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Amsterdam (city), New York

Amsterdam
City
Amsterdam is located in New York
Amsterdam
Location within the state of New York
Coordinates:
Country United States
State New York
County Montgomery
Incorporated (village) 1830
Incorporated (city) 1885
Government
 • Type Mayor-council
 • Mayor Ann Thane (D)
 • City council
Area
 • Total 6.3 sq mi (16.3 km2)
 • Land 5.9 sq mi (15.4 km2)
 • Water 0.3 sq mi (0.9 km2)
Elevation 361 ft (110 m)
Population (2010)
 • Total 18,620
 • Density 3,176.3/sq mi (1,226.4/km2)
Time zone Eastern (EST) (UTC−05)
 • Summer (DST) EDT (UTC−04)
ZIP code 12010
Area code(s) 518
FIPS code 36-02066
GNIS feature ID 0942450

Amsterdam is a city located in Montgomery County, New York, United States. As of the 2010 census, the city had a total population of 18,620. The name is derived from the city of Amsterdam in the Netherlands.

The city of Amsterdam is surrounded on the north, east, and west sides by the town of Amsterdam. The city developed on both sides of the Mohawk River, with the majority located on the north bank. The Port Jackson area on the south side is also part of the city.

Contents

  • History 1
  • Geography 2
  • Demographics 3
  • Economy 4
  • Places of interest 5
  • Houses of worship 6
  • Education 7
    • Public schools 7.1
    • Private schools 7.2
  • Government 8
    • Mayors of Amsterdam 8.1
  • Notable people 9
  • See also 10
  • References 11
  • External links 12

History

Market Street in 1909

The city is within the original, now defunct town of Caughnawaga (a Mohawk word meaning "at the rapids"), formed in 1788 in northern Montgomery County after the Revolutionary War. Caughnawaga was also a historic Mohawk village in the area.[1]

The first Europeans to settle here were Loyalist, he fled to Canada during the Revolution. The mansion has been preserved and listed on the National Register of Historic Places.[1]

It was incorporated as a village on April 20, 1830 from a section of the Town of Amsterdam. New charters in 1854, 1865, and 1875 increased the size of the village. In 1885, Amsterdam became a city, which subsequently increased in size by annexation of the former village of Port Jackson on the south side of the Mohawk River; it became the fifth ward of the city.

The completion of the Erie Canal in 1825 was an economic boom to the city, which became an important manufacturing center. It was known for its carpets. In 1865, the population of Amsterdam was 5,135.[1] By 1920, it was 33,524. Through the late 19th and early 20th centuries, it was a destination for immigrants from southern and eastern Europe, who initially worked in the factories.

Amsterdam experienced serious flooding damage in the aftermath of Hurricane Irene in late August 2011. This flooding threatened properties at the river's edge due to erosion and water damage.[2]

Several historic buildings and sites that are mostly from the 19th and 20th centuries, including the Amsterdam (46th Separate Company) Armory, Amsterdam City Hall, Gray-Jewett House, Green Hill Cemetery, Greene Mansion, Guy Park, Guy Park Avenue School, Saint Stanislaus Roman Catholic Church Complex, Temple of Israel, United States Post Office, and Vrooman Avenue School, are listed on the National Register of Historic Places.[3] Chalmers Knitting Mills was added in 2010.[4]

Geography

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 6.3 square miles (16.3 km²), of which, 5.9 square miles (15.4 km²) of it is land and 0.3 square miles (0.9 km²) of it is water. The total area is 5.41% water.

The city developed on both sides of the Mohawk River and Erie Canal. The Chuctanunda River flows into the Mohawk from the north at Amsterdam.

New York State Route 30, a north-south highway called Market Street in part, crosses the Mohawk River to link the main part of Amsterdam to the New York State Thruway. NY-30 also intersects east-west highways New York State Route 5 and New York State Route 67 in the city. New York State Route 5S passes along the south side of the Mohawk River.

Amsterdam is currently within New York's 21st congressional district.

Demographics

As of the census[8] of 2010, there were 18,620 people, 8,324 households, and 4,721 families residing in the city. The population density was 3,176.4 people per square mile (1,226.4/km²). There were 9,218 housing units at an average density of 1,573 per square mile (607/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 80.4% White (68.1% Non Hispanic White), 3.8% Black or African American, 0.6% Native American, 0.9% Asian, 0% Pacific Islander and 3.4% from two or more races. 26.2% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.

There were 8,146 households in the city. The average household size was 2.24. In the city, 25.0% of the people were under the age of 18 and 15.8% were age 65 or older.[8] The median income for a household in the city, based on data from 2007 to 2011, was $38,699.[8]

Economy

In the 19th century, the city of Amsterdam was known for carpet, textile, and pearl button manufacturing. It continued to be a center for carpet-making in the 20th century, when the Bigelow-Sanford and Mohawk Mills Carpet companies both were located in Amsterdam, but these companies have relocated to other regions. In the early 1980s, it was also the home of Coleco, makers of the ColecoVision, Cabbage Patch Kids and the Coleco Adam.

The enclosed shopping center is named the Amsterdam Riverfront Center. Once filled with clothing shops, the mall complex has been adapted for offices of doctors and politicians, radio station WCSS, and an off-track betting site.

Media in Amsterdam includes one print newspaper, The Recorder, an online newspaper, The Mohawk Valley Compass, and two AM radio stations, WVTL and WCSS.

Places of interest

Lock Eleven in 1941
Guy Park c. 1912

Amsterdam's former National Guard Armory, which is listed on the National Register of Historic Places, has been adapted for use as a bed and breakfast inn called Amsterdam Castle.

Amsterdam's municipal golf course was designed by Robert Trent Jones.

The city is home to the Amsterdam Mohawks baseball team of the Perfect Game Collegiate Baseball League. The team plays at Shuttleworth Park.

The Professional Wrestling Hall of Fame is located in Amsterdam.

Houses of worship

Education

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