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Kingston Shipyards

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Kingston Shipyards

Kingston Shipbuilding Co. Ltd, Shipbuilding and Ship Repair
Industry Shipbuilding
Successor Marine Museum of the Great Lakes at Kingston
Founded 1910
Defunct 1968
Headquarters Mississauga Point, Kingston, Ontario, Canada
Products Lake freighters, Naval vessels
Services Ship Repair
Parent Collingwood Shipbuilding

Kingston Shipyards was a Canadian shipbuilder and ship repair company that operated from 1910 to 1968.[1] The facility was located on the Kingston waterfront property known as Mississauga Point which is the now the site of the Marine Museum of the Great Lakes at Kingston.

Contents

  • History 1
    • Background: The Marine Railway Company 1.1
    • Kingston Shipyards to World War I 1.2
    • The Depression 1.3
    • World War II 1.4
    • Canada Steamship Lines takes over 1.5
    • The Final Years 1.6
    • Shipbuilding History 1.7
  • References 2

History

Background: The Marine Railway Company

In 1836 the British Board of Ordnance transferred control of the Kingston waterfront property, Mississauga Point, from the military to local businessmen. John Counter, Henry Gildersleeve, and Thomas Kirkpatrick created the Marine Railway Company to service the shipping traffic on Lake Ontario and the St. Lawrence River.[1]

By 1839 the company had built a small dry dock, an engine foundry, two wharves and a marine railway. In 1848 a large three storey warehouse was constructed. Steam power was added to the marine railway in 1851 and additional stone outbuildings were constructed in 1854.[1]

The Marine Railway Company advertised its facilities in 1862. The company claimed to own a marine railway with steam sawmill, workshops and offices, sixteen stone cottages, a large foundry known as the Ontario foundry, five large three and four storey fireproof warehouses and many wharves. Over two hundred men were employed to overhaul and service seven vessels at a time. At its time, it was the largest shipbuilding effort west of Quebec.[1]

Kingston Shipyards to World War I

In 1910 Collingwood Shipyards decided to open a subsidiary shipbuilding and repair plant in Kingston. The government dry dock was rented and purchased as well three government contracts for ships were secured. Several small jobs followed until the First World War in 1915. War contracts required 8 minesweepers for the Royal Navy and the Royal Canadian Navy and thus the workforce increased to over 1000 workers.[1]

The Depression

Manager D. Thompson headed the firm during the depression keeping a crew of six to eight men onsite. Parties of workers were hired on the spot on a jobbed basis.[1]

World War II

The first three corvettes were ordered to be constructed in 1940. This was the first construction contract since 1923. The workforce grew to over 1500 as corvette and minesweeper construction progressed. The last wartime contracts were for seven seagoing steam tugs which were finished after the war had ended.[1]

Canada Steamship Lines takes over

In 1947 the yard was bought by the Canada Steamship Lines. This rejuvenated the shipyard business as the fleet of canallers owned by the Canada Steamship Lines provided repair work for the yard. The Kingston Shipyards throughout the 1950’s was occupied with building tugs, barges and pontoons.[1]

The Final Years

The opening of the St Lawrence Seaway in 1959 made the fleet of canallers obsolete. With no canaller fleet wintering in Kingston, the yard lost the majority of its work. In 1967 Canada Steamship Lines shut down the site and all the equipment was to be sold or transferred to Collingwood Shipyards. The property was sold in 1968, and in 1974 acquired by the establishment of the current Marine Museum of the Great lakes at Kingston.[1]

Shipbuilding History[2][3][4][5][6]

Hull # Original Name Original Owner Vessel Type Gross Tonnage Date Built Disposition
1 Polana Dept. of Agriculture Quarantine Cutter 278 1911 1927: renamed Jalobert 1955: renamed Macassa 1965: renamed Queen City
3 Bellechasse Coast Guard Icebreaker and Buoy Tender 417 1912 1954: scrapped
4 Dollard Coast Guard Buoy Tender 761 1913 1970: scrapped
5 P.W.D. No. 17 Dept. of Public Works Dump Scow 398 1913 1938: no trace of ship records past this date.
6 P.W.D.No.18 Dept. of Public Works Dump Scow 398 1913 1985: possibly broken up.
7 HMCS Thiepval Royal Canadian Navy Minesweeper 440d 1918 1920: decommissioned 1923: recommissioned 1930: struck a rock and sank
8 HMCS Loos Royal Canadian Navy Minesweeper 440d 1918 1920: decommissioned 1940: recommissioned 1949: broken up
9 HMCS TR-19 Royal Navy Minesweeper 360d 1918 1926: renamed Almeria 1928: renamed Goolgwai 1939: HMAS Goolgwai 1945: decommissioned 1955: wrecked near Sydney, Australia
10 HMCS TR-20 Royal Navy Minesweeper 360d 1918 1920: renamed Seville 1926: renamed Durraween 1940: HMAS Durraween 1952: broken up
11 HMCS TR-54 Royal Navy Minesweeper 360d 1918 1925: renamed Table Bay 1937: renamed Mary Mortimer
12 HMCS TR-55 Royal Navy Minesweeper 360d 1918 1920: renamed Marie Jacqueline 1927: Svalbard II 1939: HNoMS Scorpion (Norwegian Navy) 1940: captured by Germans, renamed NN02 Scorpion 1945: surrendered and returned to previous Norwegian owners 1946: Svalbard II 1956: Baxel 1966: sold for scrap
13 HMCS TR-56 Royal Navy Minesweeper 360d 1918 1919: renamed CT56 (USN) 1921: renamed Romanita
14 HMCS TR-57 Royal Navy Minesweeper 360d 1919 1920: renamed Colonel Roosevelt 1926: renamed Texas 1941: HMT Texas 1944: lost in a collision off Jamaica
15 Canadian Beaver Canadian Govt. Cargo Ship 2,410 1920 1934: renamed Shinai (Japan Govt.) 1941: renamed Shinai Maru 1944: sunk by an American mine off the coast of Sulawesi, Indonesia.
16 Canadian Coaster Canadian Govt. Cargo Ship 2,422 1921 1929: renamed Kingsley 1943: renamed Silvestre 1950: renamed Santa Lucia 1966: scrapped for parts
J. A. Cornett Canadian Dredging Tug 60 1937 2015: moored near Port Dover harbour
17 HMCS Napanee (K118) Royal Canadian Navy Corvette 940d 1941 1942: sinks enemy ship U-356 1943: sinks enemy ship U-163 1946: sold and scrapped
18 HMCS Prescott (K161) Royal Canadian Navy Corvette 940d 1941 1943: sinks enemy ship U-163 1946: sold 1951: scrapped
19 HMCS Sudbury (K162) Royal Canadian Navy Corvette 940d 1941 1946: sold and converted to tug 1967: scrapped
20 HMCS Charlottetown (K244) Royal Canadian Navy Corvette 940d 1941 1942: Torpedoed and sunk by U-517 in the St. Lawrence River near Cap-Chat, Quebec.
21 HMS Ironbound (T284) Royal Navy Minesweeper 545d 1942 1946: renamed Turoy 1949: renamed Christina 1954: renamed Korso 1957: sunk by a mine off Portugal
22 HMS Liscomb (T285) Royal Navy Minesweeper 545d 1942 1946: renamed Aalesund 1967: renamed Lars Nyvoll 1978: renamed Jan Mayen
23 USS Brisk (PG 89) / HMS Flax (K 284) U.S. Navy / Royal Navy Corvette 980d 1942 1947: renamed HMS Flax 1951: renamed Ariana 1955: renamed Arvida Bay 1963: renamed Zaida
24 USS Caprice (PG 90) / HMS Honesty (K285) U.S. Navy / Royal Navy Corvette 980d 1942 1943: renamed HMS Honesty 1946: renamed USS Caprice 1961: scrapped
25 USS Splendor (PG 97) / HMS Rosebay (K286) U.S. Navy / Royal Navy Corvette 980d 1943 1943: renamed HMS Rosebay 1947: renamed Benmark 1950: renamed Frida 1954: scrapped
26 HMCS Frontenac (K335) Royal Canadian Navy Corvette 980d 1943 1945: sold to United Ship Corp. of New York for merchant service
27 HMCS Trentonian (K368) Royal Canadian Navy Corvette 980d 1943 1945: Torpedoed and sunk by U-1004 in the English Channel
28 HMCS Peterborough (K342) Royal Canadian Navy Corvette 980d 1944 1947: renamed Gerardo Jansen (Dominican Republic Ship) 1972: scrapped
29 HMCS Belleville (K332) Royal Canadian Navy Corvette 980d 1943 1947: renamed Juan Bautista Combiaso (Dominican Republic Ship) 1972: broken up
30 HMCS Smith Falls (K345) Royal Canadian Navy Corvette 980d 1943 1950: renamed Olympic Lightning (Honduran-flagged whale-catcher) 1956: renamed Otori Maru No. 16 (Japanese Vessel) 1961: renamed Kyo Maru No. 23 (Japanese Vessel)
31-38 Carleton, Listowel, Aydon Castle, Barnwell Castle, Beeston Castle, Bowes Castle, Devizes Castle, Egremont Castle Royal Canadian Navy Corvette 980d Cancelled
33 Rockglen British Ministry of War Transit Tug 233 1945 1948: renamed Freedom
34 Rockforest British Ministry of War Transit Tug 233 1945 1946: renamed Aramco 202 1948: renamed Abqaiq 1
35 Rockpigeon British Ministry of War Transit Tug 233 1945 1947: renamed Flaunt 1959: renamed St. Merryn 1984: scrapped
36 Rockdoe British Ministry of War Transit Tug 233 1945 1947: renamed Hoedic 1967: renamed Atlantico 1977: scrapped
37 Rockswift British Ministry of War Transit Tug 233 1945 1946: renamed Ocean Rockswift 1967: collides with Silver King I killing 6 fishermen 1995: sold
38 Rockelm British Ministry of War Transit Tug 233 1946 1952: renamed Kalid
39 Rockswift British Ministry of War Transit Tug 233 1946 1949: renamed Pemex XI
40 Kingston Canada Steamship Lines Passenger Vessel Cancelled
41 Canada Steamship Lines Canaller Cancelled
42 N.H.B.M. Hopper No. 1 National Harbour Board Dump Scow 135 1948 2015: active
43 N.H.B.M. Hopper No. 2 National Harbour Board Dump Scow 135 1948 2015: active
44 HMCS Resolute (AMC154) Royal Canadian Navy Minesweeper 412d 1954 1966: scrapped
45 D. C. Everest Marathon Corp. Pulpwood Carrier 2,196 1953 1981: renamed Condarrell 1989: renamed D. C. Everest 2000: renamed Condarrell 2006: scrapped
46 St. Lawrence II Brigantine Inc. Sailing Vessel 34 1953 2015: active
47 Windmill Point Toronto Port Auth. Ferry 118 1954 2015: active
48 Amherst Islander Ont. Dept. of Hwys Ferry 184 1955 2015: active
49 Seeley’s Bay Ferry Leeds and Lansdowne Ferry 1955
50 D.O.T. 11 Dept. of Transport Landing Craft 27 1955
51 D.O.T. 12 Dept. of Transport Landing Craft 27 1955
52 Royal Canadian Navy Landing Craft 1955
53 S.L.S. 81 St. Lawrence Seaway Sweep Scow 102 1955 2015: active
54 YLV 600 Royal Canadian Navy Flat Deck Scow 220 1955
55 YLV 601 Royal Canadian Navy Flat Deck Scow 220 1955
56 Baffin One Canadian Hydro Svce. Landing Barge 4 1956 For CSS Baffin
57 Baffin Two Canadian Hydro Svce. Landing Barge 4 1956 For CSS Baffin
58 D.O.T. 49 Dept. of Transport Landing Craft 27 1956
59 D.OT. 50 Dept. of Transport Landing Craft 27 1956
60 D.O.T. 51 Dept. of Transport Landing Craft 27 1956
61 Pitts Merrit C.A. Pitts Contractors Dredge 883 1957 1977: Lost off Newfoundland
62 Fort Steele (MP 34) R.C.M.P. Patrol Cutter 215 1958 1973: to RCNR, renamed HMCS Fort Steele 140 1996: renamed Marie T. Splinter 1996: renamed Longway
63 Kenora II (MP 94) R.C.M.P. Patrol Cutter 119 1957
64 S.L.S. 86 St. Lawrence Seaway Scow 422 1958
65 S.L.S. 87 St. Lawrence Seaway Scow 422 1958
66 T.H.C. No. 50 Toronto Harbour Comm. Barge 385 1958 2004: active
67 William B. Dilly McNamara Construction Dredge 473 1957 2015: active
68 McNco No. 30 McNamara Construction Scow 321 1958 2015: active
69 McNco No. 31 McNamara Construction Scow 306 1958
70 D.O.T. Dept. of Transport Landing Craft 27 1958
71 D.O.T. Dept. of Transport Landing Craft 27 1958
72 D.O.T. Dept. of Transport Landing Craft 27 1958
73 Scirocco Gulfs & Lakes Navigation Yacht 57 1959 1969: renamed Esmau 1982: renamed Un Monde Different 2008: deleted
74 Lightship No. 4 Dept. of Transport Lightship 520 1959 1969: renamed CCGS Mikula 1995: renamed Kormoran
75 RCL D-35 Russel Construction Scow 235 1958 later: renamed J. P. P. No. 501 later: renamed H.M.D.C. No. 2 later: scrapped
76 RCL D-36 Russel Construction Scow 307 1958 Later: renamed J.P.P. No. 501 1998: H.M.D.C. No. 3 2006: closed
77 D.O.T. Dept. of Transport Landing Craft 27 1958
78 D.O.T. Dept. of Transport Landing Craft 27 1958
79 D.O.T. Dept. of Transport Landing Craft 27 1958
80 D.O.T. Dept. of Transport Landing Craft 27 1958
81 Grayco Canada Pontoons 1958
82 Marguerite St. Lawrence Seaway Wooden Boat 1959 Display boat for Upper Canada Village
83 McNco No. 1 McNamara Construction Scow 223 1959
84 McNco No. 2 McNamara Construction Scow 224 1959
85 McNco No. 3 McNamara Construction Scow 225 1959
86 McNco No. 4 McNamara Construction Scow 223 1959
87 Miss Cornwall Cornwall Boat Tours Tour Boat 44 1960 later: renamed L’Aventure II active?
88 Pilot Boat No. 9 Dept. of Transport Pilot Launch 44 1960 1984: renamed Claudin Riverin 2007: renamed Navsea
89 Churchill 61 National Harbour Board Dump Scow 331 1961 1983: renamed Pitts No. 18 2004: deleted
90 Endiang John P. Labatt Ketch 72 1962 1969: deleted
91 Pitts No. 1 C. A. Pitts Contracting Dump Scow 532 1962
92 Pitts No. 2 C. A. Pitts Contracting Dump Scow 532 1962
93 Relay Coast Guard SAR Cutter 143 1963 1989: stripped and abandoned
94 Shiwassie City of Toronto Ferry 62 1962 1982: renamed Torontonian
95 YSD 1 Royal Canadian Navy Driving Float 1963
96 YSD 2 Royal Canadian Navy Driving Float 1963
97 S.T.V. Pathfinder Toronto Brigantine Inc. Brigantine 35 1963 2015: active
98 Hudson One Dept. of Mines Landing Craft 1963 for: CSS Hudson
99 Bayswater Shipping Barge 808 1963
100 Cargomaster Hamilton Harbour Comm. Derrick Scow 562 1964
101 HBC 1000 Hudson Bay Company Barge 1151 1964 2006: Lost in James Bay
102 Dept. of Public Works Floats 1965
103 Dept. of Public Transport Ferry Barge 15 1965
104 Louis S. St. Laurent One Coast Guard Landing Barge 35 1967 For USCGC Louis S. St. Laurent
105 Louis S. St Laurent Two Coast Guard Landing Barge 35 1967 For USCGC Louis S. St. Laurent
106 Alexbow Alexbow Ltd. Icebreaking Barge 81 1967 1969: Lost in the Arctic
107 Jean Bourdon Coast Guard Survey Vessel 81 1968 1995: renamed 801
108 Scow No. 108 Dept. of Transport Flat Deck Scow 50 1967

References

  1. ^ a b c d e f g h i 1.pdf "Marine Museum of the Great Lakes at Kingston"] (PDF). 
  2. ^ "Canada Coast Guard". 
  3. ^ "Shipbuildinghistory.com". 
  4. ^ "For Posterity Sake - RCN". 
  5. ^ "Ship Spotting". 
  6. ^ "Canada Vessel Registration Office". 
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