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20th United States Congress

 

20th United States Congress

20th United States Congress
19th ← → 21st

United States Capitol (1827)

Duration: March 4, 1827 – March 4, 1829

Senate President: John C. Calhoun
Senate Pres. pro tem: Samuel Smith
House Speaker: Andrew Stevenson
Members: 48 Senators
213 Representatives
3 Non-voting members
Senate Majority: Jacksonian
House Majority: Jacksonian

Sessions
1st: December 3, 1827 – May 26, 1828
2nd: December 1, 1828 – March 3, 1829

The Twentieth United States Congress was a meeting of the legislative branch of the United States federal government, consisting of the United States Senate and the United States House of Representatives. It met in Washington, D.C. from March 4, 1827 to March 4, 1829, during the third and fourth years of John Quincy Adams's presidency. The apportionment of seats in the House of Representatives was based on the Fourth Census of the United States in 1820. Both chambers had a Jacksonian majority.

Major events

Major legislation

Party summary

The count below identifies party affiliations at the beginning of the first session of this congress. Changes resulting from subsequent replacements are shown below in the "Changes in membership" section.

Senate

House of Representatives

Leadership

President of the Senate
John C. Calhoun

Senate

House of Representatives

President pro tempore
Samuel Smith

Members

This list is arranged by chamber, then by state. Senators are listed in order of seniority, and Representatives are listed by district.

Senate

Senators were elected by the state legislatures every two years, with one-third beginning new six-year terms with each Congress. Preceding the names in the list below are Senate class numbers, which indicate the cycle of their election. In this Congress, Class 1 meant their term began with this Congress, requiring reelection in 1832; Class 2 meant their term ended with this Congress, requiring reelection in 1828; and Class 3 meant their term began in the last Congress, requiring reelection in 1830.

House of Representatives

The names of members of the House of Representatives are preceded by their district numbers.

Alabama

Connecticut

All representatives were elected statewide on a general ticket.

Delaware

Georgia

Two representatives replacing those that had resigned were elected statewide on a general ticket.

Illinois

Indiana

Kentucky

Louisiana

Maine

Maryland

The 5th district was a plural district with two representatives.

Massachusetts

Mississippi

Missouri

New Hampshire

All representatives were elected statewide on a general ticket.

New Jersey

All representatives were elected statewide on a general ticket.

New York

There were three plural districts, the 20th & 26th had two representatives each, the 3rd had three representatives.

Changes in membership

The count below reflects changes from the beginning of the first session of this Congress.

Senate

  • replacements: 6
  • deaths: 0
  • resignations: 7
  • interim appointments: 0
  • Total seats with changes: 8
State
(class)
Vacator Reason for change Successor Date of successor's
formal installation
Massachusetts
(1)
Vacant Seat remained vacant because legislature had failed to elect.
Winner was elected June 8, 1827.
Daniel Webster (A) Installed December 17, 1827
Ohio
(3)
William Henry Harrison (A) Resigned May 20, 1828 to become U.S. Minister Plenipotentiary to Gran Columbia.
A special election was held December 10, 1828.
Jacob Burnet (A) Installed December 10, 1828
Maine
(1)
Albion K. Parris (J) Resigned August 26, 1828 after being appointed to the Maine Supreme Judicial Court.
A special election was held January 15, 1829.
John Holmes (A) Installed January 15, 1829
Georgia
(2)
Resigned before November 7, 1828.
A special election was held November 7, 1828.
Installed November 7, 1828
North Carolina
(3)
Resigned November 14, 1828.
A special election was held December 15, 1828.
Installed December 15, 1828
New York
(1)
Resigned December 20, 1828 to become Governor of New York.
A special election was held January 15, 1829.
Installed January 15, 1829
New Jersey
(1)
Ephraim Bateman (A) Resigned January 12, 1829 due to failing health.
A special election was held January 30, 1829.
Installed January 30, 1829
New Jersey
(2)
Resigned January 30, 1829 after being elected to New Jersey's Class 1 U.S. Senate seat. Vacant Not filled in this Congress

House of Representatives

  • replacements: 9
  • deaths: 5
  • resignations: 9
  • contested election: 1
  • Total seats with changes: 15
District Vacator Reason for change Successor Date successor
seated
Georgia
1st
Resigned some time in 1827 before the assembling of Congress Seated October 1, 1827
Delaware
At-large
Resigned some time in 1827 before the assembling of Congress after being elected to the US Senate Kensey Johns, Jr. (A) Seated October 2, 1827
New York
29th
Resigned May 2, 1827 Phineas L. Tracy (A) Seated November 5, 1827
Massachusetts
1st
Daniel Webster (A) Resigned May 30, 1827 to run for the US Senate Benjamin Gorham (A) Seated July 23, 1827
Ohio
8th
William Wilson (A) Died June 6, 1827 Seated October 9, 1827
Maine
1st
William Burleigh (A) Died July 2, 1827 Seated September 10, 1827
Kentucky
11th
William S. Young (A) Died September 20, 1827 John Calhoon (A) Seated November 5, 1827
Kentucky
11th
John Calhoon (A) Resigned November 7, 1827 to avoid an election dispute Seated December 22, 1827
Georgia
2nd
Resigned November 7, 1827 after being elected Governor of Georgia Seated November 17, 1827
Arkansas Territory
At-large
Henry W. Conway Died November 9, 1827 Ambrose H. Sevier Seated February 13, 1828
New Jersey
At-large
Died January 14, 1828 James F. Randolph (A) Seated December 1, 1828
New York
5th
Resigned May 9, 1828 after being appointed judge of the Superior Court of New York City Seated November 5, 1828
Kentucky
2nd
Thomas Metcalfe (A) Resigned June 1, 1828 after being elected Governor of Kentucky John Chambers (A) Seated December 1, 1828
New Jersey
At-large
Hedge Thompson (A) Died July 23, 1828 Thomas Sinnickson (A) Seated December 1, 1828
Mississippi
At-large
Resigned September 12, 1828 Seated October 21, 1828
Ohio
6th
William Creighton, Jr. (A) Resigned before December 19, 1828 after being nominated as a judge to district court Francis S. Muhlenberg (A) Seated December 19, 1828
New York
20th
Resigned February 16, 1829 Vacant Not filled this Congress

Employees

Senate

House of Representatives

References

External links

  • Statutes at Large, 1789-1875
  • Senate Journal, First Forty-three Sessions of Congress
  • House Journal, First Forty-three Sessions of Congress
  • Biographical Directory of the U.S. Congress
  • U.S. House of Representatives: House History
  • U.S. Senate: Statistics and Lists
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