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Asclepias verticillata

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Title: Asclepias verticillata  
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Subject: Monarch butterfly, List of Minnesota wild flowers, List of plants by common name, Wildflowers of Soldiers Delight, List of Canadian plants by genus, List of Canadian plants by family A
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Asclepias verticillata

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Conservation status

Secure (NatureServe)
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Plantae
(unranked): Angiosperms
(unranked): Eudicots
(unranked): Asterids
Order: Gentianales
Family: Apocynaceae
Subfamily: Asclepiadoideae
Genus: Asclepias
Species: A. verticillata
Binomial name
Asclepias verticillata
L.

Asclepias verticillata (whorled milkweed, eastern whorled milkweed, horsetail milkweed) is a species of milkweed native to most all of eastern North America and parts of western Canada and the United States.[1]

Description

This is a perennial herb with a single stem 1 to 3 feet tall. The very narrow, linear leaves are arranged in whorls. The inflorescence is a cluster of many greenish white flowers.[2]

Ecology

This species can reproduce vegetatively and does not depend on pollinators, but it does produce some nectar, mostly in the early evening hours. Insect visitors to the plant include wasps, honeybees, and lepidopterans such as moths and the Cabbage White.[3]

The plant is toxic to livestock.[2]

Uses

It was used as a medicinal plant by Native American peoples. The Choctaw used it to treat snakebite, the Lakota and Hopi used it to increase breast milk in nursing mothers, and the Navajo used it for nose and throat problems.[4]

References


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