World Library  
Flag as Inappropriate
Email this Article

111th Congress

Article Id: WHEBN0025177042
Reproduction Date:

Title: 111th Congress  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Language: English
Subject: Universal Right to Vote by Mail Act
Collection:
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Publication
Date:
 

111th Congress

111th United States Congress
United States Capitol (2007)

Duration: January 3, 2009 – January 3, 2011

Senate President: Dick Cheney (R),
until Jan. 20, 2009
Joe Biden (D),
from Jan. 20, 2009
Senate Pres. pro tem: Robert Byrd (D),
until June 28, 2010
Daniel Inouye (D)
from June 28, 2010[1]
House Speaker: Nancy Pelosi (D)
Members: 100 Senators
435 Representatives
6 Non-voting members
Senate Majority: Democratic Party
House Majority: Democratic Party

Sessions
1st: January 6, 2009 – December 24, 2009[2]
2nd: January 5, 2010[3] – December 22, 2010[4]
<110th 112th>






The One Hundred Eleventh United States Congress was the meeting of the legislative branch of the United States federal government from January 3, 2009, until January 3, 2011. It began during the last two weeks of the George W. Bush administration, with the remainder spanning the first two years of Barack Obama's presidency. It was composed of the Senate and the House of Representatives. The apportionment of seats in the House was based on the 2000 U.S. Census. In the November 4, 2008 elections, the Democratic Party increased its majorities in both chambers, giving President Obama a Democratic majority in the legislature for the first two years of his presidency. A new delegate seat was created for the Northern Mariana Islands.[5] This Congress has been considered one of the most "productive" Congresses in history in terms of legislation being passed since Lyndon Johnson's era of the "Great Society" (in the 89th Congress).[6][7][8]

Contents

Major events

Major legislation

Enacted

  • January 29, 2009: Pub.L. 111–2
  • February 4, 2009: Pub.L. 111–3
  • February 17, 2009: Pub.L. 111–5
  • March 11, 2009: Pub.L. 111–8
  • March 30, 2009: Pub.L. 111–11
  • April 21, 2009: Pub.L. 111–13
  • May 20, 2009: Pub.L. 111–21
  • May 20, 2009: Pub.L. 111–22
  • May 22, 2009: Pub.L. 111–23
  • May 22, 2009: Pub.L. 111–24
  • June 22, 2009: Pub.L. 111–31
  • June 24, 2009: Pub.L. 111–32
  • October 28, 2009: Pub.L. 111–84
  • November 6, 2009: Pub.L. 111–92
  • December 16, 2009: Pub.L. 111–117
  • February 12, 2010: Pub.L. 111–139
  • March 4, 2010: Pub.L. 111–145
  • March 18, 2010: Pub.L. 111–147
  • March 23, 2010: Pub.L. 111–148
  • March 30, 2010: Pub.L. 111–152
  • May 5, 2010: Pub.L. 111–163
  • July 1, 2010: Pub.L. 111–195
  • July 21, 2010: Pub.L. 111–203
  • July 29, 2010: Tribal Law and Order Act of 2010
  • August 3, 2010: Pub.L. 111–220
  • August 10, 2010: Pub.L. 111–223
  • September 27, 2010: Small Business Jobs and Credit Act of 2010, Pub.L. 111–240
  • December 8, 2010: Claims Resolution Act of 2010, Pub.L. 111–291
  • December 13, 2010: Healthy, Hunger-Free Kids Act of 2010, Pub.L. 111–296
  • December 17, 2010: Tax Relief, Unemployment Insurance Reauthorization, and Job Creation Act of 2010, H.R. 4853
  • December 22, 2010: Don't Ask, Don't Tell Repeal Act of 2010, H.R. 2965
  • January 2, 2011: James Zadroga 9/11 Health and Compensation Act of 2010, H.R. 847
  • January 4, 2011: H.R. 81
  • January 4, 2011: Food Safety and Modernization Act, H.R. 2751

Health care reform

At the encouragement of the Obama administration, Congress devoted significant time considering health care reform. In March 2010, Obama signed the Senate-crafted Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act into law, the first comprehensive health care reform legislation in decades, and the Health Care and Education Reconciliation Act of 2010 which further amended the Senate bill and also included the Student Aid and Fiscal Responsibility Act. Other major reform proposals during the health care debate included:

Proposed

(in alphabetical order)
See also: Active Legislation, 111th Congress, via senate.gov

Vetoed

  • December 30, 2009: continuing appropriations resolution that became unnecessary
  • October 7, 2010: H.R. 3808, Interstate Recognition of Notarizations Act of 2010

Treaties ratified

Major nomination hearings

Impeachments

Party summary

Resignations and new members are discussed in the "Changes in membership" section, below.

Senate


Party
(Shading indicates majority caucus)
Total
Democratic Independent
(caucusing with
Democrats)
Republican Vacant
End of previous Congress 48 2 49 99 1
Begin 55 2 41 98 2
January 15, 2009 56 99 1
January 20, 2009 55 98 2
January 26, 2009 56 99 1
April 30, 2009 57 40
July 7, 2009 58 100 0
August 25, 2009 57 99 1
September 9, 2009 39 98 2
September 10, 2009 40 99 1
September 25, 2009 58 100 0
February 4, 2010 57 41
June 28, 2010 56 99 1
July 16, 2010 57 100 0
November 29, 2010 56 42
Final voting share 58% 42%
Beginning of the next Congress 51 2 47 100 0

House of Representatives

Party
(Shading indicates majority caucus)
Total
Democratic Republican Vacant
End of previous Congress 235 198 433 2
Begin 256 178 434 1
January 26, 2009 255 433 2
February 24, 2009 254 432 3
March 31, 2009 255 433 2
April 7, 2009 256 434 1
June 26, 2009 255 433 2
July 14, 2009 256 434 1
September 21, 2009 177 433 2
November 3, 2009 258 435 0
December 22, 2009 257 178
January 3, 2010 256 434 1
February 8, 2010 255 433 2
February 28, 2010 254 432 3
March 8, 2010 253 431 4
March 21, 2010 177 430 5
April 13, 2010 254 431 4
May 18, 2010 255 432 3
May 21, 2010 176 431 4
May 22, 2010 177 432 3
June 8, 2010 178 433 2
November 2, 2010 180 435 0
November 29, 2010 179 434 1
Final voting share 58.8% 41.2%
Non-voting members 6 0 6 0
Beginning of next Congress 193 242 435 0

Leadership

[ Section contents: Senate: Majority (D), Minority (R)House: Majority (D), Minority (R) ]

Senate

Senate President
Dick Cheney (R)
(until January 20, 2009)
Joe Biden (D)
(from January 20, 2009)
Senate President pro Tempore
Robert Byrd (D)
(until June 28, 2010)
Daniel Inouye (D)
(from June 28, 2010)

Majority (Democratic) leadership

Minority (Republican) leadership

House of Representatives

Speaker of the House

Majority (Democratic) leadership

Minority (Republican) leadership

Members

Senate

House of Representatives

For maps of congressional districts, see List of United States congressional districts.

Changes in membership

Senate

Four of the changes are associated with the 2008 presidential election and appointments to the Obama Administration, one senator changed parties, one election was disputed, two senators died, one senator resigned, and three appointed senators served only until special elections were held during this Congress. |- | Minnesota
(2) | Disputed | style="font-size:80%" | Incumbent Norm Coleman (R) challenged the election of Al Franken (D). The results were disputed, and the seat remained vacant at the beginning of the Congress. Following recounts and litigation, Coleman conceded, and Franken was seated. | style="background:#B0CEFF" nowrap | Al Franken
(D) | July 7, 2009[36] |- | Illinois
(3) | Vacant | style="font-size:80%" | Barack Obama (D) resigned near the end of the previous Congress, after being elected President of the United States.[37] His successor was appointed December 31, 2008, during the last Congress, but due to a credentials challenge, his credentials were not deemed "in order" until January 12, and he was not sworn in to fill his seat until 12 days after the initiation of this Congress.[38] The appointed successor filled the seat until a special election was held November 2, 2010. | style="background:#B0CEFF" nowrap | Roland Burris[39]
(D) | January 12, 2009[38] |- | Delaware
(2) | style="background:#B0CEFF" nowrap | Joe Biden
(D) | style="font-size:80%" | Resigned January 15, 2009, to assume the position of Vice President.[40]
The appointed successor held the seat until a special election was held November 2, 2010. | style="background:#B0CEFF" nowrap | Ted Kaufman[41]
(D) | January 16, 2009[42] |- | Colorado
(3) | style="background:#B0CEFF" nowrap | Ken Salazar
(D) | style="font-size:80%" | Resigned January 20, 2009, to become Secretary of the Interior.
The appointed successor held the seat for the remainder of the term that ends with this Congress. | style="background:#B0CEFF" nowrap | Michael Bennet[43]
(D) | January 21, 2009[44] |- | New York
(1) | style="background:#B0CEFF" nowrap | Hillary Clinton
(D) | style="font-size:80%" | Resigned January 21, 2009, to become Secretary of State.
The appointed successor held the seat until a special election was held November 2, 2010. | style="background:#B0CEFF" nowrap | Kirsten Gillibrand[45]
(D) | January 26, 2009 |- | Pennsylvania
(3) | style="background:#FFB6B6" nowrap | Arlen Specter
(R) | style="font-size:80%" | Changed party affiliation April 30, 2009.[27] | style="background:#B0CEFF" nowrap | Arlen Specter
(D) | April 30, 2009 |- | Massachusetts
(1) | style="background:#B0CEFF" nowrap | Ted Kennedy
(D) | style="font-size:80%" | Died August 25, 2009.
The appointed successor held the seat until the elected successor took the seat.[46][47][48] | style="background:#B0CEFF" nowrap | Paul G. Kirk
(D) | September 25, 2009 |- | Florida
(3) | style="background:#FFB6B6" nowrap | Mel Martinez
(R) | style="font-size:80%" | Resigned September 9, 2009, for personal reasons.[49]
The appointed successor held the seat for the remainder of the term that ends with this Congress. | style="background:#FFB6B6" nowrap | George LeMieux
(R) | September 10, 2009[50][51] |- | Massachusetts
(1) | style="background:#B0CEFF" nowrap | Paul G. Kirk
(D) | style="font-size:80%" | Appointment expired February 4, 2010, following a special election.[52]
The winner of the election held the seat for the remainder of the term that ends January 3, 2013. | style="background:#FFB6B6" nowrap | Scott Brown
(R)[53] | February 4, 2010 |- | West Virginia
(1) | style="background:#B0CEFF" nowrap | Robert Byrd
(D) | style="font-size:80%" | Died June 28, 2010.[54]
The appointed successor held the seat until a special election was held November 2, 2010.[55] | style="background:#B0CEFF" nowrap | Carte Goodwin
(D)[28] | July 16, 2010[56] |- | Delaware
(2) | style="background:#B0CEFF" nowrap | Ted Kaufman
(D) | style="font-size:80%" | Appointed January 15, 2009. The appointment lasted only until the November 2, 2010 special election, in which he was not a candidate.[57]
The winner of the special election held the seat for the remainder of the term that ends January 3, 2015. | style="background:#B0CEFF" nowrap | Chris Coons
(D) | November 15, 2010[58][59] |- | West Virginia
(1) | style="background:#B0CEFF" nowrap | Carte Goodwin
(D) | style="font-size:80%" | Appointed November 15, 2010. The appointment lasted only until the November 2, 2010 special election, in which he was not a candidate.
The winner of the special election held the seat for the remainder of the term that ends January 3, 2013. | style="background:#B0CEFF" nowrap | Joe Manchin
(D) | November 15, 2010[58][59] |- | Illinois
(3) | style="background:#B0CEFF" nowrap | Roland Burris
(D) | style="font-size:80%" | Appointed January 12, 2009. The appointment lasted only until the November 2, 2010 special election, in which he was not a candidate.
The winner of the special election held the seat for the remainder of the term that ended with this Congress. | style="background:#FFB6B6" nowrap | Mark Kirk
(R) | November 29, 2010[58][59] |}

House of Representatives

Five changes are associated with appointments to the Obama Administration, four directly and one indirectly. Two representatives changed parties, one died, and five resigned. House vacancies are only filled by elections. State laws regulate when (and if) there will be special elections. |- | Illinois 5th | Vacant | style="font-size:80%" | Rahm Emanuel (D) resigned near the end of the previous Congress after being named White House Chief of Staff.
A special election was held April 7, 2009 | style="background:#B0CEFF" | Michael Quigley
(D) | April 7, 2009 |- | New York 20th | style="background:#B0CEFF" | Kirsten Gillibrand
(D) | style="font-size:80%" | Resigned January 26, 2009, when appointed to the Senate, replacing Hillary Clinton who became Secretary of State.
A special election was held March 31, 2009. | style="background:#B0CEFF" | Scott Murphy
(D) | March 31, 2009 |- | Northern Mariana Islands At-large | style="background:#fdfd7f" | Gregorio Sablan
(I) | style="font-size:80%" |Changed party affiliation February 23, 2009.[32]
Previously an Independent who caucused with Democrats in House | style="background:#B0CEFF" | Gregorio Sablan
(D) | February 23, 2009 |- | California 32nd | style="background:#B0CEFF" | Hilda Solis
(D) | style="font-size:80%" | Resigned February 24, 2009, to become Secretary of Labor.
A special election was held July 14, 2009. | style="background:#B0CEFF" | Judy Chu
(D) | July 14, 2009 |- | California 10th | style="background:#B0CEFF" | Ellen Tauscher
(D) | style="font-size:80%" | Resigned June 26, 2009, to become Undersecretary of State for Arms Control and International Security.
A special election was held November 3, 2009. | style="background:#B0CEFF" | John Garamendi
(D)[60] | November 3, 2009[61] |- | New York 23rd | style="background:#FFB6B6" | John M. McHugh
(R) | style="font-size:80%" | Resigned September 21, 2009, to become Secretary of the Army.[62]
A special election was held November 3, 2009. | style="background:#B0CEFF" | Bill Owens
(D)[63] | November 3, 2009 |- | Alabama 5th | style="background:#B0CEFF" | Parker Griffith
(D) | style="font-size:80%" | Changed party affiliation December 22, 2009.[64] | style="background:#FFB6B6" | Parker Griffith
(R) | December 22, 2009 |- | Florida 19th | style="background:#B0CEFF" | Robert Wexler
(D) | style="font-size:80%" | Resigned January 3, 2010, to become president of the Center for Middle East Peace & Economic Cooperation.[65]
A special election was held April 13, 2010. | style="background:#B0CEFF"| Ted Deutch (D) | April 13, 2010 |- | Pennsylvania 12th | style="background:#B0CEFF" | John Murtha
(D) | style="font-size:80%" | Died February 8, 2010.
A special election was held May 18, 2010. | style="background:#B0CEFF"| Mark Critz (D) | May 18, 2010 |- | Hawaii 1st | style="background:#B0CEFF" | Neil Abercrombie
(D) | style="font-size:80%" | Resigned February 28, 2010,[66] to focus on run for Governor of Hawaii.
A special election was held May 22, 2010. | style="background:#FFB6B6"| Charles Djou (R) | May 22, 2010 |- | New York 29th | style="background:#B0CEFF" | Eric Massa
(D) | style="font-size:80%" | Resigned March 8, 2010,[67] due to a recurrence of his cancer, as well as an ethics investigation.
A special election was held contemporaneously with the November 2, 2010 general election. | style="background:#FFB6B6"| Tom Reed (R) | November 2, 2010[59][68] |- | Georgia 9th | style="background:#FFB6B6" | Nathan Deal
(R) | style="font-size:80%" | Resigned March 21, 2010, to focus on run for Governor of Georgia.
A special election runoff was held June 8, 2010. | style="background:#FFB6B6"| Tom Graves (R) | June 8, 2010 |- | Indiana 3rd | style="background:#FFB6B6" | Mark Souder
(R) | style="font-size:80%" | Resigned May 21, 2010, after an affair with a staff member was revealed.[69]
A special election was held contemporaneously with the November 2, 2010 general election.[70] | style="background:#FFB6B6"| Marlin Stutzman (R) | November 2, 2010[59] |- | Illinois 10th | style="background:#FFB6B6" | Mark Kirk
(R) | style="font-size:80%" | Resigned November 29, 2010, after being elected to the United States Senate in a special election | colspan=2 | Vacant until the next Congress |}

Committees

Lists of committees and their party leaders.

Senate

Main article: List of United States Senate committees

House of Representatives

Main article: List of United States House of Representatives committees

Joint appointments

Main article: List of United States congressional joint committees

Employees

Senate

House of Representatives

See also

Elections

Membership lists

References

External links

  • H.Res. 1, Electing officers of the House of Representatives, 111th Congress
  • Biographical Directory of the U.S. Congress
  • Library of Congress
  • Member Information, via U.S. House of Representatives
  • Statistics and Lists, via U.S. Senate
  • Congressional Research Service, December 31, 2008
  • Congressional Directory: Main Page, Government Printing Office Online. Detailed listings of many aspects of current & previous memberships and sessions of Congress.
  • Name Pronunciation Guide to the 111th U.S. Congress from inogolo.com
This article was sourced from Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. World Heritage Encyclopedia content is assembled from numerous content providers, Open Access Publishing, and in compliance with The Fair Access to Science and Technology Research Act (FASTR), Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., Public Library of Science, The Encyclopedia of Life, Open Book Publishers (OBP), PubMed, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health (NIH), U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, and USA.gov, which sources content from all federal, state, local, tribal, and territorial government publication portals (.gov, .mil, .edu). Funding for USA.gov and content contributors is made possible from the U.S. Congress, E-Government Act of 2002.
 
Crowd sourced content that is contributed to World Heritage Encyclopedia is peer reviewed and edited by our editorial staff to ensure quality scholarly research articles.
 
By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. World Heritage Encyclopedia™ is a registered trademark of the World Public Library Association, a non-profit organization.
 


Copyright © World Library Foundation. All rights reserved. eBooks from Project Gutenberg are sponsored by the World Library Foundation,
a 501c(4) Member's Support Non-Profit Organization, and is NOT affiliated with any governmental agency or department.