World Library  
Flag as Inappropriate
Email this Article

Abram Jakira

Article Id: WHEBN0026341154
Reproduction Date:

Title: Abram Jakira  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Language: English
Subject: Communist Party USA, Young Pioneers of America, 1922 Bridgman Convention, National conventions of the Communist Party USA, William Weinstone
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia

Abram Jakira

Abraham "Abram" Jakira (1889? – 1931) was an American socialist political activist, newspaper editor, and Communist Party functionary. He is best remembered as one of the early Communist Party's factional leaders of the 1920s.


Early years

Abram Jakira is believed to have been born in the Russian empire in about 1889. Little is known of his life prior to his coming to the United States in 1912.

Political career

Jakira was an active member of the language federation. He served as a member of the editorial board of the CLP, in charge of production of the party's Russian-language "underground" (secret and illegal) newspaper and pamphlets.

Jakira moved with the rest of the CLP into the new pseudonym "A. Dubner." He also later used the pseudonyms "A. Duboff," "Post," and "J. Miller" among other names.

On April 29, 1920, the U.S. Department of Justice and the so-called "bomb squad" of the New York City Police Department conducted a raid on an apartment which proved to be the national headquarters of the United Communist Party. Jakira was one of those arrested in the sensational raid. He was held and released on $5,000 bail in May 1921.

Jakira briefly served on the governing Central Executive Committee of the UCP in June 1921, resigning due to "family matters" resulting from his need to regularly commute from Philadelphia to party headquarters in New York City.

The United Communist Party and the old Communist Party of America united in the Summer of 1921 to form a new, unified organization also called the Communist Party of America. In this organization Jakira was one of the primaries in the so-called "Goose Caucus" group which, seeing open operations in the face of law enforcement pressure as potentially disastrous, advocated continuation of the secret form of organization then being employed by the party.

Jakira was elected Executive Secretary of the CPA at the ill-fated August 1922 C.E. Ruthenberg as the sole communist organization in the field.

Called by one of his contemporaries "modest and friendly," Jakira was a factional loyalist to Workers (Communist) Party leaders Ruthenberg and Western Pennsylvania as DO of the Pittsburgh district, a position which he retained through the end of the decade.[2]

Late in the spring of 1929 Communist Party Executive Secretary Jay Lovestone was deposed by the decision of the [2]

Jakira was the Communist Party's District Organizer for the Pittsburgh district in 1928 and was influential in helping to organize the National Miners Union, a radical "dual union" established by the party through its Trade Union Unity League arm late in that year.[1]

Thereafter, Jakira was named Assistant Secretary of the International Labor Defense, a mass organization initiated, financed, and controlled by the Communist Party.

Death and legacy

Abram Jakira died of throat cancer on March 20, 1931, in Harlem.


  1. ^ a b Vera Buch Weisbord, A Radical Life. Bloomington: Indiana University Press, 1977; pg. 153.
  2. ^ a b "Party Organizers Endorse Comintern Address," The Daily Worker, vol. 6, no. 64 (May 22, 1929), pg. 1.


  • "Pittsburgh District Puts into Motion Plan for Recruiting of New Members and More Activity," The Daily Worker, vol. 3, no. 254 (November 9, 1926), pg. 4.
This article was sourced from Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. World Heritage Encyclopedia content is assembled from numerous content providers, Open Access Publishing, and in compliance with The Fair Access to Science and Technology Research Act (FASTR), Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., Public Library of Science, The Encyclopedia of Life, Open Book Publishers (OBP), PubMed, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health (NIH), U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, and, which sources content from all federal, state, local, tribal, and territorial government publication portals (.gov, .mil, .edu). Funding for and content contributors is made possible from the U.S. Congress, E-Government Act of 2002.
Crowd sourced content that is contributed to World Heritage Encyclopedia is peer reviewed and edited by our editorial staff to ensure quality scholarly research articles.
By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. World Heritage Encyclopedia™ is a registered trademark of the World Public Library Association, a non-profit organization.

Copyright © World Library Foundation. All rights reserved. eBooks from Project Gutenberg are sponsored by the World Library Foundation,
a 501c(4) Member's Support Non-Profit Organization, and is NOT affiliated with any governmental agency or department.