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Bahrain International Airport

Bahrain International Airport
مطار البحرين الدولي
Maṭār al-Baḥrayn al-dwalī
Bahrain International Airport at night


BAH is located in Bahrain
Location of airport in Bahrain
Airport type Public
Operator Bahrain Airport Company
Serves Bahrain
Location Al Muharraq
Hub for
Elevation AMSL 6 ft / 2 m
Direction Length Surface
ft m
12L/30R 12,979 3,956 Asphalt
12R/30L 8,302 2,530 Asphalt
Statistics (2014)
Passengers 8,102,502
Passenger change 13–14 9.9%
Aircraft movements 96,193
Movements change 13–14 5.9%
Source: Statistics from Bahrain Airport,[1] ACI's 2014 World Airport Traffic Report.

Bahrain International Airport (ICAO: OBBI) (Arabic: مطار البحرين الدولي‎, maṭār al-Baḥrayn al-dwalī) is the international airport of Bahrain, located in Muharraq, an island about 7 km (4.3 mi) northeast of the capital Manama. It serves as the hub for the national carrier Gulf Air.


  • History 1
    • Early years 1.1
    • Through the years 1.2
    • Development in the 2000s 1.3
  • Airlines and destinations 2
    • Passenger 2.1
    • Cargo 2.2
  • Statistics 3
  • See also 4
  • References 5
  • External links 6


Early years

The first scheduled commercial airliner to arrive in Bahrain, in 1932, was a flight from London to Delhi operated on a Handley Page H.P.42 aircraft named "Hannibal." The H.P.42 carried only 24 passengers, and the flight from London had taken several days of flying at speeds of 100 miles per hour. Through this regularly scheduled service, Bahrain became established as the Persian Gulf's first international airport.[2]

During World War II, the airport was used by the United States Army Air Forces Air Transport Command Central African Wing, being designated as Station # 13. It functioned as a stopover en route to Abadan Airport, Iran or Sharjah Airport, in present-day UAE on the Karachi-Cairo route.[3] From 1943 until Bahrain's independence in December 1971, the Royal Air Force maintained a military installation at the airfield known initially as RAF Bahrain and from 1963 as RAF Muharraq.[4][5] The majority of these facilities were later acquired by the Bahraini flag carrier airline, Gulf Air, while a small portion continues to be utilized by the U.S. Navy as Aviation Support Unit (ASU) Bahrain.

Through the years

In 1936, the operation of H.P.42 aircraft from London to India via Bahrain had been stepped up to a twice-weekly frequency. In 1937, Bahrain saw the regular service of the Empire sea planes. The landing strip of these giants on the water was from where the marina club is located in Mina Salman today. From the 1950s, BOAC operated several services a week through Bahrain. These included weekly services to Karachi, Singapore, Hong Kong and three times a week to Sydney. 1950 was a significant year not only for Muharraq as an international airport, but also for Bahrain's own commercial aviation history. In this year, a new local airline, Gulf Aviation Company, was formed - the forerunner of Gulf Air. The company started with only one aircraft, a second-hand Anson Mark II, which was used initially on services to Dhahran. But within two years, the fleet had expanded to four de Havilland aircraft and DC-3s for use on a steadily growing network in the Persian Gulf. This established Bahrain as an international stage. It was easily the most modern and advanced airport in the Persian Gulf with a good runway, control tower, lighting, communication facilities and even restaurants. It began to attract other carriers such as Middle East Airlines, Air India, Air Ceylon and Iran Air - mostly operating Dakotas. In December 1961, a new passenger terminal opened at the airport. During 1970–1971, RAF Muharraq was scaled back and eventually closed. In December 1971, the airport opened new passenger facilities, which included a wide area that could accommodate four 747 aircraft. In 1976, the airport marked another significant first with the inauguration of supersonic flights, which saw the start up of regular BA Concorde service between London and Bahrain.

In the 1980s and 1990s, major facelifts took place and all the major airline companies made the airport a destination. In 1994, a US$100 million terminal was inaugurated.

Development in the 2000s

A BD113m ($300 million) expansion and refurbishment program was launched in the third quarter of 2006 which will see the creation of a new multi-storey car park and retail complex adjacent to the main terminal building. The expansion also includes a full resurfacing of the main runway, a new perimeter fence, state-of-the-art security systems and additional aircraft parking bays. Runway 12R/30L is mostly used as a taxiway.

It was announced on October 8, 2009 that BHD 1.8 billion expansion of Bahrain International Airport is going to start in 2010. The expansion, planned over the next 30 years, will triple the passenger capacity to 27 million a year. Work on the airport's expansion officially began in June 2011 and is expected to be completed by 2015. The expanded airport will increase the airport's size by an additional 40,000m², including more than 3,000m² of new retail facilities. It will also create 4 to 5 additional contact gates, 9 remote gates and 40 more check-in counters as well as an enlarged transfer facility amongst several other capacity improvements and value added facilities[6]

In 2010, Bahrain Airport was named as the winner of the Best Airport in the Middle East Award at the Skytrax 2010 World Airport Awards.[7]

Two new terminals will be opened in the next four years as part of the expansion. Terminal Two will be commissioned by 2012 and Terminal 1A will become operational a year later. The expansion will include all modern facilities, including leisure areas, shopping centers, hotels and anything else that a modern traveler needs, will be incorporated in the new development. The expansion will also include a swimming pool. The present terminal building (Terminal 1) will be demolished in 2014 and replaced with a brand new state-of-the-art structure within a few years. Construction of Terminal 2 will begin early in 2010. There will be 110 aircraft stands including 87 with contact gates and 23 without. This also includes 17 new remote aircraft parking bays, installation of automatic baggage screening facilities, improved ground handling and overall new passenger handling standards.

The cargo handling capacity will also increase from the present 350,000 cubic meters to 1.5 million cubic meters. All ground handling facilities at the airport were being enhanced in collaboration with the company that manages Munich Airport in Germany. A new VIP terminal and an Airport Center that will includes shops, entertainment facilities and car parking will be developed as part of the project.[8][9][10]

There are plans to build light rail lines which would connect the airport to the rest of Bahrain.[11]

Airlines and destinations


Airlines Destinations
Air Arabia Sharjah
Air India Delhi
Air India Express Doha, Kochi, Kozhikode, Kuwait, Mangalore
Ata Airlines Mashhad
British Airways Doha, London-Heathrow
Cathay Pacific Dubai-International, Hong Kong
EgyptAir Cairo
Emirates Dubai-International
Etihad Airways Abu Dhabi
flydubai Dubai-International
flynas Jeddah, Riyadh (both begin 1 December 2015)[12]
Gulf Air Abu Dhabi, Addis Ababa, Amman-Queen Alia, Athens, Baghdad, Bangkok-Suvarnabhumi, Beirut, Cairo, Chennai, Dammam, Delhi, Doha, Dubai-Al Maktoum, Dubai-International, Faisalabad (begins 22 December 2015),[13] Frankfurt, Gassim, Hyderabad, Islamabad, Istanbul-Atatürk, Jeddah, Karachi, Khartoum, Kochi, Kuwait, Lahore, Larnaca, London-Heathrow, Manila, Mashhad, Medina, Moscow-Domodedovo, Multan (begins 14 December 2015),[13] Mumbai, Muscat, Najaf, Paris-Charles de Gaulle, Peshawar, Riyadh, Sialkot, Shiraz, Ta'if, Tehran-Imam Khomeini, Thiruvananthapuram
Iran Air Mashhad
Iraqi Airways Seasonal: Najaf
Jazeera Airways Kuwait
Jet Airways Mumbai
KLM Abu Dhabi (ends 26 March 2016), Amsterdam, Doha (begins 27 March 2016)
Kuwait Airways Kuwait
Lufthansa Frankfurt
Mahan Air Seasonal: Mashhad
Oman Air Muscat
Pakistan International Airlines Doha, Karachi, Lahore
Pegasus Airlines Istanbul-Sabiha Gökçen
Qatar Airways Doha
Rotana Jet Abu Dhabi
Saudia Jeddah, Riyadh
Hajj: Medina
SriLankan Airlines
operated by Mihin Lanka
Syrian Air Damascus[14]
Turkish Airlines Istanbul-Atatürk, Istanbul-Sabiha Gökçen [15][16]
United Airlines Kuwait, Washington-Dulles (both end 14 January 2016)[17]
Zagros Airlines Mashhad


A Cargolux Boeing 747-8F takes off from Bahrain International Airport. (April 2012)
Airlines Destinations
Cargolux Luxembourg
DHL Aviation
operated by AeroLogic
Karachi, Leipzig/Halle[18]
DHL Aviation
operated by Kalitta Air
Amsterdam, Bagram, Bangkok-Suvarnabhumi, Brussels, Cincinnati, Hong Kong, Karachi, Kiev-Boryspil, Liège, Newark, New York-JFK, Sharjah
DHL International Aviation ME Abu Dhabi, Baghdad, Bagram, Cairo, Dubai-International, Jeddah, Kandahar, Karachi, Kuwait, Lahore
Emirates SkyCargo Dubai-Al Maktoum,[19] Zaragoza
Lufthansa Cargo Frankfurt
Martinair Cargo1 Amsterdam, Dubai-Al Maktoum[20]
MyCargo Airlines Istanbul-Atatürk
Qatar Airways Cargo Doha, Zaragoza
operated by Swiftair Bahrain
TNT Airways Liège
Southern Air Hong Kong

1Martinair operate aircraft in KLM colour scheme on these routes.


Traffic by calendar year. Official ACI Statistics
Passengers Change from previous year Aircraft operations Change from previous year Cargo
(metric tons)
Change from previous year
2005 5,581,503 8.50% 73,891 1.88% 334,832 10.91%
2006 6,696,025 19.97% 80,538 9.00% 357,277 6.70%
2007 7,320,039 9.32% 87,417 8.54% 385,278 7.84%
2008 8,758,068 19.65% 101,203 15.77% 369,822 4.01%
2009 9,053,631 3.37% 103,727 2.49% 342,734 7.32%
2010 8,898,197 1.72% 106,355 2.53% 329,937 3.73%
2011 7,793,527 12.41% 102,068 4.03% 292,147 11.45%
2012 8,479,266 8.80% N.D. N.D. N.D. N.D.
2013 7,371,651 13.06% 90,837 N.D. 245,145 N.D.
2014 8,102,502 9.91% 96,193 5.90% 219,332 10.53%
Source: Airports Council International. World Airport Traffic Reports
(Years 2005,[21] 2006,[22] 2007,[23] 2009,[24] 2011,[25] 2012,[26] 2013[26] and 2014[27])
Busiest routes at Bahrain International Airport (by number of flights weekly)
Rank City Number of flights
1 Dubai,  United Arab Emirates 111
2 Doha,  Qatar 87
3 Abu Dhabi,  United Arab Emirates 76
4 Muscat,  Oman 55
5 Kuwait City,  Kuwait 50
6 Riyadh,  Saudi Arabia 35
7 Jeddah,  Saudi Arabia 31
8 Dammam,  Saudi Arabia 30
9 Istanbul,  Turkey 24
10 London,  United Kingdom 21
11 Mumbai,  India 21
12 Amman,  Jordan 20
13 Cairo,  Egypt 19
14 Mashhad,  Iran 17
15 Frankfurt,  Germany 15
The shortest flights from BAH (Approximate time ±00:10 min)
Rank City Airport Flight time (in Minutes)
1 Dammam,  Saudi Arabia King Fahad International Airport 00:23
2 Doha,  Qatar Hamad International Airport 00:30
3 Shiraz,  Iran Shiraz International Airport 00:45
4 Kuwait City,  Kuwait Kuwait International Airport 00:50
5 Dubai,  United Arab Emirates Dubai International Airport 00:57

See also


  1. ^ Annual Statistics Report 2014
  2. ^ Bahrain International Airport :: About Us - History. Retrieved on 2010-10-19.
  3. ^ USAFHRA document 00181427
  4. ^ Overseas Stations-M Air of Authority.
  5. ^ "RAF Muharraq". Retrieved 1 June 2015. 
  6. ^ "Traveller Portal - Bahrain International Airport : Home". Retrieved 1 June 2015. 
  7. ^ "Skytrax 2010 World Airport Awards - Middle East". Skytrax. 2010. 
  8. ^ Local News " Airport Of The Future. Gulf Daily News (2009-10-08). Retrieved on 2010-10-19.
  9. ^ Bahrain airport plans two new terminals | Aviation. Retrieved on 2010-10-19.
  10. ^ Local News " Jetting into the future. Gulf Daily News (2009-10-08). Retrieved on 2010-10-19.
  11. ^ "Sekkah Product Review Pro & Shopping Tips". Retrieved 1 June 2015. 
  12. ^
  13. ^ a b "Gulf Air Adds New Routes to Pakistan from mid-Dec 2015". 5 October 2015. Retrieved 5 October 2015. 
  14. ^ "الطيران السوري يعيد تسيير الرحلات إلى دمشق في 2 مايو المقبل - الوسط موبايل". Retrieved 1 June 2015. 
  15. ^ "Turkish Airlines flights from Bahrain (BAH) to Sabiha Gokcen, Istanbul (SAW).". 
  16. ^
  17. ^ UNITED Ends Kuwait / Bahrain Service from mid-Jan 2016. Airline Route. 21 October 2015. Retrieved 21 October 2015.
  18. ^ "2013 summer schedule". Aero Logic. Retrieved 13 August 2013. 
  19. ^ "Emirates SkyCargo Freighter Operations get ready for DWC move". Emirates SkyCargo. 2 April 2014. 
  20. ^ MP Cargo winter 2012 timetable
  21. ^ Airport Council International's 2005 World Airport Traffic Report
  22. ^ Airport Council International's 2006 World Airport Traffic Report
  23. ^ Airport Council International's 2007 World Airport Traffic Report
  24. ^ Airport Council International's 2009 World Airport Traffic Report
  25. ^ Airport Council International's 2011 World Airport Traffic Report
  26. ^ a b Airport Council International's 2012 World Airport Traffic Report
  27. ^ Airport Council International's 2014 World Airport Traffic Report

External links

Media related to at Wikimedia Commons

  • Official website
  • Airport information for OBBI at World Aero Data. Data current as of October 2006.
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