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12 Hours of Sebring

12 Hours of Sebring
United SportsCar Championship
Venue Sebring International Raceway
Corporate sponsor Mobil 1
First race 1950
First USCC race 2014
Duration 12 hours
Most wins (driver) Tom Kristensen (6)
Most wins (team) Scuderia Ferrari/SpA Ferrari (8)
Most wins (manufacturer) Porsche (17)

The 12 Hours of Sebring is an annual motorsport endurance race for sports cars held at Sebring International Raceway, on the site of the former Hendricks Army Airfield World War II air base in Sebring, Florida. The event is the second round of the United SportsCar Championship and in the past has been a round of the now defunct World Sportscar Championship, IMSA GT Championship and American Le Mans Series. In 2012, the race was the opening event of the FIA World Endurance Championship.

Contents

  • History 1
  • Race results 2
  • Statistics 3
  • Overall winners 4
  • References 5
  • External links 6

History

The track opened in 1950 on an airfield and is a road racing course styled after those used in European Grand Prix motor racing. The first race was a six-hour race on New Year's Eve 1950, with the next race held 14 months later as the first 12 Hours of Sebring.[1] The race is famous for its "once around the clock" action, starting during the day and finishing at night. From 1953 to 1972 the 12 Hour was a round of the FIA’s premier sports car series which was contested under various names including the World Sportscar Championship and the International Championship for Makes.

In its early years, the Sebring circuit combined former airport runways with narrow two-lane service roads. The 1966 event was a turning point in Sebring history, as the facilities and the safety of the circuit were heavily criticized. Five people were killed during the race, which was more people killed than in the race's prior 15-year history combined. Bob McLean crashed while approaching the hairpin; his car rolled several times, struck a utility pole and then exploded, landing in a ditch and killing McLean.

In another incident Mario Andretti in his Ferrari 365 P2 tangled with Don Wester's Porsche 906 on the Warehouse Straight near the Webster Turns, killing four spectators and then crashing into a warehouse next to the track. Subsequent to these events, the facilities were upgraded and the circuit layout was changed, including eliminating the Webster Turns and creating the Green Park Chicane further down the track to move the straight further away from the airport warehouses. The circuit was made safer and there were no fatalities until 1980.

It is known as preparation for the 24 Hours of Le Mans, as the track's extremely bumpy surface, combined with south-central Florida's perennial hot weather, is a test of a car's reliability. In recent years, six overall victories have been achieved by the Audi R8, one fewer than the record seven wins of the Porsche 935.

Tom Kristensen has won the race more times than anyone else, with six victories – in 19992000, 20052006, 2009 and in 2012.

Race results

2008 overall winner Porsche RS Spyder.

The 1966 race had Dan Gurney leading at the last lap, when his engine of his Shelby American Ford GT40 Mk II seized near the end. Gurney pushed his car over the finish line, beaten only by Ken Miles and Lloyd Ruby. However, his actions were ultimately determined to be against the rules and he did not receive credit for his finish.[2]

In 2005, the Chevrolet Corvette C6.R and Aston Martin DBR9 made their race debut in the hotly contested GT1 class, with Aston Martin winning its class for the first time in 49 years at Sebring ahead of the two Corvettes. Corvette had dominated the class the past three years with its previous generation C5R.

The all-new Audi R10 TDI won the 2006 edition of the race, the car's first ever run in competition. The victory set the stage for an even more momentous win by the R10 in its next race, the Le Mans 24 Hours later in the year. The much-hyped Porsche RS Spyder campaigned by Penske Racing dropped to take 2nd place in its LMP2 class, behind the Intersport Lola car. The GT1 Corvette C6R team got their revenge against the Aston Martin, although the second Corvette came within 1/3 of a second of the podium in the closing laps of the race.

2007 saw Audi again winning in the R10 TDI despite requiring more frequent refueling due to changes in American Le Mans series rules intended to even the field between gasoline and diesel powered engines. In addition to an overall win, Audi also set a track record in 2007 with Marco Werner behind the wheel in qualifying.

Statistics

Audi R8 winner 2000-2005
Rank Constructor Wins Years
1 Porsche 18 1960, 1968, 1971, 1973, 7688, 2008
2 Ferrari 12 1956, 58-64, 1970, 1972, 1995, 97-98
3 Audi 11 20002007, 2009, 1213
4 Nissan 4 8991, 1994
5 Ford 4 66-67, 1969, 2014
6 Toyota 2 92-93
BMW 1975, 1999
Peugeot 10-11
9 Allard 1 1950
Frazer-Nash 1952
Cunningham 1953
O.S.C.A. 1954
Jaguar 1955
Maserati 1957
Chaparral 1965
Riley & Scott 1996
Riley 2014
Rank Driver Wins Years
1 Tom Kristensen 6 99-00, 05-06, 2009, 2012
2 Rinaldo Capello 5 01-02, 2006, 2009, 2012
3 Frank Biela 4 2000, 03-04, 07
Allan McNish 2004, 2006, 2009, 2012
5 Mario Andretti 3 1967, 1970, 1972
Hans-Joachim Stuck 1975, 1986, 1988

Overall winners

Year Drivers Team Car Tires Distance Championship
3.3 mile/5.31 km circuit
1950 Fritz Koster
Ralph Deshon
Victor Sharpe/Tommy Cole Crosley HotShot 613.84 km (381.42 mi)
(Sam Collier Memorial Sebring Grand Prix of Endurance Six Hours) [3]
Non-championship
1951 Not held
5.382 mile/8.6 km circuit
1952 Harry Gray
Larry Kulok
Stuart Donaldson Frazer-Nash Le Mans Replica D 1,213.445 km (754.000 mi) American Automobile Association (AAA)
1953 Phil Walters
John Fitch
Briggs Cunningham Cunningham C4R-Chrysler F 1,447.766 km (899.600 mi) World Sportscar Championship
1954 Stirling Moss
Bill Lloyd
Briggs Cunningham O.S.C.A. MT4 P 1,405.923 km (873.600 mi) World Sportscar Championship
1955 Mike Hawthorn
Phil Walters
Briggs Cunningham Jaguar D-Type D 1,523.083 km (946.400 mi) World Sportscar Championship
1956 Juan Manuel Fangio
Eugenio Castellotti
Scuderia Ferrari Ferrari 860 Monza E 1,623.506 km (1,008.800 mi) World Sportscar Championship
1957 Jean Behra
Juan Manuel Fangio
Maserati Maserati 450S P 1,648.612 km (1,024.400 mi) World Sportscar Championship
1958 Phil Hill
Peter Collins
Scuderia Ferrari Ferrari 250 TR58 E 1,673.718 km (1,040.000 mi) World Sportscar Championship
1959 Dan Gurney
Chuck Daigh
Phil Hill
Olivier Gendebien
Scuderia Ferrari Ferrari 250 TR59 Fantuzzi E 1,573.295 km (977.600 mi) World Sportscar Championship
1960 Hans Herrmann
Olivier Gendebien
Joakim Bonnier PorscheRS-60 D 1,640.243 km (1,019.200 mi) World Sportscar Championship
1961 Phil Hill
Olivier Gendebien
SpA Ferrari SEFAC Ferrari 250 TRI/61 D 1,740.666 km (1,081.600 mi) World Sportscar Championship
1962 Joakim Bonnier
Lucien Bianchi
Scuderia SSS Republica di Venezia Ferrari 250 TRI/61 D 1,723.929 km (1,071.200 mi) International Championship for GT Manufacturers
1963 John Surtees
Ludovico Scarfiotti
SpA Ferrari SEFAC Ferrari 250P D 1,749.035 km (1,086.800 mi) International Championship for GT Manufacturers
1964 Mike Parkes
Umberto Maglioli
SpA Ferrari SEFAC Ferrari 275P D 1,790.878 km (1,112.800 mi) International Championship for GT Manufacturers
1965 Jim Hall
Hap Sharp
Chaparral Cars Inc. Chaparral 2-Chevrolet F 1,640.243 km (1,019.200 mi) International Championship for GT Manufacturers
1966 Ken Miles
Lloyd Ruby
Shelby American Inc. Ford GT40 X-1 Roadster G 1,908.038 km (1,185.600 mi) International Championship for Sports-Prototypes
International Championship for Sports Cars
5.4 mile/8.66 km circuit
1967 Bruce McLaren
Mario Andretti
Ford Motor Company Ford GT40 MkIV F 1,991.724 km (1,237.600 mi) International Championship for Sports-Prototypes
International Championship for Sports Cars
1968 Jo Siffert
Hans Herrmann
Porsche Automobile Company Porsche 907 D 1,983.356 km (1,232.400 mi) International Championship for Makes
1969 Jacky Ickx
Jackie Oliver
J.W. Automotive Engineering Ford GT40 MkI F 2,000.093 km (1,242.800 mi) International Championship for Makes
1970 Ignazio Giunti
Nino Vaccarella
Mario Andretti
SpA Ferrari SEFAC Ferrari 512S F 2,075.410 km (1,289.600 mi) International Championship for Makes
1971 Vic Elford
Gérard Larrousse
Martini Racing Porsche 917K F 2,175.833 km (1,352.000 mi) International Championship for Makes
1972 Mario Andretti
Jacky Ickx
SpA Ferrari SEFAC Ferrari 312PB F 2,167.465 km (1,346.800 mi) World Championship for Makes
1973 Hurley Haywood
Peter Gregg
Dave Helmick
Dave Helmick Porsche Carrera RSR G 1,891.301 km (1,175.200 mi) IMSA GT Championship
1974 No race due to energy crisis
1975 Hans-Joachim Stuck
Brian Redman
Allan Moffat
Sam Posey
BMW Motorsport BMW 3.0 CSL D 1,991.724 km (1,237.600 mi) IMSA GT Championship
1976 Al Holbert
Mike Keyser
Holbert Porsche-Audi Porsche Carrera RSR G 1,924.775 km (1,196.000 mi) IMSA GT Championship
1977 George Dyer
Brad Frisselle
George Dyer Porsche Carrera RSR G 1,958.450 km (1,216.924 mi) IMSA GT Championship
1978 Brian Redman
Charles Mendez
Bob Garretson
Dick Barbour Racing Porsche 935 G 2,008.461 km (1,248.000 mi) IMSA GT Championship
1979 Bob Akin
Rob McFarlin
Roy Woods
Dick Barbour Racing Porsche 935 G 2,000.093 km (1,242.800 mi) IMSA GT Championship
1980 John Fitzpatrick
Dick Barbour
Dick Barbour Racing Porsche 935 K3 G 2,117.253 km (1,315.600 mi) IMSA GT Championship
1981 Bruce Leven
Hurley Haywood
Al Holbert
Bayside Disposal Racing Porsche 935/80 G 2,050.304 km (1,274.000 mi) IMSA GT Championship
World Endurance Championship
1982 John Paul, Sr.
John Paul, Jr.
JLP Racing Porsche 935 JLP-3 G 2,041.936 km (1,268.800 mi) IMSA GT Championship
4.7 mile/7.52 km circuit
1983 Wayne Baker
Jim Mullen
Kees Nierop
Personalized Autohaus Porsche 934 F 1,765.853 km (1,097.250 mi) IMSA GT Championship
1984 Mauricio de Narvaez
Hans Heyer
Stefan Johansson
De Narvaez Enterprises Porsche 935J G 2,057.031 km (1,278.180 mi) IMSA GT Championship
1985 A. J. Foyt
Bob Wollek
Preston Henn Porsche 962 G 2,197.817 km (1,365.660 mi) IMSA GT Championship
1986 Hans-Joachim Stuck
Jo Gartner
Bob Akin
Bob Akin Motor Racing Porsche 962 Y 2,244.745 km (1,394.820 mi) IMSA GT Championship
4.2 mile/6.85 km circuit
1987 Jochen Mass
Bobby Rahal
Bayside Disposal Racing Porsche 962 G 1,971.092 km (1,224.780 mi) IMSA GT Championship
1988 Klaus Ludwig
Hans-Joachim Stuck
Bayside Disposal Racing Porsche 962 G 2,103.380 km (1,306.980 mi) IMSA GT Championship
1989 Geoff Brabham
Chip Robinson
Arie Luyendyk
Electramotive Engineering Nissan GTP ZX-Turbo G 2,182.753 km (1,356.300 mi) IMSA GT Championship
1990 Derek Daly
Bob Earl
Nissan Performance Technology Nissan GTP ZX-Turbo G 1,990.936 km (1,237.110 mi) IMSA GT Championship
3.72 mile/5.99 km circuit
1991 Derek Daly
Geoff Brabham
Gary Brabham
Nissan Performance Technology Nissan NPT-90 G 1,774.463 km (1,102.600 mi) IMSA GT Championship
1992 Juan Manuel Fangio II
Andy Wallace
All American Racers Eagle MkIII-Toyota G 2,143.646 km (1,332.000 mi) IMSA GT Championship
1993 Juan Manuel Fangio II
Andy Wallace
All American Racers Eagle MkIII-Toyota G 1,369.552 km (851.000 mi) IMSA GT Championship
1994 Steve Millen
Johnny O'Connell
John Morton
Clayton Cunningham Racing Nissan 300ZX Y 1,947.145 km (1,209.900 mi) IMSA GT Championship
1995 Andy Evans
Fermín Vélez
Eric van de Poele
Scandia Motorsports Ferrari 333 SP P 1,548.189 km (962.000 mi) IMSA GT Championship
1996 Wayne Taylor
Jim Pace
Scott Sharp
Doyle Racing Riley & Scott Mk III-Oldsmobile P 1,935.075 km (1,202.400 mi) IMSA GT Championship
1997 Andy Evans
Fermín Vélez
Yannick Dalmas
Stefan Johansson
Team Scandia Ferrari 333 SP G 1,628.012 km (1,011.600 mi) IMSA GT Championship
1998 Didier Theys
Gianpiero Moretti
Mauro Baldi
MOMO Doran Racing Ferrari 333 SP Y 1,925.178 km (1,196.250 mi) IMSA GT Championship
3.74 mile/6.02 km circuit
1999 Tom Kristensen
JJ Lehto
Jörg Müller
BMW Motorsport BMW V12 LMR M 1,863.781 km (1,158.100 mi) American Le Mans Series
2000 Frank Biela
Tom Kristensen
Emanuele Pirro
Audi Sport North America Audi R8 M 2,143.646 km (1,332.000 mi) American Le Mans Series
2001 Rinaldo Capello
Michele Alboreto
Laurent Aïello
Audi Sport North America Audi R8 M 2,203.192 km (1,369.000 mi) American Le Mans Series
European Le Mans Series
2002 Rinaldo Capello
Christian Pescatori
Johnny Herbert
Audi Sport North America Audi R8 M 2,060.282 km (1,280.200 mi) American Le Mans Series
2003 Frank Biela
Marco Werner
Philipp Peter
Infineon Team Joest Audi R8 M 2,185.328 km (1,357.900 mi) American Le Mans Series
2004 Allan McNish
Frank Biela
Pierre Kaffer
Audi Sport UK Team Veloqx Audi R8 M 2,084.101 km (1,295.000 mi) American Le Mans Series
2005 JJ Lehto
Marco Werner
Tom Kristensen
ADT Champion Racing Audi R8 M 2,149.601 km (1,335.700 mi) American Le Mans Series
2006 Tom Kristensen
Allan McNish
Rinaldo Capello
Audi Sport North America Audi R10 TDI
(Diesel)
M 2,078.145 km (1,291.299 mi) American Le Mans Series
2007 Frank Biela
Emanuele Pirro
Marco Werner
Audi Sport North America Audi R10 TDI
(Diesel)
M 2,165.8 km (1,345.8 mi) American Le Mans Series
2008 Timo Bernhard
Romain Dumas
Emmanuel Collard
Penske Racing Porsche RS Spyder M 2,088.45 km (1,297.70 mi) American Le Mans Series
2009 Tom Kristensen
Allan McNish
Rinaldo Capello
Audi Sport Team Joest Audi R15 TDI
(Diesel)
M 2,278.85 km (1,416.01 mi) American Le Mans Series
2010 Marc Gené
Alexander Wurz
Anthony Davidson
Team Peugeot Total Peugeot 908 HDi FAP
(Diesel)
M 2,185.328 km (1,357.900 mi) American Le Mans Series
2011 Loïc Duval
Nicolas Lapierre
Olivier Panis
Team Oreca Matmut Peugeot 908 HDi FAP
(Diesel)
M 1,975.4 km (1,227.5 mi) American Le Mans Series
Intercontinental Le Mans Cup
2012 Tom Kristensen
Allan McNish
Rinaldo Capello
Audi Sport Team Joest Audi R18 TDI
(Diesel)
M 1,933.8 km (1,201.6 mi) FIA World Endurance Championship
American Le Mans Series
2013 Marcel Fässler
Benoît Tréluyer
Oliver Jarvis
Audi Sport Team Joest Audi R18 e-tron quattro
(hybrid diesel)
M 2,191.3 km (1,361.6 mi) American Le Mans Series
2014 Marino Franchitti
Scott Pruett
Memo Rojas
Ganassi Racing Riley Mk XXVI-Ford Ecoboost C 1,751.1 km (1,088.1 mi) United SportsCar Championship
2015 Christian Fittipaldi
Sébastien Bourdais
João Barbosa
Action Express Racing Chevrolet Corvette DP C 2,046.4 km (1,271.6 mi) United SportsCar Championship
^A The car was in fact, a Porsche 935 K3 that has been modified with a single plug cylinder head and a front nose to resemble a Porsche 934 to comply to IMSA GTO specification.[4]
^B These races were stopped for a period of time due to heavy rain and/or accidents. The race clock was not stopped for these periods and counted towards the 12 Hours.
^C Race record for most distance covered.
^D Technically the race "winner" in 1950 was the Crosley Hot Shot of Fritz Koster / Ralph Deshon, entered by Victor Sharpe Jr. of Tampa. While the Wacker / Burrell Allard did cover more distance, the race was run under the "Index of Performance" handicapping rules and the Crosley, with a much smaller engine than the Cadillac-powered Allard, is listed in the Official Sebring Record Book as the winner.

References

  1. ^  
  2. ^ Watkins, Gary (March 19, 2012). "Fab Five".  
  3. ^ Sam Collier Memorial Sebring Grand Prix of Endurance Six Hours, www.racingsportscars.com Retrieved on 31 July 2012
  4. ^ Starkey, John. 930 to 935: The Turbo Porsches. Renwick & Starkey Ltd.  

External links

  • Official Homepage
  • ALMS Official Homepage
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