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Ångermanland

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Title: Ångermanland  
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Ångermanland

Ångermanland
Coat of arms of Ångermanland
Coat of arms
Country Sweden
Land Norrland
Counties Västernorrland County
Jämtland County
Västerbotten County
Area
 • Total 19,507 km2 (7,532 sq mi)
Population (2009)[1]
 • Total 132,689
 • Density 6.8/km2 (18/sq mi)
Ethnicity
 • Language Swedish (North Swedish)
Culture
 • Flower Heartsease
 • Animal Beaver
 • Bird
 • Fish Lavaret
Time zone CET (UTC+1)
 • Summer (DST) CEST (UTC+2)

    is a historical province (landskap) in the northern part of Sweden. It is bordered (clockwise from the north) by Swedish Lapland, Västerbotten, the Gulf of Bothnia, Medelpad and Jämtland.

The name is derived from the Old Norse anger, which means "deep fjord" and is a reference to the deep mouth of the Ångerman River (Ångermanälven). In earlier times the province was known, in medieval Latin, as Angermannia.

Contents

  • Administration 1
  • Heraldry 2
  • Geography 3
    • Facts 3.1
  • Population 4
  • History 5
    • Historical administration 5.1
      • Cities 5.1.1
      • Districts 5.1.2
  • Sports 6
  • References 7
  • External links 8

Administration

The traditional provinces of Sweden, while remaining culturally and historically important, no longer serve as administrative or political entities. The heartlands of Ångermanland lie in today's Västernorrland County, with the remainder of the traditional province now forming part of Västerbotten and Jämtland Counties.

Heraldry

The heraldic description of the arms of Ångermanland is: Azure three Salmons naiant Argent finned Gules, the middle one counternaiant. These arms closely resemble those of the Royal Borough of Kingston upon Thames in England. The burgh of Peebles in Scotland also has a very similar coat of arms, but with a red background.

Geography

Ångermanland is the sixth largest of Sweden's provinces with an area of some 19,800 km², of which around 1,000 km² is water.

The nature of the western part of Ångermanland is greatly influenced by the presence of the Ångerman River. Although the province's soils are in general too barren for cultivation, there is arable farming in the areas adjoining the rivers – the Ångerman River in particular.

The coast of Ångermanland is mountainous and features an extensive archipelago with many steep islands, deep bays and fjords – among them the mouth of the Ångerman River. The landscape is generally accounted picturesque, particularly in the thickly wooded Ådalen region around the Ångerman River. The landscape is varied, with valleys, rocks, and bogs.

The largest town today is Örnsköldsvik, on the coast, with around 25,000 inhabitants. It is followed by Härnösand with 18,000.

Facts

The coast line on the UNESCO World Heritage Site. The land still rises at the rate of about one centimetre per year, as an effect of the last ice age that ended in the 7th millennium BC.

Population

The population of Ångermanland is 132,689 as of December 31, 2009. It distributes over three counties as follows:[1]

County Population
part of Västernorrland County 119,459
part of Västerbotten County 9,996
part of Jämtland County 3,234

History

Ångermanland is mentioned the first time in Historia Norwegie as "Angariuam", in 1170. It is thought to have been christened in the 12th century, as several runestones were erected in the 11th century. The Vitalie pirate brothers sieged the Styresholm fortress in 1398, holding the whole coast of Norrland. The Styresholm fort was however demolished in 1434 by the locals during the Engelbrekt Uprising. In 1490, districts Ångermanland, Alir, Sunded, Nordanstig and Medelpad constituted Storhälsingland. Härnösand receives city status in 1585. In 1721 Härnösand was burned to the ground by the Russian navy.

In 1931 four demonstrants and one bypassing were shot to death in what was to be known as the Ådal Riot. It resulted in the forming of the state police, stripping the military of policiary work. Lower Norrland received its first university in 2005 when the Mitthögskolan transformed into the Mittuniversitet. The university has its courses spread over four cities; Härnösand, Sundsvall, Örnsköldsvik and Östersund.

The province became a titular royal duchy for the first time in 2015 when King Carl XVI Gustaf of Sweden appointed his newborn grandson Prince Nicolas Duke of Ångermanland.[2]

Historical administration

Ångermanland was historically divided into chartered cities and districts.

Cities

Districts

Sports

Football in the province is administered by Ångermanlands Fotbollförbund.

References

  1. ^ a b Statistics Sweden
  2. ^ "HRH Prince Nicolas Paul Gustaf, Duke of Ångermanland". Swedish Royal Court. Retrieved 21 June 2015. 
  • article Ångermanland from Nordisk familjebok. (Swedish)
  • Hälsingland, Medelpad och Ångermanland from Tacitus.nu. (Swedish)

External links

  • Mid Sweden - Official tourist site for Ångermanland & Medelpad
  • Sweden
  • Sweden
  • Sweden

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