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Beringovsky (inhabited locality)

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Beringovsky (inhabited locality)

For the former district, see Beringovsky District.

Beringovsky (Russian: Беринговский) is an urban locality (an urban-type settlement) in Anadyrsky District of Chukotka Autonomous Okrug, Russia, and a port on the Bering Sea. Population: 1,998 (2002 Census);[9] 3,044 (1989 Census).[10]

History

The settlement was founded to provide a port for the nearby mines.

Soviet

The origins of modern Beringovsky are complicated. Following the discovery of a coal seam in the area towards the end of the first half of the 20th century, the first settlement was established in 1944 as Ugolny (not to be confused with Ugolnye Kopi, though both places were the site of mines as the names would suggest) to serve the new Bukhtugol mine. Following the establishment of Beringovsky District, Ugolny was renamed Beringovsky. Then, in 1975, the settlement was moved to a place called Nagorny, which was then renamed Beringovsky to provide continuity for the administrative centre.[6]

Post-Soviet

As with seemingly all settlements in the Russian Arctic, life in Beringovsky is traditionally hard. In the late 1990s, Beringovsky had a population of around 3,000 when all heating, water and electricity failed, creating an extremely serious situation in such a remote settlement. This problem was then further exacerbated by then-Governor Nazarov banning all outside reporters and researchers, both from Moscow and abroad from visiting the area as well as censoring outgoing mail and telegrams from the community.[11] Following this incident, sources report that by 2002, under a program of resettlement designed by Roman Abramovich and run by a private company established by the Okrug administration, Regionstroy, nearly the whole of the population of Beringovsky had been resettled by late 2002.[12] However, this does not seem to tally with the official census results for 2002. Thompson estimates the population of Beringovsky in the late 1990s as being around 3,000 however, census results for 2002 give a population of just under 2,000. This would not seem to indicate that almost the entire population had been resettled, unless the figures Thompson deals with are specific to Beringovsky, whilst the census figure includes populations for both Beringovsky and the adjacent settlement of Nagorny, since, in 2000, the neighbouring (and now former) settlement of Nagorny was merged with Beringovsky into one urban type settlement.[13] Further confusion is added as Thompson specifically refers to Beringovsky as being "in the process of official liquidation". However, to date Beringovsky has neither been liquidated nor is it in the process of liquidation and is included in all the relevant legal documentation as an extant settlement on both municipal[3] and administrative[1] levels.

The table below illustrates population levels over the last fifty years.

Demographic Evolution
1959 1970 1979 1989 2002 2009 2010
2788 2173[14] 2952[15] 3044[16] 1998[17] 1504 1408[18]

Administrative vs. municipal jurisdiction

Until July 2008, Beringovsky was a part of both Beringovsky Municipal and Beringovsky Administrative District and served as the administrative center of both. In May 2008, Beringovsky Municipal District was merged into Anadyrsky Municipal District;[19] however, this change did not affect the borders of Beringovsky Administrative District. Beringovsky continued to serve as the administrative center of the latter until June 2011, when Beringovsky Administrative District was merged into Anadyrsky Administrative District and ceased to exist.

Within the framework of municipal divisions, Beringovsky is incorporated as Beringovsky Urban Settlement.[3]

Economy

The economy of the settlement has traditionally been dominated by coal mining[12] and the majority of the current residents are involved either in the mining itself or the administrative side of the mining business. As a result of this, the indigenous proportion of the population is comparatively low compared to other settlements in the autonomous okrug, numbering around 350 as of 2006.[6]

Transportation

Beringovsky is not connected to any other inhabited place by permanent road[20] however, there is a small network of roads within the town including:[21]

  • Улицa В.Беринга (Ulitsa V. Beringa, lit. Vitus Bering Street)
  • Улицa Геологов (Ulitsa Geologov, lit. Geologists' Street)
  • Улицa Дежнева (Ulitsa Dezhneva, lit. Dezhnyov Street)
  • Улицa Мандрикова (Ulitsa Mandrikova)
  • Улицa Нагаева (Ulitsa Nagayeva)
  • Улицa Первого Ревкома Чукотки (Ulitsa Pervogo Revkoma Chukotki, lit. The First Revolutionary Committee Of Chukotka Street)
  • Улицa Строительная (Ulitsa Stroitelnaya, lit. Construction Street)
  • Улицa Шахтная (Ulitsa Shakhtnaya, lit. Mine Shaft Street)

Culture

Like Uelen to the northeast, Beringovsky is well known as being a centre for indigenous art, particularly whale bone carving.[6]

The Bering dialect of the Aleut language is not directly connected with this settlement, though both the dialect's and the settlement's name are derived from Vitus Bering.

Climate

Beringovsky has a Tundra climate (ET)[22] because the warmest month has an average temperature between 0 and +10 °C (32 and 50 °F).

Climate data for Beringovsky
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) 3.3
(37.9)
3.4
(38.1)
5.4
(41.7)
4.6
(40.3)
9.1
(48.4)
22.8
(73)
27.4
(81.3)
27.5
(81.5)
17.7
(63.9)
10.8
(51.4)
6.2
(43.2)
1.8
(35.2)
27.5
(81.5)
Average high °C (°F) −13
(9)
−14.5
(5.9)
−13.2
(8.2)
−7.7
(18.1)
0.3
(32.5)
7.9
(46.2)
12.6
(54.7)
11.8
(53.2)
6.4
(43.5)
−0.9
(30.4)
−11.8
(10.8)
−14.8
(5.4)
−3.1
(26.4)
Average low °C (°F) −16.7
(1.9)
−18
(0)
−16.8
(1.8)
−11.8
(10.8)
−2.9
(26.8)
2.6
(36.7)
6.9
(44.4)
6.9
(44.4)
2.2
(36)
−4.5
(23.9)
−11.8
(10.8)
−14.8
(5.4)
−6.6
(20.1)
Record low °C (°F) −34.1
(−29.4)
−32.8
(−27)
−31
(−24)
−25
(−13)
−16.9
(1.6)
−3.4
(25.9)
0.4
(32.7)
0
(32)
−7.9
(17.8)
−21
(−6)
−27
(−17)
−32
(−26)
−34.1
(−29.4)
Rainfall mm (inches) 57
(2.24)
36
(1.42)
24
(0.94)
27
(1.06)
27
(1.06)
27
(1.06)
39
(1.54)
60
(2.36)
60
(2.36)
54
(2.13)
66
(2.6)
63
(2.48)
540
(21.26)
Avg. snowy days 19 14 15 15 17 3 0 0 4 17 17 20 141
Source: [23]

See also

References

Notes

Sources

  • Дума Чукотского автономного округа. Закон №33-ОЗ от 30 июня 1998 г. «Об административно-территориальном устройстве Чукотского автономного округа», в ред. Закона №55-ОЗ от 9 июня 2012 г. «О внесении изменений в Закон Чукотского автономного округа "Об административно-территориальном устройстве Чукотского автономного округа"». Вступил в силу по истечении десяти дней со дня его официального опубликования. Опубликован: "Ведомости", №7 (28), 14 мая 1999 г. (Duma of Chukotka Autonomous Okrug. Law #33-OZ of June 30, 1998 On the Administrative-Territorial Structure of Chukotka Autonomous Okrug, as amended by the Law #55-OZ of June 9, 2012 On Amending the Law of Chukotka Autonomous Okrug "On the Administrative-Territorial Structure of Chukotka Autonomous Okrug". Effective as of after ten days from the day of the official publication.).
  • Правительство Чукотского автономного округа. Распоряжение №517-рп от 30 декабря 2008 г. «Об утверждении реестра административно-территориальных и территориальных образований Чукотского автономного округа», в ред. Распоряжения №323-рп от 27 июня 2011 г. «О внесении изменений в Распоряжение Правительства Чукотского автономного округа от 30 декабря 2008 года №517-рп». Опубликован: База данных "Консультант-плюс". (Government of Chukotka Autonomous Okrug. Directive #517-rp of December 30, 2008 On the Adoption of the Registry of the Administrative-Territorial and Territorial Formations of Chukotka Autonomous Okrug, as amended by the Directive #323-rp of June 27, 2011 On Amending the Government of Chukotka Autonomous Okrug Directive No. 517-rp of December 30, 2008. ).
  • Дума Чукотского автономного округа. Закон №41-ОЗ от 30 мая 2008 г. «О преобразовании муниципальных образований Анадырский муниципальный район и Беринговский муниципальный район и о внесении изменений в отдельные законодательные акты Чукотского автономного округа», в ред. Закона №71-ОЗ от 10 сентября 2010 г «Об упразднении сельского поселения Краснено Анадырского муниципального района Чукотского автономного округа и о внесении изменений в отдельные законодательные акты Чукотского автономного округа». Вступил в силу через десять дней со дня официального опубликования. Опубликован: "Ведомости", №22/1 (349/1), 6 июня 2008 г. (Duma of Chukotka Autonomous Okrug. Law #41-OZ of May 30, 2008 On the Transformation of the Municipal Formations of Anadyrsky Municipal District and Beringovsky Municipal District an on Amending Certain Legislative Acts of Chukotka Autonomous Okrug, as amended by the Law #71-OZ of September 10, 2009 On Abolishing Krasneno Rural Settlement of Anadyrsky Municipal District of Chukotka Autonomous Okrug and on Amending Several Legislative Acts of Chukotka Autonomous Okrug. Effective as of the day ten days after the official publication date.).
  • Дума Чукотского автономного округа. Закон №148-ОЗ от 24 ноября 2008 г. «О статусе, границах и административных центрах муниципальных образований на территории Анадырского муниципального района Чукотского автономного округа», в ред. Закона №24-ОЗ от 1 апреля 2011 г. «О внесении изменений в Приложение 2 к Закону Чукотского автономного округа "О статусе, границах и административных центрах муниципальных образований на территории Анадырского муниципального района Чукотского автономного округа"». Вступил в силу через десять дней со дня официального опубликования. Опубликован: "Ведомости", №46/1 (373/1), 28 ноября 2008 г. (Duma of Chukotka Autonomous Okrug. Law #148-OZ of November 24, 2008 On the Status, Borders, and Administrative Centers of the Municipal Formations on the Territory of Anadyrsky Municipal District of Chukotka Autonomous Okrug, as amended by the Law #24-OZ of April 1, 2011 On Amending Appendix 2 of the Law of Chukotka Autonomous Okrug "On the Status, Borders, and Administrative Centers of the Municipal Formations on the Territory of Anadyrsky Municipal District of Chukotka Autonomous Okrug". Effective as of the day which is ten days after the official publication date.).
  • Petit Fute, Chukotka

External links

  • Beringovsky photo gallery
  • More photos of Beringovsky

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