World Library  
Flag as Inappropriate
Email this Article

Bogislaw X, Duke of Pomerania

 

Bogislaw X, Duke of Pomerania

Bogislaw X of Pomerania, the Great, (June 3, 1454 – October 5, 1523) was Duke of Pomerania from 1474 until his death in 1523.

Bogislaw was born in Rügenwalde (now Darłowo, Poland) into the House of Pomerania (Griffins). His father was Eric II, Duke of Pomerania-Wolgast, his mother was the duchess Sophia of Pomerania, both distant relatives of the House of Pomerania. Bogislaw was first married to Margaret of Brandenburg and later to Anna Jagiellon, daughter of Casimir IV Jagiellon, King of Poland. With his second wife he had eight children, including Sophia of Pomerania, who became queen of Denmark. He inherited all of the previously partitioned Duchy of Pomerania and became her sole ruler in 1478. He was succeeded by his sons George I and Barnim XI.

Before Bogislaw's reign, the Duchy of Pomerania had for a long time been divided into several splinter duchies, ruled by relatives of the Griffin house. In 1464, Pomerania-Stettin's duke Otto III died without an heir, Bogislaw's father Eric II and his uncle, Wartislaw X, both ruling different portions of Pomerania-Wolgast, managed to succeed in a conflict about Pomerania-Stettin inheritance with the Margraviate of Brandenburg. In 1474, with his father's death, Bogislaw inherited his splinter duchy, becoming Duke of Pomerania. In 1478 with his uncle's death, he inherited his splinter duchy, too, becoming the first sole ruler in the Duchy of Pomerania since about 200 years.

His father, Eric II, had left Pomerania in tense conflicts with Brandenburg and Mecklenburg. Bogislaw managed to resolve these conflicts by both diplomatic and military means. He married his sister, Sophia, to Magnus, Duke of Mecklenburg-Schwerin, and his other sister, Magarete, was married to Magnus' brother Balthasar. Bogislaw himself married Magarete, daughter of Brandenburg's Prince-elector Frederick II. Also, in 1478, Bogislaw regained areas lost to Brandenburg by his father, most notably the town of Gartz and other small towns and castles north of the Brandenburgian Uckermark. He confirmed the 1472 Peace of Prenzlau in 1479, leaving Strasburg with Brandenburg and Bogislaw had to take his possessions as a fief from Brandenburg. In the same year, his wife died before they had children.

When Bogislaw married Anna of Poland in 1491, all of Pomerania's neighbors were tied to the House of Pomerania by marriage. Bogislaw made use of these favourable conditions in 1493, and strengthened Pomerania's position towards Brandenburg in the Treaty of Pyritz, which declared Pomerania not a fief of Brandenburg, but a fief of the Holy Roman Emperor.

In 1496-98, Bogislaw travelled to Jerusalem as a pilgrim. He died in Stettin.

Children

by Anna Jagiellon:

  • Sophie of Pomerania (1498–1568), from 1525 Queen of Denmark, ∞ Frederick I of Denmark
  • George I (1493–1531)
  • Anna (* 1492; † 25. April 1550), from 1521 ruling Duchess of Lubin ∞ George I of Brieg
  • Barnim IX (1501–1573)
  • Elisabeth († before 1518), abbess of Krummin Nunnery
  • Barnim (* before 1501, † before 1501)
  • Otto (* before 1503, † before 1518)
  • Kasimir VIII (* 28. April 1494, † 29. Oktober 1518)

illegitimate:

  • Christoph, archdeacon of Usedom as of 1508

See also

Ancestors

Sources

Bogislaw X, Duke of Pomerania
Born: June 3 1454 Died: October 5 1523
Preceded by
Wartislaw X of Pomerania-Barth
Duke of Pomerania
1474–1523
Succeeded by
George I and
Barnim IX
Preceded by
Eric II of Pomerania-Wolgast
This article was sourced from Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. World Heritage Encyclopedia content is assembled from numerous content providers, Open Access Publishing, and in compliance with The Fair Access to Science and Technology Research Act (FASTR), Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., Public Library of Science, The Encyclopedia of Life, Open Book Publishers (OBP), PubMed, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health (NIH), U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, and USA.gov, which sources content from all federal, state, local, tribal, and territorial government publication portals (.gov, .mil, .edu). Funding for USA.gov and content contributors is made possible from the U.S. Congress, E-Government Act of 2002.
 
Crowd sourced content that is contributed to World Heritage Encyclopedia is peer reviewed and edited by our editorial staff to ensure quality scholarly research articles.
 
By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. World Heritage Encyclopedia™ is a registered trademark of the World Public Library Association, a non-profit organization.
 


Copyright © World Library Foundation. All rights reserved. eBooks from Project Gutenberg are sponsored by the World Library Foundation,
a 501c(4) Member's Support Non-Profit Organization, and is NOT affiliated with any governmental agency or department.