World Library  
Flag as Inappropriate
Email this Article

Aortitis

Article Id: WHEBN0012413174
Reproduction Date:

Title: Aortitis  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Language: English
Subject: Orthostatic hypertension, Hyperplastic arteriolosclerosis, Oxycholesterol, Angiopathy, Pulse
Collection:
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Publication
Date:
 

Aortitis

Aortitis
Classification and external resources
ICD-10 I77.6
ICD-9 447.6
eMedicine med/158
MeSH D001025

Aortitis is the inflammation of the aortic wall. The disorder is potentially life-threatening and rare. It is reported that there are only 1-3 new cases of aortitis per year per million people in the United States and Europe.[1] Aortitis is found in a wide range of ages spanning from 10 to 40 years of age.[1]

Causes

This inflammation has a number of possible causes, including trauma, viral infection, certain immune disorders, and bacterial infection (notably, syphilis).[1]

Causes are associated with infections or immune and connective tissue disorders. Aortitis is most commonly seen in patients with syphilis, autoimmune vasculitis, giant cell arteritis, Takayasu’s arteritis, and rheumatoid arthritis. [2] There is a wide range of symptoms that are dependent on the location of the aortic inflammation or associated disorder. A few symptoms recognized in patients are fever, chills, myalgias (muscle pain), and malaise (general discomfort).[2] In addition, hypertension (high blood pressure) may occur. Hypertension happens when the renal artery narrows and elasticity of the aorta and branches decrease. [3]

Treatment

Management appears to include the following treatment priorities; stop the inflammation, treat complications, prevent and monitor for re-occurrence.

Prognosis

If untreated, has three distinct phases.[1] The first is a prepulseless inflammatory stage with nonspecific symptoms such as fatigue, arthralgias, and low-grade fevers. Phase two includes vascular inflammation with pain secondary to the condition, along with tenderness to palpation over the site. The last phase includes symptoms of ischemia and pain associated with the use of limbs. Limbs are also cool and clammy in this stage.

References

  1. ^ a b c d "eMedicine - Aortitis : Article by Masato Okada, MD, FACP, FACR, FAAAAI". Archived from the original on 14 July 2007. Retrieved 2007-07-28. 
  2. ^ a b [Taber's Cyclopedic Medical Dictionary. 19th ed. Philadelphia: F.A. Davis, 2001.]
  3. ^ Link text, American Heart Association.
This article was sourced from Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. World Heritage Encyclopedia content is assembled from numerous content providers, Open Access Publishing, and in compliance with The Fair Access to Science and Technology Research Act (FASTR), Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., Public Library of Science, The Encyclopedia of Life, Open Book Publishers (OBP), PubMed, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health (NIH), U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, and USA.gov, which sources content from all federal, state, local, tribal, and territorial government publication portals (.gov, .mil, .edu). Funding for USA.gov and content contributors is made possible from the U.S. Congress, E-Government Act of 2002.
 
Crowd sourced content that is contributed to World Heritage Encyclopedia is peer reviewed and edited by our editorial staff to ensure quality scholarly research articles.
 
By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. World Heritage Encyclopedia™ is a registered trademark of the World Public Library Association, a non-profit organization.
 


Copyright © World Library Foundation. All rights reserved. eBooks from Project Gutenberg are sponsored by the World Library Foundation,
a 501c(4) Member's Support Non-Profit Organization, and is NOT affiliated with any governmental agency or department.