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General Secretary of the League of Communists of Yugoslavia

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General Secretary of the League of Communists of Yugoslavia

President of the Presidency of the League of Communists of Yugoslavia
Appointer Central Committee
Formation April 1919
First holder Filip Filipović[1]
Živko Topalović[1]
[2]
Final holder Milan Pančevski[3]
Abolished 30 June 1990

The General Secretary of the Central Committee of the League of Communists of Yugoslavia (Serbo-Croatian: Generalni Sekretar Centralnog komiteta Saveza komunista Jugoslavije) was the head of the League of Communists of Yugoslavia, heading the Central Committee of the Party. The holder of the office was, for a significant period, the de facto most influential politician in the Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia. Josip Broz Tito was the longest serving holder of the office (from the late 1930s until his death in 1980).

During its history, the official name of the office was changed several times, until it was finally changed on 13 August 1964 from "General Secretary of the Central Committee" to President of the Presidency of the Central Committee of the League of Communists of Yugoslavia (Predsednik Predsedništva Centralnog komiteta Saveza komunista Jugoslavije).

Between April 1919 and September 1952, the League of Communists of Yugoslavia was named the Communist Party of Yugoslavia.

List

Here follows a list of officeholders:

Name Lifespan Term of office Notes
Political Secretaries
Filip Filipović 1878–1938 April
1919
June
1920
Živko Topalović 1886–1972
Organizational Secretary
Vladimir Ćopić Vladimir Ćopić 1891–1939 April
1919
June
1920
Presidents of the Central Party Committee
Pavle Pavlović 1888–1971 June
1920
August
1921
Jakov Lastrić
Political Secretaries
Filip Filipović 1878–1938 June
1920
August
1921
Arrested and executed during the Great Purge in the Soviet Union.
Sima Marković 1888–1939
Organizational Secretary
Vladimir Ćopić Vladimir Ćopić 1891–1939 June
1920
August
1921
Arrested and executed during the Great Purge in the Soviet Union.
After being banned in 1921, the Alternative Central Party leadership, formed in June 1921, assumed leadership of the Communist Party:
Alternative Central Party Leadership
Kosta Novaković Kosta Novaković 1886–1939 August
1921
July
1922
Arrested and executed during the Great Purge in the Soviet Union.
Triša Kaclerović Triša Kaclerović 1879–1964
Moša Pijade Moša Pijade 1890–1957
A split in the leadership led to the formation of the Executive Committee of the Communist Party in Emigration in opposition to the leadership:
Executive Committee of the Communist Party in Emigration
Sima Marković 1888–1939 September
1921
July
1922
The factions were reunited at the First State Conference held at Vienna, in July 1922.
Secretaries
Sima Marković 1888–1939 July
1922
May
1923
Triša Kaclerović Triša Kaclerović 1879–1964 May
1923
May
1926
Political Secretary
Sima Marković 1888–1939 May
1926
April
1928
Arrested and executed during the Great Purge in the Soviet Union.
Organizational Secretary
Radomir Vujović 1895–1938 May
1926
April
1928
Arrested and executed during the Great Purge in the Soviet Union.
The Central Committee was deposed in April 1928 by the Comintern and replaced by a temporary leadership.
Temporary Leadership
Đuro Đaković Đuro Đaković 1886–1929 April
1928
November
1928
Political Secretary
Jovan Mališić 1902–1939 November
1928
before
1934
Arrested and executed during the Great Purge in the Soviet Union.
Organizational Secretary
Đuro Đaković Đuro Đaković 1886–1929 November
1928
25 April
1929
Arrested and executed during the 6 January Dictatorship.
Since 1930 the party leadership was in exile in Vienna with no contact to the country until 1934.
Political Secretary
Milan Gorkić Milan Gorkić 1904–1937 December
1934
November
1936
General Secretary
Milan Gorkić Milan Gorkić 1904–1937 November
1936
23 October
1937
Arrested and executed during the Great Purge in the Soviet Union.
Organizational Secretary
Josip Broz Tito Josip Broz Tito 1892–1980 November
1936
May
1938
Since December 1936 present in Yugoslavia.
Temporary Leadership
Josip Broz Tito Josip Broz Tito 1892–1980 May
1938
March
1939
General Secretary
Josip Broz Tito Josip Broz Tito 1892–1980 March
1939
13 August
1964
Longest term in office.
During his term, in May 1952, the party changed its name from Communist Party of Yugoslavia to League of Communists of Yugoslavia.
Name Lifespan Term of office Representing Notes
Presidents of the Presidency
Josip Broz Tito Josip Broz Tito 1892–1980 13 August
1964
4 May
1980
N/A Died in office.
Branko Mikulić Branko Mikulić 1928–1994 19 October
1978
23 October
1979
SR Bosnia and Herzegovina Acting for Tito.
Stevan Doronjski Stevan Doronjski 1919–1981 23 October
1979
20 October
1980
SAP Vojvodina Acting for Tito until 4 May 1980.
Lazar Mojsov 1920–2011 20 October
1980
20 October
1981
SR Macedonia
Dušan Dragosavac 1919– 20 October
1981
29 June
1982
SR Croatia
Mitja Ribičič Mitja Ribičič 1919–2013 29 June
1982
30 June
1983
SR Slovenia
Dragoslav Marković 1920–2005 30 June
1983
26 June
1984
SR Serbia
Ali Shukriu 1919–2005 26 June
1984
25 June
1985
SAP Kosovo
Vidoje Žarković 1927–2000 25 June
1985
28 June
1986
SR Montenegro
Milanko Renovica 1928–2013 28 June
1986
30 June
1987
SR Bosnia and Herzegovina
Boško Krunić 1929– 30 June
1987
30 June
1988
SAP Vojvodina
Stipe Šuvar 1936–2004 30 June
1988
17 May
1989
SR Croatia Šuvar resigned from his party offices after being appointed as the Croat representative to the Presidency of Yugoslavia on 15 May 1989.
Milan Pančevski 1935– 17 May
1989
30 June
1990
SR Macedonia Party dissolved in the aftermath of the 14th Extraordinary Congress.

See also

References

  1. ^ a b Political Secretary
  2. ^ Organizational Secretary
  3. ^ President of the Presidency
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