) (7th century BC)[1][2][3]
  • Martyr Myrope of Chios, under Decius (251)[2][4][5][note 2]
  • Martyr Abibus the New (Abibus of Edessa), Deacon, burned at the stake (c. 307-323)[6][note 3]
  • Saints John, Heraclemon, Andrew and Theophilus, of Oxyrhynchus, hermits of Egypt (4th century)[2][7][8] (see also June 12)
  • Saint Moses the Confessor (Moses the Economos).[9][note 4]
  • Venerable Jesse (Ise, Isidore), Bishop of [12][11][10][2]
  • Saint Solomon, Archbishop of Ephesus[2]

Pre-Schism Western Saints

  • Saint Evasius, First Bishop of Brescia in Italy.[13][14]
  • Saint Lupus (Luperius), Bishop of Verona in Italy, Confessor.[13][14]
  • Martyrs Eusebius, a priest; Marcellus, a deacon; Hippolytus, Maximus, Adria, Paulina, Neon, Mary, Martana, and Aurelia - under Valerian (c. 254-259)[13][15][note 5]
  • Martyr Pontian, with four others, at Rome, under Valerian (c. 259)[13][15]
  • Saint Bibiana (Vibiana, Vivian), a holy virgin martyred in Rome (c. 361-363)[13][15][note 6]
  • Saint Chromatius, Bishop of Aquileia near Venice, friend of St John Chrysostom, Confessor (406)[13][15][note 7]
  • Martyrs Severus, Securus, Januarius and Victorinus, martyrs in North Africa who suffered under the Vandals (c. 450)[13][14][15]
  • Saint Silverius, Pope of Rome (537)[13][note 8]
  • Saint Trumwine of Abercorn (Trumwin of Whitby), the only ever Bishop of the Northumbrian see of the Picts (late 7th century)[14]

Post-Schism Orthodox Saints

  • Saint Cyril of Phileotes (in the vicinity of Derkos in Thrace) (1110)[2][16]
  • Venerable Abbacum the Ascetic of Cyprus, Wonderworker (late 12th century)[17][note 9]
  • Saint Athanasius “the Resurrected,” recluse of the Kiev Caves, whose relics are in the Near Caves (1176)[2][18][19][20]
  • Saint Athanasius, recluse of the Kiev Caves, whose relics are in the Far Caves (1264)[2][18][21][note 10]
  • Saint Stephen-Urosh V, King of Serbia (1371), and his mother St. Helena (1376), of Serbia.[2][18][22]
  • Saint Joannicius of Devič, Serbia (1430)[2][18]
  • Venerable Hiero-Confessor Alexei (Kabaliuk) of Carpathia, Schema-Archimandrite, of Khust, Apostle of Carpatho-Russia (1947)[23][note 11] (see also: October 21)
  • Venerable Elder Porphyrios (Bairaktaris) of Kafsokalivia, an Athonite hieromonk known for his gifts of spiritual discernment (1991)[26][27]

New Martyrs and Confessors

  • New Hieromartyr John, priest (1919)[18]
  • New Hieromartyr Matthew Alexandrov, priest of Simferopol-Crimea (1921)[14][18][23][28]
  • New Hieromartyr Demetrius Blagoveshtensky, priest, and Venarable Vera Grafovoy, Confessor (1932)[18][28]
  • New Hieromartyrs (1937):[14][18][28]
    • Constantine Nekrasov and Nicholas Vinogradsky, Protopresbyters of Moscow;
    • Sergius Felitsin, Vladimir Proferansov, John Derzhavin, Theodore Alexinsky, Nicholas Zabolotsky, John Dniprovsky, Nicholas Safonov, Priests;
    • Hieromartyrs Danact Kalashnikov of Moscow and Alma Ata (hieromonk), and Cosmas Magda;
    • Hieromartyrs (Nuns): Theuromia, Tamara Provorkinoy, Antonina Stepanova, and Mary Dmitrievska;
    • Virgin-martyrs: Mary Zhuravlevoy and Matrona Konyukhova.
  • Virgin-martyr Mary Zeitlin (1938)[18][28]
  • Martyr Boris Uspensky (1942)[18][28]

Other commemorations

  • Repose of Elder Luke “the Guestmaster” of Valaam (Schema-abbot Luke), (1965)[2][note 12]

Icon Gallery

Notes

  1. ^ The notation Old Style or (OS) is sometimes used to indicate a date in the Julian Calendar (which is used by churches on the "Old Calendar").
    The notation New Style or (NS), indicates a date in the Revised Julian calendar (which is used by churches on the "New Calendar").
  2. ^ In the Synaxarion of Delehaye her memory is celebrated on November 23.
  3. ^ According to the Synaxaristes, the Christians took his relics and with buried them with honours together with those of the Holy Martyrs Guria and Samona (November 15).
  4. ^ His name is unknown in the Synaxarion of St. Nicodemus. However he is commemorated on December 2nd in the Synaxarion of Delehaye. Also, in Parisian Codex 1578, he is referred to on December 3rd as Moses the Economos, which is likely referring to the same saint.
  5. ^ Neon and Mary were beheaded; Adria and Hippolytus were scourged to death; Paulina died in a torture-chamber; Maximus was thrown into the Tiber.[13]
  6. ^ According to the Roman Martyrology: At Rome, the martyrdom of the saintly virgin Bibiana, under the sacrilegious Emperor Julian. For the sake of our Lord she was scourged with leaded whips until she expired.[15]
  7. ^ We still have part of his commentary on St Matthew.
  8. ^ Born in Frosinone in Campania in Italy, he was the son of Pope Hormisdas. He was a subdeacon when elected Bishop of Rome. He was hated by the Empress Theodora for objecting to the Monophysite Bishop Anthimus. Condemned for high treason, he was finally exiled to an island off Naples where he was left to die and perhaps martyred.[13]
  9. ^ His place of birth and his parents are unknown. However what is known about him is that he was one of the 300 Allemagne Saints, who came to Cyprus from Palestine, and lived as ascetics in various parts of the island. These people were Greek migrant workers who worked in Germany or «Alamania» (Allemagne). They had participated in the Second Crusade (1147 - 1149), and after its dissolution, after having gone and worshiped in Jerusalem, they decided to live the monastic life in the Jordan desert. However since the Latins there disturbed them, they relocated to Cyrus and dispersed over the island. After having visited several places, Osios (Venerable) Abbakum settled in the area of Soloi in Cyprus. There, he lived in a cave as a hermit and began his aceticism. (Two others of these 300 saints are: Constantine of Cyprus (Constantine of Allemagne) (July 1); and Venerable Cassian the Martyr (December 4)).
  10. ^ The "Sayings and Lives of the Saints Who Repose in the Cave of St Theodosius," says that St. Athanasius had no need of candles in the cave, since a heavenly light shone for him. He grants healing to all who approach him with faith. The memory of St Athanasius is celebrated also on August 28 and on the second Sunday of Great Lent.
  11. ^ "His canonization took place at the Monastery of St Nicholas in Iza (near Khust, Ukraine) on 21 October 2001, under His Beatitude Metropolitan Vladimir of Kiev and all the Ukraine with many bishops and some twenty thousand faithful. His title is 'Apostle of Carpatho-Russia' ."[24] He is commemorated on: 8/21 October, and 19 November/2 December.[25] See also: (Russian) Алексий (Кабалюк) (Russian WorldHeritage).
  12. ^ Hospitality in Valaam was upheld as a great virtue. Usually very sensitive and strong personalities were chosen for this obedience. At the turn of the century thousands of pilgrims visited Valaam and all had to be met with love and a perception of what each individual pilgrim came for. The monastery had room for a thousand pilgrims. One such host was Fr. Luke. He labored all his life as guestmaster, full of compassion and warmth. Once he said, "What wonder! The Lord entrusted the keys to the Heavenly Kingdom not to the pure Apostle John the Theologian, but to Peter who denied Him thrice, for he would know the fallen state from experience and would be kinder to sinners." He was a firm defender of the Church Calendar. He left for Valamo in Finland during World War II. Luke was promised that he would be able to return to Old Valaam but he never saw Valaam again and died in Pskov-Caves Monastery in 1965 as a righteous elder confessor. The monk in whose arms Fr. Luke reposed testified that Fr. Luke had achieved the blessed state and the Kingdom of Christ as a result of his conscientious reading of the works of St. Isaac the Syrian.[29]

References

  1. ^ Great Synaxaristes: (Greek) Ὁ Προφήτης Ἀββακούμ. 2 Δεκεμβρίου. ΜΕΓΑΣ ΣΥΝΑΞΑΡΙΣΤΗΣ.
  2. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k December 2/15. Orthodox Calendar (PRAVOSLAVIE.RU).
  3. ^ Prophet Habakkuk. OCA - Feasts and Saints.
  4. ^ Great Synaxaristes: (Greek) Ἡ Ἁγία Μυρώπη ἢ Μερόπη ἡ Μάρτυς. 2 Δεκεμβρίου. ΜΕΓΑΣ ΣΥΝΑΞΑΡΙΣΤΗΣ.
  5. ^ Martyr Myrope of Chios. OCA - Feasts and Saints.
  6. ^ Great Synaxaristes: (Greek) Ὁ Ἅγιος Ἄβιβος ὁ Μάρτυρας ὁ νέος. 2 Δεκεμβρίου. ΜΕΓΑΣ ΣΥΝΑΞΑΡΙΣΤΗΣ.
  7. ^ Great Synaxaristes: (Greek) Οἱ Ἅγιοι Ἰωάννης, Ἠρακλείμων, Ἀνδρέας καὶ Θεόφιλος οἱ Ἐρημίτες. 2 Δεκεμβρίου. ΜΕΓΑΣ ΣΥΝΑΞΑΡΙΣΤΗΣ.
  8. ^ St John of Egypt. OCA - Feasts and Saints.
  9. ^ Great Synaxaristes: (Greek) Ὁ Ἅγιος Μωϋσῆς (ἢ Μωσής) ὁ Ὁμολογητής. 2 Δεκεμβρίου. ΜΕΓΑΣ ΣΥΝΑΞΑΡΙΣΤΗΣ.
  10. ^ Great Synaxaristes: (Greek) Ὁ Ὅσιος Ἰσίδωρος. 2 Δεκεμβρίου. ΜΕΓΑΣ ΣΥΝΑΞΑΡΙΣΤΗΣ.
  11. ^ The Monk Ise (Jesse), Bishop of Tsilkan. HOLY TRINITY RUSSIAN ORTHODOX CHURCH (A parish of the Patriarchate of Moscow).
  12. ^ St Jesse, Bishop of Tsilkan in Georgia. OCA - Feasts and Saints.
  13. ^ a b c d e f g h i j December 2. Latin Saints of the Orthodox Patriarchate of Rome.
  14. ^ a b c d e f The Autonomous Orthodox Metropolia of Western Europe and the Americas (ROCOR). St. Hilarion Calendar of Saints for the year of our Lord 2004. St. Hilarion Press (Austin, TX). p.90.
  15. ^ a b c d e f December 2. The Roman Martyrology.
  16. ^ Great Synaxaristes: (Greek) Ὁ Ὅσιος Κύριλλος ὁ Φιλεώτης. 2 Δεκεμβρίου. ΜΕΓΑΣ ΣΥΝΑΞΑΡΙΣΤΗΣ.
  17. ^ Great Synaxaristes: (Greek) [ Ὁ Ὅσιος Ἀββακοὺμ ὁ ἀσκητὴς]. 2 Δεκεμβρίου. ΜΕΓΑΣ ΣΥΝΑΞΑΡΙΣΤΗΣ.
  18. ^ a b c d e f g h i j December 15 / December 2. HOLY TRINITY RUSSIAN ORTHODOX CHURCH (A parish of the Patriarchate of Moscow).
  19. ^ Great Synaxaristes: (Greek) Ὁ Ὅσιος Ἀθανάσιος ὁ Ἔγκλειστος ὁ ἐν τῷ Σπηλαίῳ (Ρῶσος). 2 Δεκεμβρίου. ΜΕΓΑΣ ΣΥΝΑΞΑΡΙΣΤΗΣ.
  20. ^ Venerable Athanasius "the Resurrected One", Recluse of the Kiev Near Caves. OCA - Feasts and Saints.
  21. ^ Venerable Athanasius the Recluse of the Kiev Caves. OCA - Feasts and Saints.
  22. ^ St Stephen Urosh, King of Serbia. OCA - Feasts and Saints.
  23. ^ a b Dr. Alexander Roman. December. Calendar of Ukrainian Orthodox Saints (Ukrainian Orthodoxy - Українське Православ'я).
  24. ^ "Carpatho-Russia And The Struggle For The Russian Orthodox Tradition Outside Russia". Orthodox England (St John's Orthodox Church, Colchester). Retrieved: January 9, 2014.
  25. ^ The Holy Confessor Alexis of Carpatho-Russia - Akathist to the Holy Confessor Alexis of Carpatho-Russia. Orthodox England (St John's Orthodox Church, Colchester). Retrieved: January 9, 2014.
  26. ^ Announcement by the Holy and Sacred Synod. The Ecumenical Patriarchate of Constantinople. Wednesday, November 27, 2013. Retrieved: 27 November, 2013.
  27. ^ Canonization of Two New Saints by the Ecumenical Patriarchate. Ecumenical Patriarchate - Orthodox Metropolitanate of Hong Kong and South East Asia (OMHKSEA). November 27, 2013.
  28. ^ a b c d e (Russian) 2 декабря (ст.ст.) 15 декабря 2013 (нов. ст.). Русская Православная Церковь Отдел внешних церковных связей. (DECR).
  29. ^ VALAAM PATERICON.

Sources

  • December 2/15. Orthodox Calendar (PRAVOSLAVIE.RU).
  • December 15 / December 2. HOLY TRINITY RUSSIAN ORTHODOX CHURCH (A parish of the Patriarchate of Moscow).
  • Complete List of Saints. Protection of the Mother of God Church (POMOG).
  • December 2. OCA - The Lives of the Saints.
  • Dr. Alexander Roman. December. Calendar of Ukrainian Orthodox Saints (Ukrainian Orthodoxy - Українське Православ'я).
  • VALAAM PATERICON.
  • December 2. Latin Saints of the Orthodox Patriarchate of Rome.
  • December 2. The Roman Martyrology.

Greek Sources

  • Great Synaxaristes: (Greek) 2 ΔΕΚΕΜΒΡΙΟΥ. ΜΕΓΑΣ ΣΥΝΑΞΑΡΙΣΤΗΣ.
  • (Greek) Συναξαριστής. 2 Δεκεμβρίου. ECCLESIA.GR. (H ΕΚΚΛΗΣΙΑ ΤΗΣ ΕΛΛΑΔΟΣ).

Russian Sources

  • (Russian) 2 декабря (ст.ст.) 15 декабря 2013 (нов. ст.). Русская Православная Церковь Отдел внешних церковных связей. (DECR).
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