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Battle of Groenkloof

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Title: Battle of Groenkloof  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Language: English
Subject: Henry Jenner Scobell, Second Boer War, Battles of the Second Boer War, Pretoria Forts, Battle of Groenkop
Collection: 1901 in South Africa, Battles of the Second Boer War, Conflicts in 1901
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Battle of Groenkloof

Battle of Groenkloof
Part of Second Boer War
Date 5 September 1901
Location Petersburg, South Africa
Result British victory
Belligerents
United Kingdom Boers from Cape Colony
Commanders and leaders
Colonel Harry Scobell Commandant Lotter
Strength
1100 130
Casualties and losses
10 killed, unknown number wounded 13 killed, 46 wounded, 61 captured

In the Battle of Groenkloof on 5 September 1901, a British column under Colonel Harry Scobell defeated and captured a small Boer commando led by Commandant Lotter in the Cape Colony during the Second Boer War.

Contents

  • Background 1
  • Battle 2
  • Aftermath 3
  • Notes 4
  • References 5

Background

While General Lord Kitchener struggled to suppress guerrilla warfare carried on by the Boers in the Orange Free State and the Transvaal, some Dutch settlers living in the Cape Colony also took up arms against the British. To combat the guerrilla war raging in the two Boer republics, Kitchener employed sweep-and-scour columns, farm burning and a policy of forcing Boer women and children into concentration camps.

However, using such harsh methods in the loyal Cape Colony was politically impossible. Instead, the British commander in the Cape Colony, General Sir John French resorted to a three-pronged strategy: first, to prevent Boer commandos from combining, second, to chase them constantly in order to prevent them from collecting new followers and supplies, and third, to tire them out so that they could be hunted down. One historian notes, "How simple an antidote to guerilla warfare, compared with that immense operation of burning farms and carting off the whole civilian population of the countryside into the camps!"[1]

Battle

Lotter's commando being escorted into Graaff Reinet by the Coldstream Guards

Armed with information from French's excellent Field Intelligence Department and led by African Intelligence scouts, Scobell pursued Lotter's commando in the Tandjesburg mountains. Scobell, whose command included the

  • Pakenham, Thomas. The Boer War. New York: Avon Books, 1979. ISBN 0-380-72001-9
  • A de V Minnaar (June 1987). "Graaff-Reinet and the Second Anglo-Boer War (1899-1902)". South African Military History Journal 7 (3).¬†

References

  1. ^ Pakenham, p 558
  2. ^ Pakenham, p 559
  3. ^ a b Pakenham, p 560
  4. ^ Minnaar, SA Military History Journal

Notes

Lotter and seven others were later executed by the British authorities as rebellious subjects.[4] Jan Smuts turned the tables on the British in the Battle of Elands River which followed ten days later. But as one historian points out, "In losing Lotter, the Boers had lost more than a tenth of the guerillas in the Colony south of the Orange, and their élite commando at that ... the British Empire was a bottomless well, when it came to replacing lost troops."[3]

The death sentence is pronounced on Commandant Lotter at Middleburg

Aftermath

After a half hour of the unequal contest, the Boers surrendered. They suffered 13 killed and 46 wounded, while 61 unwounded survivors were hustled into captivity. Scobell's force lost 10 men killed. A British combatant said, "The sight was horrible in the extreme ... In fact the place was like a butcher's shop, some men making awful noises groaning clutching the ground and rolling in the dirt in their agony."[3]

At dawn, a squadron of lancers was sent to investigate the kraal. The commanding officer, Lord Douglas Compton dropped his pistol near the entrance. As he dismounted to fetch his weapon, the Boers opened fire. Compton escaped, but the six men behind him were mowed down. Immediately, a thousand rifles opened up on the fearfully outnumbered Boers in the sheephouse.

[2]

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